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1.
Vet Dermatol ; 32(6): 605-e161, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In human medicine, narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy has been used to treat various T-cell-mediated skin diseases. However, the effect of NB-UVB on inflamed canine skin remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of NB-UVB phototherapy on the skin of dogs with hapten-induced contact dermatitis. ANIMALS: Seven healthy beagles without skin problems. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Dogs were irradiated with varying doses of NB-UVB to determine the minimal erythema dose (MED). After determining the MEDs of six dogs (excluding one of the seven whose skin did not show a visible reaction), we investigated the effect of NB-UVB on their inflamed skin by topically applying 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), which causes type 1 helper T cell (Th1)- and cytotoxic T-cell (Tc)1-induced skin inflammation. We then irradiated the skin with NB-UVB. We analysed the treated skin samples via histopathological and immunohistochemical methods, and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) to demonstrate apoptotic cells. We also analysed the cytokine gene transcription via real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: The NB-UVB MEDs caused mild inflammatory changes yet no severe epidermal exfoliations in the irradiated skin. In DNCB-treated skin irradiated by the NB-UVB MEDs, TUNEL-positive dermal apoptotic cells were increased significantly compared with those of DNCB-treated, nonirradiated skin. INF-γ and TNF-α transcription levels in DNCB-treated, irradiated skin were significantly lower than those in the DNCB-treated, nonirradiated skin. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Phototherapy using NB-UVB MEDs attenuated cutaneous Th1 and Tc1 cytokine responses with minimal skin damage in a canine model of hapten-induced contact dermatitis.


Assuntos
Dermatite de Contato , Doenças do Cão , Terapia Ultravioleta , Animais , Dermatite de Contato/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/radioterapia , Cães , Haptenos , Pele , Linfócitos T , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Terapia Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Terapia Ultravioleta/veterinária
2.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD013870, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE), also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes significant burden. Phototherapy is sometimes used to treat AE when topical treatments, such as corticosteroids, are insufficient or poorly tolerated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of phototherapy for treating AE. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Skin Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov to January 2021. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials in adults or children with any subtype or severity of clinically diagnosed AE. Eligible comparisons were any type of phototherapy versus other forms of phototherapy or any other treatment, including placebo or no treatment. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard Cochrane methodology. For key findings, we used RoB 2.0 to assess bias, and GRADE to assess certainty of the evidence. Primary outcomes were physician-assessed signs and patient-reported symptoms. Secondary outcomes were Investigator Global Assessment (IGA), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), safety (measured as withdrawals due to adverse events), and long-term control. MAIN RESULTS: We included 32 trials with 1219 randomised participants, aged 5 to 83 years (mean: 28 years), with an equal number of males and females. Participants were recruited mainly from secondary care dermatology clinics, and study duration was, on average, 13 weeks (range: 10 days to one year). We assessed risk of bias for all key outcomes as having some concerns or high risk, due to missing data, inappropriate analysis, or insufficient information to assess selective reporting. Assessed interventions included: narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB; 13 trials), ultraviolet A1 (UVA1; 6 trials), broadband ultraviolet B (BB-UVB; 5 trials), ultraviolet AB (UVAB; 2 trials), psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA; 2 trials), ultraviolet A (UVA; 1 trial), unspecified ultraviolet B (UVB; 1 trial), full spectrum light (1 trial), Saalmann selective ultraviolet phototherapy (SUP) cabin (1 trial), saltwater bath plus UVB (balneophototherapy; 1 trial), and excimer laser (1 trial). Comparators included placebo, no treatment, another phototherapy, topical treatment, or alternative doses of the same treatment. Results for key comparisons are summarised (for scales, lower scores are better): NB-UVB versus placebo/no treatment There may be a larger reduction in physician-assessed signs with NB-UVB compared to placebo after 12 weeks of treatment (mean difference (MD) -9.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) -3.62 to -15.18; 1 trial, 41 participants; scale: 0 to 90). Two trials reported little difference between NB-UVB and no treatment (37 participants, four to six weeks of treatment); another reported improved signs with NB-UVB versus no treatment (11 participants, nine weeks of treatment). NB-UVB may increase the number of people reporting reduced itch after 12 weeks of treatment compared to placebo (risk ratio (RR) 1.72, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.69; 1 trial, 40 participants). Another trial reported very little difference in itch severity with NB-UVB (25 participants, four weeks of treatment). The number of participants with moderate to greater global improvement may be higher with NB-UVB than placebo after 12 weeks of treatment (RR 2.81, 95% CI 1.10 to 7.17; 1 trial, 41 participants). NB-UVB may not affect rates of withdrawal due to adverse events. No withdrawals were reported in one trial of NB-UVB versus placebo (18 participants, nine weeks of treatment). In two trials of NB-UVB versus no treatment, each reported one withdrawal per group (71 participants, 8 to 12 weeks of treatment). We judged that all reported outcomes were supported with low-certainty evidence, due to risk of bias and imprecision. No trials reported HRQoL. NB-UVB versus UVA1 We judged the evidence for NB-UVB compared to UVA1 to be very low certainty for all outcomes, due to risk of bias and imprecision. There was no evidence of a difference in physician-assessed signs after six weeks (MD -2.00, 95% CI -8.41 to 4.41; 1 trial, 46 participants; scale: 0 to 108), or patient-reported itch after six weeks (MD 0.3, 95% CI -1.07 to 1.67; 1 trial, 46 participants; scale: 0 to 10). Two split-body trials (20 participants, 40 sides) also measured these outcomes, using different scales at seven to eight weeks; they reported lower scores with NB-UVB. One trial reported HRQoL at six weeks (MD 2.9, 95% CI -9.57 to 15.37; 1 trial, 46 participants; scale: 30 to 150). One split-body trial reported no withdrawals due to adverse events over 12 weeks (13 participants). No trials reported IGA. NB-UVB versus PUVA We judged the evidence for NB-UVB compared to PUVA (8-methoxypsoralen in bath plus UVA) to be very low certainty for all reported outcomes, due to risk of bias and imprecision. There was no evidence of a difference in physician-assessed signs after six weeks (64.1% reduction with NB-UVB versus 65.7% reduction with PUVA; 1 trial, 10 participants, 20 sides). There was no evidence of a difference in marked improvement or complete remission after six weeks (odds ratio (OR) 1.00, 95% CI 0.13 to 7.89; 1 trial, 9/10 participants with both treatments). One split-body trial reported no withdrawals due to adverse events in 10 participants over six weeks. The trials did not report patient-reported symptoms or HRQoL. UVA1 versus PUVA There was very low-certainty evidence, due to serious risk of bias and imprecision, that PUVA (oral 5-methoxypsoralen plus UVA) reduced physician-assessed signs more than UVA1 after three weeks (MD 11.3, 95% CI -0.21 to 22.81; 1 trial, 40 participants; scale: 0 to 103). The trial did not report patient-reported symptoms, IGA, HRQoL, or withdrawals due to adverse events. There were no eligible trials for the key comparisons of UVA1 or PUVA compared with no treatment. Adverse events Reported adverse events included low rates of phototoxic reaction, severe irritation, UV burn, bacterial superinfection, disease exacerbation, and eczema herpeticum. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Compared to placebo or no treatment, NB-UVB may improve physician-rated signs, patient-reported symptoms, and IGA after 12 weeks, without a difference in withdrawal due to adverse events. Evidence for UVA1 compared to NB-UVB or PUVA, and NB-UVB compared to PUVA was very low certainty. More information is needed on the safety and effectiveness of all aspects of phototherapy for treating AE.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Eczema , Terapia Ultravioleta , Adulto , Criança , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fototerapia , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638746

RESUMO

A 308 nm monochromatic excimer light (MEL) is widely used to treat patients with vitiligo. However, dose optimization still needs to be clarified. This study aimed to obtain objective evidence regarding various doses of MEL irradiation, induced cell level changes in vitro, and skin level alterations in vivo. Cultured human keratinocytes were irradiated with MEL using various doses. After irradiation at low doses, stem cell factor, endothelin-1, and glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B, factors that activate and protect melanocytes, were found to be significantly elevated in keratinocytes. After irradiation using medium and high doses, inflammatory cytokines were induced. The amount of ATP released and the level of inflammasome activation, which are known to be related to interleukin-1ß activation, were also increased. The back skin of guinea pigs and mice were irradiated with MEL at varying doses. After irradiation, an increase of epidermal melanin and epidermal melanocytes was confirmed, using the minimal erythemal dose or less. In rhododendrol-induced leukoderma guinea pigs, a much lower dose of MEL irradiation was effective, when compared with the effective dose for control guinea pigs. Our results suggest that a lower irradiation dose of MEL might be sufficient and more suitable for repigmentation in vitiligo treatment.


Assuntos
Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Melanócitos/metabolismo , Pigmentação da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Ultravioleta , Vitiligo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Cobaias , Humanos , Camundongos , Vitiligo/metabolismo , Vitiligo/radioterapia
4.
Clin Dermatol ; 39(3): 446-450, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518002

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV) therapy is an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic method for various dermatologic conditions due to its antiproliferative and immunosuppressive effects. Contemporary phototherapy includes broadband UVB, narrowband UVB, UVA1, PUVA, and excimer laser therapy. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has resulted in the closure of many patient care facilities, including phototherapy units worldwide. Home phototherapy, thalassotherapy, and other UV therapy modalities are an alternative for many patients with chronic dermatoses. We highlighted possible interactions of UV therapy effects and the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, and focused on organization and measures against transmission of infections in phototherapy units. Dermatology departments have reopened their units, assessing the risks and benefits for patients, optimizing safety regulations, and adhering to the rules for disinfection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Terapia Ultravioleta , Humanos , Pandemias , Fototerapia , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(9): 600-606, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546107

RESUMO

Objective: Evaluate the treatment outcome of vitiligo patients receiving a standard regimen of high-dose biweekly fractional 2940 nm erbium:yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) laser applications as an add-on to various treatment modalities. Materials and methods: The authors extracted the study population's clinical images before treatment and 3rd-month control from their clinical archive and used the medical records. The primary outcome measure was 50% repigmentation at 3rd-month follow-up. Institutional ethical committee approved the study. Results: Of the evaluated 28 patients, 18 were eligible with 31 treatment regions. All patients received at least one topical agent [steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] and 11 patients received either targeted ultraviolet B (UVB) or narrow-band UVB. Of the 31 study regions, 88.8% (8/9) of facial; 77.7% (7/9) of dorsal hand; 75% (3/4) of limb; and 25% (2/8) of finger lesions achieved 50% repigmentation at 3rd-month control. The facial and dorsal hand lesions' treatment responses were higher than finger lesions (p = 0.008 and 0.03, respectively). Upon evaluating adjuvant treatment modalities, all of the treatment regions receiving targeted UVB (n = 4) or topical 5-FU (n = 5) achieved the primary endpoint, whereas severe irritation limited the topical use of 5-FU. The most common adverse effects were mild oozing and crusting related to laser treatments. Conclusions: Even with high-energy settings, fractional erbium: YAG laser does not induce the Koebner phenomenon. Although controlled trials are required to make firm conclusions, fractional erbium: YAG laser was an effective and safe adjunctive option for stable vitiligo in a real-life setting.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Terapia Ultravioleta , Vitiligo , Alumínio , Terapia Combinada , Érbio , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Vitiligo/tratamento farmacológico , Ítrio
6.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 39(9): 607-611, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546111

RESUMO

Background: Artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a mainstay in the treatment of a variety of inflammatory skin disorders. Despite existence from a wealth of studies on the impact of narrow-band UVB (NBUVB) on serum levels of nutrients, clinical data on its effect on serum homocysteine (HC) level, which is thought to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disorders, dementia, and depression, are scarce. Objective: To assess serum HC status before and after treatment with at least 30 sessions of NBUVB exposure in patients with various cutaneous disorders. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 39 patients with psoriasis, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis, and mycosis fungoides who underwent at least 30 sessions of NBUVB phototherapy. Serum HC was measured and compared before and after phototherapy. This study was approved by relevant ethics committee. Results: Levels of HC decreased by 24.8% after 30 sessions of NBUVB phototherapy (10.53 ± 3.64 µmol/L vs. 7.92 ± 3.26 µmol/L, p-value <0.0001) and this decrease was more prominent in male participants and patients older than 40 years. Conclusions: Based to our findings, NBUVB phototherapy might be a modality of choice especially for older male patients not only as an effective treatment for cutaneous conditions, but also as a modality with potential protective effects against cardio-cerebro-vascular accidents.


Assuntos
Terapia Ultravioleta , Vitiligo , Homocisteína , Humanos , Masculino , Fototerapia , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
J Immunol ; 207(9): 2278-2287, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561229

RESUMO

Systemic suppression of adaptive immune responses is a major way in which UV radiation contributes to skin cancer development. Immune suppression is also likely to explain how UV protects from some autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. However, the mechanisms underlying UV-mediated systemic immune suppression are not well understood. Exposure of C57BL/6 mice to doses of UV known to suppress systemic autoimmunity led to the accumulation of cells within the skin-draining lymph nodes and away from non-skin-draining lymph nodes. Transfer of CD45.1+ cells from nonirradiated donors into CD45.2+ UV-irradiated recipients resulted in preferential accumulation of donor naive T cells and a decrease in activated T cells within skin-draining lymph nodes. A single dose of immune-suppressive UV was all that was required to cause a redistribution of naive and central memory T cells from peripheral blood to the skin-draining lymph nodes. Specifically, CD69-independent increases in sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor 1-negative naive and central memory T cells occurred in these lymph nodes. Mass spectrometry analysis showed UV-mediated activation of sphingosine kinase 1 activity, resulting in an increase in S1P levels within the lymph nodes. Topical application of a sphingosine kinase inhibitor on the skin prior to UV irradiation eliminated the UV-induced increase in lymph node S1P and T cell numbers. Thus, exposure to immunosuppressive UV disrupts T cell recirculation by manipulating the S1P pathway.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla/radioterapia , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Animais , Circulação Sanguínea , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Ativação Linfocitária , Lisofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados , Esfingosina/metabolismo , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta , Terapia Ultravioleta
9.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(5): e15079, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333826

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate optimal treatment regimen of 308-nm excimer laser for palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP). 77 patients with PPP were randomly assigned to receive low dose (2-fold of MED as initial dose), medium dose (4-fold of MED as initial dose) and high dose group (6-fold of MED as initial dose) and the MED of each patient depended on the ultraviolet light sensitivity of individual's skin which ranged from 0.1 to 0.25 J/cm2 . All group received 308-nm excimer laser treatment three times weekly for 8 weeks. Clinical evaluation based on the Palmoplantar Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PP-PASI) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score. All treatment groups achieved satisfied efficacy at the end of the treatment period with more obvious reduction of PP-PASI score in high dose group (16.05 ± 4.26) than low and medium dose group (23.67 ± 7.16, p < 0.01; 22.04 ± 5.74, p < 0.01). Improvement of DLQI score was greatest at week 4 for all patients in each group, while DLQI improved more quickly in high/medium dose group than low dose group. Adverse effects of erythema, blistering and erosions were more common with the higher dose regimen. High dose of 308-nm excimer laser could achieve a better efficacy in PPP treatment, reduce the severity of the disease in patients and improve the life quality of patients. Meantime, the incidence of adverse reactions should be aware of and it's necessary to evaluate the skin and lesion type before the dose selection.


Assuntos
Exantema , Psoríase , Terapia Ultravioleta , Humanos , Lasers de Excimer/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cutis ; 108(1): E15-E21, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397366

RESUMO

Identifying safe, effective, and affordable evidence-based dermatologic treatments for older adults can be challenging because of age-related changes. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of phototherapy in older adults. Our retrospective study of patients 65 years and older who were treated with narrowband UVB(NB-UVB) phototherapy aimed to (1) identify the most common dermatologic conditions treated with phototherapy in older adults, (2) examine the effectiveness and safety of phototherapy in older adults, and (3) compare the outcomes to 2 similar studies in the United Kingdom and Turkey.


Assuntos
Dermatopatias , Terapia Ultravioleta , Idoso , Humanos , Fototerapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445716

RESUMO

Translational photopharmacological applications are limited through irradiation by light showing wavelengths within the bio-optical window. To achieve sufficient tissue penetration, using wavelengths >500 nm is mandatory. Nevertheless, the majority of photopharmacological compounds respond to irradiation with more energetic UV light, which shows only a minor depth of tissue penetration in the µm range. Thus, we became interested in UV light containing Cherenkov radiation (CR) induced as a by-product by clinically employed radionuclides labeling specific tissues. Therefore, CR may be applicable in novel photopharmacological approaches. To provide evidence for the hypothesis, we verified the clinically established radionuclides 68Ga and 90Y but not 18F in clinically used activities to be capable of generating CR in aqueous solutions. We then investigated whether the generated CR was able to photoactivate the caged kinase inhibitor cagedAZD5438 as a photoresponsive model system. Herein, 21% uncaging of the model system cagedAZD5438 occurred by incubation with 90Y, along with a non-specific compound decomposition for 68Ga and partly for 90Y. The findings suggest that the combination of a clinically employed radionuclide with an optimized photoresponsive agent could be beneficial for highly focused photopharmacological therapies.


Assuntos
Fototerapia/métodos , Terapia Ultravioleta/métodos , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Proteínas Luminescentes/farmacologia , Radioisótopos/farmacologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Raios Ultravioleta , Radioisótopos de Ítrio
12.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 35(11): 2250-2258, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remission duration and treatment response following phototherapy for psoriasis are highly variable and factors influencing these are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Our primary outcome was to investigate whether selected clinical/serum biomarkers were associated with remission duration, and secondly with psoriasis clearance at the end of phototherapy. In addition, we looked at whether early trajectory of UVB clearance was associated with final clearance outcome. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 100 psoriasis patients, routinely prescribed Narrowband UVB and measured selected clinical and biochemical biomarkers, including weekly PASI (psoriasis area and severity index) scores. Patients were followed up for 18 months. RESULTS: The median time to relapse was 6 months (95% CI 5-18) if PASI90 was achieved, and 4 months (95% CI 3-9) if less than PASI90 was achieved. Achieving PASI100 did not result in prolonged remission. On UVB completion, the median final PASI (n = 96) was 1.0 (IQR 0.5, 1.6) with 78 (81%) achieving PASI75 and 39 (41%) achieving PASI90. Improved PASI90 response was significantly associated with lower BMI, higher baseline PASI, non-smoking status and lower cumulative NbUVB. Serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and vitamin D were not associated with clearance or remission duration. Early treatment response from weeks 2-3 was predictive of final outcome. For example, achieving PASI30 at week 3 was significantly associated with PASI90 at the end of the course [36/77 (51%) vs. 2/24 (8%), P < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: Raised BMI and positive smoking status predicted poorer phototherapy response. For the first time, we have shown that PASI clearance trajectory over the first 2-3 weeks of UVB, can predict psoriasis clearance. This is an important new step towards developing psoriasis personalized prescribing, which can now be formally tested in clinical trials. These simple clinical measures can be used to inform patient treatment expectations; allowing treatment modifications and/or switching to alternative therapies.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Terapia Ultravioleta , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Fototerapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Psoríase/radioterapia
13.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(5): e15058, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245476

RESUMO

Excimer light (EL) and targeted UVB (TUVB) devices have been used successfully in repigmenting vitiligo. To compare the repigmenting efficacy and safety of EL with TUVB device in vitiligo. The study was conducted retrospectively on patients of vitiligo who had received either EL (Group A) or TUVB (Group B) from year 2015 to 2020. Data pertaining to 40 such age and sex matched patients from each group was retrieved with almost similar sites of involvement. Only patients whose phototherapy sessions had been given twice weekly for minimum of 30 sessions or until 90%-100% repigmentation were included in the study. The study was retrospective in nature and the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed during the study. The primary endpoint compared between the two groups was the extent of repigmentation achieved on different sites of body and adverse effects from treatment. Secondary endpoints compared included total number of doses, cumulative dose needed for complete repigmentation and number of doses needed for onset of repigmentation. There were 82.6% responders in Group A and 76.3% in Group B who had achieved at least 50% repigmentation. Excellent response (75%-100% repigmentation) was achieved in 68.1% lesions in Group A and 46.4% lesions in Group B. Patients in Group A needed less number of doses (13.75 vs. 19.37) and less cumulative dose (6.14 vs. 7.69 J/cm2 ) to achieve complete or near complete repigmentation. Adverse effects were negligible in both groups. Targeted phototherapy with EL demonstrated better repigmenting efficacy than TUVB in vitiligo.


Assuntos
Terapia Ultravioleta , Vitiligo , Humanos , Fototerapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Raios Ultravioleta , Terapia Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Vitiligo/diagnóstico , Vitiligo/radioterapia
14.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 60(5): 103200, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215520

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by well-demarcated erythematous plaques with a silver scale. Although many new and emerging therapeutic agents are often sufficient to control the disease, there is still a need for alternative treatment options in challenging cases. Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been applied to many T-cell-mediated diseases to restore immune homeostasis and treat psoriasis effectively. In this paper, we present a psoriasis patient who did not respond to methotrexate, narrowband ultraviolet B, or acitretin. Because of a diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the patient had contraindications for cyclosporine, fumaric acid esters, and biologics but achieved remission with a total of 12 sessions of ECP in two and a half months. Although exacerbation was recorded after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) confirmed coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease infection at the end of the first month, scores from the psoriasis area severity index (PASI) and dermatological life quality index (DLQI) were regressed significantly within two and a half months. ECP seems to provide an effective and rapid response for psoriasis and should be considered for psoriasis patients who fail to respond or have contraindications to existing treatments.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Pandemias , Fotoferese , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Acitretina/uso terapêutico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Terapia Combinada , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Unhas/patologia , Psoríase/complicações , Psoríase/patologia , Psoríase/radioterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Terapia Ultravioleta
15.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(5): e15075, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327798

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a common chronic skin condition, which is an immune-related hyperproliferative disorder. Among the different treatments for psoriasis, statins have been found to reduce the severity of the disease. Accordingly, fluvastatin and simvastatin are known to have anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting inflammatory cytokines and lymphocyte function. Narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) is known as an effective and safe modality for psoriasis treatment. In this double blind, randomized controlled trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adding simvastatin to NB-UVB phototherapy in patients with psoriasis. Forty-eight patients with psoriasis undergoing NB-UVB phototherapy were randomly divided into placebo groups; one received oral simvastatin, and the other received a placebo for 12 weeks. Psoriasis severity was assessed with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and Dermatology Life and Quality Index (DLQI). Both groups showed a significant decline in PASI score after 6 and 12 weeks compared to the baseline. The differences in reducing PASI score and DLQI between the two groups were not significant neither at week sixth nor 12th. In addition, DLQI decreased significantly in the placebo group at week 12th. In contrast with previous studies, we did not find any additional effects for oral simvastatin5 in treating psoriasis with NB-UVB. Also, an insignificant difference in the improvement of quality of life between both groups was ascertained.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Terapia Ultravioleta , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sinvastatina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
16.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 20(6): 701-702, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076391

RESUMO

Given the high costs of systemic psoriasis therapies, studies have also shown that phototherapy achieves significant cost savings by replacing or delaying drug-based systemic treatment in patients with moderate to severe disease. However, this modality is often underutilized mainly due to the lack of phototherapy treatment centers across the country. Home phototherapy was designed to fill this treatment gap and allow patients to be treated with phototherapy despite living in areas that may not have a formal treatment facility. Inspired by the Goeckerman regimen, a preliminary pilot study showed that a novel, home phototherapy device utilizing a mobile phone-controlled L.E.D UVB light source and an occlusive hydrogel patch containing coal tar was superior to control as well as both NB-UVB alone and a coal tar dressing alone.Visit the Psoriasis Resource Center for more on this topic.


Assuntos
Alcatrão , Psoríase , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/radioterapia , Terapia Ultravioleta
17.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 20(10): 3264-3269, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Narrowband-ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) is a promising, effective, and safe therapeutic option for atopic dermatitis (AD), but the treating courses frequently need an extended period since they might have a possible hazard for several side effects and cases of non-compliance. OBJECTIVE: To discover the influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injecting on the outcomes of short-term NB-UVB treatment for AD cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study includes 44 atopic dermatitis cases with general symmetric lesions. For every case, the left side of the body was treated with NB-UVB (control side) whereas the right side was treated with NB-UVB plus PRP intradermal injection, at 3-week interval for 3-months. RESULTS: A statistically high significant reduction was found in the EASI score, IGA score in the combined side (PRP plus NB-UVB) in comparison with NB-UVB side. CONCLUSION: Intradermal PRP injecting in addition to NB-UVB can be considered as a simple, acceptable, and economical method for treating atopic dermatitis. It decreases the NB-UVB therapeutic period and is predictable to raise case compliance. Assessments through follow-up were proposed and undertaken to rate the efficacy of treatment.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Eczema , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Terapia Ultravioleta , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Allergy ; 76(10): 3155-3170, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are unconventional T cells which recognize microbial metabolites presented by the major histocompatibility complex class I-related molecule MR1. Although MAIT cells have been shown to reside in human and murine skin, their contribution to atopic dermatitis (AD), an inflammatory skin disease associated with barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation, has not yet been determined. METHODS: Genetic deletion of MR1 and topical treatment with inhibitory MR1 ligands, which result in the absence and functional inhibition of MAIT cells, respectively, were used to investigate the role of MR1-dependent immune surveillance in a MC903-driven murine model of AD. RESULTS: The absence or inhibition of MR1 arrested AD disease progression through the blockade of both eosinophil activation and recruitment of IL-4- and IL-13-producing cells. In addition, the therapeutic efficacy of phototherapy against MC903-driven AD could be increased with prior application of folate, which photodegrades into the inhibitory MR1 ligand 6-formylpterin. CONCLUSION: We identified MAIT cells as sentinels and mediators of cutaneous type 2 immunity. Their pathogenic activity can be inhibited by topical application or endogenous generation, via phototherapy, of inhibitory MR1 ligands.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa , Terapia Ultravioleta , Animais , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13328, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172768

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinase13 (MMP13) can be released by keratinocytes and fibroblasts and involved in the pathogenesis of skin disorders. Retinoic acid derivative drugs include tazarotene and acitretin. Tazarotene/acitretin and narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) irradiation are common treatment options for psoriasis. However, their impact on MMP13 expression in the context of psoriasis has yet to be determined. The expression of MMP13 was analyzed in patients with psoriasis. The effects of tazarotene/acitretin and NB-UVB on MMP13 expression were also investigated in a mouse model of psoriasis. Human HaCaT keratinocytes were exposed to acitretin or NB-UVB and then assayed for cell proliferation and MMP13 expression levels. We showed that patients with psoriasis had increased levels of MMP13 protein in skin lesions and serum samples. Exposure to acitretin and NB-UVB irradiation alone or in combination led to reduction of cell proliferation and MMP13 expression in HaCaT cells. Consistently, tazarotene treatment or NB-UVB irradiation attenuated imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis and decreased MMP13 expression in a mouse model. Based on these from HaCaT keratinocytes cells and animal experiments, we suggest that tazarotene/acitretin and NB-UVB irradiation can inhibit the expression of MMP13 in HaCaT keratinocytes and psoriasis mouse models. Blockade of MMP13 activity may have therapeutic potential in improving symptoms of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/efeitos da radiação , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/metabolismo , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/radioterapia , Retinoides/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Imiquimode/farmacologia , Camundongos , Ácidos Nicotínicos/farmacologia , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta , Terapia Ultravioleta/métodos
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