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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252555, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364519

RESUMO

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P<0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P<0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activit.


O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P<0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P<0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.


Assuntos
Coelhos , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Óleo de Palmeira , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fígado
2.
Behav Brain Res ; 437: 114126, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36167216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelets seem to reflect the Alzheimer's disease (AD) associated either with vascular impairment or disease. This study aimed to compare the circulating levels of VEGF and platelets between AD patients and healthy older adults. METHODS: Seventy-two older adults, divided in 40 older adults (Clinical Dementia Rating Scale - CDR = 0); and 32 Alzheimer's disease patients (clinically diagnosed - CRD = 1) participated in the present study. The groups were paired by sex, age, comorbidities and educational level. The primary outcomes included circulating plasma VEGF and platelet levels obtained by blood collection. RESULTS: The VEGF levels were significantly different between the groups (p = 0.03), with having a large effect size ( η2 =18.15), in which the AD patients presented lower levels compared to healthy older adults. For platelets, the comparison showed a tendency to difference (p = 0.06), with a large effect size (η2 =12.95) between the groups. CONCLUSION: The VEGF levels and the platelet numbers were reduced in AD patients, suggesting that angiogenic factors could be modified due to AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Idoso , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurodegeneration and astrocytic activation are pathologic hallmarks of progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and can be quantified by serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (sGFAP). We investigated sNfL and sGFAP as tools for stratifying patients with progressive MS based on progression and disease activity status. METHODS: We leveraged our Comprehensive Longitudinal Investigation of MS at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB) natural history study, which includes clinical, MRI data and serum samples collected over more than 20 years. We included patients with MS with a confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score ≥3 that corresponds with our classifier for patients at high risk of underlying progressive pathology. We analyzed sNfL and sGFAP within 6 months from the confirmed EDSS score ≥3 corresponding with our baseline visit. Patients who further developed 6-month confirmed disability progression (6mCDP) were classified as progressors. We further stratified our patients into active/nonactive based on new brain/spinal cord lesions or relapses in the 2 years before baseline or during follow-up. Statistical analysis on log-transformed sGFAP/sNfL assessed the baseline association with demographic, clinical, and MRI features and associations with future disability. RESULTS: We included 257 patients with MS who had an average EDSS score of 4.0 and a median follow-up after baseline of 7.6 years. sNfL was higher in patients with disease activity in the 2 years before baseline (adjusted ß = 1.21; 95% CI 1.04-1.42; p = 0.016), during the first 2 years of follow-up (adjusted ß = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.01-1.36; p = 0.042). sGFAP was not increased in the presence of disease activity. Higher sGFAP levels, but not sNfL levels, were associated with higher risk of 6mCDP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.71; 95% CI = 1.19-2.45; p = 0.004). The association was stronger in patients with low sNfL (adjusted HR = 2.44; 95% CI 1.32-4.52; p = 0.005) and patients who were nonactive in the 2 years prior or after the sample. DISCUSSION: Higher levels of sGFAP correlated with subsequent progression, particularly in nonactive patients, whereas sNfL reflected acute disease activity in patients with MS at high risk of underlying progressive pathology. Thus, sGFAP and sNfL levels may be used to stratify patients with progressive MS for clinical research studies and clinical trials and may inform clinical care.


Assuntos
Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/sangue , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/sangue
4.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 605-609, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has an important role in neurons and is closely associated with psychiatric disorders. The development of bipolar disorder (BD) may differ between genders. Existing studies have shown that plasma GDNF levels are altered in patients with BD. In this study, we investigate whether the GDNF levels in patients with BD differ in terms of gender. METHODS: Participants were divided into the BD group (n = 76, with 26 males and 50 females) and healthy control (HC) group (n = 89, with 35 males and 54 females). Plasma GDNF levels were detected via multifactor assay. Clinical symptoms of patients with BD were collected and assessed using the Hamilton Depression-17 Inventory, Hamilton Anxiety-17 Inventory, Young's Mania Rating Scale, and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. RESULTS: The GDNF levels were significantly higher in all participants in the HC group (F = 4.262, p < 0.05) compared with those in the BD group. In the HC group, the males (t = 4.814, p < 0.001) presented significantly higher levels than the females. The plasma GDNF levels in males in the BD group (t = 3.022, p < 0.05) were significantly lower than those in males in the HC group. CONCLUSION: Differences in plasma GDNF levels are associated with the gender of patients with BD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado de Linhagem de Célula Glial/sangue , Caracteres Sexuais
5.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 647-655, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a recurrent disorder that incurs a high societal burden. However, the etiology of MDD remains unclear. The functioning of several systems associated with the etiopathogenesis of MDD, such as inflammatory and stress systems, is partially modulated by the dipeptide carnosine. METHODS: The study comprised 99 MDD patients and 253 non-depressed controls aged 20-71 years. Fasting serum samples were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry to determine the serum levels of carnosine and its constituent, histidine. We compared these metabolites in three different settings: 1) MDD patients vs. non-depressed controls and 2) remitted vs. non-remitted MDD patients, as well as 3) changes in the metabolite levels during the follow-up period within a) the remitted group and b) the non-remitted group. In addition, we assessed the possible effect of medications on the measured metabolites. RESULTS: We observed higher serum levels of carnosine in the MDD group compared to the control group at baseline (OR = 1.895, 95%CI = 1.223-2.937, p = 0.004). Elevated serum levels of carnosine were also associated with a longer duration of the depressive episode (Z = 0.406, p = 0.001). However, the use of any antipsychotic medication (n = 36) was associated with lowered carnosine levels (p = 0.010 for use vs. non-use). At the follow-up, remitted and non-remitted participants displayed no significant differences in their carnosine levels (Z = -0.14, p = 0.891) or histidine (Z = -1.39 p = 0.164). CONCLUSIONS: An increase in circulating carnosine may characterize depressive episodes and may represent a protective homeostatic reaction against MDD-related oxidative stress and inflammation.


Assuntos
Carnosina , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Carnosina/sangue , Histidina/sangue
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 775-777, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376766

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction This paper studies physiological and biochemical indicators in the systematic training of sprinters. This paper analyzes the data measured during the athletes' training process and studies the detailed data of their physical functions. Objective This study aimed to find a link between exercise data and biochemical indicator data in sprinter athletes. By analyzing the data from this article, the researchers were able to find the optimal training program for the athletes. Methods High-intensity aerobic training tests were performed with statistical analysis of various physiological and biochemical indicators. Results Hemoglobin data were shown to be highly sensitive to intensity. The researchers found that long-term high-load training in athletes can lead to physical fatigue. This fatigue production is positively correlated with the intensity of the training load. Conclusion There is a strong positive correlation between biochemical and physiological indicators on performance levels in sprinter athletes. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução Este artigo estuda o monitoramento de indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos no treino sistemático de velocistas. Este documento analisa os dados medidos durante o processo de treino das atletas e estuda os dados detalhados de suas funções físicas. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi encontrar uma ligação entre os dados de exercício e os dados de indicadores bioquímicos nas atletas velocistas. Ao analisar as informações deste artigo, os pesquisadores conseguiram encontrar um programa de treino ideal para as atletas. Métodos Foram empegadas experiências de treino aeróbico de alta intensidade, com análise estatística de vários indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos. Resultados Os dados de hemoglobina mostraram-se altamente sensíveis à intensidade. Os pesquisadores descobriram que o treino a longo prazo de alta carga em atletas pode acarretar numa fadiga física. Essa produção de fadiga está positivamente correlacionada com a intensidade da carga de treino. Conclusão Há uma forte correlação positiva entre indicadores bioquímicos e fisiológicos nos níveis de desempenho em atletas velocistas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción Este trabajo estudia el seguimiento de los indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos en el entrenamiento sistemático de los velocistas. Este artículo analiza los datos medidos durante el proceso de entrenamiento de los atletas y estudia los datos detallados de sus funciones físicas. Objetivo El objetivo de este estudio fue encontrar una relación entre los datos del ejercicio y los datos de los indicadores bioquímicos en los atletas velocistas. Al analizar las informaciones de este artículo, los investigadores pudieron encontrar un programa de entrenamiento óptimo para los atletas. Métodos Se realizaron pruebas de entrenamiento aeróbico de alta intensidad con análisis estadístico de varios indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos. Resultados Los datos de la hemoglobina se mostraron muy sensibles a la intensidad. Los investigadores descubrieron que el entrenamiento de alta carga a largo plazo en los atletas puede conducir a la fatiga física. Esta producción de fatiga está positivamente correlacionada con la intensidad de la carga de entrenamiento. Conclusión Existe una fuerte correlación positiva entre los indicadores bioquímicos y fisiológicos en los niveles de rendimiento de los atletas velocistas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Corrida/fisiologia , Atletas , Treino Aeróbico , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Testosterona/sangue , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Radioimunoensaio
10.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 3189-3200, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369824

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In order to identify therapeutic targets in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is important to identify molecules involved in the biological responses that are modulated in COVID-19. Lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) are involved in the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis are one of the candidate molecules. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the serum levels of autotaxin (ATX), which are enzymes involved in the synthesis of lysophosphatidic acids. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 134 subjects with COVID-19 and 58 normal healthy subjects for the study. We measured serum ATX levels longitudinally in COVID-19 patients and investigated the time course and the association with severity and clinical parameters. RESULTS: The serum ATX levels were reduced in all patients with COVID-19, irrespective of the disease severity, and were negatively associated with the serum CRP, D-dimer, and anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody levels. DISCUSSION: Considering the biological properties of LPAs in the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis, modulation of ATX might be compensatory biological responses to suppress immunological overreaction especially in the lung, which is an important underlying mechanism for the mortality of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 patients showed a decrease in the serum levels of ATX, irrespective of the disease severity. Key MessagesAutotaxin (ATX) is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which has been reported to be involved in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. Patients with COVID-19 show decrease in the serum levels of ATX. Modulation of ATX might be compensatory biological responses to suppress immunological overreaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases , Humanos , COVID-19/sangue , Fibrose , Pulmão , Lisofosfolipídeos , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/sangue , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(21): 7955-7959, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the correlation between risk factors of postmenopausal osteoporotic fracture, BMD and Bone turnover markers, lipid metabolism and BMI. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Cox proportional hazard model was used to conduct univariate and multivariate analysis to screen the risk factors related to postmenopausal osteoporotic fractures. Blood samples were collected to detect biochemical markers of bone turnover, blood lipids content, and then measure the BMI of the survey subjects. BMD was measured and its correlation with biochemical markers of bone turnover, lipid metabolism and BMI was analyzed. RESULTS: Cox univariate analysis indicated that average age, menopause, years since menopause, number of deliveries, and limb spasm are associated covariates of postmenopausal osteoporotic fractures. Where, BMD severity, history of hysterectomy or ovariectomy, and years since menopause are significant covariates for the incidence of postmenopausal osteoporotic fractures. The correlation study with lipid metabolism found that the smaller the BMI value, the greater the BMD loss; the smaller the TG value, the greater the BMD loss, exhibiting a downward trend. No difference was observed between HDL-C and LDL-C content, and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Femoral neck BMD was negatively correlated with CatheK, serum osteocalcin, PINP, ß-crosslaps and TRAP, and lumbar spine BMD was also negatively correlated with CatheK, serum osteocalcin, PINP, ß-crosslaps and TRAP. CONCLUSIONS: Biochemical markers of bone turnover are highly expressed in postmenopausal women and increase with the decrease of bone density, which can be used as markers for disease prediction. Combined with BMI, triglyceride and other related indicators, and closely related factors such as the patient's age, the number of deliveries, it is possible to predict the incidence of PMOP fractures early.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Feminino , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Índice de Massa Corporal , Correlação de Dados , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Osteocalcina , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa , Fatores de Risco , Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário/sangue
12.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 55: e12320, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383803

RESUMO

This study explored the correlation between interleukins (IL)-12, IL-18, and IL-21 and the viral load in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). A total of 142 patients were consecutively enrolled. All were hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive for >6 months and did not receive drug therapy. An ELISA kit was used to test the IL-12, IL-18, IL-21, and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) levels in serum samples from chronic HBV patients and healthy control groups. The amounts of IL-12 and IL-18 were highest in the 5-6log10 (high viral load) group, while IL-21 was highest in the 3-4log10 (low viral load) group. Also, the IL-21 amount was decreased in the HBsAg+/HBeAg/HBcAb+ group, and IL-12, IL-18, and IL-21 were decreased in the normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) group compared to the abnormal ALT group. These data suggested that IL-12, IL-18, and IL-21 serum levels were positively correlated with disease progression and could reflect disease severity for different HBV-DNA loads. Detection of IL-12, IL-18, and IL-21 levels was found to be helpful for evaluating the degree of liver cell damage and predicting the progression of hepatitis.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Interleucinas , Carga Viral , Humanos , Acetilcolinesterase , Alanina Transaminase , DNA Viral , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Interleucina-12/sangue , Interleucina-18/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19685, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385629

RESUMO

This is the first study to analyze the association of accelerometer-measured patterns of habitual physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with serum BDNF in individuals with coronary heart disease. A total of 30 individuals (M = 69.5 years; 80% men) participated in this pre-post study that aimed to test a multi-behavioral intervention. All participants underwent standardized measurement of anthropometric variables, blood collection, self-administered survey, and accelerometer-based measurement of PA and SB over seven days. Serum BDNF concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. We applied separate multiple linear regression analysis to estimate the associations of baseline SB pattern measures, light and moderate-to-vigorous PA with serum BDNF (n = 29). Participants spent 508.7 ± 76.5 min/d in SB, 258.5 ± 71.2 min/d in light PA, and 21.2 ± 15.2 min/d in moderate-to-vigorous PA. Per day, individuals had 15.5 ± 3.2 numbers of 10-to-30 min bouts of SB (average length: 22.2 ± 2.1 min) and 3.4 ± 1.2 numbers of > 30 min bouts of SB (average length: 43.8 ± 2.4 min). Regression analysis revealed no significant associations between any of the accelerometer-based measures and serum BDNF. The findings of this study did not reveal an association of accelerometer-measured PA and SB pattern variables with serum BDNF in individuals with coronary heart disease. In addition, our data revealed a considerable variation of PA and SB which should be considered in future studies.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Doença das Coronárias , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Acelerometria , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Idoso
14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1018657, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387870

RESUMO

Objectives: Recent studies found that secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine-like protein 1 (Sparcl1) could inhibit lipid droplets accumulation by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) signal pathway. However, the associations of serum Sparcl1 level with lipids profiles and other metabolic phenotypes remain unknown in human population study. Methods: We determined serum Sparcl1 using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays among 1750 adults aged 40 years and older from a community in Shanghai, China. Generalized linear regression models were used to evaluate the association between Sparcl1 and metabolic measures. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship of serum Sparcl1 with prevalent dyslipidemia. Results: With the increment of serum Sparcl1, participants tended to have lower level of triglycerides, and higher level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (all P for trend < 0.01). No significant associations between serum Sparcl1 and glucose, blood pressure, or body size were observed. The generalized linear regression models suggested that per standard deviation (SD) increment of serum Sparcl1 was significantly inversely associated with triglycerides (ß= -0.06, P=0.02). The prevalence of dyslipidemia decreased across the sparcl1 quartiles (P for trend <0.01). After controlling the potential confounders, participants in the highest quartile of sparcl1 concentration had the lowest prevalence of dyslipidemia (odds ratio [OR], 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52-0.91), compared with the lowest quartile. Per SD increment of Sparcl1 was associated with 20% (OR, 0.80; 95%CI, 0.69-0.94) lower prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and 12% (OR, 0.88; 95%CI, 0.79-0.97) lower prevalence of dyslipidemia. The association between serum Sparcl1 and dyslipidemia were generally consistent across subgroups (all P for interaction > 0.05). Conclusion: Serum Sparcl1 was significantly associated with decreased risk of prevalent dyslipidemia in Chinese population. Further studies are warranted to confirm this association.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Dislipidemias , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/sangue , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/sangue
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1048337, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387880

RESUMO

Objective: Abnormal levels of blood cytokines have been demonstrated to be associated with both excess weight and major depressive disorder (MDD). However, few studies have addressed the direct effect of body mass index (BMI) on basal serum cytokines in individuals with first-episode drug-naïve MDD. Methods: A total of 49 patients with first-episode drug-naïve MDD were categorized into normal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2) and overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2) groups according to WHO-criteria. The severity of depressive symptoms was assessed using the 24-items Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24). A total of 37 cytokines were measured using Multiplex Luminex Assays. The scores of HAMD-24 and the levels of serum cytokines between normal weight group and overweight group were compared. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between abnormal serum cytokines levels and group after adjusting for HAMD-24 scores. The correlation between BMI and the scores of HAMD-24 and the levels of serum cytokines was evaluated using Pearson correlation analysis. Results: The scores of HAMD-24 in overweight group were significantly higher than normal weight group (t = -2.930, P = 0.005). Moreover, the levels of IL-1α, IL-1RA, IL-3, CXCL10, TNF-α, and ICAM-1 in overweight patients with MDD were significantly higher than those in normal-weight patients with MDD (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, after adjustment for HAMD-24 scores, there was a significant correlation between abnormal serum cytokines levels (IL-1α, IL-1RA, IL-3, CXCL10, TNF-α, and ICAM-1) and group (all P < 0.05). Additionally, BMI was positively correlated to the serum levels of IL-1α (r = 0.428, P = 0.002), IL-3 (r = 0.529, P < 0.001), IL-6 (r = 0.285, P = 0.050), IL-10 (r = 0.423, P = 0.003), IL-12 (r = 0.367, P = 0.010), IL-15 (r = 0.300, P = 0.036), CXCL10 (r = 0.316, P = 0.030), TNF-α (r = 0.338, P = 0.021), and ICAM-1 (r = 0.440, P = 0.002) in MDD patients. Conclusions: These results provide direct evidence, probably for the first time, that overweight may be associated with several serum cytokines in patients with first-episode drug-naïve MDD. The underlying mechanisms are unclear and require further investigation.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/complicações , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1 , Interleucina-3 , Sobrepeso/complicações , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Citocinas/sangue
16.
Cells ; 11(21)2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36359763

RESUMO

(1) Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and deoxyribonuclease (DNase) as surrogate parameters for accumulating inflammatory hazards are insufficiently studied in resuscitation research. (2) Blood samples of 76 individuals after CA were analyzed 24 and 96 h after ICU admission. Plasma levels of dsDNA, interleukin-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and activity of DNase were assessed along with baseline characteristics, intensive care measures, and outcome data. DsDNA/DNase ratio was used as main prognostication parameter. After calculating an optimal empirical cut-off for outcome prediction (death or Cerebral Performance Category ≥3 at 6 months), multivariable logistic regression was applied. (3) Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.65 (95% CI 0.50-0.79) was found for dsDNA/DNase after 24 h versus 0.83 (95% CI 0.73-0.92) after 96 h (p = 0.03). The empirical cut-off for dsDNA/DNase ratio after 96 h was 149.97 (Youden). DsDNA/DNase ratio was associated with unfavorable outcome at six months (aOR 1.006, 95% CI 1.0017-1.0094, p = 0.005). In multivariable analysis, the association of dsDNA/DNase ratio independently predicted outcome as a continuous variable (aOR 1.004, 95% CI 1.0004-1.0079, p = 0.029) after adjusting for potential confounders. (4) DsDNA/DNase ratio at 96 h demonstrates good predictive performance for estimating outcome after CA.


Assuntos
DNA , Desoxirribonucleases , Parada Cardíaca , Humanos , Desoxirribonucleases/sangue , Desoxirribonucleases/química , DNA/sangue , DNA/química , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ressuscitação , Prognóstico
17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 636(Pt 1): 1-9, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332469

RESUMO

Dyslipidemia and inflammation have great roles in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural triterpenoid that possesses multiple pharmacological properties including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory and hypoglycemia. In the present study, the effects of OA on diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and its underlying mechanisms were investigated in DKD rats. Twenty-five of a total thirty-five male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used to establish for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) model by high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin (STZ). Then rats were randomly assigned into four group: control group (n = 10), T2DM group (n = 9), OA (50 mg/kg) group (n = 7), OA (100 mg/kg) group (n = 8). Rats were sacrificed at the end of 18 weeks after feeding by intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital sodium. Body weight (BW), fasting blood glucose (FBG), kidney weight (KW), serum lipid, 24-h urinary microalbumin (UMA), serum creatinine (Scr) and uric acid (UA) were measured. Histopathological changes were observed by PAS staining and electron microscope. The expressions of nephrin, CD68, Collagen-IV, AMPK, p-AMPK, PGC-1α, TLR4, NF-κB and TGF-ß1 in kidney were also detected by immunohistochemistry or western blot. OA significantly decreased the levels of FBG, kidney index (KI), serum lipid levels, 24 h UMA, Scr, UA in diabetic rats. Additionally, OA obviously attenuated renal lipid accumulation and renal structure abnormalities in diabetic rats. Furthermore, the expression levels of nephrin, p-AMPK/AMPK, PGC-1α were elevated, while CD68, Collagen-IV, TLR4, NF-κB and TGF-ß1 expressions were decreased in renal tissues of OA treated diabetic rats. OA showed dose-independent. OA can alleviate renal injury in diabetic rats through improving lipid metabolism and inflammation via AMPK/PGC-1α and TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Ácido Oleanólico , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Lipídeos/sangue , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 846, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: African countries stand out globally as the region seemingly least affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. Besides a younger population and potential pre-existing immunity to a SARS-CoV-2-like virus, it has been hypothesized that co-infection or recent history of Plasmodium falciparum malaria may be protective of COVID-19 severity and mortality. The number of COVID-19 cases and deaths, however, may be vastly undercounted. Very little is known about the extent to which the Tanzanian population has been exposed to SARS-CoV-2. Here, we investigated the seroprevalence of IgG to SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in two Tanzanian rural communities 1½ years into the pandemic and the association of coinciding malaria infection and exposure. METHODS: During a malariometric survey in July 2021 in two villages in north-eastern Tanzania, blood samples were taken from 501 participants (0-19 years old). Malaria was detected by mRDT and microscopy. Levels of IgG against the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 were measured by ELISA as well as IgG against five different antigens of P. falciparum; CIDRα1.1, CIDRα1.4 and CIDRα1.5 of PfEMP1 and GLURP and MSP3. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 IgG was 39.7% (106/267) in Kwamasimba and 32.5% (76/234) in Mkokola. In both villages the odds of being seropositive increased significantly with age (AOR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.07-1.17, p < 0.001). P. falciparum malaria prevalence by blood smear microscopy was 7.9% in Kwamasimba and 2.1% in Mkokola. 81.3% and 70.5% in Kwamasimba and Mkokola, respectively, showed recognition of minimum one malaria antigen. Residing in Kwamasimba was associated with a broader recognition (AOR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.34-2.71, p < 0.001). The recognition of malaria antigens increased significantly with age in both villages (AOR = 1.12; 95% CI 1.08-1.16, p < 0.001). Being SARS-CoV-2 seropositive did not associate with the breadth of malaria antigen recognition when adjusting for age (AOR = 0.99; 95% CI 0.83-1.18; p = 0.91). CONCLUSION: More than a third of the children and adolescents in two rural communities in Tanzania had antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. In particular, the adolescents were seropositive but being seropositive did not associate with the status of coinciding malaria infections or previous exposure. In Tanzania, natural immunity may have developed fast, potentially protecting a substantial part of the population from later variants.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19 , Malária Falciparum , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Adulto Jovem , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Antígenos de Protozoários , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulina G , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Tanzânia/epidemiologia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362022

RESUMO

The most frequently used biomarkers to support the diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) are Aß42, total-Tau, and phospho-tau protein levels in CSF. Moreover, magnetic resonance imaging is used to assess hippocampal atrophy, 18F-FDG PET to identify abnormal brain metabolism, and PET imaging for amyloid deposition. These tests are rather complex and invasive and not easily applicable to clinical practice. Circulating non-coding RNAs, which are inherently stable and easy to manage, have been reported as promising biomarkers for central nervous system conditions. Recently, circular RNAs (circRNAs) as a novel class of ncRNAs have gained attention. We carried out a pilot study on five participants with AD and five healthy controls (HC) investigating circRNAs by Arraystar Human Circular RNA Microarray V2.0. Among them, 26 circRNAs were differentially expressed (FC ≥ 1.5, p < 0.05) in participants with AD compared to HC. From a top 10 of differentially expressed circRNAs, a validation study was carried out on four up-regulated (hsa_circRNA_050263, hsa_circRNA_403959, hsa_circRNA_003022, hsa_circRNA_100837) and two down-regulated (hsa_circRNA_102049, hsa_circRNA_102619) circRNAs in a larger population. Moreover, five subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were investigated. The analysis confirmed the upregulation of hsa_circRNA_050263, hsa_circRNA_403959, and hsa_circRNA_003022 both in subjects with AD and in MCI compared to HCs. We also investigated all microRNAs potentially interacting with the studied circRNAs. The GO enrichment analysis shows they are involved in the development of the nervous system, and in the cellular response to nerve growth factor stimuli, protein phosphorylation, apoptotic processes, and inflammation pathways, all of which are processes related to the pathology of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , MicroRNAs , RNA Circular , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Biomarcadores , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Projetos Piloto , RNA/genética , RNA Circular/sangue , RNA Circular/genética , RNA não Traduzido
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20048, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414650

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) can be asymptomatic or lead to a wide symptom spectrum, including multi-organ damage and death. Here, we explored the potential of microRNAs in delineating patient condition and predicting clinical outcome. Plasma microRNA profiling of hospitalized COVID-19 patients showed that miR-144-3p was dynamically regulated in response to COVID-19. Thus, we further investigated the biomarker potential of miR-144-3p measured at admission in 179 COVID-19 patients and 29 healthy controls recruited in three centers. In hospitalized patients, circulating miR-144-3p levels discriminated between non-critical and critical illness (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.71; p = 0.0006), acting also as mortality predictor (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.67; p = 0.004). In non-hospitalized patients, plasma miR-144-3p levels discriminated mild from moderate disease (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.67; p = 0.03). Uncontrolled release of pro-inflammatory cytokines can lead to clinical deterioration. Thus, we explored the added value of a miR-144/cytokine combined analysis in the assessment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. A miR-144-3p/Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) combined score discriminated between non-critical and critical hospitalized patients (AUCmiR-144-3p/EGF = 0.81; p < 0.0001); moreover, a miR-144-3p/Interleukin-10 (IL-10) score discriminated survivors from nonsurvivors (AUCmiR-144-3p/IL-10 = 0.83; p < 0.0001). In conclusion, circulating miR-144-3p, possibly in combination with IL-10 or EGF, emerges as a noninvasive tool for early risk-based stratification and mortality prediction in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Interleucina-10 , MicroRNAs/sangue
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