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1.
Inj Prev ; 29(1): 56-61, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rugby union ('rugby') is popular globally, with most of its participants being amateur. Concern regarding sport-related concussion (SRC) sustained during rugby is increasing. SRC occurs most frequently in the tackle, yet few interventions have aimed to mitigate this risk factor. This study investigated the influence of a lowered legal tackle height on SRC incidence in amateur rugby. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study: 2018 (control-standard tackle height) and 2019 (intervention-lowered legal tackle height) seasons. SETTING: South African collegiate student rugby competition. PARTICIPANTS: Between 800 and 900 male amateur student players (age: 20±1.6 years) in each year. INTERVENTION: Maximum legal tackle height lowered from line of the shoulder on the ball carrier to the line of the armpit. OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of overall (medical attention) and time-loss (≥1 day lost) injuries, head injuries and SRCs in 2018 and 2019 (dependent variables); events associated with injury incidents (independent variables). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in incidences of time-loss injuries (IRR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.6 to 1.1; p=0.13), head injuries (IRR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.5 to 1.3; p=0.42) and SRC (IRR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.4 to 1.2; p=0.20). In 2018 and 2019, most time-loss head injuries (57%, n=43) and SRCs (55%, n=26) occurred during the tackle. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a trend towards reducing injuries, head injuries and SRC, lowering maximum legal tackle height to armpit level did not change SRC incidence in this amateur male rugby cohort. Most time-loss head injuries and SRCs occurred during the tackle. Further tackle-related interventions to reduce SRC incidence require investigation.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Concussão Encefálica , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Futebol Americano , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Futebol Americano/lesões , Concussão Encefálica/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/prevenção & controle , Incidência
3.
BMC Pediatr ; 23(1): 9, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysm is a known complication of penetrating arterial injuries such as catheterization, gunshot wounds, and open fractures. Vaccination is an effective method for preventing multiple, serious, infectious diseases in children. Common adverse reactions related to vaccination include fever, swelling, redness, and pain. Brachial pseudoaneurysm after vaccination has not been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein we describe a novel case of brachial pseudoaneurysm after vaccination in a child aged 1 year and 3 months. A pulsatile mass was formed in the medial left arm of the infant 10 days after vaccination at a community hospital and gradually grew larger. Preoperative images depicted an eccentric aneurysm in the brachial artery and a swirling flow pattern in the mass. The pseudoaneurysm was excised, and vein graft interpositioning was successfully performed. There were no short-term or long-term complications during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Brachial pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of vaccination via intramuscular injection. Medical staff should avoid puncture wounds to the brachial artery during vaccination, especially in infants.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Artéria Braquial/lesões , Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Extremidade Superior , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
4.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280425, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662897

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are extracellularly released by cells for intercellular communication, while intracellularly, they inhibit the expression of specific genes. An increasing number of studies suggest that extracellular miRNAs have great potential as both therapeutic targets and disease-specific biomarkers in a variety of diseases, including pain disorders. However, little is known about miRNA release from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in neuropathic pain caused by peripheral nerve injury. In this study, we investigated the changes in the extracellular release of miRNAs from DRG neurons in a rat model of neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve. We found increased release of six miRNAs (let-7d, miR-21, miR-142-3p, miR-146b, miR-203-3p and miR-221) from primary cultured DRG neurons prepared from rats 7 days after nerve injury. Among these, miR-221 was also increased in serum from days 7 to 28 after nerve injury. In contrast, serum miR-221 levels and its release from DRG neurons were unchanged in an inflammatory pain model produced by intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant. These results suggest that the increased release of specific miRNAs by DRG neurons may be involved in the pathophysiology of neuropathic pain through extracellular as well as intracellular mechanisms. Furthermore, serum miR-221 may be useful as a biomarker of neuropathic pain caused by peripheral nerve injury.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neuralgia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Ratos , Animais , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neuralgia/etiologia , Nervo Isquiático/lesões
5.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e052772, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In elite football, periodic health examination (PHE) may be useful for injury risk prediction. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether PHE-derived variables are prognostic factors for indirect muscle injuries (IMIs) in elite players. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: An English Premier League football club. PARTICIPANTS: 134 outfield elite male players, over 5 seasons (1 July 2013-19 May 2018). OUTCOME AND ANALYSIS: The outcome was any time-loss, lower extremity index IMI (I-IMI). Prognostic associations were estimated using odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding statistical significance for 36 variables, derived from univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Missing data were handled using multiple imputation. Non-linear associations were explored using fractional polynomials. RESULTS: During 317 participant-seasons, 138 I-IMIs were recorded. Univariable associations were determined for previous calf IMI frequency (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.97), hamstring IMI frequency (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.09), if the most recent hamstring IMI occurred >12 months but <3 years prior to PHE (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.51 to 5.73) and age (OR 1.12 per 1-year increase, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.18). Multivariable analyses showed that if a player's most recent previous hamstring IMI was >12 months but <3 years prior to PHE (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.11 to 4.53), this was the only variable with added prognostic value over and above age, which was a confirmed prognostic factor (OR 1.12 per 1-year increase, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.18). Allowing non-linear associations conferred no advantage over linear associations. CONCLUSION: PHE has limited use for injury risk prediction. Most variables did not add prognostic value over and above age, other than if a player experienced a hamstring IMI >12 months but <3 years prior to PHE. However, the precision of this prognostic association should be confirmed in future. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03782389.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Músculos Isquiossurais , Doenças Musculares , Futebol , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Futebol Americano/lesões , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Futebol/lesões
6.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 158, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599902

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide (CYP) is an alkylating agent that is used on a wide range as a treatment of malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have shown the promising role of hesperidin (HSP) as an antioxidant agent against various models of toxic agents. The protective effect of the HSP against CYP-induced parotid damage was evaluated in this study. Forty rats (180-200 g) were divided into four equal groups: Group I (received normal saline), Group II (HSP-treated at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days), Group III (CYP-treated at a dose of 200 mg/kg single intraperitoneal injection on the 7th day of the experiment), Group IV (CYP + HSP); HSP-treated at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days and CYP (200 mg/kg) single intraperitoneal injection on the 7th day of the experiment. Afterwards, the oxidative stress and inflammatory markers, the histopathological and immunohistochemical alterations of the parotid tissues in the studied groups were evaluated. CYP intoxication induced a significant parotid tissue injury represented by the elevation in the values of malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and decrease in the catalase activity and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Histologically, extensive histopathological alterations e.g., widely spaced serous acini with irregular shapes and congested blood vessels as well as downregulated ki-67 and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) immunoexpression were induced by CYP. HSP administration markedly improved the biochemical and the histopathological studies. We can conclude that HSP elicited protective effects against the CYP-induced parotid toxicity.


Assuntos
Hesperidina , Glândula Parótida , Animais , Ratos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Hesperidina/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos Wistar , Glândula Parótida/lesões , Glândula Parótida/patologia
7.
Obstet Gynecol ; 141(2): 245-252, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether immediate or delayed pushing in the second-stage results in higher risk of pelvic floor morbidity. METHODS: This study was a planned secondary aim of a multicenter randomized clinical trial that included nulliparous patients at 37 weeks of gestation or greater in labor with neuraxial analgesia. Participants were randomized in the second stage to initiate pushing immediately or wait 60 minutes before pushing. Participants had pelvic floor assessments at 1-5 days postpartum, 6 weeks postpartum, and 6 months postpartum. Rates of perineal lacerations, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) measures, and scores on validated symptom-specific distress and quality-of-life questionnaires (PFDI-20 [Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory], PFIQ [Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire], FISI [Fecal Incontinence Severity Index], and MMHQ [Modified Manchester Health Questionnaire]) were compared. It was estimated that 630 participants would provide more than 80% power to detect a 40% difference in second-degree or greater perineal lacerations and approximately 80% power to detect a 40% difference in stage 2 or greater pelvic organ prolapse (POP). RESULTS: Among 2,414 participants in the primary trial conducted between May 19, 2014, and December 16, 2017, 941 (39%) had pelvic floor assessments: 452 immediate pushing and 489 delayed pushing. The mean age was 24.8 years, and 93.4% had vaginal delivery. There were no significant differences in perineal lacerations at delivery and POP at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. Changes from baseline in total and subscale scores for the PFDI-20, the PFIQ, and the MMHQ were not significantly different at 6 weeks postpartum and 6 months postpartum. The change in FISI score was higher in the immediate pushing group at 6 months (2.9±5.7 vs 2.0±4.5, difference 0.9, P =.01), but less than the minimum important difference of 4. CONCLUSION: Among nulliparous patients in the second stage with neuraxial analgesia, immediate pushing, compared with delayed pushing, did not increase perineal lacerations, POP-Q measures, or patient-reported pelvic floor symptoms at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT02137200.


Assuntos
Lacerações , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Diafragma da Pelve/lesões , Lacerações/epidemiologia , Lacerações/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Qualidade de Vida , Morbidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674316

RESUMO

Orthodontic miniscrews (OM) are widely used in modern orthodontic clinical practice to improve skeletal anchorage and have a high safety profile. A complication at the time of OM insertion is tooth root perforation or periodontal ligament trauma. Rarely, OM injury can cause permanent damage, such as ankylosis, osteosclerosis, and loss of tooth vitality. The aim of this work was to analyze potential risks and dental complications associated with the use of OMs. A search of the PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Scopus databases was conducted without a time limit using the keywords "orthodontic mini-screw" and "dental damage", resulting in 99 studies. After screening and eligibility, including articles obtained through a citation search, 13 articles were selected. Four studies revealed accidental injuries caused by OM. Most of the damage was localized at the root level and resolved spontaneously with restorative cement formation after prompt removal of the OM, while the pain disappeared. In some cases, irreversible nerve damage, extensive lesions to the dentin-pulp complex, and refractory periapical periodontitis occurred, requiring endodontic and/or surgical treatment. The choice of insertion site was the most important element to be evaluated during the application of OMs.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Raiz Dentária , Raiz Dentária/lesões , Raiz Dentária/patologia
9.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 94(2): 220-225, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility of nonoperative management for high-grade blunt splenic injuries (BSIs) has been suggested in recent studies. The purpose of this study was to assess nationwide trends in the management of isolated high-grade BSIs. We hypothesized that isolated high-grade BSIs are more frequently being managed nonoperatively. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database was queried to identify patients (16 years or older) with isolated high-grade BSIs (Abbreviated Injury Scale, ≥3) between 2013 and 2019. Patients were divided into two groups based on their hemodynamic status (hemodynamically stable [HS] and hemodynamically unstable [HU]). The primary outcome was the rate of total splenectomy each year, and the secondary outcome was the use of splenic angioembolization (SAE). Multiple regression models were created to estimate annual trends in splenectomy and SAE. RESULTS: A total of 6,747 patients with isolated high-grade BSIs were included: 5,714 (84.7%) and 1,033 (15.3%) in HS and HU groups, respectively. In the HS group, the rate of overall splenectomy was significantly decreased (from 22.9% in 2013 to 12.6% in 2019; odds ratio [OR] for 1-year increment, 0.850; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.815-0.886; p < 0.001), and the use of SAE was significantly increased (from 12.5% in 2013 to 20.9% in 2019; OR, 1.107; 95% CI, 1.065-1.150; p < 0.001). In the HU group, the overall splenectomy rate was unchanged (from 69.8% in 2013 to 50.8% in 2019; OR, 0.931; 95% CI, 0.865-1.002; p = 0.071), whereas SAE was significantly increased (from 12.7% in 2013 to 28.8% in 2019; OR, 1.176; 95% CI, 1.079-1.284; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: We observed significant trends toward more frequent use of nonoperative management in high-grade BSIs with hemodynamic stability. Further studies are warranted to define the role of SAE, especially in patients with hemodynamic instability. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic/Care Management; Level IV.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Embolização Terapêutica , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Humanos , Baço/lesões , Esplenectomia , Traumatismos Abdominais/terapia , Hemodinâmica , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Strength Cond Res ; 37(2): 337-342, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696258

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Dalvandpour, N, Zareei, M, Abbasi, H, Abdoli, B, Mohammadian, MA, Rommers, N, and Rössler, R. Focus of attention during ACL injury prevention exercises affects improvements in jump-landing kinematics in soccer players: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res 37(2): 337-342, 2023-Anterior cruciate ligament tears are severe and complex knee injuries that commonly occur in soccer. Prevent injuries enhance performance (PEP) is an exercise-based prevention program to effectively reduce anterior cruciate ligament injuries. It is, however, unclear how the delivery of the program contributes to its effectiveness. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of the focus of attention that was emphasized during the delivery of the PEP program on jump-landing kinematics in male, elite-level, U21 soccer players. Forty-two players participated in this randomized controlled trial and were allocated to (a) the internal focus of attention (IF) group, receiving instructions focusing on the execution of the exercise (b), the external focus of attention (EF) group, receiving instructions focusing on the outcome of the exercise, or (c) the control group. Before and after the 8-week intervention, players performed a jump-landing task during which we measured hip and knee angles at the initial contact, peak knee flexion, and peak vertical ground reaction force using a 3-dimensional motion analyzer. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to compare groups over time. Significant time-by-group interaction effects with large effect sizes were found for hip flexion at all moments (p < 0.032; η2 > 0.15) and for the knee flexion angle at initial contact and maximum knee flexion (p < 0.001; η2 > 0.35), all in favor of the EF group. This shows that EF during PEP improves hip and knee joint kinematics in the sagittal plane more than IF. Therefore, EF during PEP instructions is preferred to increase the effectiveness of this injury prevention program.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Futebol , Humanos , Masculino , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/prevenção & controle , Futebol/lesões , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Articulação do Joelho , Atenção
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(1)2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697113

RESUMO

The following case report outlines the impact of motor tics linked to Tourette's syndrome on dental development and healing following a dental injury to a maxillary central incisor. Emergency care and splinting of a mobile extruded maxillary left central incisor tooth was carried out at the local dentist on the same day as the dental trauma. A subsequent referral was made to the paediatric dental department for continued mobility of the maxillary central incisor on splint removal approximately 2 weeks later. A clinical and radiographic examination revealed shortened root length and apical root blunting associated with both maxillary anterior teeth. Further questioning revealed the likely cause of this to be related to the clenching and biting oral tics which the patient has experienced over the past 4 years. A removable splint has been fabricated for night-time wear and a mouthgaurd has been recommended for use during contact sports. Regular reviews will be conducted using a shared care approach between the patient's local dentist and the paediatric dental department.


Assuntos
Tiques , Avulsão Dentária , Fraturas dos Dentes , Síndrome de Tourette , Criança , Humanos , Tiques/etiologia , Síndrome de Tourette/complicações , Síndrome de Tourette/terapia , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/lesões
12.
Jt Dis Relat Surg ; 34(1): 158-165, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA), N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), and deproteinized calf serum on cartilage healing after the creation of traumatic cartilage injury in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 rats, each weighing an average of 350 g, were randomly separated into four groups of 12. An osteochondral defect was created, 2-mm-wide and 3-mm deep in each rat. Injections were made to the knees of the rats as saline solution in Group 1, deproteinized calf serum in Group 2, NAC in Group 3, and HA in Group 4. At the end of 12 weeks, all rats were sacrificed and tissues were evaluated histologically. RESULTS: The HA group had a better cell morphology, tissue morphology, surface architecture, and vascularity than the other groups (p<0.001). Matrix staining, chondrocyte clustering, and the assessment scores of the mid, deep, superficial zones, and overall were higher in the HA group than in the other groups (p<0.001). The NAC showed a better tissue morphology, cell morphology, and vascularity than the control group (p=0.003, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Hyaluronic acid was the most effective agent in cartilage healing compared to NAC and deproteinized calf serum. In addition, the NAC was more effective compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Ácido Hialurônico , Ratos , Animais , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Acetilcisteína/metabolismo
14.
N Engl J Med ; 388(3): 203-213, 2023 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend low-molecular-weight heparin for thromboprophylaxis in patients with fractures, but trials of its effectiveness as compared with aspirin are lacking. METHODS: In this pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, noninferiority trial, we enrolled patients 18 years of age or older who had a fracture of an extremity (anywhere from hip to midfoot or shoulder to wrist) that had been treated operatively or who had any pelvic or acetabular fracture. Patients were randomly assigned to receive low-molecular-weight heparin (enoxaparin) at a dose of 30 mg twice daily or aspirin at a dose of 81 mg twice daily while they were in the hospital. After hospital discharge, the patients continued to receive thromboprophylaxis according to the clinical protocols of each hospital. The primary outcome was death from any cause at 90 days. Secondary outcomes were nonfatal pulmonary embolism, deep-vein thrombosis, and bleeding complications. RESULTS: A total of 12,211 patients were randomly assigned to receive aspirin (6101 patients) or low-molecular-weight heparin (6110 patients). Patients had a mean (±SD) age of 44.6±17.8 years, 0.7% had a history of venous thromboembolism, and 2.5% had a history of cancer. Patients received a mean of 8.8±10.6 in-hospital thromboprophylaxis doses and were prescribed a median 21-day supply of thromboprophylaxis at discharge. Death occurred in 47 patients (0.78%) in the aspirin group and in 45 patients (0.73%) in the low-molecular-weight-heparin group (difference, 0.05 percentage points; 96.2% confidence interval, -0.27 to 0.38; P<0.001 for a noninferiority margin of 0.75 percentage points). Deep-vein thrombosis occurred in 2.51% of patients in the aspirin group and 1.71% in the low-molecular-weight-heparin group (difference, 0.80 percentage points; 95% CI, 0.28 to 1.31). The incidence of pulmonary embolism (1.49% in each group), bleeding complications, and other serious adverse events were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with extremity fractures that had been treated operatively or with any pelvic or acetabular fracture, thromboprophylaxis with aspirin was noninferior to low-molecular-weight heparin in preventing death and was associated with low incidences of deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and low 90-day mortality. (Funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute; PREVENT CLOT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02984384.).


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Aspirina , Quimioprevenção , Fraturas Ósseas , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Extremidades/lesões , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/mortalidade , Hemorragia/etiologia , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/efeitos adversos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle
15.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 24(1): 4, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are challenging injuries, and there is debate regarding the best method of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2018 and January 2021, a prospective study was conducted on 46 patients with 56 displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures that were treated with minimally invasive fixation using Kirschner wires (KWs) through the sinus tarsi approach. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 22.36 months. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was adopted as a method of clinical evaluation; the mean AOFAS score was 78.4. All cases showed radiographic evidence of adequate healing, with no collapse till the final follow-up. Complications included persistent pain, subtalar arthritis, deep infection and superficial pin site infection. CONCLUSION: The use of the sinus tarsi approach and percutaneous KWs represents a minimally invasive approach which expands the indications of surgery for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with fewer treatment-related complications. Level of evidence (4) case series. Trial registration This study has been approved by the ethical research committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, under the code: 35901/10/22.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Calcâneo , Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Intra-Articulares , Traumatismos do Joelho , Humanos , Fios Ortopédicos , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Calcâneo/lesões , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Calcanhar , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Sports Med ; 51(1): 169-178, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies of lateral ankle sprains in NCAA sports are important in appraising the burden of this injury and informing prevention efforts. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of lateral ankle sprains in NCAA sports during the 2014-15 through 2018-19 seasons. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Injury and exposure information collected within the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) were examined. Counts, rates, and proportions of lateral ankle sprains were used to describe injury incidence by sport, event type (practices, competitions), season segment (preseason, regular season, postseason), injury mechanism (player contact, noncontact, and surface contact, injury history (new, recurrent), and time loss (time loss [≥1 day], non-time loss). Injury rate ratios (IRRs) were used to examine differential injury rates, and injury proportion ratios (IPRs) were used to examine differential distributions. RESULTS: A total of 3910 lateral ankle sprains were reported (4.61 per 10,000 athlete exposures) during the study period, and the overall rate was highest in men's basketball (11.82 per 10,000 athlete exposures). The competition-related injury rate was higher than the practice-related rate (IRR, 3.24; 95% CI, 3.04-3.45), and across season segments, the overall rate was highest in preseason (4.99 per 10,000 athlete exposures). Lateral ankle sprains were most often attributed to player-contact mechanisms in men's (43.2%) and women's sports (35.1%), although injuries were more prevalently attributed to player contact in men's than in women's sports (IPR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.13-1.34). Overall, 49.7% of all lateral ankle sprains were time loss injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study are consistent with previous epidemiological investigations of lateral ankle sprains among NCAA athletes. Results offer additional context on differential injury mechanisms between men's and women's sports and on injury risk across the competitive season. Future research may examine the effectiveness of deploying injury prevention programs before the start of a season.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Traumatismos em Atletas , Basquetebol , Ligamentos Colaterais , Entorses e Distensões , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Entorses e Distensões/epidemiologia , Tornozelo , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/complicações , Universidades , Atletas , Basquetebol/lesões , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/etiologia , Incidência , Ligamentos Colaterais/lesões
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 24(1): 8, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bipolar clavicle injury is a rare injury involving any combination of dislocation and/or fracture at both ends of the clavicle. Most reports of bipolar clavicle injury have been based on a single case, and treatment of this injury remains controversial. The present study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of surgical management with internal plating for bipolar clavicle injuries. METHODS: We performed internal plating to treat seven consecutive bipolar clavicle injuries with different injury patterns from May 2013 to June 2021. A clavicle hook plate was used for five sternoclavicular joint injuries (including a revision surgery) and three acromioclavicular joint dislocations, a T plate was used for one sternoclavicular joint injury, and an anatomic plate was used for one distal clavicle fracture. At follow-up, radiographs were assessed for bone alignment, joint congruity, fracture union or malunion, and implant failure or migration. Clinical evaluation included determination of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score; Constant-Murley score; visual analog scale (VAS) score; and complications. RESULTS: The patients were regularly followed up after the operation, and functional parameters were assessed over time. At a mean follow-up of 28.1 ± 22.0 months, each fracture had solid bone union, and each dislocation showed no sign of recurrent instability. The mean shoulder forward flexion was 159.3° ± 7.9°, and the mean DASH score was 8.8 ± 5.1. The mean Constant-Murley score was 88.9 ± 7.9, with six cases assessed as excellent and one case assessed as good. The mean VAS score was 1.0 ± 1.5, and the mean patient satisfaction score was 9.3 ± 0.8. No complications occurred, and each patient was able to resume their preinjury daily activity and was highly satisfied with their treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, internal plating for bipolar clavicle injury allowed early mobilization and resulted in good joint function. We recommend fixation of the more severely affected side first because the other side may be passively reduced and acquire stability once the more severely affected side has been fixed. Internal fixation of the other end may therefore be unnecessary unless residual instability exists.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Luxações Articulares , Luxação do Ombro , Humanos , Clavícula/diagnóstico por imagem , Clavícula/cirurgia , Clavícula/lesões , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clin Ter ; 174(1): 97-108, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655652

RESUMO

Background: The diagnosis of neck lesions remains a medico-legal diagnostic challenge because of the complexity of the anatomical relationship of the neck's organs and their anthropometric morphological variability. We compared the multidisciplinary approach using autopsy and postmortem computed tomography (PMCT), postmortem fine preparation (PMFP), postmortem micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), and postmortem magnetic resonance (PMMR) with the performance of a single diagnostic method among them evaluating the significance of different results. The multidisciplinary approach significantly reduced the number of unidentified neck lesions. The analysis demonstrates the need to better define the scan protocols and compose forensic guidelines for radiological application. The results of this study point out the need to compare the different diagnostic approaches in deceased subjects to better define the radiological scan protocol based on a multidisciplinary approach, including autopsy and radiological methods and the radiological scan protocols. Methods: We performed a systematic electronic search of retrospective scientific articles in PubMed, the Scopus database, and the Cochrane Library. The following combinations of words were used: "hyoid fracture"; "comparison between PMCT AND autopsy"; "hyoid fracture PMCT AND autopsy"; "hyoid bone fracture AND forensic imaging"; "hyoid fracture AND PMCT"; "neck fracture PMCT AND autopsy"; "laryngohyoid lesions"; "postmortem CT AND autopsy in strangulation"; "postmortem AND strangulation Signs "; "strangulation virtopsy"; and "strangulation AND MRI". We selected 16 articles that were published between March 2003 and June 2020. We conducted a meta-analysis with R software to evaluate the rates. We obtained related confidence intervals and a forest plot. Results: Thyroid cartilage damages were significantly more common than hyoid bone fractures (61.7% vs 42.2%) in a sample of 128 subjects. The synergic uses of autopsy/PMCT, autopsy/PMFP, autopsy/microCT, and autopsy/PMMR revealed significantly higher rates than a single investigation. We analyzed the PMCT scan data. The scan parameters evaluated were as follows: row, scan sample, reconstruction, kernel, slice thickness, kVp, and mAs. A lack of uniformity in the application of the protocol was observed. Conclusion: Further studies are needed to better define the radiological scan protocols and to draw guidelines to identify the appropriate radiological methods in relation to the specific case.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Lesões do Pescoço , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cartilagem Tireóidea/lesões , Cartilagem Tireóidea/patologia , Fraturas Ósseas/patologia , Autopsia/métodos , Lesões do Pescoço/patologia
19.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 56, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinopelvic dissociation (SPD) is generally caused by high-energy injury mechanisms, and, in the absence of timely diagnosis and treatment, it can lead to chronic pain and progressive deformity. However, SPD is difficult to manage because of its rarity and complexity. In this study, we re-defined SPD according to the mechanism of injuries and biomechanical characteristics of the posterior pelvic ring and developed new classification criteria and treatment principles based on the classification for SPD. METHODS: Between June 2015 and September 2020, 30 patients with SPD which were selected from 138 patients with pelvic fractures were enrolled. Physical examination was performed, classification criteria (301 SPD classification) were developed, and specific treatment standards were established according to the classifications. RESULTS: The injury mechanisms and co-existing injuries did not significantly differ between the classical SPD patients and expanded SPD patients. The 301 SPD classification criteria covered all the patients. Fixation by biplanar penetration screws was used in 7 patients, 11 patients received fixation by uniplanar penetration screws, 6 patients used sacroiliac compression screws, 3 patients received uniplanar screws combined with sacroiliac compression screws, and open spondylopelvic fixation was used in only 3 patients. According to the Matta criteria, 19, 7, and 4 patients achieved excellent, good, and fair reduction. The Majeed function score of the patients ranged from 9 to 96 points, and the mean score was 72.9 ± 24.6 points. CONCLUSION: The expanded definition for SPD is particularly significant for definite diagnosis and prevention of missing diagnosis, based on which the 301SPD classification criteria can more systemically guide the clinical treatment of SPD, increase the treatment efficacy, and reduce surgical trauma. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-IPR-16009340.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Humanos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Pelve , Exame Físico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 103(4): 287-290, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660790

RESUMO

The clinical data of 20 patients with blunt high-grade pancreatic trauma who were admitted to the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery of Changhai Hospital Affiliated to Naval Military Medical University from December 2003 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 5 females with a median age of 39 years (range: 14-54 years). The degree of pancreatic injury was graded according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) scale, including 10 cases of grade Ⅲ (50%), 8 cases of grade Ⅳ (40%), and 2 cases of grade Ⅴ (10%). Then, the strategy of diagnosis and treatment for blunt high-grade pancreatic trauma was summarized. The diagnostic rate of CT was 78.9%. Finally, 17 cases (85%) were cured and 3 cases (15%) died. Among the 10 patients with grade Ⅲ pancreatic injury, 7 cases received distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy, 1 case received distal pancreatectomy with spleen preserved, 1 case received pancreatic duct stent placement under endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD), and 1 case received only PCD. Among 8 cases of grade Ⅳ, 3 cases underwent Roux-en-Y pancreaticojejunostomy, 1 case received distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy, 1 case underwent distal pancreatectomy with spleen preserved, 2 cases received necrotic tissue removal+external drainage of pancreatic duct+abdominal drainage, and 1 case received exploratory laparotomy and gauze packing hemostasis. For 2 cases of grade Ⅴ, 1 underwent pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, and the other case underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with right hemicolectomy and splenectomy. Therefore, the treatment of blunt high-grade pancreatic trauma should follow the individualized treatment strategy, pay attention to the control of bleeding, extensive external drainage, appropriate debridement and resection and rational application of damage control surgery, select appropriate patients for conservative treatment, and ultimately benefit the patient.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pâncreas/lesões , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia
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