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1.
Masferrer investiga ; 1(12): 42-51, 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas, VETINDEX, Redbvs, MedCarib, CUMED, BINACIS, REPincaP, CEDOF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1368664

RESUMEN

Esta investigación presenta evidencias de la validación del esquema de neutralización de la prueba microbiológica para la determinación de microorganismos específicos tales como: Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa y Staphylococcus aureus. El esquema sigue las pautas establecidas en el Formulario Nacional de la Farmacopea de los Estados Unidos de América, NF 2021. Como primer punto, se efectúa la prueba de aptitud del método, verificando experimentalmente si se logra una buena neutralización por alguno de los siguientes medios: aumento del volumen del diluyente, incorporación de agentes neutralizantes, filtración por membranas, o una combinación de todos los anteriores. Al encontrar resultados satisfactorios en la prueba de aptitud, se realiza la validación del esquema de neutralización, para ello se emplea el análisis estadístico ANOVA. Los datos obtenidos son analizados según especificaciones establecidas, se reflejan en el informe de validación que muestra el resultado final del estudio, y la verificación de que el método propuesto es adecuado para el uso previsto.


This research presents evidence of the validation of the neutralization scheme of the microbiological test for the determination of specific microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The scheme follows the guidelines established in the National Form of the Pharmacopeia of the United States of America, NF 2021. As a first point, the aptitude test of the method was carried out, experimentally verifying if a good neutralization is achieved by any of the following means: increase in volume of diluent, incorporation of neutralizing agents, membrane filtration or a combination of all of the above. Upon finding satisfactory results in the aptitude test, the validation of the neutralization scheme is carried out, for this, the statistical analysis ANOVA is used. The data obtained are analyzed according to established specifications, are reflected in the validation report that shows the result of the study, and the verification that the proposed method is suitable for the intended use.


Asunto(s)
Estudio de Validación , Salmonella , Colifagos , Antiinfecciosos
2.
Masferrer investiga ; 1(12): 2-17, 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas, VETINDEX, Redbvs, MedCarib, CUMED, BINACIS, REPincaP, CEDOF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1368666

RESUMEN

El gato doméstico (Felis catus) se ha convertido en una de las alternativas más comunes como mascota de muchos de los hogares salvadoreños y su popularidad va creciendo cada vez más, con ello también las enfermedades que estos animales padecen, relacionadas a la falta de cuidados básicos y de un control veterinario periódico; en este sentido podemos hablar de Leucemia felina (FeLV) y el Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia felina (FIV) como las principales afectaciones virales que estos animales sufren en todo el mundo y que requieren de una especial atención; por lo que desde un punto de vista epidemiológico se presentan los indicadores de estas enfermedades en un grupo de gatos domésticos del área urbana del municipio de Soyapango, mediante una investigación de tipo exploratoria correlacional donde se midieron las variables de factores de riesgos como el estado reproductivo, presencia de signos de pelea y/o enfermedad y los resultados de las pruebas de Inmunocromatografía para FeLV y FIV en cuyos resultados se obtuvo que nueve pruebas de gatos no castrados o esterilizados resultaron positivas a Leucemia felina, de los cuales 4 fueron gatos machos y 5 hembras. Por otra parte, ninguna de las muestras fue positiva a Sida felino. A lo que podemos concluir que el 53% fueron positivos a FeLV y que existe una correlación estadística positiva entre la positividad a FeLV y la condición reproductiva (entero o castrado) del felino, además que existe asociación entre el sexo (hembra) y la obtención del resultado positivo a las pruebas de FeLV


The domestic cat (Felis catus) has become one of the most common pet alternatives in many of the Salvadoran households. Its popularity is growing more and more, and with it the diseases that these animals suffer, especially those related to the lack of basic care and periodic veterinary control. In this sense, we can speak of Feline Leukemia (FeLV) and Feline Immunodeficiency Syndrome (FIV) as the main viral affectations that these animals suffer throughout the world and that require special attention. Therefore, from an epidemiological point of view, the indicators of these diseases presented in a group of domestic cats in the Soyapango area. Through an exploratory, correlational investigation where the variables of risk factors such as reproductive status, presence of signs of fight and / or disease and the results of the Immunochromatography tests for FeLV and FIV. Which result it obtained that nine tests of non-neutered or spayed cats were positive for feline leukemia, of which four were male cats and five were female. On the other hand, none of the samples was positive for FIV. To which we can conclude that 53% were positive for FeLV and that there is a positive statistical correlation between positivity for FeLV and the reproductive condition (whole or neutered) of the feline, in addition that there is an association between sex (female) obtaining a positive result to the FeLV tests


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Gatos , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida del Felino , Leucemia Felina
3.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337732

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a sudden halt in normal day-today movements & interactions across the world. Restrictive measures were implemented to lessen the spread of the virus, however, it altered social interactions. In times of stress, persons usually turn to social support for comfort. However, this pandemic has forced individuals to be isolated. Although the physical health of individuals has been addressed somewhat, their mental health has not been prioritized. Young adults in relationships were either isolated with or away from their partner, while single young adults were generally without a stable companion. With the impacts discovered from this research, new measures can be adopted in society & health facilities to mediate the harmful effects this pandemic caused & will cause on the mental health of young adults with respect to dating and relationships.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Trinidad y Tobago , COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Pandemias
4.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337766

RESUMEN

Telemedicine is an unexplored practice that has received advocacy due to technological advancement and social distancing regulations imposed due to Covid-19. According to the W.H.O1 50% of its member states have implemented a national telemedicine policy, stimulating the question "Why hasn't Trinidad and Tobago introduced a structured and stable telemedical service?" To investigate this, we target experienced physicians to understand the benefits and limitations of adapting telemedical technology into the current medical model. Utilization of Telemedicine in developing countries, like Trinidad and Tobago, is very promising as it can improve healthcare accessibility and elevate the quality of care for potential patients in rural areas


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Trinidad y Tobago , COVID-19 , Telemedicina
5.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337788

RESUMEN

The School of Medicine at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies (FMS, UWI) graduates over 200 physicians yearly. Shortage of specialists exists; attributed by some, to the lack of opportunities. Challenges faced regarding medical specialization in Trinidad and Tobago (TT) are difficulties meeting the requirements of the available specialty programmes, lack of residency post and training in certain fields (1). Medical school is an opportune time to select a field as experience as a student and progression through the various years of medical school can influence choice (2,3). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted by convenience sampling on 1278 medical students at the FMS, UWI using an online questionnaire. The distribution of specialist practitioners was abstracted from the online register of The Medical Board of Trinidad and Tobago.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes de Medicina
6.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337792

RESUMEN

Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) are currently at the forefront of discussions as the world battles the COVID-19 pandemic. It is important that more awareness is raised on RTIs, their causes, the different types, how they are contracted and spread and complications of and risk factors for RTIs. Prevention measures towards RTIs should also be assessed and encouraged, such as proper hand washing, mask wearing, sneezing and coughing etiquette as well as vaccination. Therefore, this investigation was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) among Trinidadian population.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , COVID-19 , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Trinidad y Tobago , Vacunación , Prevención de Enfermedades
7.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337816

RESUMEN

Climate change (CC) is defined as long-term weather changes in the Earth's climate. CC has been linked to increased global temperatures. This affects human health both directly and indirectly: Directly, via increased risk of cardiovascular, respiratory, and vector-borne diseases. Indirectly, via reduced agricultural crop yields and accessibility to healthcare due to extreme weather events. Studies show that spreading awareness on the health impacts of CC encourages motivation towards mitigation (1). Early awareness of climate change and its health impacts is necessary for future generations to mitigate its effects.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Salud , Trinidad y Tobago , Cambio Climático , Prevención y Mitigación de Desastres
8.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337819

RESUMEN

The global environment is rapidly changing and the subsequent effects on human health are devastating. Planetary Health is a field focused on characterizing the human health impacts of human-caused disruptions of Earth's natural systems. It has been determined that Family Physicians (FPs) are the best suited to advocate and raise awareness of Planetary Health. The purpose of this research is to assess FPs in the Caribbean, their knowledge of planetary health, their ability to implement planetary health concepts in their practice, and the challenges that may impede implementation.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Médicos de Familia , Trinidad y Tobago , Salud , Ambiente
9.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337903

RESUMEN

Mental health of young adults has become a relevant matter amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Individuals employ various coping mechanisms to deal with their stresses and mental health challenges. The type of coping strategy determines the outcomes of their Health-related Quality of Life (HRQo). This study investigated the stressors of students at the University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus (UWI-STA) and how their coping mechanisms influenced their HRQoL during the COVID-19 pandemic


Asunto(s)
Humanos , COVID-19 , Calidad de Vida , Trinidad y Tobago , Salud Mental
10.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337997

RESUMEN

Non carious cervical lesions are characterized by the loss of tooth structure at the cementoenamel junction caused by wear processes and not by bacterial activity. They have clearly defined edges that are deeper rather than wider, and their internal angle can be either more rounded or sharp. They appear in a variety of shapes and sizes, and are categorized as wedge­shaped, grooved, concave, irregular and shallow NCCLs. Studies show that their aetiology is multifactorial, amongst which are: erosive agents, acidic diets, oral hygiene habits (technique, frequency, force, duration), occlusal stress forces and some medical conditions(GERD).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Caries Dental , Trinidad y Tobago
11.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1337999

RESUMEN

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly contagious disease that emerged as a global pandemic in early 2020. The mode of transmission of COVID-19 and consequently its high transmission power has led to the closure of most dental clinics and orthodontic practices. The ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic have greatly influenced the approach to dentistry and the availability of prompt dental care.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , COVID-19 , Trinidad y Tobago , Atención Odontológica
12.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1338002

RESUMEN

On March 11th, 2020, COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic. Since then, data has been recorded, correlated and reviewed in an effort to better understand how to combat the spread and lower the morbidity of the disease. In this pursuit, many studies have linked the presence of comorbidities, diabetes among those, with a higher mortality rate. To further this line of thought, this review was meant to investigate the factors affecting this poorer prognosis and the risk of reinfection among this population.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , COVID-19 , Antivirales , Trinidad y Tobago , Comorbilidad
13.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1338009

RESUMEN

•Antibiotic misuse accelerates the natural process of development of antibiotic resistance •The increasing antibiotic ineffectiveness is a threat to the practice of medicine, leading to an increase in morbidity and mortality as there are an estimated 750,000 deaths annually due to bacteria resistant sepsis •The presence of multi-dug resistant bacteria in North American and Europe has implications for the Caribbean •Education plays an important role in tackling antibiotic resistance •Although Caribbean physicians are aware of antibiotic resistance, this knowledge does not affect prescribing habits •Previous research among pharmacy students in Trinidad identified good knowledge, but the attitude towards use of antibiotics was poor •Research among pharmacists in Brazil identified causes of antibiotic resistance but the role of the law was not explored


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Farmacorresistencia Microbiana , Farmacéuticos , Trinidad y Tobago
14.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1341900

RESUMEN

●Sinusitis is inflammation of the mucosal lining of the nose and paranasal sinuses (air-filled cavities in the ethmoid, maxillary, sphenoid and frontal bones within the skull). ● 12% of people worldwide experience sinusitis symptoms. ● Trinidad and Tobago is plagued by Saharan dust, exacerbating symptoms. ● The symptoms of sinusitis are nasal congestion, discharge, reduction/loss of smell, facial pain/pressure, fever and tooth pain. ● Currently, there is little research on effective sinusitis treatment locally.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Sinusitis , Terapias Complementarias , Trinidad y Tobago
15.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1341969

RESUMEN

Synthetic medication is being overprescribed, resulting in adverse complications linked to major public health issues such as antimicrobial resistance, drug dependency, and the current opioid crisis. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, this global burden of overuse of synthetic accounts for the heaviest burden of disease attributable to drug use disorders. In 2015, with almost 12 million disability-adjusted life year (DALYs), or 70% of the global burden of disease attributable to opioid addiction. With suitable alternatives available, peptide-based drugs will help to reduce the global burden, appease the patient preference of naturally derived medication and ensure safer patient usage.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Péptidos , Bahamas , Trinidad y Tobago , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Salud Pública
16.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1341974

RESUMEN

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder with an unknown aetiology that manifests in women of reproductive age. ➢ Excessive insulin levels, genetic predisposition, inflammation, and excessive androgen levels are involved in its development. ➢ PCOS can affect the quality of life (QoL) of women through characteristics like amenorrhea, excess androgens, polycystic ovaries, infertility, hirsutism, acne, and drastic weight gain. ➢ Associated complications like endometrial cancer, abnormal uterine bleeding, miscarriages, gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, eating disorders, and depression may also arise, which can further lower QoL.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Calidad de Vida , Trinidad y Tobago , Diabetes Gestacional , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hirsutismo , Andrógenos , Infertilidad
17.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1342040

RESUMEN

▪ During the COVID-19 pandemic, the shift to online education led to behavioural/lifestyle changes, whichcan affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL). ▪ HRQoL is an individual's perceived physical and mental health over time, and highlights how these changes can impact health.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , COVID-19 , Calidad de Vida , Trinidad y Tobago , Salud Mental
18.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1342685

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a global lockdown of all levels and types of educational institutions, prompting the implementation of online education worldwide. Undoubtedly, the traditional delivery of medical education was directly affected by this development. Challenges created compromised the proper delivery of clinical training as face-to-face teaching was restricted due to social distancing measures. Inevitably, this sudden change affected the learning behaviours and stress levels of medical students in their penultimate years, as well as the standard of their clinical training and their perception of their performance as future medical professionals.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , COVID-19 , Trinidad y Tobago , Salud Mental , Educación a Distancia
19.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1342351

RESUMEN

Studies (1, 2) relate hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2 and CKD. In Trinidad and Tobago, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 60% of all deaths (3). From 2009 to 2018, mortality from chronic renal disease increased by 41.5% (4). Even though CKD is responsible for many deaths in the country, there is no specific figure for its prevalence. The epidemiology of these diseases at the national level is critical to designing preventative policies and treatments for a rising and NCD-prone society, where over 50% of the population is at risk of getting NCDs (3). It's also crucial to recognize the risk factors for CKD.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Fallo Renal Crónico , Trinidad y Tobago , Diálisis
20.
In. Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies. 23rd Annual Student Research Day. Port of Sapin, Faculty of Medical Sciences,The University of the West Indies, October 14, 2021. .
No convencional en Inglés | MedCarib, MedCarib | ID: biblio-1342361

RESUMEN

• Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a condition whereby persons who suffer from diabetes have retinal damage resulting from consistently high blood glucose levels. • DR is the leading cause of blindness in Trinidad and Tobago, accounting for 11.4% cases of blindness. • Screening is the best way to prevent the development of DR as early medical intervention reduces the chances of blindness occurring • Limited awareness of DR among the population hinders the ability for earlier intervention


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Retinopatía Diabética , COVID-19 , Trinidad y Tobago
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