Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30.389
Filtrar
1.
Anal Chem ; 95(2): 1402-1408, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595555

RESUMO

This work presented an alternative approach for studying bacteria-cell interactions in three-dimensional (3D) hydrogel microspheres formed by the cross-linking reaction of alginate and calcium-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA-Ca) produced in a microfluidic chip. During the co-culture process of hepatocytes (HepG2) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) 25922, we concluded that the content change of tryptophan metabolites detected via ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was related to the cell damage level and the change of interleukin (IL-22) detected by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) was related to the ways of co-cultivation. Compared to the two-dimensional (2D) adherent cell culture process in a Petri dish (2D), the co-culture process of HepG2 and E. coli 25922 in hydrogel microspheres indicated more information about metabolism such as the appearance of indole-3-propionic acid (IPA) and possibly IL-22. The method provides a new perspective to investigate the bacteria-cell interaction and it could be a promising tool in the study of gut microbiota and human health.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Triptofano , Humanos , Bactérias , Comunicação Celular , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Escherichia coli/química , Hidrogéis , Microesferas , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Células Hep G2
2.
J Clin Invest ; 133(2)2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647830

RESUMO

Tryptophan (Trp) metabolism plays a central role in sleep, mood, and immune system regulation. The kynurenine pathway (KP), which is regulated by the enzymes tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), which catalyze the conversion of Trp to kynurenine (Kyn), facilitates immune regulation and influences neurocognition. Notably, Kyn metabolites bind the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), essential for memory encoding, and in turn, cognition. Aberrant NMDAR activity through agonist binding influences excitability and cell death. In this issue of the JCI, Watne and authors demonstrate that KP pathway end products were elevated in the serum and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of subjects with delirium. This observation provides insight regarding the basis of a variety of commonly observed clinical conditions including sundowning, abnormal sleep-wake cycles in hospitalized patients, neurodegenerative cognitive impairment, radiation-induced cognitive impairment, neurocognitive symptomatology related to COVID-19, and clinical outcomes observed in patients with CNS tumors, such as gliomas.


Assuntos
Delírio , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase , Cinurenina , Humanos , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo
3.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678127

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests an association of the tryptophan-kynurenine (TRP-KYN) pathway with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors. In this cross-sectional analysis we investigated whether TRP-KYN pathway parameters are associated with 24 h blood pressure (BP) and other risk factors in patients with arterial hypertension from a tertiary care centre. In 490 participants, we found no significant and independent association of 24 h systolic and diastolic BP with parameters of the TRP-KYN pathway. However, linear regression analyses of HDL as dependent and TRP, KYN and quinolinic acid (QUIN) as explanatory variables adjusted for BMI and sex showed significant associations. These were found for KYN, BMI and sex (unstandardised beta coefficient -0.182, standard error 0.052, p < 0.001; -0.313 (0.078), p < 0.001; -0.180 (0.024), p < 0.001, respectively) as well as for QUIN, BMI and sex (-0.157 (0.038), p < 0.001; -0.321 (0.079), p < 0.001; -0.193 (0.024), p < 0.001, respectively). Smokers had significantly lower levels of KYN (2.36 µmol/L, IQR 2.01-2.98, versus 2.71 µmol/L, IQR 2.31-3.27, p < 0.001), QUIN (384 nmol/L, IQR 303-448, versus 451 nmol/L, IQR 369-575, p < 0.001) and KYN/TRP ratio (38.2, IQR 33.7-43.2, versus 43.1, IQR 37.5-50.9, p < 0.001) compared to non-smokers. We demonstrated that TRP/KYN pathway metabolites are associated with some cardiovascular risk factors, warranting further studies to elucidate the diagnostic and therapeutic potential of the TRP-KYN pathway for cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Humanos , Triptofano/metabolismo , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas
4.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of eating disorders (EDs), serious mental and physical conditions characterized by a disturbance in eating or eating-related behaviors, has increased steadily. The present study aims to develop insights into the pathophysiology of EDs, spanning over biochemical, epigenetic, psychopathological, and clinical data. In particular, we focused our attention on the relationship between (i) DNA methylation profiles at promoter-associated CpG sites of the SCL6A4 gene, (ii) serum kynurenine/tryptophan levels and ratio (Kyn/Trp), and (iii) psychopathological traits in a cohort of ED patients. Among these, 45 patients were affected by restricting anorexia nervosa (AN0), 21 by purging AN (AN1), 21 by bulimia (BN), 31 by binge eating disorders (BED), 23 by unspecified feeding or eating disorders (UFED), and finally 14 by other specified eating disorders (OSFED) were compared to 34 healthy controls (CTRs). RESULTS: Kyn level was higher in BED, UFED, and OSFED compared to CTRs (p ≤ 0.001). On the other hand, AN0, AN1, and BN patients showed significatively lower Kyn levels compared to the other three ED groups but were closed to CTRs. Trp was significantly higher in AN0, AN1, and BN in comparison to other ED groups. Moreover, AN1 and BN showed more relevant Trp levels than CTRs (p <0.001). BED patients showed a lower Trp as compared with CTRs (p ≤ 0.001). In addition, Kyn/Trp ratio was lower in the AN1 subtype but higher in BED, UFED, and OSFED patients than in CTRs (p ≤ 0.001). SCL6A4 DNA methylation level at CpG5 was lower in AN0 compared to BED (p = 0.021), and the CpG6 methylation was also significantly lower in AN0 in comparison to CTRs (p = 0.025). The mean methylation levels of the six CpGs analyzed were lower only in the AN0 subgroup compared to CTRs (p = 0.008). Relevant psychological trait EDI-3 subscales were correlated with biochemical and epigenetic data. CONCLUSIONS: These findings underline the complexity of psychological and pathophysiological components of EDs.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar , Bulimia Nervosa , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Triptofano , Cinurenina , Metilação de DNA , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/genética , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiologia , Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar/psicologia , Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina
5.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1416, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697429

RESUMO

Two emerging biomarkers of environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) include plasma citrulline (CIT), and the kynurenine (KYN): tryptophan (TRP)/ (KT) ratio. We sought to investigate the plasma concentration of CIT and KT ratio among the children having dehydrating diarrhea and examine associations between concentrations of CIT and KT ratio with concurrent factors. For this analysis, we used cross-sectional data from a total of 102, 6-36 months old male children who suffered from non-cholera acute watery diarrhea and had some dehydration admitted to an urban diarrheal hospital, in Bangladesh. CIT, TRP, and KYN concentrations were determined at enrollment from plasma samples using ELIZA. At enrollment, the mean plasma CIT concentration was 864.48 ± 388.55 µmol/L. The mean plasma kynurenine, tryptophan concentrations, and the KT ratio (× 1000) were 6.93 ± 3.08 µmol/L, 33.44 ± 16.39 µmol/L, and 12.12 ± 18.10, respectively. With increasing child age, KYN concentration decreased (coefficient: - 0.26; 95%CI: - 0.49, - 0.04; p = 0.021); with increasing lymphocyte count, CIT concentration decreased (coef.: - 0.01; 95% CI: - 0.02,0.001, p = 0.004); the wasted child had decreased KT ratio (coef.: - 0.6; 95% CI: - 1.18, - 0.02; p = 0.042) after adjusting for potential covariates. The CIT concentration was associated with blood neutrophils (coef.: 0.02; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.03; p < 0.001), lymphocytes (coef.: - 0.02; 95% CI: - 0.03, - 0.02; p < 0.001) and monocyte (coef.: 0.06; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.11; p = 0.021); KYN concentration was negatively associated with basophil (coef.: - 0.62; 95% CI: - 1.23, - 0.01; p = 0.048) after adjusting for age. In addition, total stool output (gm) increased (coef.: 793.84; 95% CI: 187.16, 1400.52; p = 0.011) and also increased duration of hospital stay (hour) (coef.: 22.89; 95% CI: 10.24, 35.54; p = 0.001) with increasing CIT concentration. The morphological changes associated with EED may increase the risk of enteric infection and diarrheal disease among children. Further research is critically needed to better understand the complex mechanisms by which EED biomarkers may impact susceptibility to dehydrating diarrhea in children.


Assuntos
Cinurenina , Triptofano , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Citrulina , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Diarreia , Biomarcadores , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 2
6.
Food Funct ; 14(2): 810-821, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617886

RESUMO

Ascophyllum nodosum polysaccharide (ANP) can protect against colonic inflammation but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. This study has determined the metabolites of gut microbiota regulated by ANP to reveal the mechanism of the anti-inflammation effect of ANP. Using an in vitro colonic fermentation model, the results indicate that gut microbiota could utilize a proportion of ANP to increase the concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and decrease ammonia content. Metabolomics revealed that 46 differential metabolites, such as betaine, L-carnitine, and aminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR), could be altered by ANP. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that ANP mainly up-regulated the phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, which were negatively correlated with inflammation progression. Interestingly, these metabolites associated with inflammation were also up-regulated by ANP in colitis mice, including betaine, L-carnitine, AICAR, N-acetyl-glutamine, tryptophan, and valine, which were mainly associated with amino acid metabolism and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis. Furthermore, the metabolites modulated by ANP were associated with the relative abundances of Akkermansia, Bacteroides, Blautia, Coprobacillus, Enterobacter, and Klebsiella. Additionally, based on VIP values, betaine is a key metabolite after the ANP supplement in vitro and in vivo. As indicated by these findings, ANP can up-regulate the production of SCFAs, betaine, L-carnitine, and AICAR and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis to protect against colonic inflammation and maintain intestinal health.


Assuntos
Ascophyllum , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Camundongos , Animais , Betaína/farmacologia , Triptofano/farmacologia , Inflamação , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/farmacologia , Carnitina , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA de Transferência/farmacologia
7.
Nano Lett ; 23(2): 497-504, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603115

RESUMO

Using the ultraviolet autofluorescence of tryptophan amino acids offers fascinating perspectives to study single proteins without the drawbacks of fluorescence labeling. However, the low autofluorescence signals have so far limited the UV detection to large proteins containing several tens of tryptophan residues. This limit is not compatible with the vast majority of proteins which contain only a few tryptophans. Here we push the sensitivity of label-free ultraviolet fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (UV-FCS) down to the single tryptophan level. Our results show how the combination of nanophotonic plasmonic antennas, antioxidants, and background reduction techniques can improve the signal-to-background ratio by over an order of magnitude and enable UV-FCS on thermonuclease proteins with a single tryptophan residue. This sensitivity breakthrough unlocks the applicability of UV-FCS technique to a broad library of label-free proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Triptofano , Triptofano/química , Proteínas/química , Aminoácidos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112179, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596122

RESUMO

Tryptophan metabolism has shown to involve in pathogenesis of various metabolic diseases. Gut microbiota-orientated diets hold great potentials to improve metabolic health via regulating tryptophan metabolism. The present study showed that the 6-week high fat diet (HFD) disturbed tryptophan metabolism accompanied with gut dysbacteriosis, also influenced the dietary tryptophan induced changes in cecum microbiome and serum metabolome in mice. The colonic expressions of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and interleukin-22 (IL-22) were significantly reduced in mice fed on HFD. Notably, a diet- rich in wheat bran effectively inhibited transformation of tryptophan to kynurenine-pathway metabolites, while increased melatonin and microbial catabolites, i.e. indole-3-propionic acid, indole-3-acetaldehyde and 5-hydroxy-indole-3-acetic acid. Such regulatory effects were accompanied with reduced fasting glucose and total triglycerides, and promoted AhR and IL-22 levels in HFD mice. Wheat bran increased the abundance of health promoting bacteria (e.g., Akkermansia and Lactobacillus), which were significantly correlated with tryptophan derived indolic metabolites. Additionally, beneficial modulatory effects of wheat bran on indolic metabolites in associations with gut dysbacteriosis from type 2 diabetes patients were confirmed in vitro fecal fermentation experiment. Our study proves the detrimental effects of HFD induced gut dysbacteriosis on tryptophan metabolism that may influence immune modulation, and provides novel insights in the mechanisms by which wheat bran could induce health benefits.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Prebióticos , Animais , Camundongos , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico , Disbiose , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
9.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112308, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596205

RESUMO

Probiotics and prebiotics have beneficial effects on host physiology via metabolites from the gut microbiota in addition to their own. Here, we used a pH-controlled single-batch fermenter as a human gut microbiota model. We conducted fecal fermentation with Bifidobacterium breve MCC1274 (probiotic), lactulose (prebiotic), or a combination of both (synbiotic) to evaluate their influence on the gut environment. Fecal inoculum without the probiotic and prebiotic was used as the control. Principal coordinate analysis (PCoA), based on the composition of gut microbiota, showed a significant difference among the groups. The relative abundance of Bifidobacterium was significantly higher in the synbiotic group, compared to that in the other three treatment groups. The relative abundance of Blautia was the highest in the control group among the four groups. CE-TOFMS and LC-TOFMS showed that the number of metabolites detected in the synbiotic group was the highest (352 in total); 29 of the 310 hydrophilic metabolites and 17 of the 107 lipophilic metabolites were significantly different among the four groups in the Kruskal-Wallis test. A clustering based on 46 metabolites indicated that tryptophan-metabolites such as indole-3-lactic acid (ILA), indole-3-ethanol, and indole-3-carboxaldehyde, were included in a sub cluster composed of metabolites enriched in the synbiotic group. Spermidine, a major polyamine, was enriched in the two groups supplemented with the probiotic whereas spermine was enriched only in the synbiotic group. Not all metabolites enriched in the probiotic and/or synbiotic groups were found in the monocultures of the probiotic strain with or without the prebiotics. This implies that some of the metabolites were produced through the interaction of the fecal microbiota with the inoculated probiotic strain. Co-abundance networking analysis indicated the differences in the correlations between the relative abundance of the fecal microbiota genus and the tryptophan metabolites in each group. There was a strong correlation between ldh4 gene abundance and ILA concentration in the fecal fermentation. The copy number of ldh4 gene was significantly higher in the groups with the probiotic than that in the control group. In conclusion, synbiotics could enhance the production of signaling molecules in the gut environment. Our results provide an insight into more effective administration of probiotics at the molecular level.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium breve , Probióticos , Simbióticos , Humanos , Lactulose , Triptofano , Prebióticos
10.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112309, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596207

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has suggested the mitigatory efficacy of prebiotic inulin on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), nevertheless, its action mechanisms remain elusive. Herein, inulin consumption effectively ameliorated high-sucrose diet-induced hepatic steatosis and inflammation, and rehabilitated liver lipogenesis regulators, including carbohydrate response element-binding protein, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha. Furthermore, inulin supplementation restored the intestinal barrier integrity and function by up-regulating expressions of tight junction proteins (zonula occludens-1, claudin-1 and occludin). High-throughput sequencing demonstrated that inulin administration regulated the gut microbiota composition, wherein abundance of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producers, including Bifidobacterium, Phascolarctobacterium and Blautia, was significantly enhanced in the inulin-treated rats, conversely, opportunistic pathogens, such as Acinetobacter and Corynebacterium_1, were suppressed. SCFA quantitative analysis showed that dietary inulin suppressed faecal acetate levels, but improved propionate and butyrate concentrations in rats with NAFLD. Functional prediction showed that tryptophan metabolism was one of the key metabolic pathways affected by gut microbiota changes. A targeted metabolomics profiling of tryptophan metabolism demonstrated that inulin intervention up-regulated faecal contents of indole-3-acetic acid and kynurenic acid, whereas down-regulated levels of kynurenine and 5-hydoxyindoleacetic acid in NAFLD rats. Therefore, this study demonstrated that inulin intake alleviated hepatic steatosis likely by regulating the gut microbiota composition and function and restoring the intestinal barrier integrity, which may provide a novel notion for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD in future.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ratos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Inulina/farmacologia , Triptofano , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis
11.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1011, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653422

RESUMO

Circulating concentrations of metabolites (collectively called kynurenines) in the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism increase during inflammation, particularly in response to interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). Neopterin and the kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (KTR) are IFN-γ induced inflammatory markers, and together with C-reactive protein (CRP) and kynurenines they are associated with various diseases, but comprehensive data on the strength of associations of inflammatory markers with circulating concentrations of kynurenines are lacking. We measured circulating concentrations of neopterin, CRP, tryptophan and seven kynurenines in 5314 controls from 20 cohorts in the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium (LC3). The associations of neopterin, KTR and CRP with kynurenines were investigated using regression models. In mixed models, one standard deviation (SD) higher KTR was associated with a 0.46 SD higher quinolinic acid (QA), and 0.31 SD higher 3-hydroxykynurenine (HK). One SD higher neopterin was associated with 0.48, 0.44, 0.36 and 0.28 SD higher KTR, QA, kynurenine and HK, respectively. KTR and neopterin respectively explained 24.1% and 16.7% of the variation in QA, and 11.4% and 7.5% of HK. CRP was only weakly associated with kynurenines in regression models. In summary, QA was the metabolite that was most strongly associated with the inflammatory markers. In general, the inflammatory markers were most strongly related to metabolites located along the tryptophan-NAD axis, which may support suggestions of increased production of NAD from tryptophan during inflammation.


Assuntos
Cinurenina , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Neopterina/metabolismo , NAD , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Inflamação , Interferon gama/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674641

RESUMO

Due to the great significance of amino acids, a substantial number of research studies has been directed toward the development of effective and reliable platforms for their evaluation, detection, and identification. In order to support these studies, a new electrochemical platform based on PANI/ZnO nanowires' modified carbon inks screen-printed electrodes was developed for qualitative analysis of electroactive amino acids, with emphasis on tyrosine (Tyr) and tryptophan (Trp). A comparative investigation of the carbon ink before and after modification with the PANI/ZnO was performed by scanning electron microscopy and by Raman spectroscopy, confirming the presence of PANI and ZnO nanowires. Electrochemical investigations by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy have shown a higher charge-transfer rate constant, which is reflected into lower charge-transfer resistance and higher capacitance values for the PANI/ZnO modified ink when compared to the simple carbon screen-printed electrode. In order to demonstrate the electrochemical performances of the PANI/ZnO nanowires' modified carbon inks screen-printed electrodes for amino acids analysis, differential pulse voltammograms were obtained in individual and mixed solutions of electroactive amino acids. It has been shown that the PANI/ZnO nanowires' modified carbon inks screen-printed electrodes allowed for tyrosine and tryptophan a peak separation of more than 100 mV, enabling their screening and identification in mixed solutions, which is essential for the electrochemical analysis of proteins within the proteomics research field.


Assuntos
Carbono , Óxido de Zinco , Carbono/química , Aminoácidos , Tinta , Triptofano , Óxido de Zinco/química , Tirosina , Eletrodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos
13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 643: 129-138, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603530

RESUMO

There is an alarming increase in incidence of fatty liver disease worldwide. The fatty liver disease spectrum disease ranges from simple steatosis (NAFL) to steatohepatitis (NASH) which culminates in cirrhosis and cancer. Altered metabolism is a hallmark feature associated with fatty liver disease and palmitic acid is the most abundant saturated fatty acid, therefore, the aim of this study was to compare metabolic profiles altered in hepatocytes treated with palmitic acid and also the differentially expressed plasma metabolites in spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver. The metabolites were analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) platform. Hepatocyte cell lines PH5CH8 and HepG2 cells when treated with 400 µM dose of palmitic acid showed typical features of steatosis. Metabolomic analysis of lipid treated hepatocyte cell lines showed differential changes in phenylalanine and tyrosine pathways, fatty acid metabolism and bile acids. The key metabolites tryptophan, kynurenine and carnitine differed significantly between subjects with NAFL, NASH and those with cirrhosis. As the tryptophan-kynurenine axis is also involved in denovo synthesis of NAD+, we found significant alterations in the NAD+ related metabolites in both palmitic acid treated and also fatty liver disease with cirrhosis. The study underscores the importance of amino acid and NAD+supplementation as promising strategies in fatty liver disorder.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Palmitatos/metabolismo , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Ácido Palmítico/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo
14.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 27, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631760

RESUMO

Previous studies reported significantly altered tryptophan catabolite concentrations in major depression. Thus, tryptophan catabolites were considered as potential biomarkers of depression and their modulators as potential targets for psychopharmacotherapy. However, the results were based mainly on studies with small sample sizes limiting their generalizability. Against this background, we investigated the relationship of peripheral tryptophan catabolites with depression in a population-based sample with n = 3,389 participants (with fasting status ≥ 8 h and C-reactive protein < 10 mg/L). N = 248 had clinically significant depression according to a PHQ-9 score of ≥ 10, n = 1,101 subjects had mild depressive symptoms with PHQ-9 scores between 5 and 9, and n = 2,040 had no depression. After multivariable adjustment, clinically significant depression was associated with lower kynurenine and kynurenic acid. Spearman correlation coefficients of the tryptophan catabolites with the severity of depression were very small (rho ≤ 0.080, p ≤ 0.015). None of the tryptophan catabolites could diagnostically separate depressed from not depressed persons. Concerning linear associations, kynurenine and kynurenic acid were associated only with the severity and the cognitive dimension of depression but not its somatic dimension. Tryptophan catabolites were not associated with persistence or recurrence of depression at the 5 year follow-up. The results replicated the association between kynurenine and kynurenic acid with depression. However, the associations were small raising doubts about their clinical utility. Findings underline the complexity of the relationships between depression and tryptophan catabolites. The search for subgroups of depression with a potentially higher impact of depression might be warranted.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Triptofano , Humanos , Cinurenina/metabolismo , Ácido Cinurênico/metabolismo , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa
15.
J Phys Chem B ; 127(2): 514-519, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598839

RESUMO

Electrostatic interactions are key determinants of protein structure, dynamics, and function. Since protein electrostatics are nonuniform, assessment of the internal electric fields (EFs) of proteins requires spatial resolution at the amino acid residue level. In this regard, vibrational Stark spectroscopy, in conjunction with various unnatural amino acid-based vibrational probes, has become a common method for site-specific interrogation of protein EFs. However, application of this method is often limited to proteins with relatively high solubility, due to the intrinsically low oscillator strength of vibrational transitions. Therefore, it would be useful to develop an alternative method that can overcome this limitation. To this end, we show that, using solvatochromic study and molecular dynamics simulations, the frequency of maximum emission intensity of the fluorophore of 4-cyanotryptophan (4CN-Trp), 3-methyl-1H-indole-4-carbonitrile, exhibits a linear dependence on the local EF. Since the absorption and emission spectra of 4CN-Trp are easily distinguishable from those of naturally occurring aromatic amino acids, we believe that this linear relationship provides an easier and more sensitive means to determine the local EF of proteins.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Proteínas , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Proteínas/química , Eletricidade , Triptofano/química , Eletricidade Estática
16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1867(3): 130304, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Light, oxygen and voltage (LOV) proteins detect blue light by formation of a covalent 'photoadduct' between the flavin chromophore and the neighboring conserved cysteine residue. LOV proteins devoid of this conserved photoactive cysteine are unable to form this 'photoadduct' upon light illumination, but they can still elicit functional response via the formation of neutral flavin radical. Recently, tryptophan residue has been shown to be the primary electron donors to the flavin excited state. METHODS: Photoactive cysteine (Cys42) and tryptophan (Trp68) residues in the LOV1 domain of phototropin1 of Ostreococcus tauri (OtLOV1) was mutated to alanine and threonine respectively. Effect of these mutations have been studied using molecular dynamics simulation and spectroscopic techniques. RESULTS: Molecular dynamics simulation indicated that W68T did not affect the structure of OtLOV1 protein, but C42A leads to some structural changes. An increase in the fluorescence lifetime and quantum yield values was observed for the Trp68 mutant. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in the fluorescence lifetime and quantum yield of Trp68 mutant compared to the wild type protein suggests that Trp68 residue participates in quenching of the flavin excited state followed by photoexcitation. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Enhanced photo-physical properties of Trp68 OtLOV1 mutant might enable its use for the optogenetic and microscopic applications.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Triptofano , Triptofano/genética , Cisteína/química , Luz , Mutação
17.
Clin Transl Med ; 13(1): e1152, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut-brain axis is widely implicated in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). We take an integrated approach to considering the gut as a target for disease-modifying intervention, using continuous measurements of disease facets irrespective of diagnostic divide. METHODS: We characterised 77 participants with diagnosed-PD, 113 without, by dietary/exogenous substance intake, faecal metabolome, intestinal inflammation, serum cytokines/chemokines, clinical phenotype including colonic transit time. Complete-linkage hierarchical cluster analysis of metabolites discriminant for PD-status was performed. RESULTS: Longer colonic transit was linked to deficits in faecal short-chain-fatty acids outside PD, to a 'tryptophan-containing metabolite cluster' overall. Phenotypic cluster analysis aggregated colonic transit with brady/hypokinesia, tremor, sleep disorder and dysosmia, each individually associated with tryptophan-cluster deficit. Overall, a faster pulse was associated with deficits in a metabolite cluster including benzoic acid and an imidazole-ring compound (anti-fungals) and vitamin B3 (anti-inflammatory) and with higher serum CCL20 (chemotactic for lymphocytes/dendritic cells towards mucosal epithelium). The faster pulse in PD was irrespective of postural hypotension. The benzoic acid-cluster deficit was linked to (well-recognised) lower caffeine and alcohol intakes, tryptophan-cluster deficit to higher maltose intake. Free-sugar intake was increased in PD, maltose intake being 63% higher (p = .001). Faecal calprotectin was 44% (95% CI 5%, 98%) greater in PD [p = .001, adjusted for proton-pump inhibitors (p = .001)], with 16% of PD-probands exceeding a cut-point for clinically significant inflammation compatible with inflammatory bowel disease. Higher maltose intake was associated with exceeding this calprotectin cut-point. CONCLUSIONS: Emerging picture is of (i) clinical phenotype being described by deficits in microbial metabolites essential to gut health; (ii) intestinal inflammation; (iii) a systemic inflammatory response syndrome.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Triptofano , Maltose , Inflamação , Dieta , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/análise , Benzoatos
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(2): 1201-1213, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621895

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis has been consistently associated with gut microbiota imbalance and disturbed immune system. Emerging research suggests a protective function of polyphenols on prevention and treatment of ulcerative colitis, yet underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Fu brick tea, a postfermented tea, contains abundant polyphenols with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In the present study, we found that prophylactic supplementation of polyphenols extracted from Fu brick tea (FBTP) dose-dependently alleviated colitis symptoms, immune cells infiltration, and pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion in mice suffering dextran sulfate sodium induced murine colitis. FBTP substantially reshaped gut microbiota and promoted microbial transformation of tryptophan into indole-3-acetic acid (I3A), thereafter leading to aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-mediated protection from colitis through enhanced expressions of IL-22 and tight junction proteins (i.e., ZO-1, occluding and claudin-1) in colon. Multiomics integration analyses revealed strong connections between I3A, tryptophan-metabolizing bacteria, AHR activity, and pathological phenotypes of colitis. Notably, FBTP failed to significantly alleviate colitis symptoms in the absence of gut microbiota, while intragastric administration of I3A could imitate benefits of FBTP on colitis alleviation and intestinal epithelial homeostasis through a direct enhancement in AHR activity in microbiota-depleted mice. These findings further determine the key role of gut microbiota controlled I3A-AHR signaling in mediating the FBTP on colitis alleviation. This study provides the first data proposing the FBTP as a natural prebiotic for colitis alleviation through the gut microbiota-dependent modulation of the AHR pathway. Most importantly, we also identified I3A as a key microbial metabolite targeted by FBTP for exhibiting health-promoting effects.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Camundongos , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/prevenção & controle , Triptofano/metabolismo , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/genética , Colo/microbiologia , Bactérias/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças
19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 190(2): 61, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662318

RESUMO

Chirality plays a key role in many fields of natural sciences as well as life sciences. Chiral materials are widely developed and used for electrochemical chiral recognition. In recent years, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have been widely used as a novel carbon nanomaterial due to their excellent charge transfer properties, good biocompatibility, and low cost. The special structure of π-conjugated porphyrin attracts attention. Supramolecular self-assembly shows a way to construct chiral materials by self-assembling simple molecules into chiral composites. Herein, we demonstrate the self-assembly of achiral porphyrins induced by chiral carbon quantum dots assembled from L- and or D-tryptophan (L- and or D-Trp) with carbon quantum dots, resulting in 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-carboxyPheyl) (TCPP) self-assembled structure. The electrochemical chiral recognition of chiral self-assembled materials was studied using Phenylalanine (Phe) enantiomer as a chiral analyte. Electrochemical chiral recognition results showed that the chiral self-assembled materials induced by chiral templates have a good ability to discriminate Phe enantiomers. Therefore, this research provides a new idea for the synthesis of chiral composites and further expands applications to electrochemical chiral recognition.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Porfirinas , Porfirinas/química , Fenilalanina/química , Triptofano , Carbono
20.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 69, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604444

RESUMO

Sweat sensors play a significant role in personalized healthcare by dynamically monitoring biochemical markers to detect individual physiological status. The specific response to the target biomolecules usually depends on natural oxidase, but it is susceptible to external interference. In this work, we report tryptophan- and histidine-treated copper metal-organic frameworks (Cu-MOFs). This amino-functionalized copper-organic framework shows highly selective activity for ascorbate oxidation and can serve as an efficient ascorbate oxidase-mimicking material in sensitive sweat sensors. Experiments and calculation results elucidate that the introduced tryptophan/histidine fundamentally regulates the adsorption behaviors of biomolecules, enabling ascorbate to be selectively captured from complex sweat and further efficiently electrooxidized. This work provides not only a paradigm for specifically sweat sensing but also a significant understanding of natural oxidase-inspired MOF nanoenzymes for sensing technologies and beyond.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases , Suor , Suor/química , Cobre/química , Histidina , Triptofano
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...