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1.
Appl Ergon ; 98: 103555, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425517

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although firefighters are required to perform various high-intensity critically essential tasks, the influence of neuromuscular function on firefighter occupational performance is unclear. The primary aim of the current study was to identify the key neuromuscular determinants of stair climb (SC) performance in firefighters. METHODS: Leg extension isometric peak torque (PT), peak power (PP), torque steadiness at 10% (Steadiness10%) and 50% (Steadiness50%) of PT, fatigability following 30 repeated isotonic concentric contractions at 40% of PT, percent body fat (%BF), and a weighted and timed SC task were examined in 41 (age: 32.3 ± 8.2 yrs; %BF: 24.1 ± 7.9%) male career firefighters. RESULTS: Faster SC times (74.7 ± 13.4 s) were associated with greater PT and PP, less fatigability, younger age, and lower %BF (r = -0.530-0.629; P ≤ 0.014), but not Steadiness10% or Steadiness50% (P ≥ 0.193). Stepwise regression analyses indicated that PP and Steadiness50% were the strongest predictors of SC time (R2 = 0.442, P < 0.001). However, when age and %BF were included in the model, these variables became the only significant predictors of SC time (R2 = 0.521, P < 0.001) due to age and %BF being collectively associated with all the neuromuscular variables (excluding Steadiness10%). CONCLUSIONS: Lower extremity neuromuscular function, specifically PP and steadiness, and %BF are important modifiable predictors of firefighter SC performance, which becomes increasingly important in aging firefighters.


Assuntos
Bombeiros , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Força Muscular , Torque , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(2): 118-131, jul.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1340817

RESUMO

RESUMO Este artigo se dedica a apresentar um relato de experiência profissional com um grupo de mulheres idosas, participantes de um projeto de extensão universitária, em uma universidade pública de uma cidade no interior do estado de São Paulo. O referencial teórico que amparou tal atividade foi o grupo operativo de Pichon-Rivière, que nos serviu como ferramenta para reflexões acerca das dificuldades e possibilidades de envelhecer, por meio das trocas de experiências no nível grupal. Como principais resultados identificamos que o envelhecimento feminino é composto por muitas nuances que perpassam algumas dificuldades exclusivas ao gênero, tais como a desigualdade salarial, a obrigação e desvalorização do trabalho doméstico, o ambiente ainda clandestino da sexualidade e os padrões de beleza.


ABSTRACT This article aims to talk about an interventional experience with a group of elderly women, who are participants of a university extension project in a public university in a city countryside of São Paulo State. The theoretical framework that supported such activity was the Pichon-Rivière, which served as a tool for reflection on the difficulties and possibilities of aging through the exchange of experiences at the group level. As main results, we identified that female aging is composed of nuances that go through some difficulties exclusive to gender, such as wage inequality, the obligation and devaluation of domestic work, the environment of sexuality still perceived as clandestine and standards of beauty.


RESUMEN Este artículo está dedicado a presentar un relato de la experiencia profesional con un grupo de mujeres ancianas, participantes de un proyecto de extensión universitaria, en una universidad pública de una ciudad del interior del estado de São Paulo. El marco teórico que apoyó esta actividad fue el grupo operativo de Pichon-Rivière, que sirvió como herramienta de reflexión sobre las dificultades y posibilidades del envejecimiento, a través del intercambio de experiencias a nivel grupal. Como principales resultados identificamos que el envejecimiento femenino se compone de muchos matices que atraviesan algunas dificultades exclusivas de género, como la desigualdad salarial, la obligación y desvalorización del trabajo doméstico, el ambiente aún clandestino de la sexualidad y los estándares de belleza.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupos de Autoajuda , Envelhecimento , Saúde do Idoso
3.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(2): 5-18, jul.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1340809

RESUMO

RESUMO A sociedade contemporânea caracteriza-se por um processo de envelhecimento permeado por estereótipos relacionados à proximidade da morte, negada pela sociedade ocidental. Para descortinar essa temática, objetivou-se identificar os significados que idosos em cuidados paliativos atribuem à morte e à vida. Realizou-se dois grupos focais com 18 idosos em cuidados paliativos, compreendidos por análise textual no software IRaMuTeQ. Os resultados organizaram-se em quatro classes: "Significações sobre a morte" retrata sua aceitação, "As relações entre vida e morte na velhice" apresenta a ambivalência dessa díade, "Significações sobre a vida na velhice" avalia essa fase da vida, "Atividades diárias e ressignificação da vida" aborda seus novos papeis. Conclui-se que a rede de apoio e a espiritualidade influenciam a significação da morte pelo idoso.


Contemporary society is characterized by an aging process permeated by stereotypes related to the proximity of death, denied by Western society. To unveil this theme, the objective was to identify the meanings that elderly in palliative care attribute to death and life. Two focus groups were held with 18 elderly in palliative care, understood by textual analysis in the IRaMuTeQ software. The results were organized into four classes: "Meanings about death" portrays their acceptance, "The relationships between life and death in old age" presents the ambivalence of this dyad, "Meanings about life in old age" assesses this phase of life, "Daily activities and life resignification" addresses their new roles. It is concluded that the support network and spirituality influence the meaning of death by the elderly.


RESUMEN La sociedad contemporánea es demarcada por proceso de envejecimiento impregnado de estereotipos respecto a la proximidad con la muerte. En este entorno, el objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los significados que las personas mayores, en cuidados paliativos, atribuyen a la muerte y la vida. Así, se realizaron dos grupos focales con 18 personas mayores en cuidados paliativos para la recogida de datos, y luego sometida a análisis textual en el software IRaMuTeQ. Los resultados se organizaron en cuatro clases: "Significados sobre la muerte" retrata su aceptación, "Las relaciones entre la vida y la muerte en la vejez" presenta la ambivalencia de esta díada, "Significados sobre la vida en la vejez" evalúa esta fase de la vida, "Actividades diarias y la resignificación de la vida "aborda sus nuevos roles. Se concluye que la red de apoyo y la espiritualidad influyen en el significado de la muerte de los ancianos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Cuidados Paliativos , Religião , Envelhecimento , Atitude Frente a Morte , Espiritualidade
4.
Healthc Q ; 24(3): 72-75, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792452

RESUMO

Much is already written on how the COVID-19 pandemic ravaged Canada's frail, elderly population - the impact of the global pandemic turned the decades-long challenges within our nation's long-term care sector into daily news coverage. While no commission or report can ever begin to relieve the pain and suffering of individuals who lived through the pandemic, healthcare leaders owe it to all to respond to the urgent call for action to re-envision elder care for the future. The time to act is now. Our leaders need to collaborate and connect with our seniors to take quick action on their recommendations. Our leaders need to be nimble and creative; they need to work together across the system to rethink how aging seniors can be supported and change the system, its funding models and, ultimately, how we value and care for our aging population now and into the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Canadá , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733129

RESUMO

Drawing on life course theory and research, we explored how socioeconomic circumstances during childhood and adulthood shape self-reported health trajectories among older Mexican adults. We used data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study panel survey (2001-2015) and used sequence analysis to estimate types of self-reported health trajectories in older adulthood. We then explored the association between those health trajectories and socioeconomic determinants at different life stages, including education, occupation, employment, economic status, parental education, and adverse living conditions and illnesses during childhood. Our contributions are threefold. First, we identified four types of health trajectories for men and eight for women, representing a more nuanced longitudinal health status profile than previously shown. Second, we found that childhood and adult socioeconomic circumstances influence self-reported health trajectories at older age. Third, our results suggest there is no simple monotonic relationship between life course circumstances and self-reported health trajectories.


Assuntos
Emprego , Nível de Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Psychol Aging ; 36(7): 822-833, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766800

RESUMO

We investigated parafoveal processing by 44 young (18-30 years) and 44 older (65+ years) Chinese readers using eye movement measures. Participants read sentences which included an invisible boundary after a two-character word (N) and before two one-character words (N + 1, N + 2). Before a reader's gaze crossed the boundary, N + 1 and N + 2 were shown normally or masked (i.e., as valid/invalid previews), after which they reverted to normal. Young adults obtained preview benefits (a processing advantage for valid over invalid previews) for both words. However, older adults obtained N + 2 preview benefits only when N + 1 was valid, suggesting their parafoveal processing is more limited. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos , Leitura , Idoso , Envelhecimento , China , Fóvea Central , Humanos
7.
Psychol Aging ; 36(7): 883-890, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766801

RESUMO

Recurrent involuntary autobiographical memories (IAMs), or memories that spring to mind unintentionally and repetitively, are common among younger and older adults. Since older adults show enhanced emotion regulation, we investigated whether their recurrent IAMs were more positive than younger adults'. Additionally, we examined whether recurrent IAMs reflected mental health in both age groups. In our study, community-dwelling older (Mage = 75.6) and younger adults (Mage = 19.7; ns = 95) completed surveys assessing recurrent IAMs (e.g., their frequency, valence) and symptoms of mental health issues (e.g., depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress). As hypothesized, age modulated recurrent IAM valence, despite the involuntary nature of these memories: younger adults' recurrent IAMs were disproportionately negative (74%), whereas older adults' were disproportionately positive (60%). Further, experiencing recurrent IAMs-especially negative ones-predicted worse mental health in both younger and older adults. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Memória Episódica , Saúde Mental , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Rememoração Mental
8.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 615, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthy ageing is a complex construct which involves multiple dimensions. Previous studies of healthy ageing have focused only on measuring the intrinsic capacity of the older person. The objectives of this study were to design a multidimensional model of healthy ageing and to identify its determinants from national data in Ecuador. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out from the National Survey of Health and Well-being of the Older Adult, 2010. Sample was 1797 adults aged 65 years or more. A multidimensional model was designed based on the World Health Organization's concept of healthy ageing. For the analysis, two groups were created: a healthy ageing and a less healthy ageing group. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to analyze the probability of belonging to the healthy group according to sex, age, area of ​​residence, level of education, perceived health status, perceived life satisfaction, and poverty by income level. RESULTS: The 53.15% of the sample was classified in the healthy ageing group. Women and the poorest older adults were less likely to be in the healthy ageing group (OR 0.58; 95% CI 0.464-0.737; OR 0.44; 95% CI 0.343-0.564). Older adults with secondary education or higher, who considered their health as excellent and who were satisfied with their life, had a greater probability of being in healthy ageing group (OR 2.61; 95% CI 1.586-4.309; OR 28.49; 95% CI 3.623-224.02; OR 0.23; 95% CI 0.165-0.341). CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes with a multidimensional approach to healthy ageing. It proposes to evaluate the intrinsic capacity of the individual, the social and political environment and the interaction with it, through indicators that discriminate who are ageing in a healthy way and who are not. By using this model, it was identified that gender and economic situation seem to play an important role on heathy ageing of the Ecuadorian population. Public policies are necessary to promote healthy ageing, especially focused on improving socioeconomic conditions and gender equity.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Estudos Transversais , Equador/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos
9.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 287, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for high blood pressure (BP) in adults came up with a new definition of hypertension with a threshold BP level of 130/80 mmHg. But the 2018 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Society of Hypertension (ESH) guidelines adhered to a conventional hypertension definition as BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg. We aimed to compare the trajectories of cognitive decline between participants with BP < 130/80 mmHg in all BP measurement waves and others with all BP < 140/90 mmHg. METHODS: This pooled analysis involved middle-aged and older participants from three nationally representative ageing cohorts, including the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), and the China Health Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Participants were divided into the Normal (BP < 130/80 mmHg on all occasions throughout the study), the Borderline (BP < 140/90 mmHg on all occasions throughout the study but not in the Normal group), and the High (the rest of participants) BP groups. Global cognitive Z score was calculated from tests on memory, executive function, and orientation. RESULTS: A total of 17,590 participants (HRS 6964, median follow-ups 12 years; ELSA 5334, median follow-ups 16 years; CHARLS 5292, median follow-ups 7 years) were included. No significant difference in global cognitive decline rate was detected between the Normal and the borderline groups (men, pooled ß = - 0.006 standard deviation [SD]/year; 95% confidence interval [CI], - 0.020 to 0.008; P = 0.377; women, pooled ß = 0.006 SD/year; 95% CI - 0.005 to 0.018; P = 0.269). Participants in the High group had a significantly faster cognitive decline (men, pooled ß = - 0.011 SD/year; 95% CI - 0.020 to - 0.002; P = 0.013; women, pooled ß = - 0.017 SD/year; 95% CI - 0.026 to - 0.008; P < 0.001) than that in the Borderline group. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals in the Borderline group did not experience significantly faster cognitive decline compared with those in the Normal group. It might not be necessary for individuals with borderline BP (between 130/80 and 140/90 mmHg) to initiate antihypertension therapy in consideration of cognitive decline.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Hipertensão , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 628, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common and significant problem in older adults. Insight into factors underlying malnutrition is needed to develop strategies that can improve the nutritional status. Compromised intestinal integrity caused by gut wall hypoperfusion due to atherosclerosis of the mesenteric arteries in the aging gastrointestinal tract may adversely affect nutrient uptake. The presence of compromised intestinal integrity in older adults is not known. The aim of this study is to provide a proof-of-concept that intestinal integrity is compromised in older adults during daily activities. METHODS: Adults aged ≥75 years living independently without previous gastrointestinal disease or abdominal surgery were asked to complete a standardized walking test and to consume a standardized meal directly afterwards to challenge the mesenteric blood flow. Intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) was measured as a plasma marker of intestinal integrity, in blood samples collected before (baseline) and after the walking test, directly after the meal, and every 15 min thereafter to 75 min postprandially. RESULTS: Thirty-four participants (median age 81 years; 56% female) were included. Of the participants, 18% were malnourished (PG-SGA score ≥ 4), and 32% were at risk of malnutrition (PG-SGA score, 2 or 3). An I-FABP increase of ≥50% from baseline was considered a meaningful loss of intestinal integrity and was observed in 12 participants (35%; 8 females; median age 80 years). No significant differences were observed in either baseline characteristics, walking test scores, or calorie/macronutrient intake between the groups with and without a ≥ 50% I-FABP peak. CONCLUSION: This study is first to indicate that intestinal integrity is compromised during daily activities in a considerable part of older adults living independently.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Projetos Piloto
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 641, 2021 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying practical and distinguished indicators and influencing factors of male aging may be useful in predicting subsequent aging trends, designing personalized prevention, and improving lifestyle and health. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was performed in Jiashan County, China in 2016. A total of 690 local male residents, aged 40 to 80 years, were eligible for recruitment. Demographic and lifestyle information was collected through structured interviews. A self-designed head scale, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF5), Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS), and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) were used. Analysis of variance, local polynomial regression smoothing curves, multiple linear regression, and partial correlation analyses were performed. RESULTS: All the scales deteriorated with increasing age (P < 0.01), especially from the age of 60. The most significant changes between adjacent age groups were found in IIEF5 scores (16.7, 43.5 and 39.4%). Income, nutrition, personality and neighborhood relationship had an effect on SF-36 and AMS after adjusting for age (P < 0.01). Furthermore, neighborhood relationship modified the age effect on the head scale score and IIEF5 (P = 0.03); nutrition modified the relationship between age and SF-36 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Recession of reproductive health may be a distinct predictor of male aging. The associations of social inequalities or personality and health offer potential interventions for men's health in aging. Self-reported scales may limit the precision and more physical fitness tests could be combined for a more precise assessment.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Nível de Saúde , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100957, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794708

RESUMO

Older peoples' independent living in their own homes and their ability to move around and maintain social relations in their communities have been acknowledged as important aims to support their well-being. In this article, we study Special Transport Services as a means to support older persons with 'aging in place' - that is, within their communities. From "go-alongs" (shared dial-a-ride bus journeys) and "sit-down interviews" (at participant's home or a café) with 12 older people living in a Finnish suburb, we explored their everyday dial-a-ride bus trips to the local mall. We used actor-network theory and the concept of motility to show how at first glance what appeared to be simple dial-a-ride journeys were in fact produced by a complex and fluid actor network consisting of people, rules, norms, practices, technical devices, as well as other objects and tools. Associations between various human and non-human actors compensated for the functional limitations experienced by the participants, but also created difficulties during the journeys. Our main finding is that the actor network of dial-a-ride bus did physically help older people be more mobile, but at the same time the service required a wide range of know-how and skills. We argue that developing a truly age-friendly environment - with inclusive services to help older individuals age well within their community - requires a detailed understanding from their perspective of the actor networks that produce those services. When planning old age services, there is a need to engage with older people from different social backgrounds to develop services that are genuinely supportive and easy to use for a heterogeneous group. Our findings can be utilized in developing physical and social environments that better support older people's mobility and enable them to age well in the community.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável , Vida Independente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Meio Social
13.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100966, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794711

RESUMO

Studies on aging tend to apply a traditional approach to gender roles. This is especially evident in studies of widowhood, as responses to this life transition tend to be shaped by gender. Studies on food and widowhood in old age suggest that men and women differ when it comes to food related life after the loss of a spouse. As the traditionalist story goes, men face practical challenges because they lack cooking skills whereas women face emotional challenges because they are no longer the food provider. However, this research often overlooks that married couples may have had non-traditional ways of dividing domestic household tasks, and that this division of labor is likely to have affected the way in which widows and widowers experience and handle food related challenges. Applying a life course perspective to 31 qualitative interviews, I show that the way older men and women adjust to food activities in widowhood is shaped by the way these activities were shared in their marriage rather than by gender per se.


Assuntos
Viuvez , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento , Cônjuges
14.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100968, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794713

RESUMO

This paper addresses self-presentation among home-dwelling octogenarians living in the Faroe Islands. The purpose was to examine how older adults make meaning of ageing in interaction and examine the possible impact of social and cultural norms on this meaning making practice. The study is based on social constructionism. Interviews were conducted with both married couples and individual men and women during the spring of 2019. The interviewees projected a positive impression of life as older adults. They used humour to cover up health problems, and downward social comparison with others to enhance their own active lifestyle. They included third-party compliments to enhance the impression of appearing 'younger' than their chronological age, thus reconciling the misalignment between age norms and lived experience.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cônjuges , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
15.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100969, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794714

RESUMO

Community is important for late-midlife adults, offering a sense of belonging and opportunities for social engagement during the transition to older age. The current study examines perceptions of community and geographical ties among a sample of older adults aging in place. Using data from the Foley Longitudinal Study of Adulthood (FLSA; N = 163; aged 61-64) and a qualitative GIS approach, major themes were categorized and mapped to create a comprehensive picture of how perceptions of community varied among respondents and neighborhoods. Core themes were connections to place, space, people, and relational benefits gained from community involvement. Residents of a suburban enclave more frequently noted connections to people as being important to community, compared to residents in more densely-populated areas. Implications for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Características de Residência , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Percepção , População Urbana
16.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100971, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794716

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored how everyday information and communication technology (EICT), such as online banking, e-shopping, or e-mail, are essential for individuals of all ages to maintain activity engagement, health, and well-being. Yet, older adults are often stereotypically portrayed as incapable, technophobic, or unwilling to engage in EICT. This may further contribute to the digital divide, as age stereotypes have the power to act like self-fulfilling prophecies and impede older adults' engagement in complex everyday life tasks. This study aimed to shed light on internalized ageism as manifested in older non-users' narrations about EICT use. It further explored how age stereotypes in the context of EICT are constructed and perpetuated through disempowering and ageist environments. A qualitative approach was applied, performing semi-structured interviews in participants' homes (N = 15). Data were analyzed following the principles of qualitative content analysis, applying both deductive categorization and inductive coding. Internalized ageism appeared to be an omnipresent element in older adults' narrations about EICT non-use. This was reflected in the four subcategories "competence and learning", "relevance and use", "technology design", and "intergenerational contact". Ageism, as manifested in the social environment and the design of technology, seemingly contributed to the internalization of age stereotypes and low EICT engagement. This research calls for inclusive technology designs, ageism-free EICT learning settings, and awareness campaigns about lifelong learning to help close the digital divide and ensure optimal aging experiences for older people.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estereotipagem , Tecnologia
17.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100973, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794717

RESUMO

Gerontological literature has widely explored barriers to technology use in later life, often drawing upon binary conceptualizations of "using" and "not using" a certain technological device. However, such concepts have been increasingly up for debate. Using a praxeological approach, this study aims to explore technology use and non-use in later life not as dichotomous counterparts, but as routine experiences that take place in the everyday lives of older adults, asking: Which technology practices that go beyond using and not using a certain device can be found in the everyday lives of older non-users? How are these practices related to experiences of age and aging? The paper draws upon data from 15 semi-structured interviews with older adults (65+) in Austria, who self-identify as 'non-users' of digital technologies. Data was analyzed using thematic coding (Flick, 2016) and revealed that while interviewees saw themselves as "non-users" of digital technologies, they all regularly engaged with digital technologies in their daily lives. These manifold everyday engagements with digital technologies can be summarized as four bundles of technology practices: (1) avoidance practices, (2) usage practices, (3) appropriation practices, and (4) subjectivation practices. Non-users regularly engaged in and transitioned between these practice bundles. Not using digital technologies therefore emerged as an ambivalent, everyday experience, rather than an actual practice pattern that can be measured using binary categories of 'use' and 'non-use'. By understanding the use and non-use of digital technologies in later life not as binary counterparts, but as an active process of doing, this paper highlights how the use and non-use of digital technologies is not a rational decision, but rather an ensemble of avoidance, usage, and appropriation practices that older adults experience and negotiate in their everyday lives. This paper therefore suggests moving away from technology use and non-use as central concepts for studying technology in later life, and instead questioning which practices are valued as a 'right' or 'real' way of using digital technologies, and which are devalued as 'wrong' usage.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Geriatria , Idoso , Tecnologia Digital , Humanos , Internet , Tecnologia
18.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100972, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794718

RESUMO

This article offers a fresh examination of Mitch Albom's bestseller Tuesdays with Morrie (1997) from a perspective of literary age studies, with a special focus on the concept of later-life mentorship. The classic mentor figure, commonly seen as the archetype of a wise old teacher, is revived through the healing power of an end-of-life narrative. The mentorial relationship between a young man and an old man shows that the personal growth is as an ongoing and ageless process of becoming that can lead to wisdom and a better understanding of aging and living-with-dying. It also reveals that later-life narratives of mentorship are an integral part of the transmission of knowledge and humanistic values to establish solid relationships between generations. Life lessons with Morrie, collected in the form of a memoir, provide readers with important tools to learn to accept life in all its dimensions, and show how literary narratives of growing older can help deconstruct negative western notions of old age and lead to more meaningful lives in all life stages.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Mentores , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Narração
19.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100974, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794719

RESUMO

While a large body of evidence suggests potential cultural variations in the experiences of subjective aging, very little is known about how members of Asian cultures feel about their aging. This study aims to acquire an in-depth understanding of subjective aging and its cultural/societal contexts among older Korean adults. In-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with 20 community-dwelling Korean adults over age 65. Guided by the Stereotype Embodiment Theory, open-ended questions were asked to address how exposure to cultural/societal views about older adults relate to individuals' subjective aging. Data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Seven categories were identified, which were grouped into three primary themes: 1) exposure to negative views on aging/older persons; 2) salience gain from self-relevance; and 3) influence on older adults' subjective aging. Most participants were generally not satisfied with their aging, felt they were a burden, and were prone to experience intergenerational conflicts. This may be attributed in part to their exposure to widespread negative age stereotypes and disrespect for older adults. Awareness of age-related changes and experience of age discrimination appear to be triggers through which the negative cultural/societal views on aging/older persons influence one's subjective perceptions and experience of aging. This in-depth data from an understudied population contributes to the existing literature by suggesting that the dominant-negative experience of aging among older Koreans may be better understood from socio-cultural contexts. Our findings can inform culture-specific intervention strategies to promote positive subjective aging.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Envelhecimento , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , República da Coreia , Estereotipagem
20.
J Aging Stud ; 59: 100976, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794721

RESUMO

Drawing on the idea that aging is a physical and a psychosocial process, this study aimed to understand self-perceived aging by focusing on the cultural and experiential perspective presented by Turkish women. The social and interactive aspects were reflected in their self-perceptions of aging, which did not necessarily entail physical degradation or health problems. This study focused on patients who underwent anti-aging operations, and cosmetic surgery was revealed to be a convenient and quick way to eliminate the physical signs of aging. By analyzing 31 in-depth interviews with patients of ages ranging from 21 to 75, three interpretations of aging were identified and discussed. Past-oriented women wanted to return to "good old times," present-oriented women wanted to balance their inner and outer selves, and future-oriented women desired a total transformation in their lives. This study contributes to our understanding of self-perceived aging and presents findings from patients who did not necessarily conceptualize their selves as moving forward in time. Successful aging may be possible by means of past, present, or future selves, and "success" in aging is socio-culturally interpreted by these women in addition to more objective definitions of well-being and medical norms.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cirurgia Plástica , Feminino , Humanos , Autoimagem
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