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1.
J Water Health ; 22(5): 923-938, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822470

RESUMEN

The World Health Organization classifies leptospirosis as a significant public health concern, predominantly affecting impoverished and unsanitary regions. By using the Pensacola Bay System as a case study, this study examines the underappreciated susceptibility of developed subtropical coastal ecosystems such as the Pensacola Bay System to neglected zoonotic pathogens such as Leptospira. We analyzed 132 water samples collected over 12 months from 44 distinct locations with high levels of Escherichia coli (>410 most probable number/100 mL). Fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) concentrations were assessed using IDEXX Colilert-18 and Enterolert-18, and an analysis of water physiochemical characteristics and rainfall intensity was conducted. The LipL32 gene was used as a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) indicator to identify the distribution of Leptospira interrogans. The results revealed 12 instances of the presence of L. interrogans at sites with high FIB over various land cover and aquatic ecosystem types. Independent of specific rainfall events, a seasonal relationship between precipitation and elevated rates of fecal bacteria and leptospirosis was found. These findings highlight qPCR's utility in identifying pathogens in aquatic environments and the widespread conditions where it can be found in natural and developed areas.


Asunto(s)
Microbiología del Agua , Leptospirosis/microbiología , Leptospirosis/epidemiología , Leptospira/aislamiento & purificación , Leptospira/genética , Heces/microbiología , Leptospira interrogans/aislamiento & purificación , Leptospira interrogans/genética , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Lluvia , Estaciones del Año , Bahías/microbiología , Análisis Espacio-Temporal
2.
J Water Health ; 22(5): 939-952, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822471

RESUMEN

Health authorities are particularly concerned about water security in Enugu, southeast Nigeria and heavy metal (HM) pollution. The HM profiles of 51 samples collected from 17 different commercial bottled water brands in Enugu were examined using an flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, and Zn had mean values of 0.15 ± 0.03, 0.03 ± 0.02, 0.16 ± 0.03, 0.13 ± 0.02, and 0.02 ± 0.01 mg/L, respectively. The highest levels of Pb2+ were 0.27 mg/L in Exalté, Ni2+ 0.26 mg/L in Jasmine, Cd2+ 0.36 mg/L in Ezbon, Cr3+ 0.07 mg/L in Trinity, Cu2+ 0.04 mg/L in Bigi, and Zn2+ 0.02 mg/L in Aquarapha. The amounts of Cr, Cu, and Zn were below the allowable limits; nevertheless, the Pb content in eight bottled water samples exceeded both the Nigerian and World Health Organization (WHO)/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) permissible limits. The Cd2+ and Ni2+ levels in the 11th and 4th bottled water samples were above the WHO/USEPA-approved limits. Statistical evaluation revealed significant differences in the amounts of HM ions in the samples (p < 0.05). The findings indicated that concentration levels of Cd2+ Ni2+, and Pb2+ pose a public health concern that needs to be addressed due to potential risk to consumer health.


Asunto(s)
Agua Potable , Metales Pesados , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Metales Pesados/análisis , Nigeria , Agua Potable/análisis , Agua Potable/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Humanos , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Medición de Riesgo , Espectrofotometría Atómica
3.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(10): 2823-2838, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822617

RESUMEN

The present research work investigates the impact of natural and anthropogenic inputs on the chemistry and quality of the groundwater in the Beenaganj-Chachura block of Madhya Pradesh, India. A total of 50 groundwater samples were examined for nitrates, fluoride, chlorides, total dissolved solids, calcium, magnesium, pH, total hardness, and conductivity, and their impact on entropy-weighted water quality index and pollution index of groundwater (PIG) was investigated via the response surface methodology (RSM) using the central composite design. According to analytical findings, Ca, Mg, Cl-, SO42-, and NO3- exceed the desired limit and permitted limit set by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and the World Health Organization (WHO). According to PIG findings, 76, 16, and 8% of groundwater samples, respectively, fell into the insignificant, low, and moderate pollution categories. The regression coefficients of the quadratic RSM models for the experimental data provided excellent results. Thus, RSM provides an excellent means to obtain the optimized values of input parameters to minimize the PIG values.


Asunto(s)
Agua Subterránea , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Agua Subterránea/química , India , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos
4.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(10): 2703-2715, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822609

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the spatio-temporal variability of various physical and chemical parameters of water quality and to determine the trophic state of Lake Ardibo. Water samples were collected from October 2020 to September 2021 at three sampling stations in four different seasons. A total of 14 physico-chemical parameters, such as water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), electrical conductivity, turbidity, alkalinity, Secchi-depth, nitrate, ammonia, silicon dioxide, soluble reactive phosphorus, total phosphorus, chloride, and fluoride were measured using standard methods. The results demonstrated that temporal variation existed throughout the study period. Except for turbidity, the water quality of the lake varied significantly within the four seasons (ANOVA, p < 0.05). DO levels decreased significantly during the dry season following water mixing events. Chlorophyll-a measurements showed significant seasonal differences ranging from 0.58 µg L-1 in the main-rainy season to 8.44 µg L-1 in the post-rainy period, indicating moderate algal biomass production. The overall category of Lake Ardibo was found to be under a mesotrophic state with medium biological productivity. A holistic lake basin approach management is suggested to maintain water quality and ecological processes and to improve the lake ecosystem services.


Asunto(s)
Lagos , Estaciones del Año , Calidad del Agua , Lagos/química , Etiopía , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Fósforo/análisis , Clorofila A/análisis
5.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(6): 81, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822856

RESUMEN

The growing production of urban solid waste is a structural problem faced by most cities around the world. The proliferation of mini-open dumps (MOD; small spontaneous open-air waste dumps formed in urban and peri-urban areas) on the banks of the Paraná River is particularly evident. During the historical drought (June-December 2021), we carried out sampling campaigns identifying MODs of the Santa Fe River, a secondary channel of the Paraná River. MOD were geolocated, measured, described and classified by origin. The distance to the river and other sensitive places was considered (houses-schools-health facilities). Our results suggested a serious environmental issue associated with poor waste management. MOD were extremely abundant in the study area, being mostly composed of domestic litter. Plastics clearly dominated the MOD composition. Burning was frequently observed as a method to reduce the volume of MOD. We concluded that the proliferation of MOD is a multi-causal problem associated with a failure of public policies and a lack of environmental education.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Ríos , Ríos/química , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Instalaciones de Eliminación de Residuos , Brasil , Administración de Residuos/métodos , Ciudades , Eliminación de Residuos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Residuos Sólidos/análisis
6.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(6): 210, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822873

RESUMEN

The presence of heavy metals in soil has gained considerable attention due to their potential risks to ecosystems and human health. In this study, a thorough soil investigation was performed in the hilly region of central Hainan, which was formerly regarded as an area with the highest ecological environmental quality. A total of 7094 soil samples were systematically collected with high density over a large area. Simultaneously, a detailed investigation was conducted on the surrounding environment of each sampling point, including environmental factors such as soil, land use and crop types. The soil samples were analysed for heavy metals, pH, organic matter, and other parameters. The soil heavy metal pollution level, ecological risk and health risk were evaluated using the geo-accumulation index and the potential ecological risk index. The findings showed that the average contents of the heavy metals As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn in the soil were 1.68, 0.042, 24.2, 6.49, 0.0319, 7.06, 29.6 and 49.8 mg·kg-1 respectively. Except for Hg, the mean values of the other heavy metals were either lower than or similar to the background values of Hainan. Also, only a few localised areas showed contamination by heavy metals. The primary sources of heavy metals, identified by a positive matrix factorisation model, could be categorised into four types: natural sources related to the soil formation process from acidic intrusive rocks (such as granite); natural sources primarily influenced by atmospheric deposition; anthropogenic sources associated with agricultural activities; and natural sources related to the soil formation process from middle-mafic intrusive rocks and black shales. The correlation analysis and variance analysis findings suggested that the content of heavy metals in the soil was primarily associated with the parent rock. The study area generally had low heavy metal levels and was not significantly polluted. However, agricultural activities still affected the enrichment of heavy metals. Therefore, it is imperative to remain vigilant about the ecological risks linked to soil heavy metals while continuing land development and expanding agricultural activities in the future. These findings indicate that conducting high-density soil surveys can enhance our understanding of regional soil heavy metals and enable reliable recommendations for agricultural planning. Whether in areas with low pollution risk or potential pollution risk, it is recommended that high-density soil surveys be conducted provide scientific guidance for further agricultural development.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Metales Pesados , Contaminantes del Suelo , Suelo , Metales Pesados/análisis , China , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Medición de Riesgo , Suelo/química , Humanos
7.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(6): 82, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822880

RESUMEN

Mercury contamination has been aggravated by emerging environmental issues, such as climate change. Top predators present concerning Hg concentrations once this metal bioaccumulates and biomagnifies. This study evaluated total mercury (THg) concentrations in tissues of 43 franciscanas (Pontoporia blainvillei) from two populations: the Franciscana Management Area (FMA) IIb and FMA IIIa. Animals from FMA IIIa showed mean concentration 5-times and 2.5-times higher in the liver and kidney (4.73 ± 6.84 and 0.52 ± 0.51 µg.g-1, w.w., respectively) than individuals from FMA IIb (0.89 ± 1.04 and 0.22 ± 0.15 µg.g-1, w.w., respectively). This might be due to: (I) individuals sampled from FMA IIIa being larger and older, and/or (II) the area near FMA IIIa presents environmental features leading to higher THg availability. Coastal contamination can affect franciscanas' health and population maintenance at different levels depending on their life history and, therefore, it should be considered to guide specific conservation actions.


Asunto(s)
Delfines , Especies en Peligro de Extinción , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Mercurio , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Mercurio/análisis , Mercurio/metabolismo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/metabolismo , Océano Atlántico , Delfines/metabolismo , Hígado/metabolismo , Riñón/metabolismo
8.
Mar Environ Res ; 198: 106570, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834375

RESUMEN

Marine heatwaves (MHWs) have been reported often throughout the world, producing severe effects on marine ecosystems. However, the spatial pattern and trend of MHWs in the Gulf of Thailand (GOT) is still unknown. Based on high-resolution daily satellite data over a 40-year period from 1982 to 2021, changes in annual mean SST and MHW occurrences across the GOT are explored here. The results demonstrate that during a warming hiatus (1998-2009), annual mean SST in the GOT encountered a dropping trend, followed by an increasing trend during a warming reacceleration period (2010-2021). Although a warming hiatus and a warming reacceleration occurred in the annual mean SST after 1998, regional averaged SSTs were still 0.18 °C-0.42 °C higher than that for 1982-1997. Statistical distributions reveal that there was a significant shift in both annual mean SSTs and annual extreme hot SSTs. These changes have the potential to increase the frequency of MHWs. Further analysis reveals that MHW frequency has increased at a rate of 1.11 events per decade from 1982 to 2021, which is 2.5 times the global mean rate. For the period 2010-2021, the frequency and intensity of MHWs in the GOT have never dropped, but have instead been more frequent, longer lasting and extreme than those metrics of MHWs between 1982 and 2009. Furthermore, the findings highlight significant changes in the SST over the GOT that may lead us to change or modify the reference period of the MHW definition. The findings also suggest that heat transport and redistribution mechanisms in the GOT sea are changing. This study contributes to our understanding of MHW features in the GOT and the implications for marine ecosystems.


Asunto(s)
Calentamiento Global , Tailandia , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Ecosistema , Calor , Agua de Mar , Cambio Climático
9.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 214, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842590

RESUMEN

Water bodies play a crucial role in supporting life, maintaining the environment, and preserving the ecology for the people of India. However, in recent decades, human activities have led to various alterations in aquatic environments, resulting in environmental degradation through pollution. The safety of utilizing surface water sources for drinking and other purposes has come under intense scrutiny due to rapid population growth and industrial expansion. Surface water pollution due to micro-plastics (MPs) (plastics < 5 mm in size) is one of the emerging pollutants in metropolitan cities of developing countries because of its utmost resilience and synthetic nature. Recent studies on the surface water bodies (river, pond, Lake etc.) portrait the correlation between the MPs level with different parameters of pollution such as specific conductivity, total phosphate, and biological oxygen demand. Fibers represent the predominant form of MPs discovered in surface water bodies, exhibiting fluctuations across seasons. Consequently, present study prioritizes understanding the adaptation, prevalence, attributes, fluctuations, and spatial dispersion of MPs in both sediment and surface water environments. Furthermore, the study aims to identify existing gaps in the current understanding and underscore opportunities for future investigation. From the present study, it has been reported that, the concentration of MPs in the range of 0.2-45.2 items/L at the Xisha Islands in the south China sea, whereas in India it was found in the range of 96 items/L in water samples and 259 items/kg in sediment samples. This would certainly assist the urban planners in achieving sustainable development goals to mitigate the increasing amount of emergent pollutant load.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , India , Microplásticos/análisis , Agua Dulce/química
10.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 240, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849660

RESUMEN

The present study firstly reports surface sediment from the subsea depth of 200 m as a potential natural peloid. The fine-silt sediment exhibited a consistent clay mineral composition dominated by illite, chlorite, kaolinite, and diatomite. The most abundant clay mineral was illite/mica, with other minerals loosely packed in a face-to-face orientation. The thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity, and cation-exchange capacity of the sediment were in the range 0.855-0.885 W/m K, 2.718-2.821 J/g °C, and 23.06-32.96 cmol/kg, respectively. The concentrations of most toxic elements in the sediment were considerably lower than the limits set by domestic cosmetic regulations and other international standards. The analyzed samples exhibited similar properties to those of previously reported peloids, thus making them suitable for use in the field of pelotherapy; furthermore, the consistency in data across a wide peloid-distribution area is expected to enable economically viable mining. Future investigations should aim to to evaluate the long-term effects on the skin, the bioavailability of potentially hazardous substances, and the therapeutic efficacy for various skin conditions.


Asunto(s)
Arcilla , Sedimentos Geológicos , Peloterapia , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , República de Corea , Arcilla/química , Silicatos de Aluminio/química , Minerales/química , Minerales/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos
11.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 226, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849664

RESUMEN

The red deer is an ungulate and large game species. The contamination of the ecosystems by metal(loid)s may lead to the exposure of animals (as well as humans) through water and food resources. The direct contact of hunters and wild animal meat consumers with deer carcasses may be a potential contaminant source. This study aimed to determine the metal(loid)s' concentrations in the liver and kidney of red deer from two regions of Portugal (Idanha-a-Nova and Lousã), and to relate these with histopathologic lesions. Thirteen young male deer were submitted to metal(loid) determination (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn) by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrophotometry (ICP-MS) and histopathology examination. Renal Cd (8.072 ± 5.766 mg/kg dw) and hepatic Pb (3.824 ± 6.098 mg/kg dw) mean values were high, considering the maximum values for consumption established by the European Commission. The hepatic mean value of Cu was significantly higher in Idanha-a-Nova (150.059 ± 33.321 mg/kg dw), and it is at the Cu toxicity limit considered for ruminants (150 mg/kg). The pollution induced by Panasqueira mines (Castelo Branco) may be a possible explanation for some of the findings, especially the higher values of hepatic Cu and Pb found in Idanha-a-Nova deer. These results have high importance under a One Health perspective, since they have implications in public health, and pose at risk the imbalance of animal populations and ecosystems.


Asunto(s)
Ciervos , Riñón , Hígado , Metales Pesados , Animales , Metales Pesados/análisis , Masculino , Hígado/metabolismo , Humanos , Portugal , Riñón/efectos de los fármacos , Metaloides/análisis , Metaloides/toxicidad , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Contaminantes Ambientales , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales
12.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 230, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849623

RESUMEN

Soil in urban and industrial areas is one of the main sinks of pollutants. It is well known that there is a strong link between metal(loid)s bioaccessibility by inhalation pathway and human health. The critical size fraction is < 10 µm (inhalable fraction) since these particles can approach to the tracheobronchial region. Here, soil samples (< 10 µm) from a highly urbanized area and an industrialized city were characterized by combining magnetic measurements, bioaccessibility of metal(loids) and Pb isotope analyses. Thermomagnetic analysis indicated that the main magnetic mineral is impure magnetite. In vitro inhalation analysis showed that Cd, Mn, Pb and Zn were the elements with the highest bioaccessibility rates (%) for both settings. Anthropogenic sources that are responsible for Pb accumulation in < 10 µm fraction are traffic emissions for the highly urbanized environment, and Pb related to steel emissions and coal combustion in cement plant for the industrial setting. We did not establish differences in the Pb isotope composition between pseudo-total and bioaccessible Pb. The health risk assessment via the inhalation pathway showed limited non-carcinogenic risks for adults and children. The calculated risks based on pseudo-total and lung bioaccessible concentrations were identical for the two areas of contrasting anthropogenic pressures. Carcinogenic risks were under the threshold levels (CR < 10-4), with Ni being the dominant contributor to risk. This research contributes valuable insights into the lung bioaccessibility of metal(loids) in urban and industrial soils, incorporating advanced analytical techniques and health risk assessments for a comprehensive understanding.


Asunto(s)
Plomo , Contaminantes del Suelo , Medición de Riesgo , Humanos , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Plomo/análisis , Exposición por Inhalación/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Isótopos/análisis , Disponibilidad Biológica , Tamaño de la Partícula , Industrias , Metales Pesados/análisis , Niño , Adulto , Urbanización , Suelo/química , Ciudades
13.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 237, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849684

RESUMEN

This study presents the first data on REY (Rare Earth Elements plus Yttrium) in the aquifer of Mount Etna (Sicily, Italy). Patterns normalized to chondrites indicate strong water-rock interaction, facilitated by a slightly acidic pH resulting from the dissolution of magma-derived CO2. REY patterns provide insights into the processes of both mineral dissolution and the formation of secondary phases. The relative abundance of light to heavy rare earth elements is compatible with the prevailing dissolution of ferromagnesian minerals (e.g., olivine or clinopyroxenes), reinforced by its strong correlation with other proxies of mineral dissolution (e.g., Mg contents). Pronounced negative Ce anomalies and positive Y anomalies demonstrate an oxidizing environment with continuous formation of secondary iron and/or manganese oxides and hydroxides. The Y/Ho fractionation is strongly influenced by metal complexation with bicarbonate complexes, a common process in C-rich waters. In the studied system, the measured REY contents are always below the limits proposed by Sneller et al. (2000, RIVM report, Issue 601,501, p. 66) for surface water and ensure a very low daily intake from drinking water.


Asunto(s)
Agua Subterránea , Metales de Tierras Raras , Metales de Tierras Raras/análisis , Metales de Tierras Raras/química , Agua Subterránea/química , Sicilia , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Erupciones Volcánicas , Itrio/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
14.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(7): 596, 2024 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839676

RESUMEN

The issue of soil acidification in tea plantations has become a critical concern due to its potential impact on tea quality and plant health. Understanding the factors contributing to soil acidification is essential for implementing effective soil management strategies in tea-growing regions. In this study, a field study was conducted to investigate the effects of tea plantations on soil acidification and the associated acid-base buffering capacity (pHBC). We assessed acidification, pHBC, nutrient concentrations, and cation contents in the top 0-20 cm layer of soil across forty tea gardens of varying stand ages (0-5, 5-10, 10-20, and 20-40 years old) in Anji County, Zhejiang Province, China. The results revealed evident soil acidification due to tea plantation activities, with the lowest soil pH observed in tea gardens aged 10-20 and 20-40 years. Higher levels of soil organic matter (SOM), total nitrogen (TN), Olsen phosphorus (Olsen-P), available iron (Fe), and exchangeable hydrogen (H+) were notably recorded in 10-20 and 20-40 years old tea garden soils, suggesting an increased risk of soil acidification with prolonged tea cultivation. Furthermore, prolonged tea cultivation correlated with increased pHBC, which amplified with tea stand ages. The investigation of the relationship between soil pHBC and various parameters highlighted significant influences from soil pH, SOM, cation exchange capacity, TN, available potassium, Olsen-P, exchangeable acids (including H+ and aluminum), available Fe, and available zinc. Consequently, these findings underscore a substantial risk of soil acidification in tea gardens within the monitored region, with SOM and TN content being key driving factors influencing pHBC.


Asunto(s)
Camellia sinensis , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Nitrógeno , Suelo , Suelo/química , Camellia sinensis/química , Nitrógeno/análisis , China , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Ecosistema , Fósforo/análisis , Té/química , Agricultura
15.
Glob Chang Biol ; 30(6): e17367, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38840430

RESUMEN

Wildfire activity is increasing globally. The resulting smoke plumes can travel hundreds to thousands of kilometers, reflecting or scattering sunlight and depositing particles within ecosystems. Several key physical, chemical, and biological processes in lakes are controlled by factors affected by smoke. The spatial and temporal scales of lake exposure to smoke are extensive and under-recognized. We introduce the concept of the lake smoke-day, or the number of days any given lake is exposed to smoke in any given fire season, and quantify the total lake smoke-day exposure in North America from 2019 to 2021. Because smoke can be transported at continental to intercontinental scales, even regions that may not typically experience direct burning of landscapes by wildfire are at risk of smoke exposure. We found that 99.3% of North America was covered by smoke, affecting a total of 1,333,687 lakes ≥10 ha. An incredible 98.9% of lakes experienced at least 10 smoke-days a year, with 89.6% of lakes receiving over 30 lake smoke-days, and lakes in some regions experiencing up to 4 months of cumulative smoke-days. Herein we review the mechanisms through which smoke and ash can affect lakes by altering the amount and spectral composition of incoming solar radiation and depositing carbon, nutrients, or toxic compounds that could alter chemical conditions and impact biota. We develop a conceptual framework that synthesizes known and theoretical impacts of smoke on lakes to guide future research. Finally, we identify emerging research priorities that can help us better understand how lakes will be affected by smoke as wildfire activity increases due to climate change and other anthropogenic activities.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Lagos , Humo , Incendios Forestales , Humo/análisis , América del Norte , Monitoreo del Ambiente
16.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(7): 598, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842618

RESUMEN

Rudrasagar Lake, a vital habitat for diverse flora and fauna, supports over 2000 households to sustain their daily livelihoods. The current study attempts to examine the impact of human activities on spatio-temporal variation in the water quality of the study area. The study integrates extensive field surveys, sample processing, and statistical analysis to assess the recent status of wetland health. Latin Square Matrix (LSM) was employed to select the sampling sites while the Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) interpolation technique was used for spatial variation mapping. Modified Weighted Arithmetic Water Quality Index (MWAWQI) and Comprehensive Pollution Index (CPI) were utilized for assessing seasonal variation water quality and pollution loads, respectively. The results showed that dissolved oxygen (DO) was strongly influenced by the tributaries, and recreational activities have substantially influenced the highest concentrations of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), and total suspended solids (TSS). The central portion of the lake is particularly susceptible to pollution from extensive fishing and recreational activities while peripheral sites are strongly influenced by agricultural run-offs, seepages from brick industries, and municipal wastes characterized by high concentrations of pH, total hardness (TH), oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). The findings reveal remarkable spatio-temporal fluctuations and highlight the areas within the lake susceptible to anthropogenic activities. The study proposed a sustainable management model to ameliorate anthropogenic threats. Moreover, the study contributes to the scientific understanding of the challenges and ensures the long-term viability of wetland health as a vital ecological and socio-economic resource.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Lagos , Calidad del Agua , Lagos/química , India , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Análisis Espacio-Temporal , Análisis de la Demanda Biológica de Oxígeno , Humedales , Efectos Antropogénicos , Contaminación Química del Agua/estadística & datos numéricos
17.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(7): 597, 2024 Jun 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842642

RESUMEN

Photosynthesis in vegetation is one of the key processes in maintaining regional ecological balance and climate stability, and it is of significant importance for understanding the health of regional ecosystems and addressing climate change. Based on 2001-2021 Global OCO-2 Solar-Induced Fluorescence (GOSIF) dataset, this study analyzed spatiotemporal variations in Asian vegetation photosynthesis and its response to climate and human activities. Results show the following: (1) From 2001 to 2021, the overall photosynthetic activity of vegetation in the Asian region has shown an upward trend, exhibiting a stable distribution pattern with higher values in the eastern and southern regions and lower values in the central, western, and northern regions. In specific regions such as the Turgen Plateau in northwestern Kazakhstan, Cambodia, Laos, and northeastern Syria, photosynthesis significantly declined. (2) Meteorological factors influencing photosynthesis exhibit differences based on latitude and vertical zones. In low-latitude regions, temperature is the primary driver, while in mid-latitude areas, solar radiation and precipitation are crucial. High-latitude regions are primarily influenced by temperature, and high-altitude areas depend on precipitation and solar radiation. (3) Human activities (56.44%) have a slightly greater impact on the dynamics of Asian vegetation photosynthesis compared to climate change (43.56%). This research deepens our comprehension of the mechanisms behind the fluctuations in Asian vegetation photosynthesis, offering valuable perspectives for initiatives in environmental conservation, sustainability, and climate research.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Fotosíntesis , Imágenes Satelitales , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Asia , Ecosistema , Plantas
18.
Water Environ Res ; 96(6): e11054, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38828755

RESUMEN

The land application of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants has been recognized as a major source of microplastic contamination in soil. Nevertheless, the fate and behavior of microplastics in soil remain uncertain, particularly their distribution and transport, which are poorly understood. This study does a bibliometric analysis and visualization of relevant research publications using the CiteSpace software. It explores the limited research available on the topic, highlighting the potential for it to emerge as a research hotspot in the future. Chinese researchers and institutions are paying great attention to this field and are promoting close academic cooperation among international organizations. Current research hot topics mainly involve microplastic pollution caused by the land application of sewage sludge, as well as the detection, environmental fate, and removal of microplastics in soil. The presence of microplastics in sludge, typically ranging from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of particles (p)/kg, inevitably leads to their introduction into soil upon land application. In China, the estimated annual accumulation of microplastics in the soil due to sludge use is approximately 1.7 × 1013 p. In European countries, the accumulation ranges from 8.6 to 71 × 1013 p. Sludge application has significantly elevated soil microplastic concentrations, with higher application rates and frequencies resulting in up to several-fold increases. The primary forms of microplastics found in soils treated with sludge are fragments and fibers, primarily in white color. These microplastics consist primarily of components such as polyamide, polyethylene, and polypropylene. The vertical transport behavior of microplastics is influenced by factors such as tillage, wind, rainfall, bioturbation, microplastic characteristics (e.g., fraction, particle size, and shape), and soil physicochemical properties (e.g., organic matter, porosity, electrical conductivity, and pH). Research indicates that microplastics can penetrate up to 90 cm into the soil profile and persist for decades. Microplastics in sewage sludge-amended soils pose potential long-term threats to soil ecosystems and even human health. Future research should focus on expanding the theoretical understanding of microplastic behavior in these soils, enabling the development of comprehensive risk assessments and informed decision-making for sludge management practices. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Microplastics in sewage sludge range from tens to hundreds of thousands per kilogram. Sludge land application contributes significantly to soil microplastic pollution. The main forms of microplastics in sludge-amended soils are fragments and fibers. Microplastics are mainly composed of polyamide, polyethylene, and polypropylene. Microplastics can penetrate up to 90 cm into the soil profile and persist for decades.


Asunto(s)
Microplásticos , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Contaminantes del Suelo , Suelo , Aguas del Alcantarillado/química , Microplásticos/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Suelo/química , Bibliometría , Monitoreo del Ambiente
19.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(7): 593, 2024 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829441

RESUMEN

Coal power activities could cause regional fluctuations of trace elements, but the distribution information of these trace elements in arid and semi-arid areas is insufficient. In this study, the soil trace elements (As, B, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, Ge, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Sn, Sr, Ti, Tl, and Zn) of Ningdong Coal Power Production Base in China were monitored. Results showed that the concentrations of B, Tl, Mn, Pb, Cr, K, Cu, and Co exceeded background values. The maximum risk index reached 265.66, while the trace elements posed a cancer risk to children. Combining correlation analyses (CA), principal component analysis (PCA), and positive matrix factorization (PMF) techniques, it indicated that trace elements were mainly coming from coal combustion (34.15%), livestock farming (17.44%), traffic emissions (12.42%), and natural factors (35.99%). This study reveals the sources and potential ecological risks of soil trace elements in the Ningdong Coal and Power Production Base. It provides a scientific basis for developing targeted environmental management measures and reducing human health risks.


Asunto(s)
Carbón Mineral , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Contaminantes del Suelo , Suelo , Oligoelementos , China , Oligoelementos/análisis , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Suelo/química , Centrales Eléctricas , Humanos
20.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e283612, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836804

RESUMEN

This study was designed to assess the ichthyofaunal diversity of River Panjkora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. For this purpose, a total of 1189 fish from six different sites were collected along the river and identified using standard keys. The fish collected and identified were representing 38 species, belonging to 7 families. The investigation spanned a year, from July 2021 to May 2022. The most dominant family was Cyprinidae 76% (n=906/1189), followed by Nemacheilidae 5.8% (n=69/1189), Channidae 5.2% (n=62/1189), Sisoridae 5.1% (n=61/1189), Mastacembelidae 4.9% (n=58/1189), Salmonidae 2.6% (n=31/1189) and least was Bagridae 0.17 (n=2/1189). The most abundant speices was Schizothorax plagiostomus with relative density of 16.8. Family Cyprinidae was represented by 21 species, Sisoridae by 7 species, Nemacheilidae by 5 species, Channidae by 2 species, while Bagridae, Salmonidae and Mastacembelidae, were each represented by a single species. PAST 3, XLSTAT and EXCEL 2019 were used for principal component analysis to study correlation of fish diversity and richness. Eigenvalue obtained from Kumrat to Busaq were 3.32, 1.01, 0.80, 0.44, 0.31 and 0.10 respectively. The higher value at Kumrat shows higher diversity. The water quality assessment showed average value of water temperature 10.4 ͦC, pH 7.0, electrical conductivity 184 mg/L, dissolved oxygen 7.9 mg/L, turbidity 43.73 mg/L, total dissolved solids 101 mg/L, total suspended solids 34.72 mg/L, total solids 135.53 mg/L, total alkalinity 75.77 mg/L, total hardness 58.37 mg/L, ammonia 0.46 mg/L, sulphate 26.03 mg/L, chloride 14.67 mg/L, calcium 69.11 mg/L, chromium 0.18 mg/L, copper 0.03, cobalt mg/L 0.04, nickel 0.039 mg/L, lead 0.02 mg/L and Zinc 0.35 mg/L. The findings of this study indicated that most of the physicochemical parameters remained within the acceptable limits throughout the study period. Analysis of fish gut contents included; nymphs, insect larvae, the presence of algae, protozoans and macroinvertebrates in the river ecosystem.


Asunto(s)
Biodiversidad , Peces , Ríos , Estaciones del Año , Animales , Pakistán , Peces/clasificación , Densidad de Población , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos
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