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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56113, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224567

RESUMEN

Objetivo: descrever a escolha do parto domiciliar planejado acompanhado por enfermeira obstétrica em um centro urbano de grande porte, na perspectiva de mulheres brasileiras. Métodos: estudo qualitativo guiado pela Grounded Theory. Foram entrevistadas dez mulheres com idade entre 20 e 41 anos que tiveram parto domiciliar planejado acompanhadas por enfermeiras obstétricas. As participantes foram recrutadas por meio de rede social, acessando um grupo de mulheres que escreveram sobre seu parto domiciliar. Resultados: Emergiram duas categorias: Não vendo possibilidade de parir naturalmente no ambiente hospitalar e Pensando na segurança do parto domiciliar planejado. O hospital representou vários aspectos desfavoráveis como intervenções desnecessárias e solidão. As mulheres consideravam o lar um lugar seguro para parir, conectado aos cuidados de enfermeiras obstétricas. Conclusão: há mulheres que não desejam parir no hospital, preferindo parir em casa e do ponto de vista dos direitos humanos e dos cuidados desmedicalizados, as enfermeiras obstétricas devem apoiar as mulheres nessa sua decisão.


Objective: to describe the choice of planned homebirth attended by a nurse midwife in a large urban centre, from the perspective of Brazilian women. Methods: in this Grounded Theory study, ten women aged 20 to 41 years, who had a planned homebirth accompanied by a nurse midwife, were interviewed. Participants were recruited through a social network by accessing a group of women who wrote about their homebirth. Results: two categories emerged: seeing no possibility of giving birth naturally in the hospital environment; and thinking about the safety of a planned homebirth. Hospital represented several unfavourable aspects, such as unnecessary interventions and loneliness. Women thought of home as a safe place to give birth, connected with nurse midwife care. Conclusion: there are women who do not wish to give birth in hospital, but prefer to give birth at home and, from the point of view of human rights and de-medicalized care, nurse midwives should support women in their decision.


Objetivo: describir la elección del parto domiciliario planificado con enfermera obstétrica en un gran centro urbano, desde la perspectiva de mujeres brasileñas. Métodos: estudio cualitativo guiado por la Grounded Theory. Se entrevistó a diez mujeres entre 20 y 41 años que tuvieron parto domiciliario planificado, siendo acompañadas de enfermeras obstétricas. Las participantes fueron reclutadas a través de red social, accediendo a un grupo de mujeres que escribieron sobre su parto en domicilio. Resultados: surgieron dos categorías: las que no veían posibilidad de dar a luz naturalmente en el hospital y las que pensaron en la seguridad del parto domiciliario planificado. El hospital representó varios aspectos desfavorables como intervenciones innecesarias y soledad. Las mujeres consideraban que el hogar era un ambiente seguro para dar a luz, vinculado al cuidado de enfermeras obstétricas. Conclusión: hay mujeres que no desean dar a luz en el hospital, prefieren hacerlo en casa y, desde el punto de vista de los derechos humanos y de los cuidados sin la intervención de un médico, las enfermeras obstétricas deben apoyarlas en esa decisión.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Adulto , Parto Domiciliario/enfermería , Parto Normal/enfermería , Enfermeras Obstetrices , Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología , Seguridad del Paciente , Parto Domiciliario/psicología , Parto Normal/psicología
2.
Georgian Med News ; (318): 172-176, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628402

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study is to discuss and present authors' vision of problems of euthanasia legal regulation in legislation with due consideration of human rights and liberties. The study was performed considering a set of disciplines: medicine, jurisprudence, religion, philosophy. A number of international documents were generalized, practice of European Court of Human Rights, Criminal Codes of Ukraine, Georgia and a number of other countries, relating to the question under study, views of scholars on moral and legal aspects, juridical and philosophical comprehension of this agenda. The following scientific methods were applied: systemic legal method, comparative legal method, philosophical legal method, logical method, as well as analysis and synthesis method. The authors developed proposals in solution of problems connected with this subject matter. Legalization of euthanasia is found to be possible by allowing its application to be reflected in Article 52, Law of Ukraine "Fundamentals of Ukrainian Legislation on Public Health". We determined that execution of euthanasia belongs to rights of physician, not his/her duties. In this we noted that this novelty will rule out any possibility of subsequent introduction of a special norm to Ukrainian Criminal Code stipulating criminal responsibility of physician for execution of euthanasia and, as a subsequence, will preclude any pre-trial and trial judicature (Articles 214, 215, Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine).


Asunto(s)
Criminales , Médicos , Georgia (República) , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Principios Morales
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651468

RESUMEN

Objective: Emotional intelligence describes how well an individual understands and manages his or her emotions. Parenting styles and early life events have an important bearing on emotional intelligence. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of adverse childhood events and perception toward parents on the various domains of emotional intelligence among medical interns.Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted among medical interns in an eastern Indian teaching hospital from August 2020 to September 2020. Emotional intelligence was assessed using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self-Assessment in terms of emotional awareness, emotional management, social emotional management, and relationship management. Adverse childhood experiences were assessed using the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire. Perception toward parents for all participants was assessed using the Perceptions of Parents Scale, which measured their mother's involvement, autonomy and support, and warmth and their father's involvement, autonomy and support, and warmth.Results: Of the 84 participants, 66.66% (n = 56) reported at least 1 adverse childhood experience. There was a significant negative correlation of adverse childhood experiences with emotional management (r = -0.542, n = 84, P = .00) and relationship management (r = -0.219, n = 84, P = .45). Emotional management showed a positive correlation with mother's involvement (r = 0.269, P = .013), autonomy and support (r = 0.34, P = .02), and warmth (r = 0.264, P = .015) and father's involvement (r = 0.336, P = .002), autonomy and support (r = 0.334, P = .002), and warmth (r = 0.340, P = .002). Relationship management showed a positive correlation with mother's involvement (r = 0.302, P = .005), autonomy and support (r = 0.272, P = .012), and warmth (r = 0.272, P = .012). Social emotional management showed a positive correlation with father's involvement (r = 0.294, P = .007), autonomy and support (r = 0.297, P = .006), and warmth (r = 0.297, P = .01).Conclusion: Experiencing adverse childhood events lowers emotional intelligence. Higher parental involvement, warmth, and autonomy and support promote better social emotional awareness, as well as emotional and relationship management.


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Padres , Estudios Transversales , Inteligencia Emocional , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepción
5.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(10)2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598977

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hundreds of thousands of people have been killed during the Syrian civil war and millions more displaced along with an unconscionable amount of destroyed civilian infrastructure. METHODS: We aggregate attack data from Airwars, Physicians for Human Rights and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition/Insecurity Insight to provide a summary of attacks against civilian infrastructure during the years 2012-2018. Specifically, we explore relationships between date of attack, governorate, perpetrator and weapon for 2689 attacks against five civilian infrastructure classes: healthcare, private, public, school and unknown. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) via squared cosine distance, k-means clustering of the MCA row coordinates, binomial lasso classification and Cramer's V coefficients are used to produce and investigate these correlations. RESULTS: Frequencies and proportions of attacks against the civilian infrastructure classes by year, governorate, perpetrator and weapon are presented. MCA results identify variation along the first two dimensions for the variables year, governorate, perpetrator and healthcare infrastructure in four topics of interest: (1) Syrian government attacks against healthcare infrastructure, (2) US-led Coalition offensives in Raqqa in 2017, (3) Russian violence in Aleppo in 2016 and (4) airstrikes on non-healthcare infrastructure. These topics of interest are supported by results of the k-means clustering, binomial lasso classification and Cramer's V coefficients. DISCUSSION: Findings suggest that violence against healthcare infrastructure correlates strongly with specific perpetrators. We hope that the results of this study provide researchers with valuable data and insights that can be used in future analyses to better understand the Syrian conflict.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Violencia , Atención a la Salud , Humanos , Siria
6.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200182, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605530

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Map the conceptual frameworks for programs addressing violence against children developed in primary health care. METHOD: This is a scoping review that followed the methodological recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute. A reference manager and qualitative analysis software were used for data management and analysis. RESULTS: 1,346 studies were pre-selected and analyzed. The final sample consisted of 24 studies, mostly published in the 2000s. Three strategic actions were identified in programs: Home Visitation, Children Exposed to Violence, and Parenting Development, most of them focused on the level of intervention. No study explained the conceptual frameworks guiding the programs. CONCLUSION: Mapped programs were well structured and essential for addressing domestic violence against children. They mainly adopted the multi-causal concept to understand the health-disease process, which was restricted to overcoming the contradictions of violence.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Niño , Humanos , Responsabilidad Parental
7.
Sud Med Ekspert ; 64(5): 61-64, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644037

RESUMEN

Objective - consideration of the importance of not only legal but also educational, moral aspects in the professional training of a medical university students based on the analysis of teaching and research collegial experience. The considered features of the educational process' organization in «Jurisprudence¼ in a medical university is built on the basis of general provisions including conducting lectures, practical, seminars, independent work, current and final control of knowledge, on the one hand. On the other hand, from private teaching methods, ways and methods including storytelling, discussion, «case study¼, «brainstorming¼, business game, group analysis, etc. The educational process in «Jurisprudence¼ in addition to solving the issues of the curriculum includes a set of educational measures in the form of communicative, analytical and organizational skills' development.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Universidades , Curriculum , Humanos , Jurisprudencia , Enseñanza
8.
Gac Med Mex ; 157(3): 298-301, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667323

RESUMEN

On the internet, artificial intelligence has grown to become a program with codes and algorithms that learn and reprogram themselves to carry out pre-established tasks with greater efficiency; although this translates into improvements, the scope of the results and reprogramming are unknown to the programmer. Given the risk of deviation from pre-established objectives and ethical regulations, filters must be installed at the beginning, during and at the end of the process, as alarms for detecting deviations with bioethical implications. The interaction of human intelligence with artificial intelligence has had negative and positive disagreements. Initially, adapting regulations, labor laws and human rights was enough; now it is necessary for ethical standards to be established, such as those formulated in the Barcelona Declaration for the Proper Development and Usage of Artificial Intelligence in Europe.

9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 938-943, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535210

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of depression and suicidal ideation with parenting style in adolescents. METHODS: The cluster sampling method was used to select 6 195 junior and senior high school students in Xinxiang City of Henan Province, China, from 2014 to 2018. The survey tools included a general social information questionnaire, the Parental Bonding Instrument, and the Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (11 items). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the association of depression and suicidal ideation with parenting style in adolescents. RESULTS: There were 6 194 valid questionnaires in total, including 2 586 boys (41.75%) and 3 608 girls (58.25%), with a mean age of (16.4±1.9) years (range: 11-20 years). Among these 6 194 students, 1 333 (21.52%) had depression, and 508 (8.20%) had suicidal ideation. Depression in adolescents was positively correlated with maternal control (OR=1.059, P<0.001) and paternal control (OR=1.061, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with maternal care (OR=0.937, P<0.001) and paternal care (OR=0.917, P<0.001). Suicide ideation in adolescents was positively correlated with maternal control (OR=1.110, P<0.001) and paternal control (OR=1.076, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with maternal care (OR=0.895, P<0.001) and paternal care (OR=0.914, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Parental care may decrease the risk of depression and suicide ideation, while parental control may increase the risk of depression and suicide ideation in adolescents. Citation.


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Ideación Suicida , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Factores de Riesgo , Estudiantes , Adulto Joven
10.
Wiad Lek ; 74(8): 1894-1899, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537739

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To analyse human right issues in health care during the SARS CoV-2 pandemic from the perspective of patients' and medical practitioner's rights. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Multidisciplinary research will be conducted as part of national as well as international health care policy documents, international human right instruments, including case law decisions, and also major scientific articles on human rights from the healthcare perspective will be analysed. The comparative, Research synthesis method and systemic analyses will be made during the research. RESULTS: Results: The study confirmed that human right issues in the context of health care in case of Patient triage become relevant and transformed. The situation of COVID-19 has created new precedents for human rights, with a particular impact on the rights of doctors and patients. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Human rights from the healthcare perspective become the topical issue during the COVID 19 pandemic. The legal practice in human rights had several transformations and it provides new challenges from patients as well as medical practitioners' rights. Important problem, from the ethical -legal perspective is the Patient's triage. The situation on patients triage or ranking shows importance and possibility of each member state to act fast, taking into consideration fast changing situation in medical health system. Sorting patients whose lives are at risk according to certain criteria for assessing their lives is not acceptable. In order to reduce events of violations of human rights during COVID 19 in healthcare, the emphasis should be placed for explanation of decisions made in state level.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Atención a la Salud , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Triaje
11.
Cuad Bioet ; 32(105): 225-235, 2021.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543051

RESUMEN

This article analyzes the general evolution of human rights due to the influence of transhumanist ideas, which were already present in 1948. Specifically, we will consider their denial of human nature, and self-determination as the new cornerstone of the legal order. We will see how nature is no longer considered the foundation of law, and instead how the focus is now on self-determination and the possibilities of technology. Although the 1948 Declaration of Rights has not changed, the anthropological conception has been modified, and new rights have been introduced, thanks to the interpretation made by the courts. The proposal is to recover the notion of human nature and natural law, which offers a universal terrain for dialogue and inspiring keys to find the true rights of the person and the good of society.

13.
Ir Med J ; 114(7): 411, 2021 Aug 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520646

RESUMEN

Aim Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected perinatal women worldwide. Our study aimed to describe the opinions of perinatal women about COVID-19 related knowledge, attitude, and practices. Methods Pregnant and Postnatal women (n=223) were included and those who did not consent, and less than 16 weeks' gestation, were excluded. SPSS version 26 was used for descriptive statistics. Results Most of the women had good knowledge about COVID 19 regarding its nature, transmission, & symptoms. Their information sources were news (139/206=67.5%) and the internet (85/206=41%). Women understood the uncertainty around its effect on pregnancy; as it is a novel infection. A substantial number of women were concerned (130/206=63%), upset by social isolation (86/206=42%), negatively impacted by the visitor restrictions in hospital (154/206=75%), and faced COVID-19 related reduced household finances (97/206=47%). Most of them used hand washing (201/206=98%) & social distancing (191/206=93%) as preventive measures. They reported compromised contact with General Physician (GP) service as compared to the hospital service (85/206=41% Vs 31/206=15% respectively) during the pandemic. Conclusions The main challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic for perinatal women are the jeopardized GP & hospital services & psychological distress. It is imperative to incorporate telemedicine & virtual visits to tackle the burden of the COVID-19 pandemic. Perinatal women, are particularly vulnerable to the psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic & societal lockdown, thus necessitating holistic interventions.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/prevención & control , Salud Materna , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Madres/psicología , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , COVID-19/psicología , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/psicología , Atención Prenatal/métodos , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
14.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(3): 439-446, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479323

RESUMEN

Recently, the Chilean Senate approved the main ideas of a constitutional reform and a Neuro-rights bill. This bill aims to protect people from the potential abusive use of "neuro-technologies". Unfortunately, a literal interpretation of this law can produce severe negative effects both in the development of neuroscience research and medical practice in Chile, interfering with current treatments in countless patients suffering from neuropsychiatric diseases. This fear stems from the observation of the negative effects that recent Chilean legislations have produced, which share with the Neuro-Rights Law the attempt to protect vulnerable populations from potential abuse from certain medical interventions. In fact, Law 20,584 promulgated in 2012, instead of protecting the most vulnerable patients "incapacitated to consent", produced enormous, and even possibly irreversible, damage to research in Chile in pathologies that require urgent attention, such as many neuropsychiatric diseases. This article details the effects that Law 20.584 had on research in Chile, how it relates to the Neuro-Rights Law, and the potential negative effects that the latter could have on research and medical practice, if it is not formulated correcting its errors.


Asunto(s)
Derechos del Paciente , Poblaciones Vulnerables , Chile , Humanos
15.
J Int Bioethique Ethique Sci ; 32(2): 59-67, 2021 06 18.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553856

RESUMEN

Epigenetics is the study of changes in the activity of genes induced by the environment and not involving modification of the DNA sequence. From the point of view of the human sciences, it invites, by its specific characteristics, to reflect on a variety of questions relating to public policies in a logic of “sustainable health” but also of “sustainable respect” of fundamental rights. But while public policies have a direct impact on fundamental freedoms, other factors also play a decisive role in this regard, accentuating the specificity of genetic data.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Política Pública , Libertad , Humanos
16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(8): e00235120, 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468563

RESUMEN

This study aimed to understand the forms of professional work and proposed actions to achieve the human right to adequate food (HRAF) in the context of primary healthcare (PHC). Using a qualitative approach, the authors conducted semi-structured interviews (from May 2013 to July 2014) with healthcare workers that conducted educational groups on food and nutrition in PHC in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Content analysis was performed to identify the proposed actions on food, with HRAF as the theoretical basis. We identified three categories of professional work based on the proposed actions for food and nutrition. The first approaches food as a biomedical dimension. The second focuses on access and availability of foods in the territory. The third approaches users' local food reality, centered on the team's work. The proposed actions feature those conducted by individuals with obligations towards HRAF (healthcare workers in PHC) and those performed by rights-holder (users of PHC in the Brazilian Unified National Health System). Food in contexts of poverty is treated as a problem with no solution. This study allowed approximations between "what to do" and "how to act" based on ways of grasping food through the definitions, professional work, and proposed actions to achieve HRAF in PHC. It also allowed elucidating the need to understand food as a human right and strengthening the responsibility of healthcare workers in PHC as duty-bearers towards HRAF in the context of social policies.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Atención Primaria de Salud , Brasil , Programas de Gobierno , Personal de Salud , Humanos
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6658070, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485525

RESUMEN

In light of the devastation caused by COVID-19, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and vaccine research and development (R&D) have been occupying a prominent position in the field of global health diplomacy (GHD). Most countries, international organizations, and charitable organizations have been engaged in the R&D of COVID-19 vaccines to ensure timely affordability and accessibility to all countries. Concomitantly, the World Trade Organization (WTO) provides some provisions and enforcements regarding copyrights, patents, trademarks, geographical indications, and industrial designs. Given these safeguards, it is considered that intellectual property rights (IPRs) have become major barriers to the affordability and accessibility of vaccines/medicines/technology, particularly to the developing/least developed countries. Realizing the gravity of the pandemic impact, as well as its huge population and size, India has elevated this issue in its global health diplomacy by submitting a joint proposal with South Africa to the World Trade Organization (WTO) for a temporary waiver of IPRs to ensure timely affordability and accessibility of COVID-19 medical products to all countries. However, the issue of the temporary waive off had become a geopolitical issue. Countries that used to claim per se as strong advocates of human rights, egalitarianism, and healthy democracy have opposed this proposal. In this contrasting milieu, this paper is aimed at examining how the TRIPS has become a barrier for developing countries' development and distribution of vaccines/technology; secondly, how India strategizes its role in the WTO in pursuant of its global health diplomacy? We conclude that the IPRs regime should not become a barrier to the accessibility/affordability of essential drugs and vaccines. To ensure access, India needs to get more engaged in GHD with all the involved global stakeholders to get strong support for their joint proposal. The developed countries that rejected/resisted the proposal can rethink their full support.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la COVID-19/inmunología , COVID-19/inmunología , Diplomacia/métodos , Industria Farmacéutica/métodos , Salud Global , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Derechos Humanos/métodos , Humanos , India , Salud Pública/métodos , SARS-CoV-2/inmunología
18.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 265: 169-174, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508990

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: It is recognised that advanced maternal age is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. It is less known what the psychological impact of having a pregnancy in later maternal age is. This study aimed to establish whether women having children over 50 experience challenges with regards to their mental well-being during the pregnancy and thereafter. STUDY DESIGN: 17 women delivered aged ≥ 50 at our maternity unit in a central London hospital between 2014 and 2020. Of these, one had died of metastatic ampullary carcinoma two years following delivery, one declined taking part, and two we were unable to get hold of, leaving 13 women in the study. Two validated questionnaires were used to survey the women: (i) Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS), (ii) Parenting Daily Hassles Scale (PDHS). We analysed the questionnaire data using their individual scoring systems. RESULTS: The WEMWBS showed a median score of 60 out of a possible 70 (range: 45-70), indicating a high level of mental well-being among these women. The PDHS results indicated that reported hassles were overall low in both frequency and intensity for the mothers. CONCLUSION: Women giving birth over 50 have often experienced long, emotional and financially-burdensome journeys in order to fall pregnant, usually involving assisted reproductive techniques (ART), with multiple antenatal and delivery complications thereafter. As a result, they are extremely happy and grateful to have the child, and are often in better socioeconomic positions that can help with the stress that comes with child-caring.


Asunto(s)
Madres , Responsabilidad Parental , Femenino , Humanos , Edad Materna , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Embarazo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(9): e00291720, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586172

RESUMEN

This is a scoping review of the PubMed, Scopus, BIREME, SciELO, and Web of Science databases, including publications from December 2019 to May 2020 with the objective of identifying and systematizing the literature on the status of persons with disabilities in the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic. The review aimed to search for original peer-reviewed articles published in indexed journals, in addition to the specialized gray literature. We reviewed 386 texts and included 33 articles and documents in the study. The review's results pointed to three thematic categories that reflect the main discussions on the theme in the literature: vulnerabilities of persons with disabilities during the pandemic; rights of persons with disabilities in this context; and protective measures and access to information on COVID-19 for persons with disabilities. In the context of the public health emergency, historically marginalized communities such as persons with disabilities run the risk of feeling more vulnerable, suffering deprivations, discrimination in screening plans for care, and prejudices and stigmas that influence decision-making in healthcare and exacerbate preexisting inequalities, making this group more susceptible to illness and lack of social protection. Although persons with disabilities have been acknowledged as a risk group for COVID-19, governments have been slow to develop plans to fight COVID-19 for this population. Few studies have attempted to understand the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on persons with disabilities, especially in the sense of implementing measures in prevention, control, and protection that guarantee equity in care.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Personas con Discapacidad , Brasil/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
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