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1.
SN Soc Sci ; 2(9): 187, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105866

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionally affected women in Honduras in terms of loss of employment and income opportunities, access to healthcare services, and increased poverty and food insecurity. The pre-pandemic gender inequalities in Honduras have resulted in harsher conditions for women since the onset of the pandemic. Early reports indicate that women have lost employment and incomes and have been burdened by other effects of the pandemic, such as more household work, childcare activities, and home schooling. Marginal groups such as indigenous women face greater challenges because of the structural and systemic inequalities which have existed for a long time. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has also differed across geographic areas and between rural and urban settings. In addition to the pandemic, the economic outlook for women in Honduras has worsened since the impact of Hurricanes Eta and Iota in November 2020, which displaced over a million people. The agricultural sector was devastated, and infrastructure was severely damaged. The recovery efforts have been slow because of the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper explores the root causes of gender inequalities and how it affects women's food security and health.

2.
Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol ; 73(2): 175-183, 2022 06 30.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939414

RESUMEN

Objectives: To describe maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with confirmed COVID-19 infection in a hospital in Comayagua, Honduras. Material and methods: Descriptive case series study that included symptomatic pregnant women who came or were referred between March 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021 to a public referral institution, with PCR-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. Sociodemographic, obstetric considerations, infection severity, length of hospital stay, and maternal and perinatal complications were the measured variables. The frequency of COVID-19 infection and the maternal and perinatal outcomes of these gestations were estimated. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: A total of 2258 pregnant women were seen during the study period. Of them, 23 who met the selection criteria were included, for a frequency of COVID-19 infection of 1.01 %. The study population characteristically consisted of young women living in common-law marriage. Thirteen patients were managed as outpatients because of a mild clinical condition, and 10 were hospitalized. The pregnant women managed as outpatients were delivered by cesarean section (76.9 %) due to dissatisfactory fetal status at a gestational age of 37 weeks or more, with 3 pre-term delivery cases (36 weeks) documented. Of the hospitalized patients, one had a miscarriage and nine were delivered due to an obstetric indication. There was one case of premature birth, and one maternal (4 %) and one neonatal death were documented. Conclusions: During the study period, 1% of the pregnant women had COVID-19 infection at the Santa Teresa Hospital in Comayagua. Further studies analyzing the maternal and perinatal impact of COVID-19 infection in the Central American region are required.


Objetivos: describir el resultado materno y perinatal de las gestantes con infección confirmada por COVID-19 en una institución hospitalaria en Comayagua, Honduras. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo tipo serie de casos. Se incluyeron gestantes sintomáticas que consultaron o fueron remitidas desde el 1 de marzo de 2020 hasta el 31 de marzo del 2021 a una institución pública de referencia, con diagnóstico confirmado por PCR de infección por COVID-19. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, obstétricas, severidad de la infección, estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones maternas y perinatales. Se estimó la frecuencia de infección por COVID-19 y los resultados maternos y perinatales de estas gestaciones; se realizó análisis descriptivo. Resultados: en el periodo descrito consultaron 2.258 gestantes, de estas se incluyeron 23, quienes cumplieron con los criterios de selección, para una frecuencia de infección por COVID-19 del 1,01 %. La población de estudio se caracterizó por estar constituida por mujeres jóvenes y en unión libre. Trece pacientes recibieron manejo ambulatorio por cuadro clínico leve, diez requirieron hospitalización. Las embarazadas manejadas ambulatoriamente finalizaron la gestación vía cesárea (76,9 %) por estado fetal insatisfactorio, con edad gestacional mayor o igual a 37 semanas, y tres casos fueron pretérmino (36 semanas). De las gestantes hospitalizadas, una desarrolló aborto espontáneo, y nueve finalizaron la gestación por una indicación obstétrica. Se presentó un parto prematuro y se documentó una muerte materna (4 %) y neonatal. Conclusiones: el 1 % de las gestantes adquirieron la infección por COVID-19 en el Hospital Santa Teresa de Comayagua en el periodo de estudio. Se requieren más estudios que analicen el impacto materno perinatal de la infección por COVID-19 en la región centroamericana.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Mujeres Embarazadas , COVID-19/epidemiología , Femenino , Honduras , Hospitales , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Embarazo
3.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(2): 175-183, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394961

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Objetivos: Describir el resultado materno y perinatal de las gestantes con infección confirmada por COVID-19 en una institución hospitalaria en Comayagua, Honduras. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo tipo serie de casos. Se incluyeron gestantes sintomáticas que consultaron o fueron remitidas desde el 1 de marzo de 2020 hasta el 31 de marzo del 2021 a una institución pública de referencia, con diagnóstico confirmado por PCR de infección por COVID-19. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, obstétricas, severidad de la infección, estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones maternas y perinatales. Se estimó la frecuencia de infección por COVID-19 y los resultados maternos y perinatales de estas gestaciones; se realizó análisis descriptivo. Resultados: En el periodo descrito consultaron 2.258 gestantes, de estas se incluyeron 23, quienes cumplieron con los criterios de selección, para una frecuencia de infección por COVID-19 del 1,01 %. La población de estudio se caracterizó por estar constituida por mujeres jóvenes y en unión libre. Trece pacientes recibieron manejo ambulatorio por cuadro clínico leve, diez requirieron hospitalización. Las embarazadas manejadas ambulatoriamente finalizaron la gestación vía cesárea (76,9 %) por estado fetal insaisfactorio, con edad gestacional mayor o igual a 37 semanas, y tres casos fueron pretérmino (36 semanas). De las gestantes hospitalizadas, una desarrolló aborto espontáneo, y nueve finalizaron la gestación por una indicación obstétrica. Se presentó un parto prematuro y se documentó una muerte materna (4 %) y neonatal. Conclusiones: El 1 % de las gestantes adquirieron la infección por COVID-19 en el Hospital Santa Teresa de Comayagua en el perido de estudio. Se requieren más estudios que analicen el impacto materno perinatal de la infección por COVID-19 en la región centroamericana.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with confirmed COVID-19 infection in a hospital in Comayagua, Honduras. Material and methods: Descriptive case series study that included symptomatic pregnant women who came or were referred between March 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021 to a public referral institution, with PCR-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. Sociodemographic, obstetric considerations, infection severity, length of hospital stay, and maternal and perinatal complications were the measured variables. The frequency of COVID-19 infection and the maternal and perinatal outcomes of these gestations were estimated. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: A total of 2258 pregnant women were seen during the study period. Of them, 23 who met the selection criteria were included, for a frequency of COVID-19 infection of 1.01 %. The study population characteristically consisted of young women living in common-law marriage. Thirteen patients were managed as outpatients because of a mild clinical condition, and 10 were hospitalized. The pregnant women managed as outpatients were delivered by cesarean section (76.9 %) due to dissatisfactory fetal status at a gestational age of 37 weeks or more, with 3 pre-term delivery cases (36 weeks) documented. Of the hospitalized patients, one had a miscarriage and nine were delivered due to an obstetric indication. There was one case of premature birth, and one maternal (4 %) and one neonatal death were documented. Conclusions: During the study period, 1 % of the pregnant women had COVID-19 infection at the Santa Teresa Hospital in Comayagua. Further studies analyzing the maternal and perinatal impact of COVID-19 infection in the Central American region are required.

4.
Infect Dis Rep ; 14(2): 258-265, 2022 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447883

RESUMEN

Mucormycoses are rare but serious opportunistic fungal infections caused by filamentous organisms of the order Mucorales. Here we report the first molecular identification of Rhizopus oryzae (heterotypic synonym Rhizopus arrhizus), R. delemar, and Apophysomyces ossiformis as the etiological agents of three cases of severe mucormycosis in Honduras. Conventional microbiological cultures were carried out, and DNA was extracted from both clinical samples and axenic cultures. The ITS ribosomal region was amplified and sequenced. Molecular tools are suitable strategies for diagnosing and identifying Mucorales in tissues and cultures, especially in middle-income countries lacking routine diagnostic strategies.

8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 5, 2022 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979990

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Salud Mesoamérica Initiative (SMI) is a public-private collaboration aimed to improve maternal and child health conditions in the poorest populations of Mesoamerica through a results-based aid mechanism. We assess the impact of SMI on the staffing and availability of equipment and supplies for delivery care, the proportion of institutional deliveries, and the proportion of women who choose a facility other than the one closest to their locality of residence for delivery. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental design, including baseline and follow-up measurements between 2013 and 2018 in intervention and comparison areas of Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Honduras. We collected information on 8754 births linked to the health facility closest to the mother's locality of residence and the facility where the delivery took place (if attended in a health facility). We fit difference-in-difference models, adjusting for women's characteristics (age, parity, education), household characteristics, exposure to health promotion interventions, health facility level, and country. RESULTS: Equipment, inputs, and staffing of facilities improved after the Initiative in both intervention and comparison areas. After adjustment for covariates, institutional delivery increased between baseline and follow-up by 3.1 percentage points (ß = 0.031, 95% CI -0.03, 0.09) more in intervention areas than in comparison areas. The proportion of women in intervention areas who chose a facility other than their closest one to attend the delivery decreased between baseline and follow-up by 13 percentage points (ß = - 0.130, 95% CI -0.23, - 0.03) more than in the comparison group. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that women in intervention areas of SMI are more likely to go to their closest facility to attend delivery after the Initiative has improved facilities' capacity, suggesting that results-based aid initiatives targeting poor populations, like SMI, can increase the use of facilities closest to the place of residence for delivery care services. This should be considered in the design of interventions after the COVID-19 pandemic may have changed health and social conditions.


Asunto(s)
Parto Obstétrico , Promoción de la Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Servicios de Salud Materna , Atención Prenatal , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Guatemala , Instituciones de Salud , Honduras , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nicaragua , Embarazo , Resultado del Embarazo , Adulto Joven
10.
Acta Trop ; 227: 106269, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896104

RESUMEN

Monte Verde, a peri­urban squatter community near San Pedro Sula, virtually eliminated Aedes aegypti production in all known larval habitats: wells; water storage containers including pilas (open concrete water tanks used for laundry), 200-liter drums, 1000-liter plastic "cisterns," buckets; and objects collecting rainwater. The project began in 2016 when Monte Verde was overrun with dengue, Zika, and chikungunya. During more than a year of experimentation, Monte Verde residents crafted an effective, sustainable, and environmentally friendly toolkit that was inexpensive but required full community participation. Biological control with copepods, turtles, and tilapia was at the core of the toolkit, along with a mix of other methods such as getting rid of unnecessary containers, scrubbing them to remove Ae. aegypti eggs, and covering them to exclude mosquitoes or rainwater. Environmentally friendly larvicides also had a limited but crucial role. Key design features: (1) toolkit components known to be nearly 100% effective at preventing Ae. aegypti production when fitted to appropriate larval habitats; (2) using Ae. aegypti larval habitats as a resource by transforming them into "egg sinks" to drive Ae. aegypti population decline; (3) dedicated community volunteers who worked with their neighbors, targeting 100% coverage of all known Ae. aegypti larval habitats with an appropriate control method; (4) monthly monitoring in which the volunteers visited every house to assess progress and improve coverage as an ongoing learning experience for both volunteers and residents. Taking pupae as an indicator of Ae. aegypti production, from September 2018 to the end of the record in December 2021 (except for a brief lapse during COVID lockdown in 2020), the monthly count of pupae fluctuated between zero and 0.6% of the 22,984 pupae counted in the baseline survey at the beginning of the project. Adult Ae. aegypti declined to low numbers but did not disappear completely. There were no recognizable cases of dengue, Zika, or chikungunya after June 2018, though the study design based on a single site did not provide a basis for rigorous confirmation that Monte Verde's Ae. aegypti control program was responsible. Nonetheless, Monte Verde's success at eliminating Ae. aegypti production can serve as a model for extending this approach to other communities. Key ingredients for success were outside stimulation and facilitation to foster shared community awareness and commitment regarding the problem and its solution, enduring commitment of local leadership, compatibility of the toolkit with the local community, overcoming social obstacles, rapid results with "success breeding success," and building resilience.


Asunto(s)
Aedes , COVID-19 , Copépodos , Dengue , Tilapia , Tortugas , Infección por el Virus Zika , Virus Zika , Aedes/fisiología , Animales , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Participación de la Comunidad , Dengue/epidemiología , Dengue/prevención & control , Honduras , Humanos , Larva , Control de Mosquitos/métodos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Hisp Health Care Int ; 19(4): 230-238, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664509

RESUMEN

The purpose of the current study was to determine the influence of moral injury and Light Triad (LT) personality traits on anxiety and depression symptoms of health-care personnel during the coronavirus-2019 pandemic. A quantitative, cross-sectional research design was used, the study included a sample of 169 health-care workers from Honduras. Data was gathered through the Moral Injury Symptom Scale for Health Professionals (MISS-HP), Light Triad Scale (LTS), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, and the Patient-Health Questionnaire-9. Results suggest that almost 9 out of 10 respondents experienced at least one potentially morally injurious event, 45.6% were at significant risk of impairment related to moral injury. Working with limited staff and resources, and the implications of it, was the most common potentially morally injurious situation reported by the respondents. Results suggest that MISS-HP Mistrust has significant negative correlations with LT traits. A hierarchical regression model determined that Moral Injury, but not LT traits, significantly affected depression symptoms. On the other hand, anxiety symptoms were significantly predicted by Moral Injury, as did LTS-Humanism. The results were discussed according to their implications for public health policy in Latin America.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/etiología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/epidemiología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/etiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Personal de Salud , Honduras/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Tegucigalpa; OPS; 2021-09-16. (OPS/HND/21-0001).
No convencional en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54846

RESUMEN

Establecida en 1902 como el organismo independiente especializado en salud del sistema interamericano, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) ha desarrollado competencias y experiencia ampliamente reconocidas al brindar cooperación técnica a sus Estados Miembros para combatir las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles y sus causas, fortalecer los sistemas de salud y responder a situaciones de emergencia y desastres en toda la Región de las Américas. Asimismo, en su calidad de oficina regional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, la OPS participa activamente en los equipos de las Naciones Unidas en los países, colaborando con otros organismos, fondos y programas del sistema de las Naciones Unidas para contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) a nivel de país. En este informe anual se presenta la cooperación técnica de la OPS a nivel de país en el 2020, mediante la aplicación de la estrategia de cooperación con el país, la respuesta a las necesidades y prioridades nacionales, y el desarrollo de las actividades en el marco de los mandatos regionales y mundiales de la Organización y los ODS. En consonancia con el tema general de "la salud universal y la pandemia: sistemas de salud resilientes", se pone de relieve la respuesta de la OPS a la pandemia de COVID-19, así como sus esfuerzos continuos en esferas prioritarias como las enfermedades transmisibles, las enfermedades no transmisibles, la salud mental, la salud a lo largo del curso de vida y las emergencias de salud. También se presenta un resumen financiero del ejercicio examinado.


Asunto(s)
Cooperación Técnica , Sistemas de Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Políticas, Planificación y Administración en Salud , Cobertura de los Servicios de Salud , Cobertura Universal de Salud , Enfermedades no Transmisibles , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Sistemas de Información en Salud , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Salud Mental , Administración Financiera , Administración en Salud Pública , COVID-19 , América Central , Honduras
15.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(8)2021 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451951

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is a life-threatening invasive fungal infection most commonly observed in immunocompromised patients. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, a growing number of Mucorales associated infections, now termed COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM), have been reported. Despite an increase in fatality reports, no cases of rhino-orbital CAM complicated with gangrenous bone necrosis have been described in the literature to date. CASE: A 56-year-old male with a recent COVID-19 diagnosis developed rhino-orbital mucormycosis after 22 days of treatment with dexamethasone. Cultures and histopathological assessment of tissue biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. The patient survived after treatment with amphotericin B. CONCLUSIONS: Mucormycosis is an invasive fungal infection affecting mostly immunocompromised patients. Along with the COVID-19 pandemic, the inappropriate use of steroids, in addition to concurrent risk factors, such as diabetes, has led to an increase in the occurrence of these devastating mycoses, leading to the development of severe presentations and complications, as observed in many cases. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial in order to avoid dissemination and fatal outcomes.

17.
Soc Sci Med ; 281: 114040, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144481

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Stress process theory considers that actual and perceived isolation, caused by mobility restrictions from attempted containment of the COVID-19 pandemic, deteriorates mental health. OBJECTIVE: We examine the relationship between the COVID-19 lockdowns and mental health-related Google searches in 11 Latin American countries. We include the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. We also explore how changes in search patterns relate to income support policies and to COVID-19 death rates. METHOD: Using Google Trends data and an event-study design, as well as a difference-in-differences analysis, we investigate the association between country specific stay-at-home orders and internet searches including the following words: insomnia, stress, anxiety, sadness, depression, and suicide. RESULTS: We find three main patterns. First, searches for insomnia peak but then decline. Second, searches for stress, anxiety, and sadness increase and remain high throughout the lockdown. Third, there is no substantial change in depression-related or suicide-related searches after the lockdown. In terms of potential mechanisms, our results suggest that searches declined for suicide and insomnia following the passage of each country's income support, while in countries with higher COVID-19-related death rates, searches for insomnia, stress, and anxiety increased by more. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that, in Latin America, Google searches for words associated with mild mental health disorders increased during the COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. Nonetheless, these conclusions should not be construed as a general population mental health deterioration, as we cannot verify that search indicators are accurately related to the users' current feelings and behaviors, and as internet users may not be representative of the population in this region.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Motor de Búsqueda , Argentina , Bolivia , Chile , Colombia , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Ecuador , Guatemala , Honduras , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiología , México , Pandemias , Perú , SARS-CoV-2 , Uruguay
18.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 18(2)jun. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386913

RESUMEN

Resumen Introducción: el 12 de marzo del 2020 Honduras reporto el primer caso de COVID-19 producida por el SARS-CoV-2. A partir de ese momento, se adoptan medidas para ralentizar el contagio. Para junio 2020, se reportan casos en la mayoría de los municipios. Con el objetivo de identificar la presencia y circulación del SARS-CoV-2 y caracterizar e identificar sintomatología sugerente de COVID-19 en la población se realiza el presente estudio. Metodología: Se trató de un estudio descriptivo tipo transversal, bajo enfoque cuantitativo y cualitativo utilizando el método de muestreo por lote. La población de estudio fueron los habitantes de municipios en los cuales no se reportaban oficialmente casos activos de COVID-19. Se recolectaron datos mediante encuesta electrónica y se aplicaron pruebas rápidas de detección de anticuerpos (IgG e IgM). Resultados: se encuestó y realizó pruebas a 792 personas de 41 municipios del país. La positividad de contacto se encontró en el 6.2 % (49/792). De estos, el 55.1 % (27/49) son hombres. Los grupos de edad con menor cantidad de pruebas de contacto positivo por COVID-19 fueron entre los 10-19 años (3/49) y mayores de 60 años (6/49). El cuadro clínico consistió en fiebre, disminución del apetito, dificultad respiratoria y pérdida del gusto y olfato. El 49.2 % (32/49) fueron asintomáticos. Conclusiones: Se demostró que hubo circulación del virus en la población de municipios en donde no se notificaron casos activos, 96 días después del primer caso confirmado en el país. La detección de anticuerpos específicos del virus podría ser importante en encuestas para infección asintomática en zonas donde el contacto es esperado.


Abstract Introduction: In Honduras on March 12, 2020, the first case of COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 was reported. From that moment on, a series of measures were adopted to slow down contact throughout the country. By June 2020, cases are reported across the whole country. With the objective of identifying the presence and circulation of SARS-CoV-2, characterizing and identifying suggestive symptoms of COVID-19 in the population, the present study was carried out. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out, using a quantitative and qualitative approach, using the LQAS sampling method. The study population was the inhabitants of the identified municipalities, with no current circulation data for SARS-CoV-2 or the municipalities whose last confirmed case was 21 days ago. The data was collected through an electronic survey, it was possible to apply rapid antibody detection tests (IgG and IgM). Results: 792 people from 41 municipalities of the country were surveyed and tested. Positivity of contact was found in 6.2% (49/792). Of these, 55.1% (27/49) are men. 61.2% (30/49) are between 20 and 49 years old. The clinical symptoms found were fever, decreased appetite, respiratory distress, and loss of taste and smell, the 49.2% (32/49) without symptoms. Conclusions: virus circulation was demonstrated in the population of municipalities in which no cases were officially reported and after 96 days of the first confirmed case in the country. Detection of virus-specific antibodies could be important in surveys for asymptomatic infection in areas where contact is expected.

19.
Soc Sci Med ; 277: 113933, 2021 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33873009

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: The purpose of the current study was to analyze the influence of coronavirus awareness, psychological stress responses, and sociodemographic variables on mental health indicators (somatization, depression, and anxiety) in residents of Honduras, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Spain. METHODS: The study used a quantitative, cross-sectional approach. Data was collected online using the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18); the Coronavirus Awareness Scale-6 (CAS-6) and a questionnaire that included psychological and sociodemographic questions. The total sample size consisted of 1559 respondents from Honduras (34%), Chile (29%), Costa Rica (17%), Mexico (11%), and Spain (9%). RESULTS: The most common stress domains correspond to family (22.97%), financial (22.53%), academic (16.47%), leisure time constraints (14.23%), health (12.48%), peer group (7.63%), and religious concerns (3.69%). These domains are significantly associated with the respondent's country, sex, employment status, and being or not a health worker. Respondents who reported confinement stress also reported higher scores in anxiety, depression, and somatization. The Global Severity Index was significantly predicted by confinement stress, health, academic, and leisure time-related stress, sex, age, being a health worker, COVID-19 Personal Concern, and Perceived Seriousness. Non-significant predictors were employment status, the number of people at home, presence of older adults and children at home, financial, peer group, family, and religious concerns; the regression model had an R2 of 0.26. Similar analyses were conducted for somatization, depression, and anxiety subscales. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has adverse effects on the mental health of the general population, particularly regarding anxiety, depression, and somatization. Specific populations, such as women and healthcare workers, are at particular risk of suffering a deterioration in mental wellbeing. The implications of the study for public policy are discussed.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Anciano , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Niño , Chile , Costa Rica/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Honduras/epidemiología , Humanos , México/epidemiología , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , España , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 43(2): e358-e359, 2021 06 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693878

RESUMEN

A recent correspondence discussed that in trying times, technology can help be applied toward epidemiology to benefit communities by building a basic surveillance system. This suggested development in Honduras can be utilized in the Philippines to improve the State's handling of health emergencies. With this, this paper accentuates the importance of prevention and planning to ensure public health in the Philippines, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Tormentas Ciclónicas , Dengue , Honduras , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Filipinas/epidemiología , Salud Pública , SARS-CoV-2
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