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1.
Virus Res ; : 198936, 2022 Sep 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181975

RESUMEN

Studies about the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 lineages in different backgrounds such as naive populations are still scarce, especially from South America. This work aimed to study the introduction and diversification pattern of SARS-CoV-2 during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Northwestern Argentina (NWA) region and to analyze the evolutionary dynamics of the main lineages found. In this study, we analyzed a total of 260 SARS-CoV-2 whole-genome sequences from Argentina, belonging to the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, and Tucumán, from March 31st, 2020, to May 22nd, 2021, which covered the full first wave and the early second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Argentina. In the first wave, eight lineages were identified: B.1.499 (76.9%), followed by N.5 (10.2%), B.1.1.274 (3.7%), B.1.1.348 (3.7%), B.1 (2.8%), B.1.600 (0.9%), B.1.1.33 (0.9%) and N.3 (0.9%). During the early second wave, the first-wave lineages were displaced by the introduction of variants of concern (VOC) (Alpha, Gamma), or variants of interest (VOI) (Lambda, Zeta, Epsilon) and other lineages with more limited distribution. Phylodynamic analyses of the B.1.499 and N.5, the two most prevalent lineages in the NWA, revealed that the rate of evolution of lineage N.5 (7.9 × 10-4 substitutions per site per year, s/s/y) was a ∼40% faster than that of lineage B.1.499 (5.6 × 10-4 s/s/y), although both are in the same order of magnitude than other non-VOC lineages. No mutations associated with a biological characteristic of importance were observed as signatures markers of the phylogenetic groups established in Northwestern Argentina, however, single sequences in non-VOC lineages did present mutations of biological importance or associated with VOCs as sporadic events, showing that many of these mutations could emerge from circulation in the general population. This study contributed to the knowledge about the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in a pre-vaccination and without post-exposure immunization period.

2.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(11)2022 Oct 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191623

RESUMEN

We performed a descriptive study to characterize effects from COVID-19 among chronic dialysis patients compared with the general population in Argentina during March 2020-February 2021. COVID-19 case-fatality rate of chronic dialysis patients was 10 times the national rate; the age-standardized mortality ratio was 6.8 (95% CI 6.3-7.3).

3.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195509

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Demographic trends indicate that population aging is not exclusive to developed countries. Argentina reaches 15.5% of the elderly population. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought to the forefront the public health situation of this population, challenging health systems, with disproportionate impacts on this group, which has suffered more than 80% of the deaths in the country, mainly in those with comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociodemographic and environmental conditions involved in the process of development of health and nutrition profiles of the elderly people of Córdoba, Argentina 2020. METHODOLOGY: Epidemiological, cross-sectional, population-based study that included 221 elderly people (≥60 years old), through random sampling. Data on sociodemographic and environmental conditions, health and dietary profiles were collected through structured interviews. RESULTS: The average age of the participants was 68 years. Eighty-five percent recognized neighborhood contamination, 38% of them being garbage dumps close to their homes. Eighty-nine percent reported at least one non-communicable disease (NCD) or associated risk factor and 66% were overweight (BMI≥25kg/m2). The presence of obesity (BMI≥30kg/m2) was associated (OR=2.05; CI 1.007-3.922) with the development of NCDs. Only 4% of the population complied with the daily fruit and vegetable consumption recommendation. CONCLUSION: The predominant characteristics of the health and dietary profiles associated with NCDs identified suggest the need to study in depth the social determinants that condition the aging process.

4.
Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) ; : 1-24, 2022 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065301

RESUMEN

This article analyzes the relationship between access to Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and school performance. It contributes to the empirical literature in the area since there is no consensus yet. Moreover, the context associated with COVID-19 pandemic also considers the analysis as the most relevant. The goal of this article is to study the impact of ICT on school performance at elementary level. The hypothesis set forth is that having both a computer and connection to Internet at the students' homes, improves their school related achievements. To contrast it, we propose an econometric model using the Propensity Matching Score (PSM) methodology with data from the Learning 2018 (Aprender 2018) campaign of students at the last year of elementary school in Argentina and in each of the regions that conform it. Finally, there is evidence in favor of the hypothesis.

5.
Water Air Soil Pollut ; 233(9): 372, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090741

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic affected human life at every level. In this study, we analyzed genetic markers (N and ORF1ab, RNA genes) of SARS-CoV-2 in domestic wastewaters (DWW) in San Justo City (Santa Fe, Argentina), using reverse transcription-quantitative real-time PCR. Out of the 30 analyzed samples, 30% were positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Of the total positive samples, 77% correspond to untreated DWW, 23% to pre-chlorination, and no SARS-CoV-2 RNA was registered at the post-chlorination sampling site. The viral loads of N and OFR1ab genes decreased significantly along the treatment process, and the increase in the number of viral copies of the N gene could anticipate, by 6 days, the number of clinical cases in the population. The concentration of chlorine recommended by the WHO (≥ 0.5 mg L-1 after at least 30 min of contact time at pH 8.0) successfully removed SARS-CoV-2 RNA from DWW. The efficiency of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) confirms the need to control and increase DWW treatment systems on a regional and global scale. This work could contribute to building a network for WBE to monitor SARS-CoV-2 in wastewaters during the pandemic waves and the epidemic remission phase. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11270-022-05772-w.

6.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 68: 104104, 2022 Aug 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057175

RESUMEN

The objective of the study was to evaluate the incidence of COVID-19 after complete vaccination in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) included in the Argentinean MS and NMOSD registry (RelevarEM, NCT03375177). METHODS: cohort study conducted between May 2021 and December 2021. The primary outcome was the appearance of infection during the follow-up time (at least three months after complete vaccination (second dose)). Data was collected through the contact between the treating physician and the patient. Specific information was requested (date, symptoms, need for hospitalization, ventilatory assistance, treatment, and evolution). The contact was made every 30 days during the period of 3 months after the full dose vaccination. A positive COVID-19 case was defined according to the definition established by the Ministry of Health in Argentina. Cumulative incidence was reported by Kaplan Meier survival curves as well as incidence density. RESULTS: A total of 576 PwMS were included, mean age 45.2 ± 13 years, 432 (75%) RRMS, 403 (70%) were female. The mean and median time of follow-up after the second dose was 91 ± 17 and 94 ± 21 days respectively. Most frequent first and second dose received was Astra-Zeneca vaccine, followed by Sputnik V vaccine. During follow-up a total of twenty COVID-19 cases were observed for a total exposure time of 39,557 days. The overall cumulative incidence for the observed period was 3.4% (SE 0.4%) with an overall incidence density of 5 × 10.000 patients/day (95%CI 0.7-12). We observed more cases in woman than men with an incidence density of 6 × 10.000 patients/day (95%CI 0.9-9) vs. 3 × 10.000 patients/day (95%CI 0.2-6) respectively, but not significantly different (IRR 1.7 95% CI 0.56-7.37 p = 0.15). CONCLUSION: we found an incidence density of breakthrough COVID-19 infection of 5 × 10.000 patients/day (95%CI 0.7-12) after vaccination in Argentina.

7.
Salud Publica Mex ; 64(5, sept-oct): 443-444, 2022 Aug 26.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130343

RESUMEN

No disponible.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Vacunación Masiva , Argentina , Humanos
8.
Rev Chilena Infectol ; 39(3): 304-310, 2022 06.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156691

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The spread of SARS-CoV-2 required widespread lockdown to mitigate the pandemic. Argentine authorities imposed preventive social isolation for 234 days (March 20th to November 9th 2020). This measure led to major changes in the population's lifestyle. AIM: To examine the influence of COVID-19 lockdown measures on the metabolic profile of HIV-infected patients in Argentina. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 10,239 HIV-infected patients under follow up in a private clinic for HIV care. Adult patients with ongoing antiretroviral therapy (ART) and a baseline determination of blood glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides done before lockdown (BL: second semester of 2019) and a second determination during lockdown (DL: May 2020) were included. Patients with recent changes in ART that may have metabolic impact, those starting lipid/glucose lowering agents and pregnant women were excluded. Categorical variables were compared using the χ2 test or Fisher's exact test, and continuous variables using the t-test or the Mann-Whitney test. A two-tailed value of p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: 540 individuals were included, median of age was 47 years and 74.6% were male. Median body mass index was 26.1 and 94.6% had low cardiovascular risk. There was a significant increase in the percentage of patients that met criteria for hyperglycemia (BL 4.8% and DL 8.5%, p < 0.001). We also observed significant (p < 0.001) increase in median (IQR) BL vs DL values in LDL-cholesterol [109 (90-128) vs 118 (97-139) mg/dL]; and triglycerides [120 (87-172) vs. 132 mg/dL (96-184)]. The proportion of patients with hyper-LDL cholesterolemia according to individual cardiovascular risk increased from 12.6 to 17.2% (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that quarantine, at least in its initial phases, may have a negative impact on the metabolic profile of this population.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Infecciones por VIH , Adulto , Argentina/epidemiología , Glucemia , HDL-Colesterol , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Metaboloma , Persona de Mediana Edad , Embarazo , Estudios Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Triglicéridos
9.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46: e181, 2022.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36160765

RESUMEN

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the Region of the Americas, and hypertension is one of the main risk factors. In 2018, Argentina began implementing the HEARTS Initiative in five primary health care centers, through the National Plan for the Prevention and Control of Arterial Hypertension. This study presents the impact its implementation has had on the indicators of effective coverage, treatment, combination therapy, and control. The HEARTS Initiative has multiple components; these include training health teams, reassigning tasks based on the transfer of clinical competencies, providing automatic and clinically validated blood pressure measurement devices, and using a single standardized treatment protocol. A longitudinal data model (generalized estimating equation analysis) was used, and the information from the five health centers was grouped using weighted averages according to the size of the population under coverage. Analysis of the results was stratified into two time periods delimited by the imposition of restrictions due to COVID-19. During the first period of 18 months, significant improvement was observed in treatment (5.9%; p<0.01) and combination therapy (13.4%; p<0.01), with no significant change in coverage (8.4%; p=0.87) and with a paradoxical decrease in control (-3.3%; p=0.02). When the period of restrictions was compared to the previous period, a generalized reduction was observed in all indicators, particularly coverage (-23.6%; p<0.01) and control (-12.5%; p<0.01). However, treatment and combination therapy levels remained above baseline values (1.7%; p<0.01 and 5.4%; p<0.01, respectively).


As doenças cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morbimortalidade, e a hipertensão, seu principal fator de risco. Em 2018, a Argentina começou a implementar a Iniciativa HEARTS em 5 centros de atenção primária à saúde por meio do Plano Nacional de Prevenção e Controle da Hipertensão Arterial. Este estudo apresenta o impacto de sua implementação nos indicadores de cobertura efetiva, tratamento, tratamento combinado e controle. A Iniciativa HEARTS inclui vários componentes. Entre eles, se destacam a capacitação das equipes de saúde, a reorganização das tarefas com base na transferência de competências clínicas, a disponibilização de aparelhos automáticos e clinicamente validados para aferição da pressão arterial e a utilização de um único protocolo padronizado de tratamento. Foi utilizado um modelo de equações de estimativas generalizadas para a análise de dados longitudinais, e as informações dos 5 centros de saúde foram agrupadas por meio de médias ponderadas de acordo com o tamanho da população coberta. A análise dos resultados foi estratificada em dois períodos de tempo delimitados pela irrupção das restrições em virtude da COVID-19. Durante os primeiros 18 meses, houve melhora significativa no tratamento (5,9%; p<0,01) e no tratamento combinado (13,4%; p<0,01), sem mudança significativa na cobertura (8,4%; p=0,87) e com uma diminuição paradoxal no controle (−3,3%; p=0,02). Durante as restrições e em relação ao período anterior, verificou-se redução generalizada em todos os indicadores, principalmente na cobertura (−23,6%; p<0,01) e no controle (−12,5%; p<0,01). No entanto, os níveis de tratamento e tratamento combinado persistiram acima dos valores basais (1,7%; p<0,01 e 5,4%; p<0,01, respectivamente).

10.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46, mayo 2022. Special Issue HEARTS
Artículo en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56430

RESUMEN

[RESUMEN]. Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la principal causa de morbimortalidad, y la hipertensión es su principal factor de riesgo. En 2018, Argentina comenzó a implementar la Iniciativa HEARTS en 5 centros de atención primaria de salud a través del Plan Nacional de Prevención y Control de la Hipertensión Arterial. En este estudio se presenta el impacto de su implementación en los indicadores de cobertura efectiva, tratamiento, tratamiento combinado y control. La Iniciativa HEARTS incluye múltiples componentes; entre ellos se destacan la capacitación de los equipos de salud, la reorganización de las tareas basada en la transferencia de competencias clínicas, la provisión de dispositivos de medición de la presión arterial automáticos y clínicamente validados, y la utilización de un único protocolo de tratamiento estandarizado. Se utilizó un modelo de datos longitudinales del tipo ecuación de estimación generalizada, y se agrupó la información de los 5 centros de salud mediante promedios ponderados según el tamaño de la población bajo cobertura. El análisis de los resultados fue estratificado en dos períodos de tiempo delimitados por la irrupción de las restricciones debidas al COVID-19. Durante el primer período de 18 meses se observó una mejoría significativa en el tratamiento (5,9%; p<0,01) y el tratamiento combinado (13,4%; p<0,01), sin cambios significativos en la cobertura (8,4%; p=0,87) y con un descenso paradojal en el control (−3,3%; p=0,02). Durante las restricciones y respecto del período previo, se constató una reducción generalizada en todos los indicadores, principalmente en la cobertura (−23,6%; p<0,01) y el control (−12,5%; p<0,01). Sin embargo, los niveles de tratamiento y tratamiento combinado persistieron por encima de los valores basales (1,7%; p<0,01 y 5,4%; p<0,01, respectivamente).


[ABSTRACT]. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the Region of the Americas, and hypertension is one of the main risk factors. In 2018, Argentina began implementing the HEARTS Initiative in five primary health care centers, through the National Plan for the Prevention and Control of Arterial Hypertension. This study presents the impact its implementation has had on the indicators of effective coverage, treatment, combination therapy, and control. The HEARTS Initiative has multiple components; these include training health teams, reassigning tasks based on the transfer of clinical competencies, providing automatic and clinically validated blood pressure measurement devices, and using a single standardized treatment protocol. A longitudinal data model (generalized estimating equation analysis) was used, and the information from the five health centers was grouped using weighted averages according to the size of the population under coverage. Analysis of the results was stratified into two time periods delimited by the imposition of restrictions due to COVID-19. During the first period of 18 months, significant improvement was observed in treatment (5.9%; p<0.01) and combination therapy (13.4%; p<0.01), with no significant change in coverage (8.4%; p=0.87) and with a paradoxical decrease in control (−3.3%; p=0.02). When the period of restrictions was compared to the previous period, a generalized reduction was observed in all indicators, particularly coverage (−23.6%; p<0.01) and control (−12.5%; p<0.01). However, treatment and combination therapy levels remained above baseline values (1.7%; p<0.01 and 5.4%; p<0.01, respectively).


[RESUMO]. As doenças cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morbimortalidade, e a hipertensão, seu principal fator de risco. Em 2018, a Argentina começou a implementar a Iniciativa HEARTS em 5 centros de atenção primária à saúde por meio do Plano Nacional de Prevenção e Controle da Hipertensão Arterial. Este estudo apresenta o impacto de sua implementação nos indicadores de cobertura efetiva, tratamento, tratamento combinado e controle. A Iniciativa HEARTS inclui vários componentes. Entre eles, se destacam a capacitação das equipes de saúde, a reorganização das tarefas com base na transferência de competências clínicas, a disponibilização de aparelhos automáticos e clinicamente validados para aferição da pressão arterial e a utilização de um único protocolo padronizado de tratamento. Foi utilizado um modelo de equações de estimativas generalizadas para a análise de dados longitudinais, e as informações dos 5 centros de saúde foram agrupadas por meio de médias ponderadas de acordo com o tamanho da população coberta. A análise dos resultados foi estratificada em dois períodos de tempo delimitados pela irrupção das restrições em virtude da COVID-19. Durante os primeiros 18 meses, houve melhora significativa no tratamento (5,9%; p<0,01) e no tratamento combinado (13,4%; p<0,01), sem mudança significativa na cobertura (8,4%; p=0,87) e com uma diminuição paradoxal no controle (−3,3%; p=0,02). Durante as restrições e em relação ao período anterior, verificou-se redução generalizada em todos os indicadores, principalmente na cobertura (−23,6%; p<0,01) e no controle (−12,5%; p<0,01). No entanto, os níveis de tratamento e tratamento combinado persistiram acima dos valores basais (1,7%; p<0,01 e 5,4%; p<0,01, respectivamente).


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión , Atención a la Salud , Argentina , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión , Atención a la Salud , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión , Atención a la Salud , COVID-19
11.
Buenos Aires; OPS; 2022-09-29. (OPS/ARG/22-0003).
No convencional en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-56349

RESUMEN

En el 2022 se celebra el 120.º aniversario de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS). En calidad de organismo independiente especializado en salud del sistema interamericano, la OPS brinda cooperación técnica a sus Estados Miembros para abordar las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles y sus causas, fortalecer los sistemas de salud y responder a situaciones de emergencia y desastres en toda la Región de las Américas. Asimismo, como Oficina Regional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para la Región de las Américas, participa en los equipos de las Naciones Unidas en los países, colaborando con otros organismos, fondos y programas del sistema de las Naciones Unidas para contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible a nivel de país. A nivel subregional, la OPS trabaja con los mecanismos de integración para que la salud y sus determinantes tengan un lugar en la agenda política. En el informe anual correspondiente al 2021 se presenta la cooperación técnica de la OPS en los países y territorios en este período, con la aplicación de las estrategias de cooperación en los países, la respuesta a sus necesidades y prioridades, y el desarrollo de las actividades en el marco de los mandatos regionales y mundiales de la OPS y los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. En consonancia con el tema general de "responder a la COVID-19 y prepararse para el futuro", se ponen de relieve las medidas que ha adoptado la OPS con respecto a la pandemia de COVID-19 y sus esfuerzos continuos en áreas prioritarias como las emergencias de salud, los sistemas y servicios de salud, las enfermedades transmisibles, las enfermedades no transmisibles y la salud mental, la salud a lo largo del curso de vida y la equidad en la salud. También se presenta un resumen financiero del bienio 2020-2021.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Urgencias Médicas , Sistemas de Salud , Servicios de Salud , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Equidad , Equidad de Género , Diversidad Cultural , Cooperación Técnica , Américas , Argentina
12.
Rev Bras Med Trab ; 20(1): 36-44, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118070

RESUMEN

Introduction: The severe respiratory syndrome caused by the novel coronavirus has resulted in worldwide pressure on the healthcare workers attempting to treat millions of individuals ill with COVID-19, in addition to their regular duties. Objectives: To examine use of psychiatric leave by Argentinian healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, including exploring potential differences by sex. Methods: We analyzed psychiatric sick leave taken by municipal level healthcare workers in the Province of Buenos Aires, January - October 2020. We compared historical cases of psychiatric sick leave from 2015-2019 to leave requested in 2020. Results: Healthcare workers utilized 161.9% more psychiatric sick leave in 2020, with significantly more leave taken by women. Conclusions: Healthcare workers in the Argentinian municipality of Vicente Lopez took a significantly greater amount of psychiatric sick leave during the pandemic. The higher rates of psychiatric sick leave taken by women replicates other findings of higher rates of psychological symptoms in female healthcare workers.

13.
J Hypertens ; 40(Suppl 1): e307, 2022 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027451

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and its determinants in patients during the pandemic by COVID-19. DESIGN AND METHOD: A multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study included outpatients from the Cuyo region of Argentina from March to July 2021 that met the following inclusion criteria: 1- patients over 16 years old under antihypertensive treatment; 2- informed consent signature 3- complete 35-dimensional questionnaire. RESULTS: From 512 enrolled patients, 468 met the inclusion criteria. The average age was 50.1 ± 0.1 years, 56.8% were women. At least 39% had 1 CV risk factor. COVID-19 was documented in 35% and 3.6% presented a severe form. The most widely used vaccine was Sputnik V and 70% had at least 1 dose of vaccination for COVID-19. Average adherence was 69%. The average of systolic blood pressure was 139.3 ± 1.0 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure was 85.9 ± 0.6 mmHg. The average number of antihypertensive drugs was 1.26. Table 1 shows the results of multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In a population with intermediate cardiovascular risk, adherence was low, and blood pressure control was suboptimal. The most important predictive variables of low adherence were age, the number of antihypertensive drug tablets, level of education, and smoking.

14.
Health Place ; 77: 102870, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933852

RESUMEN

The Covid-19 pandemic has stimulated new appraisals of how social cohesion, including neighborhood-level social capital, fosters resilience in the face of crisis. Several studies suggest better health outcomes in neighborhoods with higher level of social capital, in general and during the pandemic. Building on a growing body of research which suggests that those who live in close-knit neighborhoods have fared better during the pandemic, this article analyzes how social capital influences individual and collective perceptions and attitudes about the experiences of the Covid-19 pandemic in Tucumán, Argentina. To assess this question, we used a mixed-methods approach, combining focus groups, semi-structured interviews, and an online survey (n = 701 respondents) conducted in September 2021. We find widespread experiences of resilience in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, in spite of difficult socioeconomic conditions and perceived poor government performance. Results from logistic regression analysis indicate that perceptions of high neighborhood social capital are associated with more positive outcomes in many dimensions, including personal resilience, ability to cope with uncertainty, perceptions of community solidarity, and reported compliance with public health measures. We further argue that conceptualizations of social cohesion need to be adjusted to local or national-level cultural norms to accurately capture the experience of countries of the Global South.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Capital Social , Argentina/epidemiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Características de la Residencia
18.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(1): 1-21, ago. 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392516

RESUMEN

Las últimas décadas favorecieron el proceso de transición demográfica. No obstante, la extensión de los años por vivir no siempre resultó acompañada por mejoras en la calidad de vida. A este respecto, desde la psicogerontología se ha priorizado el estudio de las variables salutogénicas. Tal es el caso del propósito en la vida y del apoyo social percibido, así como dela relación que ambos mantienen con el miedo a la muerte. Temas que cobran mayor relevancia en un contexto de pandemia. El presente trabajo se propone analizar la relación entre dichas variables en una muestra de 103 adultos mayores de CABA, de ambos sexos (Hombres=24,3%; Mujeres=75,7%), con edades entre60 y 83 años, a partir de un diseño cuantitativo-correlacional. Entre los principales resultados, se observan relaciones positivas de fuerte significatividad entre el propósito y el apoyo social y entre el miedo a la muerte y el miedo al COVID-19 AU


The last decades favored the process of demographic transition. However, the extension of the years to live was not always accompanied by improvements in the quality of life. In this regard, psychogerontology has prioritized the study of salutogenic variables. Such is the case of purpose in life and perceived social support, as well as the relationship that both maintain with the fear of death. Topics that become more relevant in a pandemic context. This paper aims to analyze the relationship between these variables in a sample of 103 older adults from CABA, of both sexes (Men=24.3%; Women=75.7%), aged between 60 and 83 years, from of a quantitative-correlational design. Among the main results, highly significant positive relationships are observed between purpose and social support and between fear of death and fear of COVID-19 AU


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Apoyo Social , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , COVID-19/epidemiología , Argentina , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Interpretación Estadística de Datos , Factores Sociodemográficos , Psiquiatría Geriátrica , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida
19.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 883395, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874580

RESUMEN

Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a wide range of clinical manifestations and severity. Pediatric cases represent <10% of total cases, with a mortality rate below 1%. Data of correlation between SARS-CoV-2 viral load in respiratory samples and severity of disease in pediatric patients is scarce. The cycle threshold (CT) value for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 could be used as an indirect indicator of viral load in analyzed respiratory samples. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe CT values and their correlation with clinical manifestations, epidemiology and laboratory parameters in pediatric patients with confirmed COVID-19. Methods: In this observational, retrospective, analytic and single-center study we included patients under 15 years with confirmed COVID-19 by RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 admitted to the Isidoro Iriarte Hospital (Argentina) between March 1st 2020 and April 30th 2021. Results: 485 patients were included, the distribution according to disease severity was: 84% (408 patients) presented mild disease, 12% (59 patients) moderate disease and 4% (18 patients) severe disease. Patients with moderate and severe illness had an increased hospitalization rate, prolonged hospitalization, higher frequency of comorbidities and oxygen and antibiotics use. CT values, that could be used as an indirect measure of viral load, was associated with severity of clinical manifestations and age under 12 months. No patient required admission to PICU nor mechanical ventilation. No deaths were registered. Conclusions: In this study, the viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory samples, determined by the cycle threshold, was significantly correlated with moderate to severe cases and with age.

20.
Vertex ; 33(156): 35-43, 2022 06.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856781

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of mental health actions for health personnel was emphasized and the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) was recommended. Given this unprecedented panorama, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention with ICTs for health personnel from first-level care networks in Berazategui, Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHOD: It was an exploratory qualitative research and evaluative design. The selection of subjects included intervened health personnel who agreed to participate. Satisfaction surveys were implemented, records of the intervening team and their meetings were analyzed. RESULTS: The intervention was effective: improvements in communication and interaction, self-care and a change to a proactive and creative attitude at work, decreased anxiety and stress were detected. As a protective factor, the fact of having a solid socio-affective network was highlighted. The effectiveness was characterized by influencing a repositioning of the health personnel with respect to the context, the task and the work ties. CONCLUSION: The use of ICTs was advantageous, enabled access to mental health care and generated the feeling of continuous support, strengthening the socio-affective network.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Actitud del Personal de Salud , COVID-19/prevención & control , Comunicación , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control
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