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1.
Braz J Microbiol ; 53(4): 2263-2272, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36307638

RESUMO

The weissellosis agent bacterium (WS08T = CBMAI 2730) was isolated from diseased rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Brazil. The whole genome sequence of this strain was compared with the Mexican W-1 strain, also isolated from diseased rainbow trout, and with the Weissella ceti type strain CECT 7719 T (= 1119-1A-09 T = CCUG 59653 T), recovered from the beaked whale. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization pairwise analyses scored 98.7% between the Mexican W-1 and Brazilian WS08T but just 24.4% for both fish isolates compared to the W. ceti type strain CECT 7719 T. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons with isolates of W. ceti, available at GenBank, were conducted. All rainbow trout-pathogenic isolates grouped close (97% bootstrap confirmation), but when this group was compared to the W. ceti type strain CECT 7719 T the similarity varied from 78.9 to 79.1%. Phenotypic assays were also conducted, and the W. ceti type strain diverged from WS08T and W-1 in the hydrolysis of aesculin, D-mannose, and potassium gluconate and in the hydrolysis of hippurate. Moreover, WS08T and W-1 showed weak growth at 5 °C whereas no growth was observed for W. ceti CECT 7719 T. The major fatty acids (> 10% total fatty acids) presented by WS08T and W-1 were summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c/C16:1ω7c), and C16:0. The results of phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses clearly differentiated the W. ceti CECT 7719 T type strain from the assessed pathogenic strains obtained from rainbow trout. Therefore, Weissella strains isolated from rainbow trout, here represented by strain WS08T (= CBMAI 2730), should be known as members of a novel species for which the name Weissella tructae sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Weissella , Animais , Oncorhynchus mykiss/genética , Oncorhynchus mykiss/microbiologia , Weissella/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Baleias/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Ácidos Graxos , DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
2.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111622, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076372

RESUMO

Paocai is a traditional Chinese fermented vegetable product popular in Asian countries. As an important additive, salt concentration is closely related to the quality of paocai. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of salt concentration on the physicochemical characteristics, microbial diversity, and flavor profiles of spontaneously fermented radish, and the cross-correlation between microorganisms and flavor compounds was also revealed. Analysis of the microbial diversity of paocai showed that Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Ascomycota were detected as the main phyla with different salt concentrations, Weissella and Lactobacillus were the predominant bacterial genera, and Yarrowia dominated the fungal genera. Based on LEfSe analysis, Lactobacillus, Allorhizobium-Neorhizobium-Pararhizobium-Rhizobium, Microbacterium, Lactococcus, Staphylococcus, and Weissella were regarded as differential genera caused by differences in salinity. Analysis of the flavor compounds showed that 17 free amino acids, 5 isothiocyanates, 3 terpenes, 15 sulphur-containing compounds, 16 esters, 8 organic acids, 9 aldehydes, 8 ketones, 25 alcohols, 7 nitriles, 2 lactones, and 10 hydrocarbons were detected. Then, the correlation between the microbial community and flavor compounds was revealed, and the results indicated that several bacterial genera significantly correlated with flavors, including Lactobacillus, Kosakonia, Weissella, Leuconostoc, and Staphylococcus, while fungi had weak correlations with flavors. In addition, Metacyc pathway analysis was carried out to elucidate the effect of salt content on the metabolic pathways, showing that most flavor-related pathways were up-regulated with the increase in salt content. Results presented in this study may contribute to further understanding the role of salt in the fermentation of paocai and provide effective references for quality control of traditional fermented vegetables.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Raphanus , Weissella , Bactérias , Fermentação , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Leuconostoc/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/metabolismo
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(9)2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36143987

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Diesel exhaust particulate matter (DEPM) is an air pollutant that is associated with asthma. In this study, the therapeutic efficacy of Weissella cibaria strains CMU (Chonnam Medical University) and CMS (Chonnam Medical School) 1, together with the drug Synatura, an anti-tussive expectorant, was investigated in a murine asthma model exacerbated by DEPM. Materials and Methods: BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) before intranasal challenge with OVA and DEPM. W. cibaria CMU, CMS1, and Synatura were administered orally for 21 days. Results: Neither Synatura nor W. cibaria strains affected spleen, liver, or lung weights. W. cibaria strains CMU and CMS1 significantly reduced the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), and total lung collagen in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), similar to those with Synatura, regardless of the oral dose concentration (p < 0.05). In addition, the W. cibaria CMU strain significantly alleviated IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-12, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and tumor necrosis factor-α in BALF, whereas the CMS1 strain significantly alleviated IL-10 and IL-12 in BALF (p < 0.05); however, Synatura did not show any statistical efficacy against them (p > 0.05). All concentrations of W. cibaria CMU and low concentrations of W. cibaria CMS1 significantly reduced lung bronchiolar changes and inflammatory cell infiltration. Conclusions: In conclusion, W. cibaria CMU in asthmatic mice showed better efficacy than W. cibaria CMS1 in improving asthma exacerbated by DEPM exposure, as well as better results than pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Asma , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Quimiocina CCL2/uso terapêutico , Citocinas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Expectorantes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Inflamação , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-12 , Interleucina-6 , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina , Material Particulado , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Emissões de Veículos/toxicidade , Weissella
4.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(11): 4157-4168, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672470

RESUMO

Some Weissella species are used in probiotic products because of their beneficial effects in humans, whereas some species are considered as opportunistic pathogens that cause infections in humans. Therefore, an accurate and rapid identification of Weissella species is essential to control pathogenic Weissella species or isolate new functional strains with probiotic effects from their habitat. The objective of our study was to extract novel molecular targets using pangenome analysis for the identification of major Weissella species present in food. With 50 genomes representing 11 Weissella species, novel molecular targets were mined based on their 100% presence in the respective strains of the target species and absence in the strains of non-target bacteria. Primers based on molecular targets showed positive results for the corresponding species, whereas 79 non-target strains showed negative results. Standard curves revealed good linearity in the range of 103-108 colony-forming units per reaction. Our method was successfully applied to 74 Weissella strains isolated from food samples to demonstrate that the molecular targets provided a viable alternative to the 16S rRNA sequence. Furthermore, it was possible to identify and quantify Weissella communities in fermented foods. These results demonstrate that our method can be used for effective and accurate screening for the presence of Weissella species in foods. KEY POINTS: • This is first study to mine novel targets for differentiating 11 Weissella species. • The novel targets showed higher resolution than the 16S rRNA gene sequence. • The PCR method effectively detected Weissella species with opposing properties.


Assuntos
Weissella , Primers do DNA/genética , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Especificidade da Espécie , Weissella/genética
5.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 374: 109725, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643037

RESUMO

The novel cereal 'Tritordeum' was employed in sourdough fermentation for bread making using a traditional backslopping procedure over 10 days. Culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches were used to characterize microbial ecology during sourdough preparation and propagation. Sourdough reached the highest microbial diversity after three days of propagation. Microbial diversity decreased as sourdough reached maturity (day 5). Microbiota dominance shifted from Weissella to Lactiplantibacillus genera after 5 days of propagation. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) showed a constant increase throughout the propagations starting from 3.9 ± 0.24 log CFU g-1 on day 0 up to 8.0 ± 0.39 log CFU g-1 on day 5. Weissella confusa/cibaria and Weissella paramesenteroides were the most prevalent LAB species until day 5 of propagation, while Lactiplantibacillus plantarum was the most prevalent thereafter. Yeasts were present in low cell density (2.0 ± 0.11 log CFU g-1) until the fourth backslopping (day 4) and then gradually increased until day 10 (5.0 ± 0.29 log CFU g-1), with Saccharomyces cerevisiae being the most prevalent and dominant species. Lactic and acetic acid concentrations increased throughout Tritordeum sourdough propagations, indicative of a proportional decrease of fermentation quotient (lactic acid/acetic acid) from 13.54 ± 1.29 to 4.08 ± 0.15. Utilization of glucose, fructose and sucrose was observed, followed a progressive increase in mannitol concentrations beginning from day 4. The nutritional potential (total phenol content, antioxidant activity, dietary fiber content and total free amino acids) remained elevated during sourdough propagations. Antinutritional factors (phytic acid and raffinose) were reduced to minimal concentrations by day 10. Finally, texture analysis of Tritordeum sourdough bread was demonstrated to have better cohesiveness, resilience and firmness compared to baker's yeast bread, confirming its potential to improve functionality and use in sourdough biotechnology.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível , Lactobacillales , Pão/microbiologia , Grão Comestível/microbiologia , Fermentação , Farinha/microbiologia , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillaceae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Weissella
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(14): 6749-6756, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35633128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are prevalent adaptive genetic elements in bacterial genomes, which can respond to environmental stress. While, few studies have addressed TA systems in probiotics and their roles in the adaptation to gastrointestinal transit (GIT) environments. RESULTS: The Weissella cibaria 018 could survive in pH 3.0-5.0 and 0.5-3.0 g L-1 bile salt, and its HigBA system responded to the bile salt stress, but not to acid stress. The toxin protein HigB and its cognate antitoxin protein HigA had 85.1% and 100% similarity with those of Lactobacillus plantarum, respectively, and they formed the stable tetramer HigB-(HigA)2 -HigB structure in W. cibaria 018. When exposed to 1.5-3.0 g L-1 bile salt, the transcriptions of higB and higA were up-regulated with 4.39-19.29 and 5.94-30.91 folds, respectively. Meanwhile, W. cibaria 018 gathered into a mass with 48.07% survival rate and its persister cells were found to increase 8.21% under 3.0 g L-1 bile salt. CONCLUSION: The HigBA TA system of W. cibaria 018 responded to the bile salt stress, but not to acid stress, which might offer novel perspectives to understand the tolerant mechanism of probiotics to GIT environment. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antitoxinas , Sistemas Toxina-Antitoxina , Weissella , Antitoxinas/química , Antitoxinas/metabolismo , Bile/metabolismo , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Estresse Salino , Sistemas Toxina-Antitoxina/genética , Weissella/genética , Weissella/metabolismo
7.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins ; 14(4): 760-766, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536505

RESUMO

Weissella cibaria CMS1 (oraCMS1) has been commercially used in Korea as an oral care probiotic for several years. Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and the influenza A virus (H1N1) are representative viruses that cause infantile lower respiratory tract infections. Rotavirus A (RVA) is the most common cause of diarrhea in infants and young children. Here, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the cell-free supernatant (CFS) of oraCMS1 in inactivating RSV, H1N1, and RVA in suspension as per ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) E1052-20. The mixture of oraCMS1 and these viruses was evaluated at contact times of 1, 2, and 4 h. Virucidal activity was measured using a 50% tissue culture infective dose assay (log10TCID50) after infecting the host cells with the viruses. The CFS of oraCMS1 inactivated RSV by up to 99.0% after 1 h and 99.9% after 2 and 4 h, and H1N1 and RVA were inactivated by up to 99.9% and 99.0% at 2 h, respectively. Although these in vitro results cannot be directly interpreted as implying clinical efficacy, our findings suggest that oraCMS1 provides a protective barrier against RSV, H1N1, and RVA, and therefore, it can help decrease the risk of respiratory tract and intestinal infections.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Probióticos , Rotavirus , Vírus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Weissella
8.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 375: 109702, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635993

RESUMO

Paocai is a widely consumed traditional Chinese fermented vegetable product. To study the effects of bacterial community succession and core microbial reconstruction on the flavor of paocai, culture-dependent and culture-independent methods were used to analyze the bacterial community structure of naturally fermented paocai. HPLC and GC-MS were used to investigate changes in flavor compounds during the fermentation of paocai. Key odorants were identified by olfactometry combined with GC-MS. The results showed that dominant bacteria in the paocai fermentation were mostly cultivable. Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Weissella cibaria, and Lactococcus lactis appeared at the start of fermentation, Leu. mesenteroides, L. lactis, Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, and Levilactobacillus brevis appeared in the middle of fermentation, and L. plantarum dominated fermentation in the late stage. Leuconostoc mesenteroides CPTCC 1R3 (LEM), Weissella cibaria CPTCC 1R15 (WC), Levilactobacillus brevis CPTCC 3R8 (LB), and Lactiplantibacillus plantarum CPTCC 5R10 (LP) were screened from naturally fermented paocai and used for microbial reconstruction, revealing that the growth and fermentation profiles of the strains were closely related to the evolution of the bacterial community. Paocai inoculated with LEM had the following characteristics: fast fermentation, quickly disappearance of pungent odor of the raw materials, and the improved flavor and taste. Paocai inoculated with WC and LB contained ethanol and mannitol, but inoculated strains were poorly acid-tolerated. However, they can be used as auxiliary strains to enhance the flavor of paocai. Sample inoculated with LP resulted in slow fermentation and massive acid production. Mixed culture fermentation of paocai has more advantages than pure culture fermentation. Leu. mesenteroides and L. plantarum were the core microorganisms related to the flavor formation of paocai. These findings contributed to the better understanding of mechanisms underlie in the microbial community succession and flavor formation during paocai fermentation.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Leuconostoc mesenteroides , Weissella , Bactérias , Fermentação , Lactobacillaceae
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 212: 193-201, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594939

RESUMO

Steel corrosion is a global issue that affects safety and the economy. Currently, the homopolysaccharide (HoPS) structure of a novel lactic acid bacterium (LAB) is under study, as well as its application as a green corrosion inhibitor. Weissella cibaria FMy 2-21-1 is a LAB strain capable of producing HoPS in sucrose enriched media. The isolated and purified HoPS was characterized by different spectroscopic analyses as a linear α-1,6 dextran adopting a random coil conformation, with high molecular weight and extended size in water. The polysaccharide showed a semi-crystalline organization, which is a requirement for film formation. Its biocoating showed a grainy network structure, with a slightly lesser hydrophobic role in the aqueous environment than in the ionic one. The electrochemical measurements of the steel-HoPS coating showed that the biopolymer layer acts as an anodic-type corrosion inhibitor, with high resistance to corrosion by water and with chloride ions which prevent pitting, a corrosion process typical of bare steel. Few reports have cited the application of LAB HoPS as corrosive coating inhibitors. This work is the first to explore the influence of a structurally characterized dextran from Weissella cibaria strain as a potential steel corrosion inhibitor in ionic environments.


Assuntos
Dextranos , Weissella , Corrosão , Dextranos/química , Aço/química , Água , Weissella/química
10.
Talanta ; 246: 123499, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35594734

RESUMO

Weissella viridescens is a spoilage bacterium commonly found in low-temperature meat products. In this work, after fifteen rounds including three counter selection rounds of whole-cell systemic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) in vitro, a novel aptamer L3 that can specifically recognize W. viridescens was obtained with a dissociation constant (Kd) value of 68.25 ± 5.32 nM. The sequence of aptamer L3 was optimized by truncation and a new aptamer sequence TL43 was obtained with a lower Kd value of 32.11 ± 3.01 nM. Finally, a simple and rapid fluorescence polarization (FP) platform was constructed to detect W. viridescens, in which FAM-labeled complementary sequence (FAM-cDNA) was employed to generate FP signal and streptavidin was used to amplify FP signal. In the presence of target bacteria, FP value decreased owning to the dissociation of FAM-cDNA from streptavidin/biotin-TL43/FAM-cDNA complex. Under optimal conditions, the concentration of W. viridescens and FP value displayed a good linear relationship with the detection range from 102 to 106 cfu/mL. Moreover, the designed detection system had a good recovery rate of 90.6%-107.7% in smoked ham samples compared with classical plate counting method, indicating the great potential of the selected and truncated aptamer in practical biosensing applications.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , DNA Complementar , Polarização de Fluorescência , Técnica de Seleção de Aptâmeros , Estreptavidina , Weissella
11.
Microb Pathog ; 167: 105559, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568093

RESUMO

With the aim to discover novel lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus strains from fish as potential probiotics to replace antibiotics in aquaculture, the present study was conducted to isolate lactic acid bacteria and Bacillus from intestinal tract of healthy crucian carp (Carassiu auratus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and evaluate their resistance against Aeromonas veronii. Based on the evaluation of antibacterial activity and tolerance test, one strain of lactic acid bacteria (Weissella cibaria C-10) and one strain of Bacillus (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens T-5) with strong environmental stability were screened out. The safety evaluation showed that these two strains were non-toxic to crucian carp and were sensitive to most antibiotics. In vivo study, the crucian carps were fed a basal diet supplemented with W. cibaria C-10 (C-10), B. amyloliquefaciens T-5 (T-5) and W. cibaria C-10 + B. amyloliquefaciens T-5 (C-10+T-5), respectively, for 5 weeks. Then, various immune parameters were measured at 35 days of post-feeding. Results showed both probiotics could improve the activities of related immune enzymes, immune factors and non-specific immune antibodies in blood and organs (gill, gut, kidney, liver, and spleen) of crucian carp in varying degrees. Moreover, after 7 days of challenge experiment, the survival rates after challenged with A. veronii of W. cibaria C-10 (C-10), B. amyloliquefaciens T-5 (T-5) and W. cibaria C-10 + B. amyloliquefaciens T-5 (C-10+T-5) supplemented groups to the crucian carps were 20%, 33% and 22%, respectively. Overall, W. cibaria C-10 and B. amyloliquefaciens T-5 could be considered to be developed into microecological preparations for the alternatives of antibiotics in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , Bacillus , Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Probióticos , Aeromonas veronii , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Weissella
12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 285: 119227, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35287855

RESUMO

A slimy-mucinous-type colony of EPS-producing Weissella cibaria PDER21 was isolated and identified. The monomer composition was glucose, showing that the EPS is a glucan type homopolysaccharide, The core structure of (1 â†’ 6)-linked α-d-glucose units including (1 â†’ 3)-linked α-d-glucose branches at a ratio of 93.4/6.6 was revealed by 1H and 13C NMR spectra and confirmed by FTIR analysis. The glucan showed a superior thermal stability with almost no degradation in structure up to 300 °C. XRD analysis revealed the amorphous structure while SEM analysis confirmed the layer-like morphology. The glucan had an antioxidant activity (89.5%), water-holding capacity (103.7%) and water solubility index (80.7%) values, suggesting that the glucan had a strong level of antioxidant properties; good water binding capacity and excellent solubility. The glucan PDER21 is a polysaccharide possessing a good combination of technical and functional attributes, suggesting a great deal of potential for use in the food industry.


Assuntos
Glucanos , Weissella , Glucanos/química , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Solubilidade , Weissella/metabolismo
13.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 32(5): 630-637, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35354766

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to optimize industrial-grade media for improving the biomass production of Weissella cibaria JW15 (JW15) using a statistical approach. Eleven variables comprising three carbon sources (glucose, fructose, and sucrose), three nitrogen sources (protease peptone, yeast extract, and soy peptone), and five mineral sources (K2HPO4, potassium citrate, L-cysteine phosphate, MgSO4, and MnSO4) were screened by using the Plackett-Burman design. Consequently, glucose, sucrose, and soy peptone were used as significant variables in response surface methodology (RSM). The composition of the optimal medium (OM) was 22.35 g/l glucose, 15.57 g/l sucrose, and 10.05 g/l soy peptone, 2.0 g/l K2HPO4, 5.0 g/l sodium acetate, 0.1 g/l MgSO4·7H2O, 0.05 g/l MnSO4·H2O, and 1.0 g/l Tween 80. The OM significantly improved the biomass production of JW15 over an established commercial medium (MRS). After fermenting OM, the dry cell weight of JW15 was 4.89 g/l, which was comparable to the predicted value (4.77 g/l), and 1.67 times higher than that of the MRS medium (3.02 g/l). Correspondingly, JW15 showed a rapid and increased production of lactic and acetic acid in the OM. To perform a scale-up validation, batch fermentation was executed in a 5-l bioreactor at 37°C with or without a pH control at 6.0 ± 0.1. The biomass production of JW15 significantly improved (1.98 times higher) under the pH control, and the cost of OM was reduced by two-thirds compared to that in the MRS medium. In conclusion, OM may be utilized for mass producing JW15 for industrial use.


Assuntos
Peptonas , Probióticos , Biomassa , Meios de Cultura/química , Fermentação , Glucose , Indicadores e Reagentes , Sacarose , Weissella
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 204: 677-684, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35181327

RESUMO

An EPS produced by Weissella confusa H2 was purified through Sephadex G-100, and the preliminary structure characteristics and biological activities of H2 EPS were analyzed. Molecular mass of purified H2 EPS was 2.705 × 106 Da as measured with gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Composition of monosaccharides, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy spectroscopy and fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) showed that the EPS was a linear homopolysaccharide, mainly constituted of glucose and it is suggested that the EPS was dextran with α-(1 â†’ 6) glycosidic bonds and a few α-(1 â†’ 3) branches. Atomic force micrograph (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of dextran further revealed sheets branched microstructure anchored with many irregular protuberances in aqueous solution. The XRD pattern reflected non-crystalline amorphous nature. In addition, the solubility, water-holding capacity, thermal property, rheological property and heavy metal chelating activity of the purified H2 dextran were determined. The dissolution percentage and water holding capacity of the dextran were 98.78 ± 1.37% and 426.03 ± 7.26%, respectively. The dextran exhibited good hydrophilicity, thermal stability and heavy metal chelating activity. Rheological studies exhibited rotational speed, pH, temperature, metal ions solutions dependent semiviscous nature. These results support its use as an additive in the food and environmental protection fields.


Assuntos
Dextranos , Weissella , Dextranos/química , Peso Molecular , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Weissella/química
15.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 52(10): 1151-1159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35175890

RESUMO

A ß-mannanase-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was identified as Weissella cibaria F1 according to physiological and biochemical properties, morphological observations, partial sequence of 16S rRNA gene and API 50 CHL test. In order to improve the yield of ß-mannanase, the response surface methodology (RSM) was originally used to optimize the fermentation conditions. The optimization results showed that when the konjac powder, glucose, and initial pH were 9.46 g/L, 14.47 g/L and 5.67, respectively, the ß-mannanase activity increased to 38.81 ± 0.33 U/mL, which was 1.33 times compared to initial yield (29.28 ± 0.26 U/mL). This result was also supported by larger clearance on the konjac powder-MRS agar plate through Congo Red dyeing. The W. cibaria F1 ß-mannanase could improve the clarity of five fruits juice, i.e., apple, orange, peach, persimmon and blue honeysuckle. Among these, peach juice was the most obvious, clarity increasing by 12.8%. These results collectively indicated that W. cibaria F1 ß-mannanase had an applicable potential in food-level fields.


Assuntos
Weissella , beta-Manosidase , beta-Manosidase/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Pós , Weissella/genética
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1089, 2022 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35058551

RESUMO

In the present study, galactan exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Weissella confusa KR780676 was evaluated for its potential to alleviate oxidative stress using in vitro assays and in vivo studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (wild type) and its antioxidant (sod1∆, sod2∆, tsa1∆, cta2∆ and ctt1∆), anti-apoptotic (pep4∆ and fis1∆) and anti-aging (sod2∆, tsa1∆ and ctt1∆)) isogenic gene deletion mutants. Galactan exhibited strong DPPH and nitric oxide scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 450 and 138 µg/mL respectively. In the yeast mutant model, oxidative stress generated by H2O2 was extensively scavenged by galactan in the medium as confirmed using spot assays followed by fluorescencent DCF-DA staining and microscopic studies. Galactan treatment resulted in reduction in the ROS generated in the yeast mutant cells as demonstrated by decreased fluorescence intensity. Furthermore, galactan exhibited protection against oxidative damage through H2O2 -induced apoptosis inhibition in the yeast mutant strains (pep4∆ and fis1∆) leading to increased survival rate by neutralizing the oxidative stress. In the chronological life span assay, WT cells treated with galactan EPS showed 8% increase in viability whereas sod2∆ mutant showed 10-15% increase indicating pronounced anti-aging effects. Galactan from W. confusa KR780676 has immense potential to be used as a natural antioxidant for nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and food technological applications. As per our knowledge, this is the first report on in-depth assessment of in vivo antioxidant properties of a bacterial EPS in a yeast deletion model system.


Assuntos
Galactanos/isolamento & purificação , Galactanos/farmacologia , Weissella/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Galactanos/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/farmacologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins ; 14(1): 121-129, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037943

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of Weissella confusa CGMCC 19,308 and its influence on longevity and host defense against Salmonella Typhimurium of Caenorhabditis elegans. The CFCS (cell-free culture supernatant) of W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 possessed DPPH radicals, hydroxyl radicals, and superoxide anion scavenging activity. The lifespan of the C. elegans fed W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 was significantly (p < 0.001) longer than that of worms fed Escherichia coli OP50. Moreover, worms fed W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 were more resistant to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide and S. Typhimurium infection. RNA-seq analysis showed that the most significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in C. elegans fed with W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 were mainly col genes (col-43, col-2, col-40, col-155, col-37), glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-related genes (gst-44, gst-9, gst-17, gst-18, gstk-2), cnc-9 (immune-related gene), and sod-5 (superoxide dismutase). These results indicated that cuticle collagen synthesis, immunity, and antioxidant defense (AOD) system of C. elegans were affected after being fed with W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 instead of E. coli OP50. Our study suggested W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 had the antioxidant activity and could prolong lifespan and enhance the host defense against S. Typhimurium of C. elegans. This study provided new evidences for the W. confusa CGMCC 19,308 as a potential probiotic candidate for anti-aging and anti-bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Caenorhabditis elegans , Longevidade , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/microbiologia , Resistência à Doença , Escherichia coli/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , Weissella
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt A): 126166, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678452

RESUMO

Lactic acid (LA) is an essential commodity chemical, with bio-based LA ruling the market share. Macroalgae are a desirable feedstock for LA fermentation due to their high carbohydrate and low lignin content. Ulva sp., Gracilaria sp., and Sargassum cristaefolium were evaluated as a feedstock for LA fermentation. Mild acid-thermal hydrolysis (sulfuric acid concentrations < 5%) resulted in superior reducing sugar recovery. Gracilaria sp. attained maximum reducing sugar recovery (0.39 g/g biomass) and lactate yield (0.94 g/g). LA fermentation of fucose-rich hydrolysate of Sargassum cristaefolium is demonstrated for the first time, with 0.81 g/g LA yield and 0.36 g/g reducing sugars. Ulva sp. attained 0.21 g/g reducing sugars and 0.85 g/g LA yield. The efficiency of macroalgae for lactate bioconversion was in the order: red macroalgae > green macroalgae > brown macroalgae. L. rhamnosus and L. plantarum could efficaciously utilize seaweed sugars for LA production. Macroalgae can potentially replace lignocellulosic biomass as a feedstock in LA fermentation.


Assuntos
Alga Marinha , Weissella , Biomassa , Fermentação , Hidrólise , Ácido Láctico , Lactobacillus
19.
Food Chem ; 369: 130897, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455330

RESUMO

Chongqing radish paocai (paocai) is produced by fermentation of fresh vegetables. It gained attention for its non-negligible contribution in Sichuan cuisine and potential health benefits. This study explored microbial structures in six home-made paocai using high through-put sequencing. Key microbial communities were identified based on significant correlations with quality-related physiochemical attributes. Results suggest bacterial diversity level significantly decreased during fermentation, while fungal diversity level were inconsistent across different alpha-diversity indexes. Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the predominant bacterial phylum in all samples. Lactic acid bacteria, namely Lactobacillus and L. plantarum were the predominant bacteria at genus and species levels. Fungi had overall weak correlations with physiochemical attributes, several bacterial species significantly correlated with physiochemical attributes, including Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus acetotolerans, and Weissella cibaria. Overall, this study identified key microbial communities and discussed their functional roles that could contribute to consistent production of high-quality Chongqing radish paocai.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Raphanus , Fermentação , Lactobacillus , Weissella
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 199: 17-23, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952097

RESUMO

In this study, an exopolysaccharide (EPS) was produced by Weissella cibaria NC516.11 isolated from distiller grains of Chinese Baijiu. The structural characterization of EPS determined using fourier transform infrared spectra and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra demonstrated that W. cibaria NC516.11 had α-(1 â†’ 6) (93.46%) d-glucose linkages with a few α-(1 â†’ 3) (6.54%) d-glucose linked branches. The monosaccharide composition of the EPS was glucose, and its molecular weight was 2.82 × 106 Da. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the microstructure of EPS had a three-dimensional structure at low magnification and a particle structure that protruded from the surface at high magnification. The addition of EPS into dough can promote the cross-linking of starch molecules and increase the water-holding capacity. Dynamic rheology indicated that the aqueous solution of EPS is a pseudoplastic fluid, and the higher the concentration of EPS, the greater the viscosity. The addition of EPS to the gluten-free dough showed G' > G″, which could increase the viscoelastic properties of the dough and enhance the gluten network.


Assuntos
Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Weissella , Glutens , Peso Molecular , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Reologia , Weissella/química
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