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1.
Appl Ergon ; 106: 103864, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36007451

RESUMO

Voice assistants (VA) are virtual agents used to aid information seeking. Cues contained in speech, such as perceived gender and vocal pitch, may influence attitudes towards, and interactions with these agents. Given expansion of telehealth efforts and the potential for VA to advise patients on health-related topics outside of formal healthcare settings, the influence of VA vocal characteristics is examined in the context of medication instructions. Participants rated trust and reliance on VA after viewing medication labels and hearing recommendations from male and female agents with varying pitch. Results suggest agents perceived as female were rated as more trustworthy, while vocal pitch did not significantly influence trust. However, a trend of lower reliance with increasing pitch was observed. Additionally, participants relied significantly more on VA advice than medication labels when making decisions. Post-hoc analyses revealed trust and reliance primarily varied between participants. Pitch and gender explained only a small portion of within-participant variance. We found suggestive evidence for social categorizations distilled from vocal cues influencing interactions with agents delivering health-critical information. Future work should explore additional samples, vocal cues, and participant-level sources of variation.


Assuntos
Percepção da Fala , Voz , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Confiança , Fala , Sinais (Psicologia)
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19820, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396747

RESUMO

Theories of the origin of musical scales from the ancient Greeks to the present day have assumed that the intervals comprising scales are defined by specific mathematical ratios. Such theories are predicated on pre-tunable instruments, and yet the voice is almost certainly the original musical instrument. Therefore, the analysis of vocal scales offers a more naturalistic approach to understanding the origin of musical scales. In the present study, we conducted a large-scale computational analysis of vocal pitch-class properties and their implications for scale structure. We analyzed 418 field recordings of solo, unaccompanied songs from across 10 principal musical-style regions of the world. The results revealed a mean vocal pitch-class imprecision of approximately 1.5 semitones, and comparable results were obtained across all regions. These results suggest that vocal imprecision is universal and is mainly derived from the physiological limitations of the voice. Such vocal imprecision fundamentally constrains the formation of musical scale structure: it provides a lower limit on the spacing between adjacent scale tones and thus an upper limit on the number of scale tones that an octave can contain. We discuss these results in terms of an Interval Spacing model of the evolution of musical scales.


Assuntos
Música , Voz , Humanos
3.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(3): 1394, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182291

RESUMO

This paper examines some commonly used stimuli in speech perception experiments and raises questions about their use, or about the interpretations of previous results. The takeaway messages are: 1) the Hillenbrand vowels represent a particular dialect rather than a gold standard, and English vowels contain spectral dynamics that have been largely underappreciated, 2) the /ɑ/ context is very common but not clearly superior as a context for testing consonant perception, 3) /ɑ/ is particularly problematic when testing voice-onset-time perception because it introduces strong confounds in the formant transitions, 4) /dɑ/ is grossly overrepresented in neurophysiological studies and yet is insufficient as a generalized proxy for "speech perception," and 5) digit tests and matrix sentences including the coordinate response measure are systematically insensitive to important patterns in speech perception. Each of these stimulus sets and concepts is described with careful attention to their unique value and also cases where they might be misunderstood or over-interpreted.


Assuntos
Percepção da Fala , Voz , Idioma , Fonética , Fala , Acústica da Fala , Percepção da Fala/fisiologia
4.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(3): 1425, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182323

RESUMO

The presented filtering technique is proposed to detect errors and correct outliers inside the acoustic sources, respectively, the first time derivative of the incompressible pressure obtained from large eddy simulations with prescribed vocal fold motion using overlay mesh methods. Regarding the perturbed convective wave equation, the time derivative of the incompressible pressure is the primary sound source in the human phonation process. However, the incompressible pressure can be erroneous and have outliers when fulfilling the divergence-free constraint of the velocity field. This error is primarily occurring for non-conserving prescribed vocal fold motions. Therefore, the method based on a continuous stationary random process was designed to detect rare events in the time derivative of the pressure. The detected events are then localized and treated by a defined window function to increase their probability. As a consequence, the data quality of the non-linearly filtered data is enhanced significantly. Furthermore, the proposed method can also be used to assess convergence of the aeroacoustic source terms, and detect regions and time intervals, which show a non-converging behavior by an impulse-like structure.


Assuntos
Modelos Biológicos , Voz , Acústica , Humanos , Fonação , Prega Vocal
5.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(3): 1476, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182324

RESUMO

There is growing interest in research on the non-modal voice quality, creaky voice; however, its identification often relies on time-consuming manual annotation, leading to a recent focus on automatic creak detection methods. Various automatic methods have been proposed, which rely on varying types and combinations of acoustic cues for creak detection. In this paper, we compare the performance of three automatic tools, the AntiMode method, the Creak Detector algorithm, and the Roughness algorithm, against manual annotation of creak using data from 80 Australian English speakers. We explore the possibility that tools used in combination may yield more accurate creak detection than individual tools used alone. Based on method comparisons, we present options for researchers, including an "out-of-the-box" approach, which supports combining automatic tools, and propose additional steps to further improve creak detection. We found restricting analysis to sonorant segments significantly improves automatic creak detection, and tools performed consistently better on female speech than male speech. Findings support previous work showing detection may be optimised by performing a creak probability threshold sweep on a subset of data prior to applying the Creak Detector algorithm on new datasets. Results provide promising solutions for advancing efficient large-scale research on creaky voice.


Assuntos
Acústica da Fala , Voz , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medida da Produção da Fala , Qualidade da Voz
6.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(3): 1783, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182331

RESUMO

The harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR) and other spectral noise parameters are important in clinical objective voice assessment as they could indicate the presence of nonharmonic phenomena, which are tied to the perception of hoarseness or breathiness. Existing HNR estimators are built on the voice signals to be nearly periodic (fixed over a short period), although voice pathology could induce involuntary slow modulation to void this assumption. This paper proposes the use of a deterministically time-varying harmonic model to improve the HNR measurements. To estimate the time-varying model, a two-stage iterative least squares algorithm is proposed to reduce model overfitting. The efficacy of the proposed HNR estimator is demonstrated with synthetic signals, simulated tremor signals, and recorded acoustic signals. Results indicate that the proposed algorithm can produce consistent HNR measures as the extent and rate of tremor are varied.


Assuntos
Tremor , Voz , Acústica , Humanos , Ruído , Acústica da Fala
8.
Am J Speech Lang Pathol ; 31(6): 2628-2642, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191124

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study's primary aim was to investigate developmental changes in the perception of vocal loudness and voice quality in children 3-6 years of age. A second aim was to evaluate a testing procedure-the intermodal preferential looking paradigm (IPLP)-for the study of voice perception in young children. METHOD: Participants were categorized in two age groups: 3- to 4-year-olds and 5- to 6-year-olds. Children were tested remotely via a Zoom appointment and completed two perceptual tasks: (a) voice discrimination and (b) voice identification. Each task consisted of two tests: a vocal loudness test and a voice quality test. RESULTS: Children in the 5- to 6-year-old group were significantly more accurate than children in the 3- to 4-year-old group in discriminating and identifying differences between voices for both loudness and voice quality. The IPLP, used in the identification task, was found to successfully detect differences between the age groups for overall accuracy and for most of the sublevels of vocal loudness and voice quality. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that children's ability to discriminate and identify differences in vocal loudness and voice quality improves with age. Findings also support the use of the IPLP as a useful tool to study voice perception in young children.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Voz , Voz , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Percepção , Percepção Sonora
9.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 4911005, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267308

RESUMO

Fatigue detection for air traffic controllers is an important yet challenging problem in aviation safety research. Most of the existing methods for this problem are based on facial features. In this paper, we propose an ensemble learning model that combines both facial features and voice features and design a fatigue detection method through multifeature fusion, referred to as Facial and Voice Stacking (FV-Stacking). Specifically, for facial features, we first use OpenCV and Dlib libraries to extract mouth and eye areas and then employ a combination of M-Convolutional Neural Network (M-CNN) and E-Convolutional Neural Network (E-CNN) to determine the state of mouth and eye closure based on five features, i.e., blinking times, average blinking time, average blinking interval, Percentage of Eyelid Closure over the Pupil over Time (PERCLOS), and Frequency of Open Mouth (FOM). For voice features, we extract the Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) features of speech. Such facial features and voice features are fused through a carefully designed stacking model for fatigue detection. Real-life experiments are conducted on 14 air traffic controllers in Southwest Air Traffic Management Bureau of Civil Aviation of China. The results show that the proposed FV-Stacking method achieves a detection accuracy of 97%, while the best accuracy achieved by a single model is 92% and the best accuracy achieved by the state-of-the-art detection methods is 88%.


Assuntos
Voz , Humanos , Piscadela , Redes Neurais de Computação , China
10.
Work ; 73(s1): S109-S126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-system participation and factors are associated with occupational vocal health for vocally reliant workers, such as sports coaches. However, there is limited use of systems approaches and worker collaboration to address occupational voice. OBJECTIVE: The current research aimed to cooperatively consider coaches' vocally reliant systems participation, including addressing vocal ergonomic factors that can create barriers for occupational vocal health and voice use. METHODS: Collaborative action inquiries explored vocal ergonomics with coaches (n = 24) from nine professional basketball teams. Across three basketball seasons, coaches and a subject matter expert identified what influenced coaches' voices and trialed approaches to optimize vocally reliant coaching participation. Nine action inquiry methods were used, including search conferences, ergonomic approaches to enhance systems participation, and focus groups. Multi-level analyses were also undertaken. RESULTS: Participants cooperatively generated, implemented, and evaluated different strategies. A cumulative total of 57 strategies were explored within teams (team mean = 6.33, SD = 3, range = 4-14). Cross-case analysis identified 25 different strategy types. Overall, participants appraised 31.58% (18/57) strategies as supportive (i.e., enhanced facilitators for voice), 61.40% (35/57) strategies as somewhat supportive (i.e., some enhanced facilitators and some ongoing barriers), and 7.02% (4/57) strategies as unsupportive (i.e., pervasive ongoing barriers not mitigated by strategies). Further, factors across coaches' work-systems continued to influence coaches' voices in dynamic and complex ways. CONCLUSIONS: Collaboration with coaches enriched vocal ergonomic approaches by providing novel, context-anchored insights. Collaboration should form 'part' of broader mechanisms to support coaches' voice use and vocal health at work.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Saúde do Trabalhador , Voz , Humanos , Ergonomia , Grupos Focais
11.
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital ; 42(4): 348-354, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254651

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of Lee Silvermann Voice Treatment (LSVT®) in improving prosody in patients with Parkinson's disease over medium-term follow-up. Methods: 15 patients with Parkinson's disease were assessed before LSVT®, within one week, and 3 and 6 months after treatment. Subjective and objective evaluation included: Voice Handicap Index - 10 (VHI-10), perceptual assessment by GRBAS scale and item 18 of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale III (UPDRS III), maximum phonation time (MPT /s/) and acoustic analysis by means the Voice Range Profile (VRP) and the "Intonation Stimulability Protocol" of the Motor Speech Profile (MSP). Results: A significant increase of the mean values of Imax and rF0 was observed until 6 months post-therapy (p < 0.001), whereas Running Speech Standard Deviation (rSTD) (p = 0.004), Amplitude Variability (rVAm) (p = 0.02) and Frequency Variability (rvF0) (p = 0-01) improved significantly after 3 months, but returned to pre-therapy levels after 6 months. The score of item 18 of the UPDRS III increased significantly early post-therapy (p = 0.03), but did not maintain the improvement at 3 and 6 months. Median values of Grade (G), Asthenia (A) and mean values VHI-10 score significantly decreased at each post-therapy control (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In addition to the subjective and perceptual beneficial effect of LSVT®, we found a long-lasting increase of loudness and fundamental frequency. There was also improvement of acoustic parameters related to prosody, although it was temporary.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Distúrbios da Voz , Voz , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Distúrbios da Voz/etiologia , Distúrbios da Voz/terapia , Qualidade da Voz , Treinamento da Voz
12.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 226: 107133, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Speech impairment is an early symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study has summarized the literature related to speech and voice in detecting PD and assessing its severity. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature from 2010 to 2021 to investigate analysis methods and signal features. The keywords "Automatic analysis" in conjunction with "PD speech" or "PD voice" were used, and the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were searched. A total of 838 papers were found on the first run, of which 189 were selected. One hundred and forty-seven were found to be suitable for the review. The different datasets, recording protocols, signal analysis methods and features that were reported are listed. Values of the features that separate PD patients from healthy controls were tabulated. Finally, the barriers that limit the wide use of computerized speech analysis are discussed. RESULTS: Speech and voice may be valuable markers for PD. However, large differences between the datasets make it difficult to compare different studies. In addition, speech analytic methods that are not informed by physiological understanding may alienate clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: The potential usefulness of speech and voice for the detection and assessment of PD is confirmed by evidence from the classification and correlation results.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Voz , Humanos , Fala/fisiologia , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Voz/fisiologia , Distúrbios da Fala/diagnóstico
13.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 42(4): 238-249, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-211643

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: En la actualidad hay pocos estudios que definan el perfil psicolingüístico de las personas con el síndrome de deleción de 22q11 (S22q11) con el castellano y/o el catalán como lengua materna. El objetivo de este estudio fue definir las características de la voz y el habla de las personas con el S22q11. Método: Se realizó un estudio con una muestra de 30 sujetos de entre 5 y 21 años (12.14±4.20) con S22q11. Se administraron cuestionarios ad hoc a los padres y se evaluó la voz, la ejecución de praxias bucofonatorias, la discriminación auditiva y el habla de los participantes. Resultados: Más de la mitad de los participantes tenían una voz más aguda de lo esperado por sexo y edad, y la mitad mostraba signos de hipofonía, a pesar de que los resultados de intensidad máxima mostraban que podrían utilizar una mayor intensidad. En cuanto al habla, los participantes más jóvenes presentaban un retraso en la adquisición de fonemas (excepto consonantes nasales) en comparación con su grupo normativo, y la mayoría hizo uso del sonido compensatorio ʔ. Los participantes mayores de 8 años producían correctamente los fonemas de adquisición tardía, aunque persistieron dificultades específicas de articulación. Conclusiones: Los participantes mostraron características específicas de voz y habla.(AU)


Background and objectives: Currently there are few studies that define the psycholinguistic profile of people with 22q11 deletion syndrome (S22q11) with Spanish and/or Catalan as their mother tongue. The aim of this study was to define the characteristics of the voice and speech of people with S22q11. Method: A study was performed with a sample of 30 subjects aged between 5 and 21 years (12.14±4.20) with S22q11. Ad hoc questionnaires were administered to parents, and participants’ voice, execution of oral praxis, hearing discrimination, and speech were assessed. Results: More than half of the participants had a sharper voice than expected by sex and age, and half showed signs of hypophonia, although the maximum intensity results showed that they could use more intensity. In terms of speech, the younger participants had a delay in the acquisition of phonemes (except nasal consonants) compared to their normative group, and most made use of the compensatory sound ʔ. Participants older than 8 years correctly produced late-acquisition phonemes, although specific articulation difficulties persisted. Conclusions: Participants showed specific voice and speech characteristics.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Síndrome da Deleção 22q11 , Voz , Fala , Síndrome de DiGeorge , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Comunicação , Fonoaudiologia , Audiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275721, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206238

RESUMO

Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with multiple motor and non-motor characteristics. PD patients commonly face vocal impairments during the early stages of the disease. In this article, the aim is to explain the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) as a measure of the progression of Parkinson's disease using a set of covariates obtained from voice signals. In particular, a Support Vector Regression (SVR) model based on a combination of kernel functions is introduced. Theoretically, this proposal, that relies on a mixed kernel (global and local) produces an admissible kernel function. The optimal fitting was obtained for the combination given by the product of radial and polynomial basis. Important results are the non-linear relationships inferred from the features to the response, as well as a considerable improvement in prediction performance metrics, when compared to other learning approaches. Furthermore, with knowledge on factors such as age and gender, it is possible to describe the dynamics of patients' UPDRS from the data collected during their monitoring. In summary, these advances could expand learning processes and intelligent systems to assist in monitoring the evolution of Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Parkinson , Voz , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17921, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289365

RESUMO

Voice timbre is defined as sound color independent of pitch and volume, based on a broad frequency band between 2 and 4 kHz. Since there are no specific timbre parameters, previous studies have come to the very general conclusion that the center frequencies of the singer's formants are somewhat higher in the higher voice types than in the lower ones. For specification, a database was created containing 1723 sound examples of various voice types. The energy distribution in the frequency bands of the singer's formants was extracted for quantitative analysis. When the energy distribution function reached 50%, the corresponding absolute frequency in Hz was defined as Frequency of Half Energy (FHE). This new parameter quantifies the timbre of a singing voice as a concrete measure, independent of fundamental frequency, vowel color and volume. The database allows assigning FHE means ± SD as characteristic or comparative values for sopranos (3092 ± 284 Hz), tenors (2705 ± 221 Hz), baritones (2454 ± 206 Hz) and basses (2384 ± 164 Hz). In addition to vibrato, specific timbre parameters provide another valuable feature in vocal pedagogy for classification of voice type and fach according to the lyric or dramatic character of the voice.


Assuntos
Canto , Voz , Humanos , Qualidade da Voz , Ocupações , Som
16.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275915, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215311

RESUMO

Cultural context shapes the way that emotions are expressed and socially interpreted. Building on previous research looking at cultural differences in judgements of facial expressions, we examined how listeners recognize speech-embedded emotional expressions and make inferences about a speaker's feelings in relation to their vocal display. Canadian and Chinese participants categorized vocal expressions of emotions (anger, fear, happiness, sadness) expressed at different intensity levels in three languages (English, Mandarin, Hindi). In two additional tasks, participants rated the intensity of each emotional expression and the intensity of the speaker's feelings from the same stimuli. Each group was more accurate at recognizing emotions produced in their native language (in-group advantage). However, Canadian and Chinese participants both judged the speaker's feelings to be equivalent or more intense than their actual display (especially for highly aroused, negative emotions), suggesting that similar inference rules were applied to vocal expressions by the two cultures in this task. Our results provide new insights on how people categorize and interpret speech-embedded vocal expressions versus facial expressions and what cultural factors are at play.


Assuntos
Idioma , Voz , Canadá , Emoções , Expressão Facial , Felicidade , Humanos
17.
Codas ; 35(1): e20210214, 2022.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36259820

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop the Videokymographic Index of Glottic Function (VIGF), a composite indicator from digital videokymography parameters, captured by high-speed videolaryngoscopy exams of women with and without laryngeal alterations of behavioral etiology. METHODS: The sample consisted of 92 women aged between 18 and 45 years. Fifty-five (55) women with behavioral dysphonia, presenting with laryngeal and voice alterations, and thirty-seven (37) women without any laryngeal and voice alterations. Voice evaluation was performed by consensus via an auditory-perceptual analysis of the sustained vowel /a/ at a habitual pitch and loudness. Voice classification was obtained by means of a general degree of dysphonia, where G0 indicated neutral voice quality and G1 to G3 indicated altered voice quality. Laryngeal images were captured via digital videokymography analysis of a sustained vowel /i/ at a habitual pitch and loudness. The VIGF was based on the midpoint of the glottal region for analysis. Logistic regression was performed using the MINITAB 19 program. RESULTS: Logistic regression was composed of two stages: Stage 1 consisted of the analysis of all variables, where the maximum opening and closed quotient variables showed statistical significance (p-value <0.05) and the model was well adjusted according to the Hosmer-Lemeshow test (p-value=0.794). Stage 2 consisted of the re-analysis of the selected variables, also showing a well-adjusted model (p-value=0.198). The VIGF was defined as follows: VIGF=e^(8.1318-0.2941AbMax-0.0703FechGlo)/1+e^(8.1318-0.2941AbMax-0.0703FechGlo). CONCLUSION: The VIGF demonstrated a cut-off value equal to 0.71. The probability of success was 81.5%, sensitivity 76.4%, and specificity 89.2%.


OBJETIVO: Elaborar um indicador composto denominado Índice Videoquimográfico da Função Glótica ­ IVFG, a partir de parâmetros da videoquimografia digital, captados pelo exame de videolaringoscopia de alta velocidade de mulheres sem e com alterações laríngeas de etiologia comportamental. MÉTODO: A amostra foi composta por 92 mulheres, destas 55 apresentaram disfonia comportamental, com presença de alterações laríngeas e vocais, e 37 mulheres sem alterações laríngeas e vocais, entre 18 a 45 anos. A avaliação vocal foi realizada por consenso pela análise perceptivo-auditiva da vogal /a/ em frequência e intensidade habituais, e classificação através do grau geral da disfonia, onde G0 indicou qualidade vocal neutra e G1 a 3 qualidade vocal alterada. As imagens laríngeas foram obtidas pela gravação da emissão da vogal /i/, em frequência e intensidade habituais para análise da videoquimografia digital. A construção do IVFG se deu pela escolha do ponto médio da glote para análise e, elaboração foi realizada regressão logística pelo programa MINITAB 19. RESULTADOS: A regressão logística contou com duas etapas, sendo que a etapa 1 constou da análise de todas as variáveis, onde as variáveis abertura máxima e fechamento glótico apresentaram significância estatística (p-valor <0.05) e o modelo se encontrou bem ajustado de acordo com o teste de Hosmer-Lemeshow (p-valor=0,794); na etapa 2, as variáveis selecionadas foram novamente analisadas e o modelo também se mostrou bem ajustado (p-valor=0,198). O IVFG foi definido por IVFG=e


Assuntos
Disfonia , Laringe , Voz , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Voz , Rouquidão
18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17144, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229474

RESUMO

Emotional prosody results from the dynamic variation of language's acoustic non-verbal aspects that allow people to convey and recognize emotions. The goal of this paper is to understand how this recognition develops from childhood to adolescence. We also aim to investigate how the ability to perceive multiple emotions in the voice matures over time. We tested 133 children and adolescents, aged between 6 and 17 years old, exposed to 4 kinds of linguistically meaningless emotional (anger, fear, happiness, and sadness) and neutral stimuli. Participants were asked to judge the type and intensity of perceived emotion on continuous scales, without a forced choice task. As predicted, a general linear mixed model analysis revealed a significant interaction effect between age and emotion. The ability to recognize emotions significantly increased with age for both emotional and neutral vocalizations. Girls recognized anger better than boys, who instead confused fear with neutral prosody more than girls. Across all ages, only marginally significant differences were found between anger, happiness, and neutral compared to sadness, which was more difficult to recognize. Finally, as age increased, participants were significantly more likely to attribute multiple emotions to emotional prosody, showing that the representation of emotional content becomes increasingly complex. The ability to identify basic emotions in prosody from linguistically meaningless stimuli develops from childhood to adolescence. Interestingly, this maturation was not only evidenced in the accuracy of emotion detection, but also in a complexification of emotion attribution in prosody.


Assuntos
Emoções , Voz , Adolescente , Ira , Criança , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Reconhecimento Psicológico
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231165

RESUMO

Safety voice has become a popular research topic in the organizational safety field because it helps to prevent accidents. A good safety climate and psychological safety can motivate employees to actively express their ideas about safety, but the specific mechanisms of safety climate and psychological safety, on safety voice, are not yet clear. Based on the "environment-subject cognition-behavior" triadic interaction model of social cognitive theory, this paper explores the relationship between safety climate and safety voice, and the mediating role of psychological safety. We collected questionnaires and conducted data analysis of the valid questionnaires using analytical methods such as hierarchical regression, stepwise regression, and the bootstrap sampling method. We found that safety climate significantly and positively influenced safety voice, and psychological safety played a mediating role between safety climate and safety voice, which strengthened the positive relationship between them. From the research results, it was clear that to stimulate employees to express safety voice behavior, organizations should strive to create a good safety climate and pay attention to building employees' psychological safety. The findings of this paper provide useful insights for the management of employee safety voice behavior in enterprises.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Voz , Cognição , Humanos , Organizações , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Trials ; 23(1): 902, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-standing view that auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) or hearing voices is a sign of schizophrenia has been challenged by research demonstrating that they lie on a continuum ranging from normal to pathological experience related to distress and need for care. Hearing voices is more prevalent in adolescence than in later life, and hearing voices during adolescence indicates a risk for severe psychopathology, functional impairments, and suicide later in life. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for voices (CBTv) in adults with schizophrenia, research on psychological treatments for youth with distressing voices has been scarce. The aim of the current study is to examine the efficacy of CBTv, delivered using smartphone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment Intervention (EMI) in a transdiagnostic sample of youth. METHODS: This is a superiority randomized controlled trial comparing 8 weeks of CBTv-based EMI in addition to treatment as usual (TAU) versus TAU only. TAU covers both no treatment and any form of psychiatric/psychological treatment. In the EMI condition, participants will be prompted twice a day to complete an EMA survey, and receive one intervention proposal per assessment. One-hundred fifty-four youth aged 14-25 years with distressing voices will be recruited from psychiatric clinics, local private practices, internet forums, and advertisements in print and social media. Before and after the intervention phase, participants will undergo a 9-day EMA. Single-blinded assessments will be conducted at baseline (T0) and at 3-month (T1) and 6-month (T2) follow-up. The primary outcome is the distress dimension of the Auditory Hallucinations subscale of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales at T1. Secondary outcomes include perceived hostile intention, power, and dominance of voices, passive, aggressive, and assertive relating to voices, and negative core beliefs about the self. DISCUSSION: Adolescence provides a crucial window of opportunity for early intervention for hearing voices. However, youth are notoriously reluctant help-seekers. This study offers a low-intensity psychological intervention for youth with distressing voices beyond diagnostic boundaries that, using a mobile technology approach, may match the treatment preferences of the generation of "digital natives." TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00026243. Registered on 2 September 2021.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Voz , Adolescente , Humanos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Avaliação Momentânea Ecológica , Alucinações/diagnóstico , Alucinações/terapia , Alucinações/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Smartphone , Resultado do Tratamento
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