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1.
Asunción; OPS; 2022-09-23. (OPS/PRY/22-0001).
No convencional en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-56354

RESUMEN

En el 2022 se celebra el 120.º aniversario de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS). En calidad de organismo independiente especializado en salud del sistema interamericano, la OPS brinda cooperación técnica a sus Estados Miembros para abordar las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles y sus causas, fortalecer los sistemas de salud y responder a situaciones de emergencia y desastres en toda la Región de las Américas. Asimismo, como Oficina Regional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para la Región de las Américas, participa en los equipos de las Naciones Unidas en los países, colaborando con otros organismos, fondos y programas del sistema de las Naciones Unidas para contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible a nivel de país. A nivel subregional, la OPS trabaja con los mecanismos de integración para que la salud y sus determinantes tengan un lugar en la agenda política. En el informe anual correspondiente al 2021 se presenta la cooperación técnica de la OPS en los países y territorios en este período, con la aplicación de las estrategias de cooperación en los países, la respuesta a sus necesidades y prioridades, y el desarrollo de las actividades en el marco de los mandatos regionales y mundiales de la OPS y los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. En consonancia con el tema general de "responder a la COVID-19 y prepararse para el futuro", se ponen de relieve las medidas que ha adoptado la OPS con respecto a la pandemia de COVID-19 y sus esfuerzos continuos en áreas prioritarias como las emergencias de salud, los sistemas y servicios de salud, las enfermedades transmisibles, las enfermedades no transmisibles y la salud mental, la salud a lo largo del curso de vida y la equidad en la salud. También se presenta un resumen financiero del bienio 2020-2021.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Urgencias Médicas , Sistemas de Salud , Servicios de Salud , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Equidad , Equidad de Género , Diversidad Cultural , Cooperación Técnica , Américas , Paraguay
2.
Front Public Health ; 10: 935405, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910871

RESUMEN

Purpose: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with computer vision syndrome in medical students at a private university in Paraguay. Methods: A survey study was conducted in 2021 in a sample of 228 medical students from the Universidad del Pacífico, Paraguay. The dependent variable was CVS, measured with the Computer Visual Syndrome Questionnaire (CVS-Q). Its association with covariates (hours of daily use of notebook, smartphone, tablet and PC, taking breaks when using equipment, use of preventive visual measures, use of glasses, etc.) was examined. Results: The mean age was 22.3 years and 71.5% were women. CVS was present in 82.5% of participants. Higher prevalence of CVS was associated with wearing a framed lens (PR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.03-1.20). In contrast, taking a break when using electronic equipment at least every 20 min and every 1 h reduced 7% (PR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.87-0.99) and 6% (PR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.89-0.99) the prevalence of CVS, respectively. Conclusion: Eight out of 10 students experienced CVS during the COVID-19 pandemic. The use of framed lenses increased the presence of CVS, while taking breaks when using electronic equipment at least every 20 min and every 1 h reduced CVS.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Enfermedades Profesionales , Estudiantes de Medicina , Adulto , Computadores , Estudios Transversales , Ergonomía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades Profesionales/epidemiología , Pandemias , Paraguay/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Síndrome , Universidades , Adulto Joven
3.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; 68(5): 1063-1070, 2022 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652309

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although technologies (including information, e-learning, and communication) have been daily employed by University students in the last years, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a considerable increase in their use. Technostress is a modern term referring to levels of stress caused by the prolonged exposure to technology. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the technostress and related anxiety and depression among Paraguayan University students, describing their sociodemographic characteristics and relevant associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional and descriptive study has been conducted. Participants were recruited through an Internet-based survey. Technostress, anxiety, and depression have been assessed with the Technostress Questionnaire (TechQ), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaire, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2), respectively. RESULTS: A total of 378 participants were included, 74.1% of whom were women. According to the TechQ scores, 47.4% of the participants reported a low/moderate level of technostress whereas 5.2% showed severe scores. About 58.5% of participants reported a GAD-7 score ⩾10, meeting diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety. About 60.3% scored ⩾3 at the PHQ-2 reporting significant levels of depression. Technostress has been significantly associated with levels of anxiety (p < .001) as well as depression (p < .001). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest further research regarding the implications of technostress on the well-being of University students. Specific measures aimed to improve students' coping with the challenges of technology and technostress should be promoted.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/etiología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/epidemiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Paraguay/epidemiología , Estudiantes , Universidades
4.
Preprint en Español | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-4168

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown measures have caused the temporary interruption of most services provided by the justice systems. To continue with their activities, these institutions have made use e Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Based on the multiple streams approach, developed by John Kingdon (1984), the concurrence of three streams is analyzed: (i) the temporary interruption of access to justice; (ii) the actions of the Paraguayan judicial system authorities during the first year of the pandemic; and, (iii) the technologies implemented by the courts in Paraguay. For this, a qualitative methodology was used, through the review of secondary sources and semi-structured interviews with key actors in the national and international legal field. As a result, it was found that the Paraguayan judicial system knew how to take advantage of this opportunity to promote the digital development of the Supreme Court of Justice in times of pandemic.


La pandemia del COVID-19 y las subsiguientes medidas de confinamiento han provocado la interrupción temporal de la mayoría de servicios brindados por los sistemas de justicia. Para continuar con sus actividades, estas instituciones han hecho uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y de las Comunicaciones (TICs). A partir del enfoque de corrientes múltiples, desarrollado por John Kingdon (1984), se analiza la concurrencia de tres corrientes: (i) la interrupción temporal del acceso a la justicia; (ii) las acciones de las autoridades del sistema judicial paraguayo durante el primer año de pandemia; y, (iii) las tecnologías implementadas por los juzgados en Paraguay. Para ello se empleó una metodología cualitativa, a través de la revisión de fuentes secundarias y entrevistas semiestructuradas a actores clave del ámbito jurídico nacional e internacional. Como resultado, se encontró que el sistema judicial de Paraguay supo aprovechar esta oportunidad para impulsar el desarrollo digital de la Corte Suprema de Justicia en tiempos de pandemia.

5.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(1): 18-29, Junio 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372728

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la empatía es definida como la habilidad que pueden asumir las personas para ponerse en lugar de otros, de ahí que resulta lógico pensar que es uno de los ejes centrales en la relación odontólogo-paciente. Objetivo: determinar el nivel empatía en estudiantes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción en el año 2021. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Los participantes fueron evaluados mediante la Escala de Empatía Médica de Jefferson, además se recabaron datos sociodemográficos. Se aplicó la prueba estadística Chi cuadrado de Pearson y el Test Exacto de Fisher con un nivel de confianza del 95 %. Resultado: participaron 125 estudiantes del tercero al quinto año, el 56 % residía en Asunción, con una edad promedio de 23 ± 2 años. La empatía promedio fue de 91,46 (CD = 9,48). La mayoría de los estudiantes tuvo un nivel de empatía bajo (68,8 %) en el componente "Cuidado con compasión", alto (89,6 %) en el componente "Toma de perspectiva" y media (66,4 %) en el componente "Ponerse en el lugar del otro". El 71,2 % tuvo nivel medio de empatía global. No se encontró asociación del nivel de empatía con sexo (p=1,00) ni curso académico (p=0,56). Conclusión: la mayoría de los estudiantes presentaron nivel medio de empatía; siendo alto para la toma de perspectiva, medio para ponerse en el lugar del otro y bajo para el cuidado de compasión.


ABSTRACT Introduction: empathy is defined as the ability that people can assume to put themselves in the place of others, hence it is logical to think that it is one of the central axes in the dentist-patient relationship. Objective: to determine the level of empathy in students of the Facultad de Odontología of Universidad Nacional de Asunción in the year 2021. Methodology: it was a cross-sectional descriptive observational study. The participants were evaluated using the Jefferson Medical Empathy Scale, and sociodemographic data were also collected. Pearson's Chi square statistical test and Fisher's Exact Test were applied with a confidence level of 95 %. Result: 125 students from third to fifth year participated, 56 % resided in Asunción, with an average age of 23 ± 2 years. The mean empathy was 91,46 (cd = 9,48). Most of the students presented low empathy (68.8%) in the "Care with Compassion" component, high (89.6 %) with respect to "Perspective Taking", and medium (66.4 %) regarding to "put yourself in the place of the other". The 71.2 % had a medium level of global empathy. No association was found between the level of empathy and gender (p=1.00) or academic year (p=0.56). Conclusion: most of the students presented a medium level of empathy, being high for perspective taking, medium for putting yourself in another's shoes, and low for compassionate care.

6.
Viruses ; 14(5)2022 04 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35632615

RESUMEN

SARS-CoV-2 variant detection relies on resource-intensive whole-genome sequencing methods. We sought to develop a scalable protocol for variant detection and surveillance in Paraguay, pairing rRT-PCR for spike mutations with Nanopore sequencing. A total of 201 acute-phase nasopharyngeal samples were included. Samples were positive for the SARS-CoV-2 N2 target and tested with the Spike SNP assay to detect mutations associated with the following variants: alpha (501Y), beta/gamma (417variant/484K/501Y), delta (452R/478K), and lambda (452Q/490S). Spike SNP calls were confirmed using amplicon (Sanger) sequencing and whole-genome (Nanopore) sequencing on a subset of samples with confirmed variant lineages. Samples had a mean N2 Ct of 20.8 (SD 5.6); 198/201 samples (98.5%) tested positive in the Spike SNP assay. The most common genotype was 417variant/484K/501Y, detected in 102/198 samples (51.5%), which was consistent with the P.1 lineage (gamma variant) in Paraguay. No mutations (K417 only) were found in 64/198 (32.3%), and K417/484K was identified in 22/198 (11.1%), consistent with P.2 (zeta). Seven samples (3.5%) tested positive for 452R without 478K, and one sample with genotype K417/501Y was confirmed as B.1.1.7 (alpha). The results were confirmed using Sanger sequencing in 181/181 samples, and variant calls were consistent with Nanopore sequencing in 29/29 samples. The Spike SNP assay could improve population-level surveillance for mutations associated with SARS-CoV-2 variants and inform the judicious use of sequencing resources.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Paraguay/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2/genética
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 34(1): 126-132, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467629

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 is a highly transmissible disease caused by a new zoonotic coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2 that has led to several health, social, and economic issues worldwide. Anxiety and stress are predominant symptoms in the population during the quarantine; also, levels of fear or phobia have been reported. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study validate the Spanish version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S). Participants were recruited using an Internet-based survey. The survey was open from July 20 to July 31, 2021 and 1079 subjects were included. RESULTS: Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test was adequate (KMO=0.956) and sphericity tested significantly (p<0.0001). The model of adjustment was good as shown by fit indices (S-B χ2=351.67, df=164, p>0.05; RMSEA=0.033; SRMSR=0.042; CFI=0.995, NFI=0.990). CONCLUSIONS: This confirms that the model of the Spanish version of the C19P-S may reproduce the same four-factors model from the original version of the scale and all items of these factors reported standardized loadings higher than 0.40 (p<0.001).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Trastornos Fóbicos , Humanos , Paraguay , Trastornos Fóbicos/diagnóstico , Trastornos Fóbicos/epidemiología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386335

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Algunos estudios han encontrado que la severidad de la COVID-19 se asocia con una alta carga viral determinada por los números de ciclos (Ct) de amplificación de ADN de SARS-CoV-2. El objetivo fue determinar la relación entre el umbral de ciclos de PCR de SARS-CoV-2 y la severidad de la infección por el virus SARS-COV-2 en pacientes internados y ambulatorios en un hospital de referencia entre marzo a junio del 2021. Estudio retrospectivo observacional analítico de corte trasverso de pacientes adultos con COVID-19, ambulatorios e internados en el Hospital Nacional. Se incluyeron los pacientes cuya infección fue confirmada por RT-PCR para SARS-CoV-2, se consideró un punto de corte para Ct60 años (36,6%), estuvieron hospitalizados (69,8%), internados en sala (57,1%), y admitidos en cuidados intensivos (12,8%), tiempo medio de enfermedad 8,48 ± 4,2 días. La mortalidad fue de 22,2%. Se encontró mayor riesgo de fallecer para los pacientes con Ct 60 años (OR: 3,69; IC95%: 2,39-5,68). Estos dos factores permanecieron asociados con el óbito en el análisis multivariado. Hubo mayor riesgo de hospitalizarse y fallecer en los pacientes con Ct<25. El valor Ct podría ser útil para la predicción del curso clínico y el pronóstico de los pacientes con COVID-19.


ABSTRACT Some studies have found that severity of COVID-19 is associated with a high viral load determined by the number of cycles (Ct) of SARS-CoV-2 DNA amplification. The objective was to determine the relationship between the Ct value and the severity of the SARS-COV-2 virus infection in inpatients and outpatients at a reference hospital in Paraguay between March and June 2021. Cross-sectional retrospective study of adult patients with COVID-19, ambulatory and hospitalized admitted to the National Hospital. Patients whose infection was confirmed by RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 were included, a cut off point of Ct 60 years (36.6%), hospitalized (69.8%), admitted to ward (57.1%), and admitted to intensive care (12.8%), mean time of illness 8.48 ± 4.2 days and mortality was 22.2%. A higher risk of death was found for patients with Ct 60 years (OR: 3.69; 95% CI: 2.39-5.68). These two factors remained associated with death in the multivariate analysis. There was a higher risk of hospitalization and death in patients with TC <25. Ct value could be useful for predicting clinical course and prognosis of COVID-19 patients.

9.
Artículo en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-55846

RESUMEN

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Estudiar la factibilidad de utilización de la inteligencia artificial como método sensible y específico para el cribado de COVID-19 en pacientes con afecciones respiratorias empleando imágenes de tórax obtenidas con tomógrafo y una plataforma de telemedicina. Métodos. Entre marzo del 2020 y junio del 2021 se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo multicéntrico de factibilidad basada en inteligencia artificial (IA) para el cribado de COVID-19 en imágenes de tórax de pacientes con afecciones respiratorias que acudieron a hospitales públicos. El diagnóstico de las imágenes tomográficas de tórax se realizó a través de la plataforma de IA; luego, se comparó con el diagnóstico molecular (RT-PCR) para determinar la concordancia entre ambos y analizar su factibilidad para el cribado de pacientes con sospecha de COVID-19. Las imágenes y los resultados diagnóstico se enviaron a través de una plataforma de telemedicina. Resultados. Se realizó el cribado de 3 514 pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de COVID-19, en 14 hospitales a nivel nacional. La mayoría de los pacientes tenían entre 27 y 59 años, seguidos por los mayores de 60 años. La edad promedio fue de 48,6 años; el 52,8% eran de sexo masculino. Los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron neumonía grave, neumonía bilateral con derrame pleural, enfisema pulmonar bilateral y opacidad difusa en vidrio esmerilado, entre otros. Se determinó un promedio de 93% de concordancia y 7% de discordancia entre las imágenes analizadas mediante IA y la RT-PCR. La sensibilidad y especificidad del sistema de IA, obtenidas comparando el resultado del cribado obtenido por IA con la RT-PCR, fueron de 93% y 80% respectivamente. Conclusiones. Es viable la utilización de IA sensible y específica para la detección rápida estratificada de COVID-19 en pacientes con afecciones respiratorias utilizando imágenes obtenidas mediante tomografía de tórax y una plataforma de telemedicina en los hospitales públicos de Paraguay.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. Study the feasibility of using artificial intelligence as a sensitive and specific method for COVID-19 screening in patients with respiratory conditions, using chest CT scan images and a telemedicine platform. Methods. From March 2020 to June 2021, the authors conducted an observational descriptive multicenter feasibility study based on artificial intelligence (AI) for COVID-19 screening using chest images of patients with respiratory conditions who presented at public hospitals. The AI platform was used to diagnose chest CT scan images; this was then compared with molecular diagnosis (RT-PCR) to determine whether they matched and to analyze the feasibility of AI for screening patients with suspected COVID-19. A telemedicine platform was used to send images and diagnostic results. Results. Screening of 3 514 patients with a suspected COVID-19 diagnosis was performed in 14 hospitals around the country. Most patients were aged 27 to 59 years, followed by those over 60. The average age was 48.6 years; 52.8% were male. The most frequent findings were severe pneumonia, bilateral pneumonia with pleural effusion, bilateral pulmonary emphysema, and diffuse ground glass opacity, among others. There was an average of 93% matching and 7% mismatching between images analyzed by AI and RT-PCR. Sensitivity and specificity of the AI system, obtained by comparing AI and RT-PCR screening results, were 93% and 80% respectively. Conclusions. The use of sensitive and specific AI for stratified rapid detection of COVID-19 in patients with respiratory conditions by using chest CT scan images and a telemedicine platform in public hospitals in Paraguay is feasible.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Examinar a viabilidade do uso de inteligência artificial como um método sensível e específico de triagem de COVID-19 em pacientes com afecções respiratórias, empregando imagens obtidas por exame de tomografia do tórax e uma plataforma de telemedicina. Métodos. Entre março de 2020 e junho de 2021, foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo multicêntrico sobre a viabilidade do uso de inteligência artificial (IA) para a triagem de COVID-19, empregando imagens do tórax de pacientes com afecções respiratórias atendidos em hospitais da rede pública. O diagnóstico das imagens obtidas em tomografia do tórax foi realizado por meio de uma plataforma de IA e, em seguida, cotejado com o diagnóstico molecular (RT-PCR) para determinar a concordância entre os métodos utilizados e analisar a viabilidade deste processo para a triagem de pacientes com suspeita de COVID-19. As imagens e os resultados do exame diagnóstico foram disponibilizados em uma plataforma de telemedicina. Resultados. Foi realizada a triagem de 3 514 pacientes com suspeita de COVID-19 atendidos em 14 hospitais de todo o país. Os pacientes, na sua maioria, tinham entre 27 e 59 anos de idade ou pertenciam à faixa etária acima de 60 anos, com média de idade de 48,6 anos, sendo que 52,8% eram do sexo masculino. Os achados mais comuns foram pneumonia grave, pneumonia bilateral com derrame pleural, enfisema pulmonar bilateral e opacidade difusa em vidro fosco, entre outros. Verificou-se, em média, 93% de concordância e 7% de discordância entre as imagens analisadas com uso de IA e os resultados do exame de RT-PCR, com uma sensibilidade de 93% e especificidade de 80% desse sistema de triagem. Conclusões. Demonstrou-se que o uso de um sistema de IA sensível e específico é viável nos hospitais públicos do Paraguai para a detecção rápida estratificada de COVID-19 em pacientes com afecções respiratórias, empregando imagens de exame de tomografia do tórax e uma plataforma de telemedicina.


Asunto(s)
Tamizaje Masivo , COVID-19 , Inteligencia Artificial , Telemedicina , Telediagnóstico , Tecnología Digital , Paraguay , Tamizaje Masivo , Inteligencia Artificial , Telemedicina , Telediagnóstico , Tecnología Digital , Tecnología Digital , Paraguay
10.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46: e20, 2022.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350452

RESUMEN

Objective: Study the feasibility of using artificial intelligence as a sensitive and specific method for COVID-19 screening in patients with respiratory conditions, using chest CT scan images and a telemedicine platform. Methods: From March 2020 to June 2021, the authors conducted an observational descriptive multicenter feasibility study based on artificial intelligence (AI) for COVID-19 screening using chest images of patients with respiratory conditions who presented at public hospitals. The AI platform was used to diagnose chest CT scan images; this was then compared with molecular diagnosis (RT-PCR) to determine whether they matched and to analyze the feasibility of AI for screening patients with suspected COVID-19. A telemedicine platform was used to send images and diagnostic results. Results: Screening of 3 514 patients with a suspected COVID-19 diagnosis was performed in 14 hospitals around the country. Most patients were aged 27 to 59 years, followed by those over 60. The average age was 48.6 years; 52.8% were male. The most frequent findings were severe pneumonia, bilateral pneumonia with pleural effusion, bilateral pulmonary emphysema, and diffuse ground glass opacity, among others. There was an average of 93% matching and 7% mismatching between images analyzed by AI and RT-PCR. Sensitivity and specificity of the AI system, obtained by comparing AI and RT-PCR screening results, were 93% and 80% respectively. Conclusions: The use of sensitive and specific AI for stratified rapid detection of COVID-19 in patients with respiratory conditions by using chest CT scan images and a telemedicine platform in public hospitals in Paraguay is feasible.


Objetivo: Examinar a viabilidade do uso de inteligência artificial como um método sensível e específico de triagem de COVID-19 em pacientes com afecções respiratórias, empregando imagens obtidas por exame de tomografia do tórax e uma plataforma de telemedicina. Métodos: Entre março de 2020 e junho de 2021, foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo multicêntrico sobre a viabilidade do uso de inteligência artificial (IA) para a triagem de COVID-19, empregando imagens do tórax de pacientes com afecções respiratórias atendidos em hospitais da rede pública. O diagnóstico das imagens obtidas em tomografia do tórax foi realizado por meio de uma plataforma de IA e, em seguida, cotejado com o diagnóstico molecular (RT-PCR) para determinar a concordância entre os métodos utilizados e analisar a viabilidade deste processo para a triagem de pacientes com suspeita de COVID-19. As imagens e os resultados do exame diagnóstico foram disponibilizados em uma plataforma de telemedicina. Resultados: Foi realizada a triagem de 3 514 pacientes com suspeita de COVID-19 atendidos em 14 hospitais de todo o país. Os pacientes, na sua maioria, tinham entre 27 e 59 anos de idade ou pertenciam à faixa etária acima de 60 anos, com média de idade de 48,6 anos, sendo que 52,8% eram do sexo masculino. Os achados mais comuns foram pneumonia grave, pneumonia bilateral com derrame pleural, enfisema pulmonar bilateral e opacidade difusa em vidro fosco, entre outros. Verificou-se, em média, 93% de concordância e 7% de discordância entre as imagens analisadas com uso de IA e os resultados do exame de RT-PCR, com uma sensibilidade de 93% e especificidade de 80% desse sistema de triagem. Conclusões: Demonstrou-se que o uso de um sistema de IA sensível e específico é viável nos hospitais públicos do Paraguai para a detecção rápida estratificada de COVID-19 em pacientes com afecções respiratórias, empregando imagens de exame de tomografia do tórax e uma plataforma de telemedicina.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 298(Pt A): 599-603, 2022 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798149

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase of social stressors and mental health issues in the general population as well as among mentally ill patients. A COVID-19- related "infodemic", including too much information in digital and physical environments, has been recognized globally. AIM: This study aimed to describe the impact of COVID-19 infodemic (exposure to news related to COVID-19) in terms of depressive symptoms in the Paraguayan general population. METHODS: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. An online survey, designed in Google Forms, has been launched nationwide through the most popular social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) and messaging applications (WhatsApp, Telegram) in April (1st-30th) 2021. The Mental Health Inventory-5 (MHI-5) was employed for detecting depressive symptoms. RESULTS: The survey included 1102 responders aged 35.4 ± 12.9 years old, 74.9% were women. MHI-5 mean score was 44.07 ± 14.16 in the general population with 34.4% (n = 379) of responders suffering from severe symptoms of depression (>52, as cut-off point). 53.5% of sample reported to have been exposed between 1 and 3 h to COVID-19 news, daily. An OR 1.933 (95% CI 1.48 - 2.52) was found between the exposure to news and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that people exposed to a higher number of hours of COVID-19 news were 93.3% more likely to develop depressive symptoms.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Joven
12.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 18-28, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344187

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 ha incrementado los casos de ansiedad y causado grandes modificaciones en la forma de prestar atención médica. Objetivo: describir las características epidemiológicas de los trastornos de ansiedad atendidos a través de telepsiquiatría en un Hospital Universitario. Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se realizó un muestreo no aleatorio intencional. Se utilizaron fichas electrónicas de pacientes tratados en el Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital de Clínicas, Paraguay, entre febrero y mayo de 2021. Se realizó estadística descriptiva de todas las variables. Se calcularon medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las variables cuantitativas. Las cualitativas se resumieron en frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: el análisis incluyó 804 pacientes. El 71,5 % (575) de los pacientes procedían del ámbito rural. De todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de algún trastorno de ansiedad (20,49 % n = 165), el 69,1 % (114) correspondían a mujeres y el 49,7 % (82) presentaron trastorno de pánico (ansiedad paroxística episódica), 28,5 % (47) fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de ansiedad generalizada, y 21,8 % (36) tuvieron un trastorno de ansiedad no especificado. Conclusión: más del 20 % de los pacientes que consultaron a través de la modalidad de telepsiquiatría presentó algún cuadro del espectro ansioso. La presentación de casos se dio tanto en el ámbito rural como en el urbano y de preferencia en mujeres. El trastorno de pánico emergió como el trastorno de más alta frecuencia en la población accesible, representando casi la mitad de todos los casos de ansiedad diagnosticados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic has increased anxiety cases and caused big modifications in the way medical care is provided. Objective: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of anxiety disorders treated through telepsychiatry in a University Hospital. Methodology: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. A non-random purposive sampling was performed. Electronic records of patients treated in the Psychiatry Department of the "Hospital de Clínicas", Paraguay, between February and May 2021 were used. Descriptive statistics were performed for all variables. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were calculated for quantitative variables. Qualitative variables were summarized in frequencies and percentages. Results: the analysis included 804 patients. Out of the patients, 71,5 % (575) were from rural areas. Out of all patients diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (20,49 % n = 165), 69,1 % (114) were female and 49,7 % (82) had panic disorder (episodic paroxysmal anxiety), 28,5 % (47) were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, and 21,8 % (36) had an unspecified anxiety disorder. Conclusion: more than 20 % of the patients who consulted through the telepsychiatry modality presented with an anxiety spectrum disorder. Cases were presented in both rural and urban areas and preferably in females. Panic disorder emerged as the most frequent disorder in the accessible population, representing almost half of all diagnosed anxiety cases.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Adulto Joven , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/epidemiología , Pandemias , Telepsiquiatría , Paraguay/epidemiología , Salud Mental/tendencias , Trastorno de Pánico/epidemiología , Consulta Remota/métodos , Distribución por Edad y Sexo , COVID-19
13.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 40-53, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344198

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: el afrontamiento a la muerte constituye una de las situaciones más difíciles y estresantes a las que se tienen que enfrentar los estudiantes de medicina por el contacto cercano a pacientes en riesgo vital. Objetivos: determinar el nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina. Metodología: se aplicó diseño con enfoque cuantitativo, de tipo observacional, transversal, multicéntrico. Se incluyó a estudiantes de medicina del Paraguay, de ambos sexos, en agosto 2021, que aceptaban participar del estudio. Se utilizó un cuestionario telemático. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas. El nivel de afrontamiento se determinó con la escala de Bugen. La investigación fue aprobada por Comité de Ética de la Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Resultados: se incluyeron 504 estudiantes, siendo del sexo femenino en 74 % y con edad media 22 ± 4 años. El 88 % de los encuestados eran de nacionalidad paraguaya (88 %) y 73 % de religión católica. La mayoría nació en Paraguay (88 %), era católica (73 %), se hallaba inscripta como donante de órganos (60 %) y tenía antecedente reciente de muerte de un familiar o amigo (76 %). La escala de Bugen detectó bajo nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en 50 %, siendo 52 % en las mujeres y 42 % en los varones (p <0,05). Conclusión: el afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina fue bajo. Se sugiere incluir cursos, talleres y planes formativos dentro de las asignaturas o como actividades de extensión para mejorar ese aspecto en el currículo de las facultades de medicina del Paraguay.


ABSTRACT Introduction: coping with death is one of the most difficult tasks that medical students have to face. Objectives: to determine the level of coping with death in medical students. Methodology: we conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study. We included men and women, medical students from public and private universities from Paraguay in 2021, who agreed to participate in the study. A telematic questionnaire was used. Sociodemographic variables were measured. The level of coping was determined with the Bugen scale. The research was approved by the Comité de Ética of the Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Results: 504 students were included, 74 % being female and with a mean age of 22 ± 4 years. Most were born in Paraguay (88 %), were Catholic (73 %), registered as an organ donor (60 %), and had a recent history of the death of a family member or friend (76 %). The Bugen scale detected a low level of coping with death in 52 % of the women and 42 % of the men (p <0.05). Conclusion: coping with death in medical students was low. It is suggested to include courses or workshops to improve this aspect in the curriculum of the medical schools of Paraguay.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Estudiantes de Medicina , Adaptación Psicológica , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Miedo , Paraguay , Facultades de Medicina , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Pandemias , COVID-19/psicología
14.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 25-32, Dec. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352900

RESUMEN

Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 ha provocado cambios que afectan los sistemas de salud y el abordaje de las enfermedades infecciosas a nivel mundial. La esperanza de recuperar un cierto nivel de "normalidad" se basa en el desarrollo de vacunas. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las actitudes hacia la vacuna COVID-19 en la población paraguaya, explorando factores que podrían ser abordados para apoyar la campaña de vacunación contra el SARS-CoV-2. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal y descriptivo. Los participantes fueron reclutados a través de una encuesta basada en Internet, difundida a través de las redes sociales, durante el mes de marzo de 2021. Todos los participantes recibieron información completa sobre el objetivo del estudio, la privacidad y el procesamiento de datos. Resultados: De los 2297 participantes, el 67,9% (n=1559) eran mujeres, el 49,9% (n=1147) estaban empleados, el 89,1% (n=2046) reportaron educación universitaria y el 96,6% (n=2218) eran de áreas urbanas. En general, el 81,8 % (n=1879) de los participantes afirmó que estarían dispuestos a vacunarse contra el COVID-19 si hubiera una vacuna disponible. Se ha encontrado una relación significativa entre haber solicitado la vacuna antigripal y la intención de vacunarse frente al COVID-19 (p<0,0001), con un OR: 3,09 (IC 95% 2,1-4,5). Conclusión: El porcentaje de participantes inclinados a vacunarse contra el COVID-19 es similar al de aquellos que esperan una inmunización adecuada de la vacuna. Las agencias gubernamentales y de salud deben hacer un esfuerzo para brindar información precisa que responda a las inquietudes de las personas sobre la vacunación, en cualquier nivel de la sociedad.


Introduction: Insufficient physical activity is one of the main public health problems globally. Teen behavior patterns and lifestyle may affect their physical and mental health. Objectives: The objective of this study was to know the patterns of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the adolescent population nationwide. Materials and methods: A quantitative, observational, descriptive cross-sectional study, the questionnaire of the Global School Health Survey was applied in school adolescents of the eighth and ninth grades of the 3rd cycle of Basic School Education and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year of Secondary Education in 49 schools and colleges in the country. 1,803 students aged 13 to 15 years were included in this study. Results. 27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 in Paraguay are active, being significantly higher in men than in women (p-value 0.000) and 22% are inactive more frequently in women than in men (p-value 0.000). It was observed that 33.5% of the adolescents had sedentary behavior, 43.4% of the adolescents did not use active displacement to attend school. Adolescents who did not participate in physical education classes at school accounted for 15.6%. Conclusion: Although 27% of adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15 are active, the large percentage of inactive adolescents with sedentary behavior is worrying.


Asunto(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Población , Conducta , Inmunización , Vacunación , Vacunas contra la COVID-19
15.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 33(2): 9-20, July-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394651

RESUMEN

Resumen Introducción: los profesionales en odontología han sido identificados como de muy alto riesgo de exposición al coronavirus, específicamente cuando llevan a cabo procedimientos de generación de aerosoles en pacientes infecciosos. El objetivo fue conocer los mecanismos mecánicos y químicos usados por los odontólogos paraguayos para evitar la propagación del COVID-19. Evaluar el porcentaje de odontólogos que hayan atendido pacientes COVID positivo y que posteriormente hayan desarrollado la enfermedad. Métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. Participaron del estudio odontólogos paraguayos con acceso a internet. La difusión del enlace de acceso se realizó por redes sociales. Se recolectaron datos sociodemográficos y medidas de protección utilizadas en el consultorio a fin de disminuir el riesgo biológico. Resultados: participaron 428 odontólogos, 84,11 % fueron mujeres, 38,32 % tenía de 30-39 años. Las medidas de desinfección y cuidados más utilizadas fueron la desinfección del sillón dental (96,7 %), lavado de manos del profesional (93,46 %) y desinfección de superficies con alcohol 70 (88,08 %). El 59,1% utilizaba el peróxido de hidrógeno al 1% como enjuague bucal preoperatorio. La mayoría utilizaba tapabocas KN95 (48,83%), bata de tela tejida (78,04 %), bata desechable (72,20%); uso de gorrito (89,49%) y/o cubre calzado (76,40 %) por parte del paciente, y esterilizan en autoclave sus instrumentales (82,48%). Un profesional relató haberse contagiado en el consultorio odontológico. Conclusión: La mayoría de los odontólogos paraguayos encuestados cumple con los protocolos establecidos por el Ministerio de Salud y organismos internacionales, los cuales aparentan ser efectivos como mecanismos de protección contra el COVID-19 en el ambiente clínico.


Abstract Introduction: dental professionals have been identified as having a very high risk of exposure to coronavirus, specifically when they carry out procedures to generate aerosols in infectious patients. The objective was identifying the mechanical and chemical mechanisms used by Paraguayan dentists to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Evaluate the percentage of dentists who have treated positive COVID patients and who have subsequently developed the disease. Methods: it was a cross-sectional descriptive observational study. Paraguayan dentists with internet access participated. The questions were about sociodemographic data and protection measures used in the office to reduce biological risk. The access link was disseminated through social networks. Results: 428 dentists participated in the study, 84.11 % were women, 38.32 % were 30-39 years old. The most used disinfection and care measures were dental chair disinfection (96.7 %), hand washing (93.46 %) and surface disinfection with alcohol 70 (88.08 %). 59.1% used 1% hydrogen peroxide as a preoperative mouthwash. The majority wore KN95 masks (48.83 %), woven cloth robe (78.04 %), disposable robe (72.20 %); The patient is fitted with a disposable surgeon's cap (89.49 %) and/or shoe covers (76.40 %), and their instruments are sterilized in an autoclave (82.48%). One professional reported having been infected in the dental office. Conclusion: most of the Paraguayan dentists surveyed comply with the protocols established by the Ministry of Health and international organizations, which appear to be effective as protection mechanisms against COVID-19 in the clinical environment.

17.
Pediatr. (Asunción) ; 48(3)dic. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386681

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 produjo una crisis sanitaria afectando las coberturas de vacunación de los países. Objetivo : Describir la cobertura de vacunación de los biológicos trazadores durante el periodo prepandémico (2015- 2019) y pandémico (2020-2021) en Paraguay. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo observacional de corte transverso, que comprendió a niños de 0 a 5 años de edad, de las 18 Regiones Sanitarias del País. Se analizaron las coberturas de vacunación del Programa Ampliado de Inmunización, periodo prepandémico (2015-2019) y pandémico (2020-201). Se incluyeron los biológicos trazadores: BCG, DPT1, DPT3, IPV1 y bOPV3, SPR1, SPR2 y vacuna antiamarílica (AA), el cálculo de cobertura de vacunación a nivel país se realizó por medio del análisis del reporte electrónico semanal de dosis de vacunas administradas por Región Sanitaria. Se estableció la comparación de las coberturas de vacunación por biológico trazador, por periodos y rango de edad. Resultados: Durante la pandemia se constató un descenso de cobertura de vacunación de los biológicos trazadores, para BCG: 4 % (2020), 15% (2021);DPT1: 5 % (2020), 13 % (2021); DPT3: 9 % (2020), 22 %(2021); IPV1: 5 % (2020),16 % (2021); bOPV3: 7% (2020),19 % (2021); SPR1: 9 %, SPR2: 13 % (2020),SPR1:17%, SPR2:16 % (2021) y AA: 7% (2020), 15% (2021). Conclusión: Durante la pandemia de Covid-19 disminuyeron las coberturas de vacunación de todos los biológicos trazadores, similar descenso se constató en otros países de América, existe el riesgo de aparición de brotes de enfermedades prevenibles por vacunación por el acúmulo de susceptibles.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic produced a health crisis affecting countries' vaccination coverage statistics. Objective: To describe the coverage of recommended vaccines during the pre-pandemic (2015-2019) and pandemic (2020-2021) periods in Paraguay. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive, observational cross-sectional study, comprising children from 0 to 5 years of age, from the Country's 18 Health Regions. The vaccination coverage of the National Expanded Immunization Program, pre-pandemic (2015-2019) and pandemic (2020-201) periods were analyzed. The recommended vaccinations included were: BCG, DTP1, DTP3, IPV1 and bOPV3, MMR1, MMR2 and yellow fever vaccine (AA), the calculation of vaccination coverage at the country level was carried out through the analysis of the weekly electronic report of doses of vaccines administered by Health Region. The comparison of vaccination coverage by recommended vaccine was established, by periods and age range. Results: During the pandemic, a decrease in vaccination coverage of the recommended vaccines was observed, for BCG: 4% (2020), 15% (2021); DTP1: 5% (2020), 13% (2021); DTP3: 9% (2020), 22% (2021); IPV1: 5% (2020), 16% (2021); bOPV3: 7% (2020), 19% (2021); MMR1: 9%, MMR2: 13% (2020), MMR1: 17%, MMR2: 16% (2021) and AA: 7% (2020), 15% (2021). Conclusion: During the Covid-19 pandemic, vaccination coverage of all recommended vaccines decreased, a similar decrease was found in other countries in the Americas, there is a risk of outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases due to the accumulation of susceptible populations.

18.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1835, 2021 10 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635086

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created situations that have a negative effect on people and threaten their mental health. Paraguay announced the Estado de Emergencia Sanitaria (Presidential Decree No. 3456) on March 16, 2020, which was followed by the imposition of a 24-h restriction on movement order on March 21. Self-quarantine at home may have been the most effective method of preventing the spread of infectious diseases; however, with the global pandemic becoming more prolonged and the consequent lengthening of the 24-h self-quarantine period, it is highly probable that both physical and psychological problems will arise. METHODS: In this study, a web-based cross-sectional method was used to analyze the factors influencing COVID-19-induced depressive feelings in Paraguayan public officials. RESULTS: Public officials reported a high level of depressive symptoms with a high level of apprehension in early stage of COVID-19. In addition, this study identified that when the self-quarantine period increased, levels of depressive feelings also increased. Since self-quarantine is characterized by the requirement that individuals endure an undetermined period within a confined area, it may have caused stress and anxiety, as well as the consequent experience of depressive feelings. CONCLUSIONS: Paraguayan government should develop a program for the delivery of mental health care and services to public officials in COVID-19 Pandemic period. Moreover, a program is required for people facing deteriorating mental health due to social isolation and loneliness caused by social distancing during the prolonged period of self-quarantine. Finally, mental health care programs should be organized in a community-focused way by utilizing online systems to enhance the effectiveness of mental health recovery.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ansiedad , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Humanos , Internet , Pandemias/prevención & control , Paraguay/epidemiología , Cuarentena , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(5)oct. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388296

RESUMEN

Resumen Introducción: El COVID-19 es eminentemente una infección de transmisión e inicio respiratorio, se discute la existencia de otras fuentes de contagio. El receptor viral ACE2 también ha sido detectado en el útero y en la vagina; de allí se ha planteado el compromiso del virus SARS-CoV-2 sobre el sistema genitourinario y sus posibles repercusiones en el embarazo. Objetivo: Determinar la presencia de SARS-CoV-2 en muestras endocervicales de mujeres con COVID-19 en departamentos del Paraguay. Pacientes y Métodos: Diseño observacional prospectivo, de corte transverso. Se reclutaron 200 mujeres desde agosto 2020 hasta febrero 2021, con no más de 48/72 h de un resultado previo positivo de hisopado nasofaríngeo para SARS-CoV-2 por retrotranscriptasa reversa-reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (en inglés rt-RT-PCR) y que aceptaron ingresar al estudio. Se llenó un cuestionario clínico epidemiológico. Las tomas de muestras se realizaron en servicios de salud del Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social (MSP y BS), domicilios y albergues de los distintos departamentos de Paraguay. Cada paciente fue sometida a un hisopado con hisopos de dacron o citobrush endocervical para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 por rt RT-PCR. Resultados: Las mujeres estudiadas tenían una edad media de 46,5 años (IC 95% 31,5-62,5). Refirieron contagio comunitario con SARS-CoV-2 en 75,5%, 13,5% en el hogar, 8,5% en el lugar de trabajo y 1,5% en el extranjero. Las manifestaciones clínicas fueron: 30%, síndrome gripal, fiebre 22,5%, tos 20%, anosmia 15,5%, trastornos digestivos 15,5%, y otros se presentaron con menor frecuencia. Las muestras de hisopados o citobrush endocervical sometidas a rt-RT-PCR para la deteccción de SARS Cov-2, resultaron negativas en las 200 mujeres de estudio. Discusión: Cabe destacar que las muestras vaginales fueron tomadas dentro de las 24-72 h de haber obtenido un resultado positivo para SARS-CoV-2 en el hisopado nasofaríngeo y que 62,5% de las mujeres se encontraban internadas en módulos respiratorios. Se discute la razón de la negatividad de los exámenes y su trascendencia. Conclusión: No se detectó infección con SARS-CoV-2 en la región endocervical de 200 mujeres con manifestaciones clínicas de COVID 19 y evaluadas dentro de las 48/72 h de un resultado positivo nasofaríngeo para SARS Cov-2. Los resultados en la población de estudio concuerdan con otros estudios reportados en la literatura científica.


Abstract Background: COVID-19 is an eminently respiratory transmissible infection of respiratory initiation, the existence of other sources of contagion is discussed. The ACE2 viral receptor has also been detected in the uterus and vagina; Hence, the involvement of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the genitourinary system and its possible repercussions on pregnancy has been raised. Aim: To determine the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in endocervical samples of women with COVID-19 in the departments of Paraguay. Methods: Designed as a prospective observational of transverse cohort. Two hundred women were recruited from August 2020 to February 2021, with no more than 48/72 hours of a previous positive nasopharyngeal swab result for SARS-CoV-2 by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (rt-RT-PCR) and who agreed to participate in the study. A clinical epidemiological questionnaire was completed. The samples were taken in health services of the MSPYBS (Public Ministry of Health and Social Welfare), homes and shelters in the different departments of Paraguay. Each patient underwent a swab (dacron swabs) or endocervical cytobrush for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 by rt-RT-PCR. Results: Women recruited had a mean age of 46.5 years (95% CI 31,562.5). They reported contagion with SARS-CoV-2: 75.5% in the community, 13.5% at home, 8.5% in the place of work and 1.5% abroad. The clinical manifestations were: 30% flu syndrome, 22.5% fever, 20% cough, 15.5% anosmia, 15.5% digestive disorders, among other symptoms. The swabs or endocervical cytobrush samples subjected to rt-RT-PCR for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 were negative in the 200 study women. Discussion: It should be noted that the vaginal samples were taken within 24-72 hours after obtaining a positive result for SARS-CoV-2 in the nasopharyngeal swab and that 62.5% of the women were hospitalized in respiratory modules. The reason for the negativity of the exams and their significance are discussed. Conclusión: No SARS Cov-2 infection was detected in the endocervical region of 200 women with clinical manifestations of COVID 19 and evaluated within 48/72 hours of a positive nasopharyngeal result for SARS Cov-2. The results in the study population agree with the findings of other studies reported in the literature.

20.
J Ment Health ; : 1-8, 2021 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586935

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing concern regarding the mental health of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the psychological impact of the COVID-19 exposure among Paraguayan healthcare workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study has been carried out in five hospitals of Paraguay. Demographic and occupational exposure to COVID-19 were collected through a short questionnaire. Mental health status was assessed with the GAD-7, the PHQ-9, and the PCL-C. Logistic regression was used to determine psychological risk factors. RESULTS: 432 participants were surveyed. 218 (50.46%) were physicians. The prevalence of symptoms of anxiety, depression and PTSD was 48.15, 41.90, and 5.79%, respectively. There were no significant differences in anxiety (128 [29.63%] vs. 80 [18.52%]; p = 0.3303), depression (102 [23.61%] vs. 79 [18.29%]; p = 0.6703), or PTSD (14 [3.24%] vs. 11 [2.55%]; p = 0.8074) between frontline versus second-line workers. Main risk factors associated with psychological distress included work experience <5 years for depression and a COVID-19 positive diagnosis or having family/friends with a COVID-19 positive diagnosis for PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: Paraguayan healthcare workers reported high prevalence of anxiety, depression, and a low prevalence of PTSD. A positive diagnosis of COVID-19 and work experience <5 years are important psychological risk factors.

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