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1.
Gene ; 806: 145935, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478821

RESUMO

Soluble molecules of programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) are known to modulate T-cell depletion, an important mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence and liver disease progression. In addition, PD-L1 polymorphisms in the 3'-UTR can influence PD-L1 expression and have been associated with cancer risk, although not definitively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms and circulating levels of sPD-L1 in HBV infection and live disease progression. In this study, five hundred fifty-one HBV infected patients of the three clinically well-defined subgroups chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n = 186), liver cirrhosis (LC, n = 142) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 223) and 240 healthy individuals (HC) were enrolled. PD-L1 polymorphisms (rs2297136 and rs4143815) were genotyped by in-house validated ARMS assays. Logistic regression models were applied in order to determine the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as with progression of related liver diseases. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were quantified by ELISA assays. The PD-L1 rs2297136 AA genotype was associated with HBV infection susceptibility (HBV vs. HC: OR = 1.6; 95%CI = 1.1-2.3; p = 0.0087) and disease progression (LC vs. CHB: OR = 1.8; 95%CI = 1.1-2.9; p = 0.018). Whereas, the rs2297136 GG genotype was a protective factor for HCC development. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were significantly high in HBV patients (p < 0.0001) and higher in the LC followed by CHB and HCC groups. High sPD-L1 levels correlated with increased liver enzymes and with advanced liver disease progression (Child-pugh C > B > A, p < 0.0001) and BCLC classification (BCLC D > C > B > A, p = 0.031). We could, for the first time, conclude that PD-L1 rs2297136 polymorphism and plasma sPD-L1 protein levels associate with HBV infection and HBV-related liver disease progression.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Vírus da Hepatite B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/virologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120259, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388428

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with a high incidence of morbidity and mortality which, in many cases, is derived from the progressive kidney dysfunction due to diabetic nephropathy (DN). In this study, synchrotron-Fourier-transform infrared (SR-FTIR) microspectroscopy was used to identify molecular changes in the lipid and protein regions in the plasma of patients with different stages of DN (mild, moderate, severe and end-stage), and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) without DN. Our results revealed different conformational changes in the proteins secondary structure between DN stages, and between DN and T2DM groups illustrated by peak shifts and intensity alterations. End-stage DN showed the highest CH2/CH3 ratio and intensity of the carbonyl group in protein-carbonyl region compared to other DN stages indicating high level of unsaturation and lipid peroxidation and oxidation conditions. Moreover, end-stage DN group was characterized by a decrease in amide I and amide II absorption signals which reflected a sign of hypoalbuminemia. When compared to T2DM, DN group demonstrated a higher oxidation state as confirmed via the high intensity of the carbonyl group and the high level of malondialdehyde. The current study highlights the promising role of SR-FTIR microspectroscopy as a new sensitive analytical approach that can be used to provide better understanding of the pathophysiology of DN, and guide the development of new preventive therapies and treatments.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Plasma , Síncrotrons
3.
Clin Imaging ; 81: 43-45, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598003

RESUMO

Superior vena cava (SVC) aneurysms are a rare occurrence. Given the rarity of SVC aneurysms and their propensity to be overlooked or misinterpreted on imaging, it is essential to be familiar with their appearance for accurate diagnosis, and to minimize thromboembolic risk, complications from rupture and mass effect. This report of a case of a massive fusiform SVC aneurysm that presented with pulmonary thrombo-embolism highlights the nuances of making an imaging diagnosis of SVC aneurysm and reviews the reported cases of fusiform SVC aneurysms that were diagnosed beyond childhood.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Embolia Pulmonar , Tromboembolia , Aneurisma/complicações , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Veia Cava Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Ann Lab Med ; 42(2): 249-257, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635616

RESUMO

Background: Non-invasive clinical algorithms for the detection of liver fibrosis (LF) can reduce the need for liver biopsy (LB). We explored the implementation of two serum biomarkers, enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) and Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi), in clinical algorithms for LF in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Methods: Two clinical algorithms were applied to 152 CHB patients: (1) transient elastography (TE) followed by biomarkers (TE/ELF and TE/M2GPGi); (2) biomarker test followed by TE (ELF/TE and M2BPGi/TE). Using the cut-off value or index for the detection of advanced LF (TE≥F3; 9.8 in ELF and 3.0 in M2BPGi), LB was expected to be performed in cases with discordant TE and biomarker results. Results: In both algorithms, the expected number of LBs was lower when using M2BPGi than when using ELF (TE/ELF or ELF/TE, 13.2% [N=20]; TE/M2BPGi or M2BPGi/TE, 9.9% [N=15]), although there was no statistical difference (P=0.398). In the TE low-risk group (TE≤F2), the discordance rate was significantly lower in the TE/M2BPGi approach than in the TE/ELF approach (1.5% [2/136] vs. 11.0% [15/136], P=0.002). In the biomarker low-risk group, there was no significant difference between the ELF/TE and M2BPGi/TE approaches (3.9% [5/126] vs. 8.8% [13/147], P=0.118). Conclusions: Both ELF and M2BPGi can be implemented in non-invasive clinical algorithms for assessing LF in CHB patients. Given the lowest possibility of losing advanced LF cases in the low-risk group when using the TE/M2BPGi approach, this combination seems useful in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Algoritmos , Biópsia , Glicosilação , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico
6.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 40(1): 179-191, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782087

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis are just 2 of several autoimmune connective tissue diseases that are primarily chronic in nature but can present to the emergency department by virtue of an acute exacerbation of disease. Beyond an acute exacerbation of disease, their predilection for invading multiple organ systems lends itself to the potential for patients presenting to the emergency department with either a single or isolated symptom or a myriad of signs and/or symptoms indicative of a degree of disease complexity and severity that warrant timely recognition and resuscitation.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia
7.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 40(1): 57-67, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782091

RESUMO

Food allergies are a common and serious cause of illness, accounting for an increasing number of emergency department visits annually. Although definite diagnosis lays outside of an emergency department visit, the clinical management of the most serious food allergies highlights emergency care. The staple of acute care remains epinephrine in association with antihistamines and steroids. The greatest threat remains undertreatment for this group of disorders and underutilization of epinephrine. Those who have been treated for a food allergy need a follow-up allergist evaluation, guidance of food avoidance, and avoidance of foods with cross-sensitivities as well as ready access to epinephrine.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/terapia , Medicina de Emergência/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/complicações , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia , Humanos
8.
J Intensive Care Med ; 37(1): 100-106, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of transfusion in treating sickle cell disease acute chest syndrome, the target hemoglobin and optimal modality for transfusion remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute chest syndrome transfused to hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL versus patients transfused to hemoglobin < 8 g/dL; and to compare hospital LOS in acute chest syndrome patients treated with and without exchange transfusion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all acute chest syndrome patients treated in the medical ICU at 2 tertiary care hospitals between January 2011 and August 2016 (n = 82). We compared median hospital LOS in patients transfused to hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL by the time of ICU transfer to the medical floor versus patients transfused to hemoglobin < 8 g/dL as well as patients who received exchange transfusion versus no exchange transfusion using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. We modeled the association between hospital LOS and hemoglobin at ICU transfer to the medical floor using multivariable log-linear regression. RESULTS: Median hospital LOS was about half as long for patients transfused to hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL versus hemoglobin < 8 g/dL (8.0 versus 16.5 days, P = 0.008). There was no difference in LOS for patients treated with and without exchange transfusion. On average, a 1 g/dL increase in hemoglobin was associated with a 19.5% decrease (95% CI 10.8-28.2%) in LOS, controlling for possible confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: Transfusion to a hemoglobin target ≥ 8 g/dL is associated with decreased hospital LOS in patients with acute chest syndrome. There was no difference in LOS between patients who received exchange transfusion and those who did not.


Assuntos
Síndrome Torácica Aguda , Anemia Falciforme , Síndrome Torácica Aguda/etiologia , Síndrome Torácica Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 205-210, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436783

RESUMO

The long-term evolution of COVID-19 is unknown, making it necessary to study the persistence of symptoms over time and their impact on quality of life in people who have had the disease. We analyzed these aspects 1 year after admission for COVID-19 and explored the influence of treatment with systemic corticosteroids during the acute phase of the illness. This observational cohort study took place in a tertiary hospital in March and April 2021 and included people admitted due to infection with SARS-CoV-2 in March, April, or May 2020. We excluded patients who had died, were unreachable or had substantial cognitive impairment. A telephone survey was undertaken to assess the presence of symptoms related to COVID-19 and to administer the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire. Other variables collected were demographic and clinical data along with the treatment received and the evolution over time. We analyzed 76 patients, including 44 who did not receive corticosteroids and 32 who did. Most symptoms were less frequent in the group that received corticosteroids, with statistically significant differences for headache, dysphagia, chest pain, and depression. These patients also showed significantly better outcomes in the SF-36 domains for "bodily pain" and "mental health." Corticosteroids administered in the acute phase of COVID-19 could attenuate the presence of long-term symptoms and improve patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 246-252, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460118

RESUMO

Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic. Several studies indicate that the digestive system can also be affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Therefore, patients with digestive symptoms should have a capsule endoscopy (CE). COVID-19 patients with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms who underwent CE were recruited from March 2020 to April 2020. We collected patients' data and performed a prospective follow-up study for 6 months. All 11 COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms who underwent CE presented gastritis. Eight cases (72.7%) had intestinal mucosa inflammation. Among them, two cases showed intestinal ulcers or erosions. Moreover, two cases displayed colonic mucositis. One case was lost during follow-up. At 3-6 months after hospital discharge, five patients underwent CE again, presenting gastrointestinal lesions. Five of the 10 cases had GI symptoms, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, and others. Among these five cases, the GI symptoms of three patients disappeared at the last follow-up and two patients still presented diarrhea symptoms. Overall, we observed damaged digestive tract mucosa that could be caused by SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, after discharge, some patients still presented intestinal lesions and GI symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/patologia , Endoscopia por Cápsula , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite/complicações , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/patologia , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Dermatol Clin ; 40(1): 9-23, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799039

RESUMO

Café au lait macules (CALMs) are a normal and frequent finding in the general population, but multiple CALMs raise the possibility of an underlying neurocutaneous disease like neurofibromatosis type I. Certain features of CALMs like number, size, shape, and distribution are important in identifying children at higher risk of having a neurocutaneous disorder or another genetic disorder. Genetic testing can be especially helpful in establishing a diagnosis in atypical presentations, or when the child is young and other features of the disease aside from CALMs have not manifested.


Assuntos
Manchas Café com Leite , Neurofibromatose 1 , Manchas Café com Leite/genética , Criança , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Neurofibromatose 1/genética
12.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e209, dic. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278302

RESUMO

Introducción: el estreptococo del grupo B (EGB) es una causa frecuente de sepsis neonatal. La enfermedad precoz disminuyó su incidencia por la profilaxis antibiótica, a diferencia de la sepsis tardía, que aumentó su incidencia en los últimos años. Objetivo: conocer la incidencia de la sepsis tardía en el período 2016-2017 en el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR). El secundario, describir las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de sepsis tardía por EGB en niños ingresados a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de Niños (UCIN) del CHPR en el período 2007-2017. Resultados: la incidencia calculada de sepsis tardía por EGB fue de 0,53 casos/1000 recién nacidos (RN) vivos. Entre los años 2007 y 2017 ingresaron cinco niños por sepsis tardía por EGB a la UCIN del CHPR. La presentación clínica más frecuentes fue fiebre sin foco y meningitis. Se obtuvieron tres aislamientos en sangre de EBG y tres en líquido cefalorraquídeo (dos en cultivo y otro por detección de ADN). Ninguno falleció. Los casos con meningitis presentaron alteraciones en la tomografía de cráneo. Un niño fue pretérmino. Conclusiones: la sepsis tardía se vincula a importante morbimortalidad en pediatría. No se ha establecido cuáles son los principales factores de riesgo asociados a una enfermedad grave ni las políticas para disminuir su incidencia.


Background: group B streptococcus (GBS) is a common cause of neonatal sepsis. Early disease decreased its incidence due to antibiotic prophylaxis. Late sepsis increased its incidence in recent years. Objectives: to know the incidence of late onset EGB sepsis in the period 2016-2017 at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR), and secondly, to describe the epidemiological characteristics and the clinical presentation of late onset sepsis due to GBS in children admitted to the Children's Intensive Care Unit (UCIN) of the CHPR in the period 2007-2017. Results: the calculated incidence of late sepsis due to GBS was 0.53 cases/1000 live newborns. Between 2007-2017, 5 children were admitted due to GBS late sepsis at the UCIN. The most frequent clinical presentation was fever without focus and meningitis. 3 isolates were obtained in EBG blood cultures and 3 in cerebrospinal fluid (2 in culture and another by DNA detection). None of them died. Cases with meningitis showed abnormalities in the brain tomography. 1 of the 5 was preterm. Conclusions: late sepsis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients. The main risk factors associated with serious disease and the policies needed to reduce its incidence have not been established.


Introdução: o estreptococo do grupo B (SGB) é uma causa frequente de sepse neonatal. A doença precoce diminuiu sua incidência devido à profilaxia antibiótica, ao contrário da sepse tardia, que aumentou sua incidência nos últimos anos. Objetivo: conhecer a incidência de sepse tardia no período 2016-2017 no Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR) e descrever as características epidemiológicas e clínicas da sepse tardia por SGB em crianças internadas na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Infantil (UTIN) do CHPR no período de 2007-2017. Resultados: a incidência calculada de sepse tardia por SGB foi de 0,53 casos/1000 recém-nascidos vivos (RNs). Entre 2007-2017, 5 crianças foram internadas na UTIN do CHPR por sepse tardia devido a GBS. A apresentação clínica mais frequente foi febre sem causa e meningite. 3 isolados de EBG foram obtidos no sangue e 3 no líquido cefalorraquidiano (2 em cultura e outro por detecção de DNA). Nenhum dos pacientes morreu. Os casos com meningite apresentaram alterações na tomografia de crânio. Uma criança era pré-termo. Conclusões: a sepse tardia está associada a significativa morbimortalidade em pediatria. Os principais fatores de risco associados a uma doença grave e as políticas para reduzir sua incidência ainda não foram estabelecidas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Sepse Neonatal/etiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/complicações , Infecções Estreptocócicas/diagnóstico , Uruguai/epidemiologia , Doença Catastrófica , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e210, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278303

RESUMO

Antecedentes: la nutrición durante el embarazo impacta en la salud del recién nacido, con efectos a nivel epigenético determinando consecuencias neurológicas a largo plazo. Las necesidades de hierro durante el embarazo se estiman en 27 mg/día. El hierro hemo que se absorbe mejor se encuentra en la carne. La determinación de ferritina en sangre de cordón umbilical permite evaluar los depósitos de hierro alcanzados durante la etapa fetal. Sus niveles se asociaron con efectos a largo plazo sobre el desarrollo infantil. Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio de carácter exploratorio es determinar la relación entre el consumo de carnes rojas durante el tercer trimestre de gestación y el nivel de ferritina en el cordón umbilical. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo con datos recolectados prospectivamente durante un año en el Departamento de Neonatología del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR) en Montevideo, Uruguay. Un total de 188 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se extrajo sangre del cordón umbilical después de un pinzamiento estricto del cordón pasado un minuto de vida. La ferritina se midió utilizando el método de quimioinmunofluorescencia. Se aplicó una encuesta nutricional materna (cualitativo-cuantitativa) que midió la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos con fuente de hierro y las cantidades aproximadas consumidas durante el último trimestre del embarazo. Esta encuesta se centró en el consumo materno de carne vacuna como principal fuente de hierro hemínico en Uruguay. Se analizó la relación entre estas variables. Resultados: el déficit latente de hierro (ferritina en el cordón umbilical <100 ng/ml) se asoció con un menor consumo de carne vacuna durante el embarazo. Valor p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC del 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusiones: este estudio considera adecuada la evidencia que relaciona que los niveles bajos de consumo total de hierro y de carne vacuna durante el tercer trimestre de gestación determinarán un mayor riesgo de déficit latente de hierro y de ferritina medido en el cordón umbilical. Los niveles descendidos de ferritina en cordón umbilical se asocian con un mayor riesgo de efectos adversos a largo plazo sobre la mielinización y el desarrollo neurocognitivo.


Background: nutrition during pregnancy impacts the foetus and the newborn health, it has consequences at the epigenetic level and determines long-term neurological consequences. Iron requirements during pregnancy are estimated at 27 mg/day. Iron is blood absorption from is most efficient from beef. Umbilical cord blood ferritin levels can be used to assess iron deposits reached during the foetal stage. Ferritin levels are linked to the child's long-term development. Objective: this exploratory study's objective is to determine the relationship between beef consumption during the first quarter of pregnancy and ferritin levels in the umbilical cord. Methods: we carried out a descriptive, observational study with prospectively collected data for one-year at the Neonatology Department of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center (CHPR) in Montevideo, Uruguay. A total of 188 patients met the inclusion criteria. We extracted umbilical cord blood after a strict cord clamping after one minute of life. Ferritin was measured using the chemoimmunofluorescence method. We carried out a maternal nutritional survey using a qualitative-quantitative method and measured the frequency and approximate quantity of iron source food consumption during the last quarter of pregnancy. This survey was focused on maternal beef consumption as the major heme iron source in Uruguay. We analyzed the relationship between these variables. Results: latent iron deficiency (ferritin in the umbilical cord <100 ng / ml) was associated with lower beef consumption during pregnancy. Fisher p-value: 0.0133, OR: 3.71, 95% CI (1.25 - 11.05). Conclusions: this study agrees with the evidence that shows that low levels of total iron and beef consumption during pregnancy determine an increased risk of latent iron deficiency and lower levels of ferritin in newborns, and therefore, greater risk of long-term adverse effects on myelination and neurocognitive development.


Contexto: a nutrição durante a gravidez tem impacto sobre a saúde do recém-nascido, com efeitos no nível epigenético, determinando consequências neurológicas a longo prazo. As necessidades de ferro durante a gravidez são estimadas em 27 mg / dia. O ferro heme de melhor absorção e aquele encontrado na carne vacuna. A determinação da ferritina no sangue do cordão umbilical permite avaliar os depósitos de ferro atingidos na fase fetal. Seus níveis foram associados a efeitos de longo prazo no desenvolvimento das crianças. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo exploratório é determinar a relação entre o consumo de carne vermelha durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação e o nível de ferritina no cordão umbilical. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo com dados coletados prospectivamente durante um ano no Departamento de Neonatologia do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell (CHPR) em Montevidéu, Uruguai. Um total de 188 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. O sangue do cordão umbilical foi coletado após clampeamento estrito do cordão após um minuto de vida da criança. A ferritina foi medida pelo método de quimioimunofluorescência. Aplicamos um inquérito nutricional materno (qualitativo-quantitativo) que mediu a frequência de consumo de alimentos com fonte de ferro e as quantidades aproximadas consumidas durante o último trimestre da gravidez. Esta pesquisa enfocou o consumo materno de carne bovina como principal fonte de ferro heme no Uruguai. A relação entre essas variáveis foi analisada. Resultados: a deficiência latente de ferro (ferritina no cordão umbilical <100 mg / ml) foi associada ao menor consumo de carne bovina durante a gestação. Valor de p de Fisher: 0,0133, OR: 3,71, IC 95% (1,25-11,05). Conclusões: este estudo concorda com as evidências que relacionam que os baixos níveis de ferro total e consumo de carne bovina durante o terceiro trimestre de gestação determinam um maior risco de déficit de ferro latente e ferritina mensurado no cordão umbilical. A redução dos níveis de ferritina no cordão umbilical está associada a um risco aumentado de efeitos adversos de longo prazo na mielinização e no desenvolvimento neurocognitivo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Hemoglobinas/análise , Nutrição Parenteral , Ferritinas/sangue , Sangue Fetal , Carne Vermelha , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Uruguai , Deficiência de Ferro/complicações , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva
14.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e214, dic. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1339134

RESUMO

Las enfermedades neuromusculares (ENM) afectan los distintos componentes de la unidad motora. Desde el diagnóstico deben ser seguidos por un equipo interdisciplinario, donde el neumólogo pediátrico desempeña un papel importante en la valoración de la pérdida de fuerza muscular cuando afecta a la musculatura respiratoria o de la vía aérea superior. Objetivos: conocer las diferentes enfermedades neuromusculares atendidas en el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, analizar las características de la población y describir los resultados de los principales estudios solicitados por la policlínica de neumológica pediátrica. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, analítico y retrospectivo de los pacientes con enfermedad neuromuscular atendidos en el Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell entre el 1/6/2006 y el 31/12/2019. Resultados: las patologías neuromusculares más frecuentemente encontradas fueron distrofias musculares, miopatías, distrofia miotónica de Steinert y atrofia muscular espinal. No tienen diagnóstico definitivo 21/73 pacientes. La espirometría mostró una alteración restrictiva en la mayoría de los pacientes. Para descartar trastornos respiratorios del sueño se realizó oximetría nocturna con gasometría al despertar. La hipoventilación nocturna y las apneas obstructivas fueron las alteraciones encontradas. En 12/73 se inició ventilación no invasiva. Conclusiones: los pacientes con ENM experimentan un deterioro progresivo de la función respiratoria que contribuye a una elevada tasa de morbimortalidad. La evaluación y seguimiento regular de la función respiratoria junto con estudios de sueño, son fundamentales para el inicio oportuno de ventilación no invasiva.


Neuromuscular diseases (NMD) affect the different components of the motor system. As of diagnosis, they should be followed by an interdisciplinary team, in which pediatric pulmonologists play an important role in assessing the loss of muscle strength when NMD affects the respiratory or upper airway muscles. Objectives: to learn about the different neuromuscular diseases treated at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center, to analyze the characteristics of this population and to describe the results of the main studies requested by the pediatric pulmonology clinic. Methodology: descriptive, analytical and retrospective study of patients with neuromuscular disease treated at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center between 6/1/2006 and 12/31/2019. Results: the most frequent neuromuscular pathologies were muscular dystrophies, myopathies, Steinert's myotonic dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy. 21/73 patients did not have a definitive diagnosis. Spirometry showed a restrictive alteration in most of the patients. To rule out respiratory sleep disorders, nocturnal oximetry with blood gas was performed upon awakening, with nocturnal hypoventilation and obstructive apneas being the alterations found. In 12/73 non-invasive ventilation was applied. Conclusions: patients with NMD experience a progressive deterioration of respiratory function that contributes to a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Regular evaluation and monitoring of respiratory function, along with sleep studies, are essential for the timely initiation of non-invasive ventilation.


As doenças neuromusculares (DNM) afetam os diferentes componentes da unidade motora. Desde o diagnóstico, os pacientes devem ser acompanhados por uma equipe interdisciplinar, onde o pneumologista pediátrico desempenha um papel importante na avaliação da perda de força muscular quando atinge a musculatura respiratória ou das vias aéreas superiores. Objetivos: conhecer as diferentes doenças neuromusculares tratadas no Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell, analisar as características desta população e descrever os resultados dos principais estudos solicitados à policlínica de pneumologia pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, analítico e retrospectivo de pacientes com doenças neuromusculares atendidos no Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell entre 01/06/2006 e 31/12/2019. Resultados: as patologias neuromusculares mais encontradas foram distrofias musculares, miopatias, distrofia miotônica de Steinert e atrofia muscular espinhal. 21/73 pacientes não tiveram um diagnóstico definitivo. A espirometria mostrou alteração restritiva na maioria dos pacientes. Para afastar distúrbios respiratórios do sono, foi realizada oximetria noturna com gasometria ao despertar, sendo a hipoventilação noturna e as apneias obstrutivas as alterações encontradas. Em 12/73 foi iniciada ventilação não invasiva. Conclusões: os pacientes com DNM experimentam uma deterioração progressiva da função respiratória que contribui para uma alta taxa de morbidade e mortalidade. A avaliação regular e o monitoramento da função respiratória, juntamente com os estudos do sono, são essenciais para o início oportuno da ventilação não invasiva.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Doenças Neuromusculares/classificação , Doenças Neuromusculares/epidemiologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/etiologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/terapia , Uruguai/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ventilação não Invasiva , Doenças Neuromusculares/complicações , Doenças Neuromusculares/diagnóstico
15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(38): 6453-6464, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common acute pancreatitis (AP)-associated complications that has a significant effect on AP, but the factors affecting the AP patients' survival rate remains unclear. AIM: To assess the influences of AKI on the survival rate in AP patients. METHODS: A total of 139 AP patients were included in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into AKI group (n = 72) and non-AKI group (n = 67) according to the occurrence of AKI. Data were collected from medical records of hospitalized patients. Then, these data were compared between the two groups and further analysis was performed. RESULTS: AKI is more likely to occur in male AP patients (P = 0.009). AP patients in AKI group exhibited a significantly higher acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation II score, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, lower Glasgow Coma Scale score, and higher demand for mechanical ventilation, infusion of vasopressors, and renal replacement therapy than AP patients in non-AKI group (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P = 0.01, P = 0.001, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). Significant differences were noted in dose of norepinephrine and adrenaline, duration of mechanical ventilation, maximum and mean values of intra-peritoneal pressure (IPP), maximum and mean values of procalcitonin, maximum and mean serum levels of creatinine, minimum platelet count, and length of hospitalization. Among AP patients with AKI, the survival rate of surgical intensive care unit and in-hospital were only 23% and 21% of the corresponding rates in AP patients without AKI, respectively. The factors that influenced the AP patients' survival rate included body mass index (BMI), mean values of IPP, minimum platelet count, and hospital day, of which mean values of IPP showed the greatest impact. CONCLUSION: AP patients with AKI had a lower survival rate and worse relevant clinical outcomes than AP patients without AKI, which necessitates further attention to AP patients with AKI in surgical intensive care unit.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pancreatite/complicações , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Intern Med ; 60(21): 3359-3368, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719623

RESUMO

Objective The efficacy of tolvaptan, an orally active vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist, has recently been reported in patients with massive ascites unresponsive to conventional diuretics. However, the effect of tolvaptan varies among patients. Recently, the prognostic role of the tolvaptan response in cases of decompensated liver cirrhosis (LC) has been attracting increasing attention. Using serum copeptin (vasopressin precursor), zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG), cystatin C (renal biomarker), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), we explored which factors portend a good response to tolvaptan in LC patients with ascites. Methods We enrolled 113 LC patients and divided them into the tolvaptan treatment group and non-treatment group. Tolvaptan (3.75 or 7.5 mg/day) was administrated to 38 LC patients with ascites, and a follow-up assessment was performed after a 7-day tolvaptan treatment regimen. Results We determined the predictive ability for kidney and/or liver damage of serum copeptin, ZAG, cystatin C, NGAL and L-FABP levels in all patients. After 7-day tolvaptan treatment, 19 patients had lost more than 1.5 kg of body weight (Responders), while 19 showed no marked change in their body weight (Non-responders). Basal blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (p=0.0014), serum copeptin (p=0.0265) and serum ZAG levels (p=0.0142) were significantly higher in the Non-responders than in the Responders. BUN (odds ratio 7.43, p=0.0306), copeptin (odds ratio 9.12, p=0.0136) and ZAG (odds ratio 7.43, p=0.0306) were determined to be predictive factors of drug responsiveness using a multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusion Serum BUN, copeptin and ZAG levels predict the patient response to tolvaptan, even when measured prior to treatment.


Assuntos
Antagonistas dos Receptores de Hormônios Antidiuréticos , Ascite , Adipocinas , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Hormônios Antidiuréticos/uso terapêutico , Ascite/tratamento farmacológico , Benzazepinas/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Glicopeptídeos , Glicoproteínas , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Tolvaptan , Zinco
17.
Intern Med ; 60(21): 3463-3467, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719627

RESUMO

Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a very rare, benign disorder involving the lumen of the trachea-bronchial tree. However, its etiology is unknown. In our first case, observation for several years showed that TPO worsened as interstitial lung disease was aggravated. In the second case, the lung parenchymal lesion on computed tomography (CT) was found to be compatible with interstitial lung abnormality (ILA). We believe that our cases suggest a common pathogenetic relationship between TPO and fibrotic interstitial lung disease. TGF-ß is likely a common factor in the pathogenesis of TPO and fibrotic interstitial lung disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Osteocondrodisplasias , Doenças da Traqueia , Broncoscopia , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteocondrodisplasias/complicações , Osteocondrodisplasias/diagnóstico , Traqueia , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 52(11): 535-540, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge and poor attitudes toward pain are major barriers to nursing management of cancer pain. This study investigated the effect of continuing nursing education (CNE) on the management of cancer pain. METHOD: Annual CNE was provided from 2016 to 2019, and evaluation of nursing management of cancer pain was conducted every 2 years. The effect of CNE was determined based on the evaluation results. RESULTS: After annual CNE, the participating hospitals showed significant improvement in nursing management of cancer pain. Annual CNE significantly increased subscores in all domains except the domain of initial pain assessment. In terms of hospital levels, nursing management of cancer pain was significantly improved only for tertiary A hospitals. CONCLUSION: Annual CNE significantly improved nursing management of cancer pain. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2021;52(11):535-540.].


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer , Neoplasias , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , China , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Dor
19.
Rev Gastroenterol Peru ; 41(2): 73-78, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724687

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Helycobacter pylori (HP) infection is a public health problem in Latin America with a prevalence of infection of up to 70%. There are endoscopic findings associated with the presence of infection, however we do not know the current prevalence in Panama and if the endoscopic findings are related to HP infection. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of HP infection in patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and its association with HP infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 in the Gastroenterology service of Hospital Santo Tomás, Panama city. The frequency of HP infection in patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and the association of endoscopic findings with HP infection was evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 1,281 digestive endoscopies were performed. 21.4% of the patients included in the study confirmed HP infection. In endoscopic findings, the presence of nodular gastritis has an association OR 4.32 (2.74-6.80) with the presence of HP infection. The presence of duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer were also significantly associated with the presence of HP infection, OR 3.71 (1.21-11.35) and OR: 2.59 (1.36-5.16). CONCLUSION: This is the first study in Panama to evaluate the association of endoscopic findings and the prevalence in a cohort of patients with an indication for upper endoscopy with the probability of Helicobacterpylori infection in the last decade. We conclude that certain endoscopic findings in an appropriate clinical context could increase the diagnostic probability of HP infection in patients seen in Panama.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Estudos Transversais , Gastroscopia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta
20.
Rev Gastroenterol Peru ; 41(2): 103-106, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724691

RESUMO

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a vascular tumor with a low incidence rate. We report a case of a 26-year-old man who was referred to our hospital with a misdiagnosis of liver cirrhosis. On physical examination, ascites was noted. Chest and abdominal computer tomography scans showed coalescent lesions involving the peripheral liver with heterogeneous contrast enhancement and portal vein dilation due to portal hypertension. Extrahepatic metastasis was not observed. The biopsy with immunohistochemical stains suggested HEHE (Factor VIII, CD31, and CD34). This report describes an uncommon case of HEHE with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension.


Assuntos
Hemangioendotelioma Epitelioide , Hipertensão Portal , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Hemangioendotelioma Epitelioide/complicações , Hemangioendotelioma Epitelioide/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Veia Porta , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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