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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130527, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284186

RESUMEN

A novel dual quantum dot nanobeads-based fluorescence-linked immunosorbent assay (QBs-FLISA) was successfully developed for simultaneously detecting aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and zearalenone (ZEN) in feedstuffs. Dual CdSe/ZnS quantum dot nanobeads with different diameters that emit red and green fluorescence were conjugated with anti-AFB1 and anti-ZEN monoclonal antibodies to prepare fluorescent probes, which greatly enhance analytical performance. Under the optimal conditions, the limits of detection for AFB1 and ZEN were 9.3 and 102.1 pg mL-1, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 82.50% to 116.21% with relative standard deviation less than 11.3%. Compared with traditional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, detection sensitivities of AFB1 and ZEN using QBs-FLISA were increased 20 and 5 folds, respectively. In addition, results of feedstuff samples analyzed by QBs-FLISA and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry showed a good agreement (R2 = 0.99).


Asunto(s)
Puntos Cuánticos , Zearalenona , Aflatoxina B1/análisis , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Inmunoadsorbentes , Límite de Detección , Zearalenona/análisis
2.
Food Chem ; 369: 131008, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500205

RESUMEN

In this study, we developed a prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) immunochromatographic assay (ICA) integrated with smartphone-based detection device for ZEN in cereals. PBNPs, as probe labels, were synthesized with properties of controllable structure, environment friendliness, and high affinities to antibody (Ab). PBNPs-ICA quantitative analysis was performed with a hand-held smartphone-based device coupled with a user-friendly and self-programmed detection App. This integrated strategy demonstrated high sensitivity for ZEN with a cut-off value of 10 µg/kg, a detection limit of 0.12 µg/kg, a quantitation limit of 0.27 µg/kg, and recovery rates of 92.0%-105.0% and 88.0%-98.0% for maize and wheat, respectively. The results of 20 naturally contaminated cereal samples showed good correlation (R2>0.99) between LC-MS/MS and developed system. Moreover, the stability experiment revealed that PBNPs-ICA maintained high stability and bioactivity against competitive antigen (Ag). The proposed strategy exhibited great potential for the rapid monitoring of mycotoxins or other small molecule hazards.


Asunto(s)
Zearalenona , Cromatografía de Afinidad , Cromatografía Liquida , Grano Comestible/química , Ferrocianuros , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Límite de Detección , Teléfono Inteligente , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Zearalenona/análisis
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126709, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315021

RESUMEN

Nanoscale zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI) have been used for groundwater remediation and wastewater treatment due to their high reactivity, high adsorption capacity and nontoxicity. However, side reactions generally occur in tandem with the target contaminants removal process, resulting in poor electron selectivity (ES) of nZVI, and subsequently restricting its commercial application. Major efforts to increase ES of nZVI have been made in recent years. This review's objective is to provide a progress report on the significant developments in nZVI's ES during the past decade. Firstly, the definition of ES and its quantification approaches were documented, and the intrinsic (i.e. particle size, crystallinity, and surface area) and extrinsic factors (i.e. solutions pH, target contaminant concentration, and presence of co-contaminants) affecting the ES of nZVI were reported. The latest techniques for increasing ES were summarized in detail, with reference made to sulfidation, magnetization, carbon loading and other features. Then the mechanisms of those strategies for ES enhancement were described. Finally, some constructive suggestions on future research directions concerning nZVI's ES in the future were proposed.


Asunto(s)
Restauración y Remediación Ambiental , Agua Subterránea , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Electrones , Hierro , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126688, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315634

RESUMEN

Improper disposal of copper mining wastes can threaten the ecosystem and human health due to the high levels of potentially toxic elements released into the environment. The objective of this study was to determine the properties of Cu mining wastes generated in the eastern Amazon and their potential risks to environment and human health. Samples of forest soil and artisanal/industrial Cu mining wastes were collected and subjected to characterization of properties and pseudo-total concentrations of Al, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn, in addition to chemical fractionation of Cu. The pH ranged from near neutrality to alkaline. Pseudo-total concentrations of Cu were high in all wastes, mainly in the artisanal rock waste, with 19,034 mg kg-1, of which 61% is concentrated in the most reactive fractions. Pollution indices indicated that the wastes are highly contaminated by Cu and moderately contaminated by Cr and Ni. However, only the artisanal rock waste is associated with environmental risk. Non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic human health risks were detected, especially from exposure to Cr in the artisanal rock waste. Prevention actions and monitoring of the artisanal mining area are necessary to avoid impacts to the local population.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Contaminantes del Suelo , Cobre/toxicidad , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Humanos , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Metales Pesados/análisis , Minería , Medición de Riesgo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126732, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332475

RESUMEN

Bio-heavy oil (BHO) is a renewable fuel, but its efficient use is problematic because its combustion may emit hazardous air pollutants (e.g., polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds, NOx, and SOx). Herein, catalytic fast pyrolysis over HZSM-5 zeolite was applied to upgrading BHO to drop-in fuel-range hydrocarbons with reduced contents of hazardous species such as PAH compounds and N- and S-containing species (NOx and SOx precursors). The effects of HZSM-5 desilication and linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) addition to the feedstock on hydrocarbon production were explored. The apparent activation energy for the thermal decomposition of BHO was up to 37.5% lowered by desilicated HZSM-5 (DeHZSM-5) compared with HZSM-5. Co-pyrolyzing LLDPE with BHO increased the content of drop-in fuel-range hydrocarbons and decreased the content of PAH compounds. The DeHZSM-5 was effective in producing drop-in fuel-range hydrocarbons from a mixture of BHO and LLDPE and suppressing the formation of N- and S-containing species and PAH compounds. The DeHZSM-5 enhanced the hydrocarbon production by up to 58.5% because of its enhanced porosity and high acid site density compared to its parent HZSM-5. This study experimentally validated that BHO can be upgraded to less hazardous fuel via catalytic fast co-pyrolysis with LLDPE over DeHZSM-5.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación del Aire , Biocombustibles , Biomasa , Catálisis , Sustancias Peligrosas , Calor
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126694, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332483

RESUMEN

Although the compound pollution of microplastics and arsenic (As) in paddy soil can affect the growth and quality of rice, relevant research on this phenomenon was limited. Therefore, we combined a pot experiment with computational chemistry to explore the effects and mechanism of polystyrene (PSMP) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) microplastics on As bioavailability. PSMP and PTFE interacted with rice root exudates through van der Waals forces, approached the rice root system, inhibited root activity, reduced the relative abundance of Geobacteria and Anaeromyxobacter, and consequently reduced the iron plaques on the root surfaces. Consequently, As uptake by the rice was inhibited. PSMP and PTFE reduced the hemoglobin content by directly destroying its tertiary structure, thereby retarding rice growth. In contrast, As increased the hemoglobin content by inducing reactive oxygen species in rice. Under the influence of PSMP, PTFE, and As, the activities of soluble starch synthase and pyrophosphorylase in rice grains were inhibited, and starch accumulation decreased. Thus, PSMP, PTFE, and As reduced rice biomass and yield owing to their physiological toxicity and adverse impacts on root activity. Grain yields in soil with an As content of 86.3 mg·kg-1, 0.5% small particle-sized PSMP, and 0.5% small particle-sized PTFE decreased by 30.7%, 20.6%, and 19.4%, respectively, compared to the control. This study determined the comprehensive mechanism through which PSMP and PTFE affect As bioavailability, which is critical for managing rice biomass and low yields in As and microplastic co-contaminated soil.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Oryza , Contaminantes del Suelo , Arsénico/análisis , Arsénico/toxicidad , Microplásticos , Plásticos/toxicidad , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/toxicidad
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126678, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333410

RESUMEN

Soil contamination by arsenic (As) presents a high risk to public health, necessitating urgent remediation. This study sought to develop an efficient strategy for the phytoremediation of As-contaminated soil. The effects of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni residue (SR) on the available As (A-As) concentration of soil and As extraction from the soil by Pteris vittata L. were studied by soil simulation, pot, and field experiments. The A-As concentration in the soil simulation experiment increased significantly by 84.20% after 20 days. The biomass, As concentration, and total extracted As of SR-treated P. vittata L. in the pot experiment increased significantly by 50.66%, 120.2%, and 171.2%, respectively, compared to the untreated control. The SR-treated rhizosphere soil in the pot experiment displayed a significant 21.72% decrease in total As concentration. In the one-year field experiment, treatment with SR resulted in a significant 191.1% increase in As extraction by P. vittata L. and a significant 10.26% reduction in rhizosphere soil As concentration compared to the control. This study proposes a potential mechanism for SR-mediated enhancement of P. vittata L. As extraction ability and provides a new, economic, and environmentally friendly method for As-contaminated soil remediation.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Pteris , Contaminantes del Suelo , Stevia , Arsénico/análisis , Biodegradación Ambiental , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126731, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339987

RESUMEN

Citric acid (CA) is the major exudate of rice roots, yet the effects of CA on arsenic (As) transformation and microbial community in flooded paddy soil have not been clearly elucidated. In this study, microcosms were established by amending CA to As contaminated paddy soils, mimicking the rhizosphere environment. Results showed that 0.5% CA addition significantly enhanced As mobilization after one-hour incubation, increased total As in porewater by about 20-fold. CA addition induced arsenate release into porewater, and subsequently formed ternary complex of As, iron and organic matters, inhibiting further As transformation (including arsenate reduction and arsenite methylation). Furthermore, the results of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect size (LEfSe) and network analysis revealed that CA addition significantly enriched bacteria associated with arsenic and iron reductions, such as Clostridium (up to 35-fold) and Desulfitobacterium (up to 4-fold). Our results suggest that CA exhibits robust ability to mobilize As through both chemical and microbial processes, increasing the risk of As accumulation by rice. This study sheds light on our understanding of As mobilization and transformation in rhizosphere soil, potentially providing effective strategies to restrict As accumulation in food crops by screening or cultivating varieties with low CA exuding.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Oryza , Contaminantes del Suelo , Arsénico/análisis , Ácido Cítrico , Rizosfera , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126708, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352521

RESUMEN

The level and distribution of 16 USEPA Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in aquaculture farmed fish (Mugil cephalus and Oreochromis mossambicus) and shellfish (Corbicula fluminea Formosa and Meretrix lusoria) were determined in Taiwan and then assessed cancer and non-cancer risks for those consuming these kinds of seafood. Results indicated that C. fluminea Formosa accumulated the highest average concentration of total PAHs (43.0 ± 11.3 ng/g wet weight) while M. lusoria contained the lowest concentration (20.0 ± 5.8 ng/g) among all species. The low-molecular-weight PAHs were dominant for both fish and shellfish, which consistent with other studies. Notably, parts of high-molecular-weight PAHs were found in shellfish whereas that was little in fish. The calculated hazard quotients (HQ) of all PAHs were smaller than 1 and the incremental lifetime cancer risks (ILCR) for Benzo[a]pyrene were below 1 × 10-5, suggesting that PAHs in the collected seafood could pose a low hazard to residents. Although the results indicated that the studied seafood is safe for human consumption, children and seniors post relatively higher risks, suggesting that it needs to continue monitoring and control the PAHs concentration in seafood and the associated environments.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Animales , Acuicultura , Niño , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Humanos , Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análisis , Estanques , Medición de Riesgo , Alimentos Marinos/análisis , Taiwán
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126647, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358970

RESUMEN

Contamination of paddy soils by arsenic (As) is of great concern for human health and the environment. The impact of animal-derived biochar on As mobilization under fluctuating redox conditions in paddy soils has not been studied. Consequently, we investigated the effects of pig carcass-derived biochar (PB) on As (im)mobilization in a contaminated paddy soil under controlled redox potential (Eh) using a biogeochemical microcosm-setup. The addition of PB decreased the concentration of dissolved As at Eh = +100 and +200 mV by 38.7% and 35.4%, respectively (compared to the control), because of the co-precipitation of As with Fe-Mn oxides and the complexation between As and aromatic organic molecules. However, under reducing conditions (Eh = -300 mV), PB increased the dissolved As by 13.5% through promoting reduction and decomposition of As-bearing Fe minerals (e.g., ferrihydrite-As, Fe-humic-As). Under oxidizing conditions (Eh = +250 mV), PB increased the dissolved As by 317.6%, due to the associated increase of pH. We conclude that As mobilization in PB-treated paddy soils is highly affected by Eh. PB can be used to reduce the environmental risk of As under moderately reducing conditions, but it may increase the risk under highly reducing and oxidizing conditions in paddy soils.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Oryza , Contaminantes del Suelo , Animales , Carbón Orgánico , Oxidación-Reducción , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Porcinos
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126743, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364212

RESUMEN

Limited knowledge of the combined effects of water and sediment properties and metal ionic characteristics on the solid-liquid partitioning of heavy metals constrains the effective management of urban waterways. This study investigated the synergistic influence of key water, sediment and ionic properties on the adsorption-desorption behavior of weakly-bound heavy metals. Field study results indicated that clay minerals are unlikely to adsorb heavy metals in the weakly-bound fraction of sediments (e.g., r = -0.37, kaolinite vs. Cd), whilst dissociation of metal-phosphates can increase metal solubility (e.g., r = 0.61, dissolved phosphorus vs. Zn). High salinity favors solubility of weakly-bound metals due to cation exchange (e.g., r = 0.60, conductivity vs. Cr). Dissolved organic matter does not favor metal solubility (e.g., r = -0.002, DOC vs. Pb) due to salt-induced flocculation. Laboratory study revealed that water pH and salinity dictate metal partitioning due to ionic properties of Ca2+ and H+. Selectivity for particulate phase increased in the order Cu>Pb>Ni>Zn, generally following the softness (2.89, 3.58, 2.82, 2.34, respectively) of the metal ions. Desorption followed the order Ni>Zn>Pb>Cu, which was attributed to decreased hydrolysis constant (pK1 = 9.4, 9.6, 7.8, 7.5, respectively). The study outcomes provide fundamental knowledge for understanding the mobility and potential ecotoxicological impacts of heavy metals in aquatic ecosystems.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Adsorción , China , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Sedimentos Geológicos , Metales Pesados/análisis , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
12.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126712, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388919

RESUMEN

Aquaculture is increasing at the global scale, and beneficial reuse of wastewater is becoming crucial in some regions. Here we selected a unique tertiary treatment system for study over a one-year period. This experimental ecosystem-based approach to effluent management included a treated wastewater pond (TWP), which receives 100% effluent from a wastewater treatment plant, and an aquaculture pond (AP) that receives treated water from the TWP for fish production. We examined the fate of a wide range of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) in this TWP-AP system and a control pond fed by river water using traditional grab sampling and passive samplers. We then employed probabilistic approaches to examine exposure hazards. Telmisartan, carbamazepine, diclofenac and venlafaxine, exceeded ecotoxicological predicted no effect concentrations in influent wastewater to the TWP, but these water quality hazards were consistently reduced following treatment in the TWP-AP system. In addition, both grab and passive sampling approaches resulted in similar occurrence patterns of studied compounds, which highlights the potential of POCIS use for water monitoring. Based on the approach taken here, the TWP-AP system appears useful as a tertiary treatment step to reduce PhACs and decrease ecotoxicological and antibiotic resistance water quality hazards prior to beneficial reuse in aquaculture.


Asunto(s)
Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Acuicultura , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Estanques , Aguas Residuales/análisis , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126693, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396957

RESUMEN

Researchers interested in a paper's statement or aiming to acquire useful information from scientific papers rely heavily on references. Additionally, calculation accuracy is important for ensuring the technical soundness of scientific papers. However, inaccurate citations and calculations are common in scientific literature. A recently published paper in the Journal of Hazardous Materials reported a study on microplastics in groundwater and surface water from coastal south India (Tamil Nadu state) and the heavy metal adsorption capacities of different polymers. In this study, we identified critical calculation errors and incorrect reference citations.


Asunto(s)
Agua Subterránea , Metales Pesados , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Monitoreo del Ambiente , India , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
14.
Food Chem ; 369: 130894, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455322

RESUMEN

Fast and convenient matrix purification is an important prerequisite for high-throughput analysis of drug multiresidues in food. In this study, a silanized melamine sponge was prepared and first applied in the rapid determination of multiclass veterinary drugs in eggs by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Within five seconds, fast, convenient and efficient matrix separation could be achieved through simple soaking and squeezing. Compared to other matrix adsorbents, the developed material demonstrated equivalent or better purification performance. Good validation results were obtained in terms of drug recoveries (61.5%~97.0%, relative standard deviation (RSD) ≤ 10.8%), and linearities (R2 ≥ 0.999), as well as low limits of quantitation (0.3 ~ 10.9 µg·kg-1) and detection (0.1 ~ 3.8 µg·kg-1). By analyzing 52 egg samples, high concentrations of ofloxacin, trimethoprim, metronidazole, and dimetridazole were found at 542.9, 121.2, 66.1 and 58.0 µg·kg-1, respectively. The silanized melamine sponge has shown its great potential for rapid analysis of multiclass residues in food safety.


Asunto(s)
Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Drogas Veterinarias , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Cromatografía Liquida , Huevos/análisis , Contaminación de Alimentos/análisis , Triazinas
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126757, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352522

RESUMEN

Inhalation exposure and beryllium (Be) toxicity are well-known, but research on bioaccessibility from soils via different exposure pathways is limited. This study examined soils from a legacy radioactive waste disposal site using in vitro ingestion (Solubility Bioaccessibility Research Consortium [SBRC], physiologically based extraction test [PBET], in vitro gastrointestinal [IVG]), inhalation (simulated epithelial lung fluid [SELF]) and dynamic two-stage bioaccessibility (TBAc) methods, as well as 0.43 M HNO3 extraction. The results showed, 70 ±â€¯4.8%, 56 ±â€¯16.8% and 58 ±â€¯5.7% of total Be were extracted (gastric phase [GP] + intestinal phase [IP]) in the SBRC, PBET, and IVG methods, respectively. Similar bioaccessibility of Be (~18%) in PBET-IP and SELF was due to chelating agents in the extractant. Moreover, TBAc-IP showed higher extraction (20.8 ±â€¯2.0%) in comparison with the single-phase (SBRC-IP) result (4.8 ±â€¯0.23%), suggesting increased Be bioaccessibility and toxicity in the gastrointestinal tract when the contamination derives from the inhalation route. The results suggested Be bioaccessibility depends on solution pH; time of extraction; soil reactive fractions (organic-inorganic); particle size, and the presence of chelating agents in the fluid. This study has significance for understanding Be bioaccessibility via different exposure routes and the application of risk-based management of Be-contaminated sites.


Asunto(s)
Arsénico , Contaminantes del Suelo , Arsénico/análisis , Berilio/toxicidad , Disponibilidad Biológica , Contaminación Ambiental , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/toxicidad
16.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126756, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352523

RESUMEN

Widespread heavy metal pollution in soils has posed serious threat to vegetable production and food security, yet little is still known about heavy metal accumulation and distribution in the majority of vegetable crops. Here, we report the generation of a tissue atlas of cadmium accumulation in zucchini (Cucurbita pepo var. Giromontial), a globally important cucurbit crop, based on two-season experiment with six genotypes grown under cadmium contaminated soils. Plant growth and development as manifested by biomass, flowering time and plant architecture were unaffected by 10 mg/kg cadmium treatment, but high level of cadmium enrichment was detected in all genotypes. Roots accumulated the largest amount of cadmium, whereas the cadmium concentrations in fruits was also considerable. The exocarps of fruits possessed nearly half of the total cadmium in fruits, rendering it a "hotspot" of safety risk. Measurement of the thiol-containing chelates revealed that concentration of GSH but not PCs was correlated with the cadmium concentration in subdivided fruit tissues, suggesting a mechanism of phloem-specific transportation of cadmium in the form of Cd-GSH. Based on the collective data, a tentative model describing the relationship between long-distance phloem transport and cadmium distribution in sink organs is proposed. The implications for food safety are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Cadmio , Contaminantes del Suelo , Cadmio/análisis , Inocuidad de los Alimentos , Raíces de Plantas/química , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Compuestos de Sulfhidrilo , Verduras
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126762, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364207

RESUMEN

Phytoremediation can be a promising and sustainable strategy to recovery Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) contaminated soils. However, at the field level, this tool can be limited by many issues. Herein, we combined native plant species with different cover type (mono and poly culture) in an in-field mesocosm experiment for the remediation of multi-contaminated soils from Bagnoli brownfield site (Southern Italy). We preliminary gain insights about the physical, chemical and biological features of the soils and subsequently induced a potential variation in the soil microbiome. We found that polyculture better respond both in terms of pollutant phytostabilization efficiency and from a stress tolerance perspective. Among plant species, Festuca achieved the best performance due to the overexpression of metal transporters able in both PTEs influx and sequestration from the cytoplasm. We achieved a site-specific bio-factory, which represents a strategy for the sustainable and relatively fast recovery of large contaminated areas.


Asunto(s)
Festuca , Contaminantes del Suelo , Biodegradación Ambiental , Metales , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126755, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364213

RESUMEN

Water and soil contamination due to potentially toxic elements (PTEs) represents a critical threat to the global ecosystem and human health. Naturally abundant resources have significant advantages as adsorbent materials for environmental remediation over manufactured materials such as nanostructured materials and activated carbons. These advantages include cost-effectiveness, eco-friendliness, sustainability, and nontoxicity. In this review, we firstly compare the characteristics of representative adsorbent materials including bentonite, zeolite, biochar, biomass, and effective modification methods that are frequently used to enhance their adsorption capacity and kinetics. Following this, the adsorption pathways and sites are outlined at an atomic level, and an in-depth understanding of the structure-property relationships are provided based on surface functional groups. Finally, the challenges and perspectives of some emerging naturally abundant resources such as lignite are examined. Although both unamended and modified naturally abundant resources face challenges associated with their adsorption performance, cost performance, energy consumption, and secondary pollution, these can be tackled by using advanced techniques such as tailored modification, formulated mixing and reorganization of these materials. Recent studies on adsorbent materials provide a strong foundation for the remediation of PTEs in soil and water. We speculate that the pursuit of effective modification strategies will generate remediation processes of PTEs better suited to a wider variety of practical application conditions.


Asunto(s)
Restauración y Remediación Ambiental , Contaminantes del Suelo , Ecosistema , Contaminación Ambiental/análisis , Humanos , Suelo , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126768, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365232

RESUMEN

This study provides new knowledge on the mobility, behavior, and partitioning of 17 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in the water-sediment-plant system along the Dongzhulong and Xiaoqing Rivers. The fate of PFASs in these rivers is also discussed. The study area is affected by the industrial production of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The ∑PFASs in water and sediments close to the industrial discharge were 84,000 ± 2000 ng/L and 2300 ± 200 ng/g dw, respectively, with the concentrations decreasing along the river due to dilution. PFOA was the dominant compound (74-97% of the ∑PFASs), although other PFASs were identified close to urban areas. Principal component analysis and solid-liquid distribution coefficients revealed that long-chain PFASs accumulated in the sediment whereas short-chain PFASs remained in the water all along the river. PFASs were taken up by plants and remobilized to different plant compartments according to shoot concentration factors (SCFs), root concentration factors (RCF), and transfer factors (TFs). Among the four plant species studied, floating plants absorbed high levels of PFASs, while rooted species translocated short-chain PFASs from the roots to the shoots. Therefore, floating species, due to their high uptake capacity and large proliferation rate, could eventually be used for phytoremediation.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Alcanesulfónicos , Fluorocarburos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Ácidos Alcanesulfónicos/análisis , China , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Fluorocarburos/análisis , Ríos , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126789, 2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365235

RESUMEN

Microbial communities inhabiting soil-water-sediment continuum in coastal areas provide important ecosystem services. Their adaptation in response to environmental stressors, particularly mitigating the impact of pollutants discharged from human activities, has been considered for the development of microbial biomonitoring tools, but their use is still in the infancy. Here, chemical and molecular (16S rRNA gene metabarcoding) approaches were combined in order to determine the impact of pollutants on microbial assemblages inhabiting the aquatic network of a soil-water-sediment continuum around the Ichkeul Lake (Tunisia), an area highly impacted by human activities. Samples were collected within the soil-river-lake continuum at three stations in dry (summer) and wet (winter) seasons. The contaminant pressure index (PI), which integrates Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), alkanes, Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and metal contents, and the microbial pressure index microgAMBI, based on bacterial community structure, showed significant correlation with contamination level and differences between seasons. The comparison of prokaryotic communities further revealed specific assemblages for soil, river and lake sediments. Correlation analyses identified potential "specialist" genera for the different compartments, whose abundances were correlated with the pollutant type found. Additionally, PICRUSt analysis revealed the metabolic potential for pollutant transformation or degradation of the identified "specialist" species, providing information to estimate the recovery capacity of the ecosystem. Such findings offer the possibility to define a relevant set of microbial indicators for assessing the effects of human activities on aquatic ecosystems. Microbial indicators, including the detection of "specialist" and sensitive taxa, and their functional capacity, might be useful, in combination with integrative microbial indices, to constitute accurate biomonitoring tools for the management and restoration of complex coastal aquatic systems.


Asunto(s)
Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Biomarcadores , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Lagos , Hidrocarburos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análisis , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Ríos , Suelo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
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