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1.
Cureus ; 14(7): e26781, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967172

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been a major health concern worldwide. This study aims to develop a Bayesian model to predict critical outcomes in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Sensitivity and specificity were obtained from previous meta-analysis studies. The complex vulnerability index (IVC-COV2 index for its abbreviation in Spanish) was used to set the pretest probability. Likelihood ratios were integrated into a Fagan nomogram for posttest probabilities, and IVC-COV2 + National Early Warning Score (NEWS) values and CURB-65 scores were generated. Absolute and relative diagnostic gains (RDGs) were calculated based on pretest and posttest differences. RESULTS: The IVC-COV2 index was derived from a population of 1,055,746 individuals and was based on mortality in high-risk (71.97%), intermediate-risk (26.11%), and low-risk (1.91%) groups. The integration of models in which IVC-COV2 intermediate + NEWS ≥ 5 and CURB-65 > 2 led to a "number needed to (NNT) diagnose" that was slightly improved in the CURB-65 model (2 vs. 3). A comparison of diagnostic gains revealed that neither the positive likelihood ratio (P = 0.62) nor the negative likelihood ratio (P = 0.95) differed significantly between the IVC-COV2 NEWS model and the CURB-65 model. CONCLUSION: According to the proposed mathematical model, the combination of the IVC-COV2 intermediate score and NEWS or CURB-65 score yields superior results and a greater predictive value for the severity of illness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first population-based/mathematical model developed for use in COVID-19 critical care decision-making.

2.
Disasters ; 46 Suppl 1: S128-S150, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348228

RESUMEN

Child-centred disaster risk reduction aims to reduce child vulnerability and increase resilience to disasters. The 2015 Comprehensive School Safety Framework (CSSF) sought to decrease hazard risks to education. Between 2015 and 2017, Dominica was struck by Tropical Storm Erika and Hurricane Maria, which significantly affected the education system at the local and national scales. Since Maria, a couple of national initiatives (Safer Schools and Smart Schools) have been introduced to increase resilience and meet the CSSF's objectives. This paper assesses progress made through a qualitative analysis of interviews with 29 school leaders, government officials, and disaster risk reduction stakeholders. Implementation of the climate resilience programme in 2018 resulted in nationwide teacher training and production of school disaster plans. Limited successes have improved social resilience, but short-term implementation due to COVID-19 and a lack of a teacher knowledge base have presented challenges to the scheme's long-term sustainability and the implementation of the CSSF's goals.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Tormentas Ciclónicas , Planificación en Desastres , Desastres , COVID-19/epidemiología , República Dominicana , Humanos
3.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 89(5): 481-488, 2022 04 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974474

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and its associated socioeconomic disruptions have disproportionally affected marginalized populations, including people living with HIV. Little is known about how the pandemic has affected populations experiencing multiple forms of stigma, discrimination, and violence, such as female sex workers (FSW) living with HIV. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey between August and December 2020 among 187 FSW living with HIV in the Dominican Republic to examine the impact of COVID-19. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined associations between COVID-19-related financial concerns, mental health, substance use, and partner abuse on engagement in HIV care and antiretroviral therapy adherence. We conducted mediation analysis to assess whether mental health challenges mediated the impact of partner abuse or substance use on HIV outcomes. RESULTS: Most participants reported no income (72%) or a substantial decline in income (25%) since the COVID-19 pandemic. Approximately one-third of the participants (34%) reported COVID-19 had an impact on their HIV care and treatment. Greater COVID-19 financial concerns (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.27), mental health challenges (aOR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.79), and partner emotional abuse (aOR = 2.62, 95% CI: 1.01 to 6.79) were associated with higher odds of negatively affected HIV care, respectively. The relationship between increased emotional partner abuse and negatively affected HIV care was mediated by greater COVID-19-related mental health challenges. CONCLUSIONS: FSW living with HIV in the Dominican Republic have been significantly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Targeted interventions that address structural (financial security and partner abuse) and psychosocial (mental health) factors are needed to sustain HIV outcomes and well-being.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Infecciones por VIH , Trabajadores Sexuales , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , República Dominicana/epidemiología , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 18(1): 1972708, 2022 Dec 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644243

RESUMEN

As the COVID-19 pandemic progresses, millions of infants are unprotected against immune-preventable diseases due to interruptions in vaccination services. The direct effects of the pandemic, as well as the non-pharmacological interventions for its containment, mitigation and suppression adopted by many countries, have affected their vaccination programs. We conducted an ecological study analyzing the performance of the vaccination program in the Dominican Republic before (2019) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020). We compared annual public coverage data, analyzed trends and changes in coverage, dropout rate, and number of partially and unvaccinated infants by geographic area and COVID-19 incidence rate. Compared to baseline, coverage for all vaccines decreased by 10.4 (SD, 3.6) percent; among these, coverage for the third dose of the pentavalent vaccine decreased from 90.1% in 2019 to 81.1% in 2020. The number of partially vaccinated (n = 34,185) and unvaccinated (n = 5,593) infants increased 66% and 376%, respectively. The slight increase in the annual dropout rate (1.1%) was directly proportional to the number of COVID-19 cases per month. We found a significant association between the annual absolute change of Penta3 and the subnational Human Development Index. The pandemic significantly weakened the performance of the routine vaccination program. Interventions are needed to recover and maintain lost vaccination coverage, reducing the risk of outbreaks of preventable diseases, especially in those provinces with less human development.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , República Dominicana/epidemiología , Humanos , Programas de Inmunización , Lactante , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacunación
5.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(1): [35-44], ene.-abr. 2022. graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366746

RESUMEN

Introducción: a finales del año 2019 el mundo se enfrentó al SARS-CoV-2, coronavirus causante de la COVID-19 y declarada pandemia en marzo del 2020. En este contexto, los servicios de salud han necesitado reorganizar, diseñar estrategias o interrumpir sus servicios de rutina, y muchos dejaron de brindar atención a las personas en tratamiento contra enfermedades de salud mental y condiciones crónicas. Asimismo, muchos trabajadores de la salud que suelen brindar esta atención fueron redirigidos a la respuesta de COVID-19. Material y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, con el objetivo de estudiar la percepción de los usuarios sobre el acompañamiento del Servicio de Salud Mental del Hospital Infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, entre diciembre 2020 y marzo 2021. La población estuvo conformada por un total de 237 pacientes, de la cual un 19 % fue incluido en la investigación final. Discusión: más de la mitad de los usuarios del servicio de Salud Mental de nuestro Hospital percibió el acompañamiento recibido como bueno. Esto coincide con otros estudios internacionales que igualmente han utilizado herramientas como telesalud para mantener el contacto y la atención con los pacientes. No encontramos diferencias significativas en la cantidad de pacientes con contactos positivos confirmados entre sus convivientes y las alteraciones en los patrones de sueño, alimentación y conducta, en comparación con aquellos que no tuvieron un contacto positivo confirmado entre sus convivientes. Conclusiones: la oferta de acceso a servicios de salud a distancia resulta ser una buena alternativa para ofrecer a los pacientes y a sus familias, brindar una atención oportuna a los conflictos presentados, y, cuando es implementada apropiadamente, las familias beneficiadas perciben como bueno el servicio ofrecido.


Introduction: At the end of 2019, the world faced SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, declared a pandemic in March 2020. In this context, health services have needed to reorganize, design strategies or interrupt their services routine, and many stopped providing care to people being treated for mental health illnesses and chronic conditions. Additionally, many healthcare workers who typically provide this care were redirected to the COVID-19 response. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out, with the aim of studying the perception of users about the follow-up of the Mental Health Service of the Dr. Robert Reid Cabral Children's Hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic, between December 2020 and March 2021. The population consisted of a total of 237 patients, of which 19% were included in the final investigation. Discussion: More than half of the users of the Mental Health service of our Hospital perceived the accompaniment received as good. This coincides with other international studies that have also used tools such as telehealth to maintain contact and care with patients. A single review study recorded the perception of the users interviewed towards the remote mental health care service, where they qualify it, in general terms, as good, which coincides with our results. We found no significant differences in the number of patients with confirmed positive contacts between their partners and alterations in sleep, eating and behavior patterns, compared to those who did not have a confirmed positive contact between their partners. A single review study recorded the perception of the users interviewed towards the remote mental health care service, where they qualify it, in general terms, as good, which coincides with our results. Conclusions: The offer of access to remote health services turns out to be a good alternative to offer patients and their families, provide timely attention to the conflicts presented, and, when properly implemented, the beneficiary families perceive the offered service as good.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Niño , Psiquiatría Infantil , COVID-19 , Telemedicina , República Dominicana , Atención al Paciente
6.
Couns Psychother Res ; 22(2): 534-541, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899067

RESUMEN

The global health emergency due to COVID-19 is a disruptive event that has had various effects on mental health. Given this emergency, the Dominican Republic intervened to mitigate the negative impact of the pandemic, considering the physical isolation decreed in the country. In this context, the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo and the School of Psychology designed the UASD COVID-19 Psychological Helpline. The objective of this article is to describe the development, implementation and evaluation of a programme of psychological first aid. The programme aimed to attenuate the impact of morbidity and mortality due to mental health issues associated with the COVID-19 pandemic through mobile technology. There were 62 psychologists involved and trained to provide care, and a protocol was developed, implemented, monitored and evaluated. Over the course of four months, the programme assisted 497 people. The average age of the participants was 32 years, and 73% were women. The reasons for contacting the helpline included anxiety, stress, depression, domestic violence, suicidal behaviours and other behavioural problems. Following the intervention, most users reported feeling satisfied and having improved emotions. The first psychological aid in the country developed through telephone and chat messaging was an optimal resource since face-to-face interaction was not possible. It also reached more people and reduced the attention gap.

7.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341779

RESUMEN

En los últimos años la República Dominicana ha experimentado una importante reducción en las coberturas de vacunación, producto de esta situación son los casos de tétanos y difteria que han surgido recientemente. Con el objetivo de identificar las barreras para la inmunización y determinar el impacto de la COVID-19 en la adherencia a la vacunación, 2.584 dominicanos completaron una encuesta en línea sobre el historial de vacunación personal y las razones para no vacunarse. Además, respondieron preguntas sobre la aceptación de la vacuna contra la COVID-19 y la influencia de la pandemia en su percepción/adherencia a la vacunación. La mayoría de los encuestados no se vacunó durante la pandemia, el principal motivo fue: no tenía ninguna vacuna programada para este año. Lo que indica que a pesar de que la pandemia dificultó el acceso a los servicios de vacunación, esta no fue la principal barrera para la inmunización en República Dominicana en el 2020. A pesar de que la mayoría de los participantes están a favor de la vacunación, de las vacunas incluidas en nuestro estudio, la vacuna contra sarampión, rubéola y parotiditis (en niños) fue la única que alcanzó el objetivo del Plan de Acción Mundial sobre Vacunas, de lograr una cobertura de vacunación del 90 por ciento para el 2020. La principal barrera para la inmunización es el olvido de vacunarse. Es necesario adoptar un sistema de recordatorio eficaz para aumentar la adherencia y mejorar las tasas de inmunización(AU)


In recent years, the Dominican Republic has experienced a significant reduction in vaccination coverage; cases of tetanus and diphtheria that have recently emerged are a result of this situation. In order to identify barriers to immunization and determine the impact of COVID-19 on vaccination adherence, 2,584 Dominicans completed an online survey on personal vaccination history and reasons for not getting vaccinated. In addition, they answered questions about the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine and the influence of the pandemic on their perception/adherence to vaccination. Most of those surveyed were not vaccinated during the pandemic, the main reason being: I had no vaccination scheduled for this year. This indicates that even though the pandemic made it difficult to access vaccination services, this was not the main barrier to immunization in the Dominican Republic in 2020. Despite the fact that most of the participants are in favor of vaccination, of the vaccines included in our study, the only one that reached the goal of the Global Vaccine Action Plan of achieving 90 por ciento vaccination coverage by 2020 was measles, mumps and rubella in children. The main barrier to immunization is forgetting to get vaccinated. It is necessary to adopt an effective reminder system to increase adherence and improve immunization rates(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Vacunas contra la COVID-19/uso terapéutico , Consentimiento Informado , Vacunas , Estudios Transversales , República Dominicana
8.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 10(47): e0095221, 2021 Nov 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817214

RESUMEN

Here, we report the genome sequences of five severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) strains that were obtained from symptomatic individuals with travel histories during community surveillance in the Dominican Republic in 2020. These sequences provide a starting point for further genomic studies of gene flow and molecular diversity in the Caribbean nation. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that all genomes correspond to the B.1 variant.

9.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 10(40): e0074421, 2021 Oct 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617785

RESUMEN

Nearly complete genome sequences were obtained for a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variant of concern and two variants of interest from nasopharyngeal swab samples obtained during surveillance activities in urban communities, among individuals with no previous travel history, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

10.
Santo Domingo; OPS; 2021-09-21. (OPS/DOM/21-0002).
No convencional en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54865

RESUMEN

Establecida en 1902 como el organismo independiente especializado en salud del sistema interamericano, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) ha desarrollado competencias y experiencia ampliamente reconocidas al brindar cooperación técnica a sus Estados Miembros para combatir las enfermedades transmisibles y no transmisibles y sus causas, fortalecer los sistemas de salud y responder a situaciones de emergencia y desastres en toda la Región de las Américas. Asimismo, en su calidad de oficina regional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, la OPS participa activamente en los equipos de las Naciones Unidas en los países, colaborando con otros organismos, fondos y programas del sistema de las Naciones Unidas para contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) a nivel de país. En este informe anual se presenta la cooperación técnica de la OPS a nivel de país en el 2020, mediante la aplicación de la estrategia de cooperación con el país, la respuesta a las necesidades y prioridades nacionales, y el desarrollo de las actividades en el marco de los mandatos regionales y mundiales de la Organización y los ODS. En consonancia con el tema general de "la salud universal y la pandemia: sistemas de salud resilientes", se pone de relieve la respuesta de la OPS a la pandemia de COVID-19, así como sus esfuerzos continuos en esferas prioritarias como las enfermedades transmisibles, las enfermedades no transmisibles, la salud mental, la salud a lo largo del curso de vida y las emergencias de salud. También se presenta un resumen financiero del ejercicio examinado.


Asunto(s)
Cooperación Técnica , Políticas, Planificación y Administración en Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Enfermedades no Transmisibles , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Cobertura de los Servicios de Salud , Cobertura Universal de Salud , Salud Mental , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Sistemas de Salud , Sistemas de Información en Salud , Administración en Salud Pública , COVID-19 , República Dominicana
11.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334859

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 is a worldwide public health threat. Diagnosis by RT-PCR has been employed as the standard method to confirm viral infection. Sample pooling testing can optimize the resources by reducing the workload and reagents shortage, and be useful in laboratories and countries with limited resources. This study aims to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 detection by sample pooling testing in comparison with individual sample testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created 210 pools out of 245 samples, varying from 4 to 10 samples per pool, each containing a positive sample. We conducted detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific RdRp/E target sites. RESULTS: Pooling of three samples for SARS-CoV-2 detection might be an efficient strategy to perform without losing RT-PCR sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the positivity rate in Dominican Republic and that larger sample pools have higher probabilities of obtaining false negative results, the optimal sample size to perform a pooling strategy shall be three samples.

12.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404546

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 is a worldwide public health threat. Diagnosis by RT-PCR has been employed as the standard method to confirm viral infection. Sample pooling testing can optimize the resources by reducing the workload and reagents shortage, and be useful in laboratories and countries with limited resources. This study aims to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 detection by sample pooling testing in comparison with individual sample testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created 210 pools out of 245 samples, varying from 4 to 10 samples per pool, each containing a positive sample. We conducted detection of SARS-CoV-2-specific RdRp/E target sites. RESULTS: Pooling of three samples for SARS-CoV-2 detection might be an efficient strategy to perform without losing RT-PCR sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the positivity rate in Dominican Republic and that larger sample pools have higher probabilities of obtaining false negative results, the optimal sample size to perform a pooling strategy shall be three samples.

13.
Front Public Health ; 9: 660908, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222172

RESUMEN

Introduction: In 2017, approximately 295,000 women died during and immediately following pregnancy and childbirth worldwide, with 94% of these deaths occurring in low-resource settings. The Dominican Republic (DR) exhibits one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean despite the fact that 99% of registered births in the country are reportedly attended by a skilled birth attendant. This paradox implies that programs to support healthcare worker knowledge and skills improvement are vital to improving maternal health outcomes in the DR. Helping Mothers Survive (HMS) is a provider training program developed by Jhpiego and global partners. The goal of HMS is to combat maternal mortality by contributing to quality improvement efforts that reinforce maternal health skills of local healthcare workers. Methods: An international, multisectoral group of stakeholders collaborated in the implementation of two HMS curricula, Bleeding After Birth (BAB) and pre-eclampsia & eclampsia (PE&E). Demographic information as well as pre- and post-training knowledge scores were recorded for each participant. Knowledge score improvement was assessed in order to support effectiveness of the program on knowledge acquisition of healthcare workers. Results: Three hundred and twenty healthcare workers participated in the HMS training workshops between October 2016-August 2020. Of the 320 participants, 132 were trained as master trainers. The majority of participants identified as attending physicians, followed by residents/interns, nurses, students, and "other." A significant improvement in knowledge scores was observed for both the BAB and PE&E curricula, with a 21.24 and 30.25% change in average score (pre- to post-test), respectively. In response to COVID-19 pandemic restrictions, flexibility of the local team led to a PE&E virtual training pilot workshop in August 2020. Discussion/Conclusions: Simulation-based training improved the knowledge levels of healthcare workers for both HMS curricula. These results suggest that simulation-based workshops have an impact on knowledge acquisition and skills of healthcare workers immediately following training. For the PE&E curriculum, no significant difference in knowledge acquisition was observed between in-person and virtual training sessions. The ongoing pandemic poses challenges to program implementation; however, these preliminary results provide evidence that conducting virtual workshops may be a viable alternative to in-person training.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Madres , República Dominicana/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , América Latina , Pandemias , Embarazo , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(2): e2770, 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341483

RESUMEN

Introducción: Con la aparición del nuevo miembro de la familia coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, la humanidad inició una batalla contra una enfermedad hasta el momento desconocida, la COVID-19. Objetivo: Determinar los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre la COVID-19 al inicio del estado de emergencia en la población adulta dominicana. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal, entre el 3 y el 17 de abril de 2020. El instrumento de recolección fue un cuestionario en línea con 4 secciones; características sociodemográficas, conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre la COVID-19. La muestra estuvo integrada por 1861 participantes. Resultados: El 45,7 por ciento de los integrantes conocía que en ausencia de fiebre un infectado puede transmitir el virus a otro, 27,7 por ciento consideró suficiente la información circulante en la población dominicana, 32,2 por ciento confiaba que el gobierno dominicano controlaría la pandemia, 91,7 por ciento usaba mascarillas en multitudes. Conclusiones: Los resultados revelan un alto nivel de conocimiento, actitudes optimistas y prácticas adecuadas sobre la COVID-19 durante el brote inicial de la enfermedad en el país. República Dominicana enfrenta un gran desafío para controlar la transmisión del virus, pero a diferencia de otros países, una proporción significativa de los participantes no confían en las capacidades de las instituciones gubernamentales para su control. Aunque se deben realizar otros estudios a nivel comunitario en niveles socioeconómicos más bajos(AU)


Introduction: With the appearance of a new member in the coronavirus family, SARS-CoV-2, humanity started a battle against a hitherto unknown disease, COVID-19. Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning COVID-19 at the beginning of the emergency in the Dominican adult population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April 3 and 17, 2020. The data collection instrument was an online questionnaire with four sections: sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning COVID-19. The sample consisted of 1861 participants. Results: 45.7 percent of the members knew that, in the absence of fever, an infected person can transmit the virus to another person. 27.7 percent considered the information circulating in the Dominican population as sufficient. 32.2 percent trusted that the Dominican government would control the pandemic. 91.7 percent wore face masks in crowded places. Conclusions: The results reveal a high level of knowledge, optimistic attitudes and appropriate practices concerning COVID-19 during the initial outbreak of the disease in the country. The Dominican Republic faces a great challenge to control the transmission of the virus; but, unlike other countries, a significant proportion of the participants do not trust the capacities of government institutions to control it. However, other studies should be carried out at the community or at lower socioeconomic levels(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Coronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/transmisión , Estudios Transversales , República Dominicana
15.
Front Res Metr Anal ; 6: 637187, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870069

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic forced healthcare systems globally to handle a dramatic surge in healthcare utilization while also taxing available testing resources. In the context of healthcare systems in Latin America and the Caribbean, COVID-19 added to the existing burden of infectious diseases related to endemic infections such as arboviruses and HIV. In the Dominican Republic, testing is supplied mostly by the private sector and a national public laboratory. The surge in testing demands laid bare a lack of installed capacities both in laboratory facilities and equipment and trained staff in molecular biology laboratory procedures. This article discusses a case of how science diplomacy and a relatively new law fostering public-private partnerships allowed a university to play a major role in public health response while generating knowledge to inform public policy decisions in an unprecedented manner in the country. Science diplomacy is discussed in the context of decolonization and the importance of the local gaze when creating academic partnerships in the context of global health emergencies.

16.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248160, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690685

RESUMEN

Despite the vast scientific evidence obtained from the genomic sequencing of COVID-19, controversy regarding its origin has been created in the mass media. This could potentially have a long-term influence on the behavior among individuals, such as failure to comply with proposed social distancing measures, leading to a consequent rise in the morbidity and mortality rates from COVID-19 infection. Several studies have collected information about knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding COVID-19; however, very little is known about the relationship of the perceptions of the individuals regarding the origin of the virus with the knowledge and perception about social distancing. This study aimed at ascertaining this relationship. For such purpose, a web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample population from five provinces of the Dominican Republic from June to July of 2020. The data collection instrument exploited in the study was a self-designed questionnaire distributed throughout different social media platforms. A purposive sampling strategy was implemented and a total of 1195 respondents completed the questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS. Descriptive statistics, stepwise multiple linear regression, and one-way multivariate analysis were implemented to test the hypotheses. The level of education was significantly associated (P = .017) with individuals' perception about the origin of COVID-19, whilst only age (P = .032) and education level (P < .001) statistically significantly predicted 'knowledge about social distancing'. Perception of COVID-19 origin was statistically significant associated (P = < .001) with the measures of the dependent variables (knowledge and perception on social distancing). The present study has established a possible link between the 'perception of COVID-19 origin' and 'the perception and knowledge about social distancing'.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/psicología , Comunicación/historia , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , República Dominicana/etnología , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Conocimiento , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Persona de Mediana Edad , Percepción , Distanciamiento Físico , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidad , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1319, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, fig
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251750

RESUMEN

Introducción: En marzo del 2020 se detectó un brote de la enfermedad por nuevo coronavirus en La Romana, República Dominicana, desde entonces la enfermedad se ha esparcido rápidamente a nivel nacional. Objetivos: Describir la manifestaciones clínicas y epidemiológicas de la COVID-19 en menores de 18 años. Métodos: Se analizaron los datos extraídos del Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica. Los análisis incluyen las características sociodemográficas, manifestaciones clínicas, tasas de letalidad y mortalidad, análisis geoespacial de diseminación viral y curva epidémica. Resultados: Hasta el 13 de julio de 2020 se registró un total de 46 301 casos, 3009 fueron pediátricos (6,4 por ciento) y de estos 2992 se confirmaron con la enfermedad (99,4 por ciento). La curva epidémica mostró un patrón de transmisión continua y de fuente común, con un pico de incidencia en la semana epidemiológica 27. La mayoría de los casos confirmados (50,7 por ciento) eran de sexo femenino, con un promedio de 9 años (rango 0-17, rango intercuartílico 4-14 años) y el 74,0 por ciento sintomático. La sintomatología más frecuente fue la fiebre (80,3 por ciento), cefalea (74,5 por ciento), mialgia (37,1 por ciento) y dificultad respiratoria (7,1 por ciento). La tasa de admisión a unidades de cuidado intensivo fue < 1 por ciento y la letalidad de 0,2. Conclusiones: La COVID-19 se ha diseminado rápidamente en niños de todo el país. A pesar de su baja letalidad, se deben fortalecer las estrategias de prevención para aplanar la curva de contagios y disminuir el impacto en grupos de mayor riesgo(AU)


Introduction: In March, 2020 it was detected an outbreak of the disease caused by the new coronavirus in La Romana, Dominican Republic, from that moment the disease has spreaded quickly trough all the country. Objectives: Describe the clinical and epidemiological manifestations of COVID-19 in patients under 18 years. Methods: There were analyzed the data from the National System of Epidemiological Surveillance. The analysis included the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, lethality and mortality rates, geospatial analysis of viral spreading, and epidemic curve. Results: Until July 13th, 2020, it was registered a total of 46 301 cases, 3 009 were pediatric patients (6.4 percent) and of these 2 992 were confirmed with the disease (99.4 percent). The epidemic curve showed a continued transmission pattern and with a common source, with an incidence peak in the epidemiological week number 27. Most of the confirmed cases (50. 7 percent) were females, with a predominance of the one of 9 years old (range 0-17, intercuartilic range 4-14 years) and the 74.0 percent were symptomatic. The most common symptomatology was fever (80,3 percent), cephalalgia (74.5 percent), myalgia (37.1 percent) and respiratory difficulty (7.1 percent). The admittion rate in intensive care units was of < 1 percent and the lethality of 0.2. Conclusions: COVID-19 has spreaded quickly in children of all the country. Although the low lethality, the prevention strategies to flat the contagions curve must be strengthening and in that way it will be possible to decrease the impact in the groups of higher risk(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Pediatría , Registros , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Menores , Monitoreo Epidemiológico , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
18.
Ther Apher Dial ; 25(6): 970-978, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634948

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a pandemic. Peritoneal dialysis (PD), being a home therapy, allows for physical distancing measures and movement restrictions. In order to prevent COVID-19 contagioun among the Dominican Republic National Health System PD program patients, a follow-up virtual protocol for this group was developed. The aim of this study is to outline the protocol established by the PD program's healthcare team using telemedicine in order to avoid COVID-19 transmission and to report initial results and outcomes of this initiative. This is an observational prospective longitudinal study with 946 patients being treated in seven centers distributed throughout the country between April 1 and June 30. The protocol was implemented focusing on the patient follow-up; risk mitigation data were registered and collected from electronic records. During the follow-up period, 95 catheters were implanted, 64 patients initiated PD, and the remaining were in training. A total of 9532 consultations were given by the different team specialists, with 8720 (91%) virtual and 812 (9%) face-to-face consultations. The transfer rate to hemodialysis was 0.29%, whereas the peritonitis rate was 0.11 episode per patient/year. Eighteen adults tested positive for COVID-19. The implementation of the protocol and telemedicine utilization have ensured follow-up and monitoring, preserved therapy, controlled complications, and PD lives protected.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/prevención & control , Protocolos Clínicos , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Diálisis Peritoneal/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , República Dominicana , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Diálisis Peritoneal/efectos adversos , Peritonitis/etiología , Peritonitis/prevención & control , Estudios Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Joven
19.
s.l; [Gobierno de la Repúlica Dominicana]; 2021. 63 p. ilus.
No convencional en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348146

RESUMEN

Los planes de acción de la Agenda Digital 2030 consisten en la lista de proyectos e iniciativas priorizadas por cada gestión de gobierno a cargo de impulsar, en el tramo que le corresponda, el cumplimiento de sus metas y objetivos. El 1er Plan de Acción 2021-2024 consta de 100 proyectos, a ser ejecutados durante ese período, tomando en cuenta el contexto de pandemia del COVID-19 que se enfrenta, distribuidos entre sus distintos componentes: Gobernanza y Marco Normativo; Conectividad y Acceso; Gobierno Digital; Educación y Capacidades Digitales; Economía Digital; Ciberseguridad e Innovación Tecnológica. Este y los demás planes de acción que se elaboren, podrán ser actualizados según se vayan presentando nuevas prioridades y disponibilidades a la administración de turno, por lo que es un documento vivo que será revisado periódicamente en el marco del Gabinete de Transformación Digital, que es el mecanismo consultivo, encabezado por el propio Sr. Presidente de la República, para formular, evaluar, monitorear y revisar la implementación de la Agenda Digital 2030


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Telemedicina , Sistemas de Información en Salud/instrumentación , Interoperabilidad de la Información en Salud , Desarrollo Sostenible , Tecnología Digital , COVID-19 , Política Pública , Seguridad Computacional/normas , Gobierno Electrónico , Marcos Reguladores en Salud , Tecnología Digital/educación
20.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(4): 489-494, oct.-dic. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198737

RESUMEN

El labio y paladar hendido es la malformación craneofacial más frecuente; una problemática nacional e internacional muy conocida, pero tratada por pocos. Dadas las recientes experiencias negativas de la COVID-19, el Departamento de Cirugía Plástica del Hospital Dr. Salvador Bienvenido Gautier de Santo Domingo (República Dominicana), quiso concederle a la sociedad algo positivo devolviendo sonrisas. Nuestra jornada pretendió, mediante procedimientos quirúrgicos, restaurar la alegría y esperanza a nuestra población, afectada grandemente por esta pandemia. La VII Jornada Quirúrgica de Labio y Paladar Hendido se realizó del 5 al 8 de noviembre del 2020 con participación multidisciplinaria que incluyó: cirujanos plásticos, pediatras, anestesiólogos, enfermería, equipo de coordinadores y organizadores, el equipo de gerencia del Hospital Dr. Salvador B. Gautier, Ministerio de Salud, Servicio Nacional de Salud, Sociedad Dominicana de Cirugía Plástica, Reconstructiva y Estética y Colegio Médico Dominicano. Contamos con 5 cirujanos plásticos invitados desde México, 1 cirujano plástico invitado nacional, 14 médicos ayudantes del Departamento de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva y 12 residentes de la Residencia Nacional de Cirugía Plástica, Reconstructiva y Estética. Se evaluaron 53 pacientes y fueron operados 37, predominando la patología de labio y paladar hendido con 15 pacientes, labio hendido con 13 pacientes y paladar hendido con 9 pacientes


Cleft lip and palate is the most common craniofacial deformity, representing an international and national problematic well known, but treated by few surgeons. Due to recent negative experiences due to COVID-19, the Plastic Surgery medical staff of the Dr. Salvador Bienvenido Gautier in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), made it its task to return hope and positivity by returning smiles. Our main duty was to restore happiness and hope through surgical procedures to our population, greatly affected by the recent pandemic. The VII Surgical Operative for Cleft and Palate took place during November 5th -8th, 2020 with a multidisciplinary team conformed by: plastic surgeons, pediatricians, anesthesiologist, nurses, an organization and coordinating team, the administrative hospital staff, the public health department, the Dominican Plastic Surgery National Society, and the Dominican Medical College. We had 5 international surgeons from Mexico, 1 national invited surgeon, 14 staff members form the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, 12 residents from the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department. Fifty three patients were evaluated and 37 were operated. The most common pathology was the combination of cleft lip and palate with a total of 15 patients, followed by cleft lip with 13 patients and cleft palate with 9 patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Labio Leporino/epidemiología , Labio Leporino/cirugía , Sistemas de Socorro/organización & administración , Fisura del Paladar/cirugía , República Dominicana/epidemiología , Sociedades Médicas/organización & administración
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