Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 29.498
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150008, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482130

RESUMEN

The intensifying globalization contributes to the anthropogenic methane (CH4) emissions outsourcing, a strong greenhouse gas and harmful air pollutant, through the increasingly complex global trade network. However, the CH4 flow patterns embodied in global traded goods and services have not been interpreted from the perspective of a complex network. In this paper, we integrate global CH4 emission inventory from the EDGAR (the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research) databases, global multi-regional input-output model from the GTAP database, and complex network analysis to reveal the structural characteristics of the global CH4 flow network (GCFN). In the GCFN, more than one quarter of the global anthropogenic CH4 emissions in 2014 are associated with international trade. The top 20 economies contribute to about 70% of the total embodied CH4 emission flows. The GCFNs mainly consist of tripartite patterns centered on China, the USA and Russia. Some emerging countries, such as Thailand and Brazil, also exhibit dominated positions in different kinds of GCFNs. Moreover, the core-periphery structure of the GCFN confirms the existence of a few hub economies associated with a large amount of CH4 emissions. The results emphasize the multinational cooperation on global CH4 emission mitigation, and well-focused mitigation policies should be implemented on some key economies.


Asunto(s)
Gases de Efecto Invernadero , Servicios Externos , Comercio , Internacionalidad , Metano/análisis
2.
Handb Exp Pharmacol ; 268: 367-390, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196809

RESUMEN

The prevalence of allergic diseases is increasing rapidly and has already reached an epidemic level. Two major drivers of this development are climate change and globalization, which both induce an increase in allergens. Concomitant climate change fosters the spreading of the latter on a global scale. The increase in allergens not only aggravates the symptoms and the degree of suffering for patients who already are allergic, but also gives rise to new cases of allergies. The distribution of allergies in society follows a steep socioeconomic gradient worldwide. According to well-established theories of justice such a distribution of the allergy burden is unfair. This fact adds a major ethical dimension and challenge to the allergy epidemic. This chapter draws on the key points of policies for allergy prevention and treatment. It shows how related programs and measures can be conceptualized and prioritized according to the principles of distributional justice.


Asunto(s)
Hipersensibilidad , Polen , Alérgenos , Cambio Climático , Humanos , Hipersensibilidad/epidemiología , Internacionalidad
3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(6): 3513-3523, 2021 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739802

RESUMEN

Bluetongue (BT) disease is a noncontagious disease of domestic and wild ruminants (mainly sheep, cattle, deer) caused by the bluetongue virus (BTV) which is an orbivirus of the Reoviridae family and transmitted by vector Culicoides biting midges. It is a reportable disease of considerable socioeconomic concern and of major importance for the international trade of animals and animal products. Conventional diagnostic methods, such as virus propagation and isolation, immunoassays and also various molecular methods have been developed for the detection of the BTV. Here, we present a novel, rapid and pen-side test for the detection of BTV using multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) based immunosensor. Though it is not reported yet. The MWCNTs were prepared, characterized and functionalized with carboxyl group. Viral antibodies were conjugated successfully with functionalized MWCNTs and coated on screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE). These SPCE were evaluated by using electrochemical sensor with an antigen specific to BTV antibodies, resulted in the self-assembled layer of antigen-antibody on the surface of SPCE. The approach described in the present study is a prototype for the development of simple and economic diagnostic tool which will provide the routine screening of BT disease at the door of farmers, thereby increasing the income of farmers by decreasing the cost of diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Virus de la Lengua Azul , Lengua Azul , Ciervos , Nanotubos de Carbono , Animales , Lengua Azul/diagnóstico , Bovinos , Comercio , Inmunoensayo , Internacionalidad , Ovinos
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(4): 869-889, out.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343996

RESUMEN

A saúde digital é um assunto emergente em fóruns acadêmicos, nas políticas públicas e nas organizações de saúde. Supondo que a saúde digital deriva de conhecimentos da informática médica, este artigo apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa bibliométrica sobre a evolução conceitual e tecnológica do campo da informática médica nas últimas décadas, enfatizando aspectos metodológicos. O trabalho realizou bibliometria em metadados de 100 mil artigos indexados sob a categoria 'medical informatics' na base de dados Web of Science entre os anos de 1960 e 2020. Foram realizadas análises longitudinais com utilização dos softwares Bibliometrix e CorText em três eixos: quantidade de publicações, países dos autores e palavras-chave. Conforme a hipótese metodológica que orientou o estudo, as mudanças terminológicas verificadas ao longo do tempo oferecem uma visão aproximativa das mudanças conceituais e tecnológicas do campo de pesquisa da informática médica. Os resultados mostram que esse campo de investigação apresentou crescimento consistente ao longo das últimas seis décadas, expandindo-se para diferentes países. As mudanças terminológicas e conceituais detectadas pela análise de palavras-chave permitiram a identificação de períodos temporais definidos, associados a rótulos genéricos como 'health informatics', 'e-health'. O rótulo 'medical informatics' é recorrente como termo mais geral a designar o campo de aplicação, em razão de sua adoção por associações científicas internacionais a partir da década de 1970. Nos últimos cincos anos, pode-se identificar a emergência do termo 'digital health', que possivelmente será o conceito dominante na década que se inicia. A análise de palavras-chave também indica a associação entre mudanças terminológicas e de tecnologias, o que reforça as relações entre conceitos e aplicações tecnológicas de cada período.


Digital health is an emerging topic in academic forums, public policies, and healthcare organizations. Assuming that digital health derives from previous medical informatics knowledge, this work presents findings from a bibliometric study on medical informatics technological and conceptual evolution in the last decades, emphasizing methodological aspects. We performed a bibliometric analysis in metadata from 100,000 papers indexed under the category 'medical informatics' in the Web of Science database between 1960 and 2020. Longitudinal analysis using software Bibliometrix and CorText were conducted in three axes: frequency of items, authors' countries, and keywords. Based on the methodological hypothesis guiding the study, the changes in keywords over time offer a proxy view on the conceptual and technological changes in the medical informatics research field. The results show that medical informatics consistently grew over the last six decades, expanding to several countries. Conceptual and technological changes that emerged from the keyword analysis supported the identification of well delimited periods related to general labels, such as: 'health informatics' and 'e-health'. The 'medical informatics' is recurring as a general label due to international scientific associations' adoption since the early 1970s. Moreover, in the last five years, we could identify the term 'digital health', which will probably be a major label in the next decade. The keyword analysis also showed the association between labels and technological changes, adding more evidence that these changes are related to concepts and technological applications.


La salud digital es un tema emergente en foros académicos, políticas públicas y organizaciones de salud. Asumiendo que la salud digital deriva del conocimiento de la informática médica, este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación bilbiométrica sobre la evolución conceptual y tecnológica del campo de la informática médica en las últimas décadas, enfatizando aspectos metodológicos. El trabajo realizó bibliometría en metadatos de 100.000 artículos indexados en la categoría 'informática médica' en la base de datos Web of Science entre los años 1960 y 2020. Se realizaron análisis longitudinales utilizando los softwares Bibliometrix y CorText en tres ejes: número de publicaciones, nacionalidad de los autores y palabras clave. De acuerdo con la hipótesis metodológica que orientó el estudio, los cambios terminológicos verificados a lo largo del tiempo ofrecen una visión aproximada de los cambios conceptuales y tecnológicos en el campo de la investigación en informática médica. Los resultados muestran que este campo de investigación ha mostrado un crecimiento constante durante las últimas seis décadas, expandiéndose a diferentes países. Los cambios terminológicos y conceptuales detectados por el análisis de palabras clave permitieron identificar periodos de tiempo definidos, asociados a etiquetas genéricas como 'informática en salud', 'e-salud'. La etiqueta 'informática médica' es recurrente como el término más general para designar el campo de aplicación, debido a su adopción por parte de asociaciones científicas internacionales desde la década de 1970. En los últimos cinco años se puede identificar el surgimiento del término 'salud digital', que posiblemente será el concepto dominante en la próxima década. El análisis de palabras clave también indica la asociación entre cambios terminológicos y tecnológicos, lo que refuerza las relaciones entre conceptos y aplicaciones tecnológicas en cada período.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Informática Médica , Bibliometría , Telemedicina , Análisis de Datos , Descriptores , Ciencia de la Información , Atención a la Salud , Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770135

RESUMEN

The world of work is changing dramatically due to continuous technological advancements and globalization (the so-called industry 4 [...].


Asunto(s)
Salud Laboral , Industrias , Internacionalidad
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769936

RESUMEN

This study aims to examine the impact of globalization on environmental performance by employing panel data for 148 countries from 2001 to 2018, via the indicator of Environmental Performance Index to capture the overall environmental quality and KOF index to measure the multi dimensions of globalization. The empirical results suggest that globalization is critical to environmental performance, which is reliable while we conduct several robustness tests. Furthermore, if globalization increases, it would be beneficial for the environmental performance; moreover, among specific dimensions of globalization, economic globalization, social globalization and political globalization would bring about better environmental performance. Besides, the improvement of globalization, social globalization and political globalization would bring about better environmental performance, while that of economic globalization cannot change the overall environmental performance. Our study offers more insight into the relationship between globalization and environmental performance.


Asunto(s)
Dióxido de Carbono , Desarrollo Económico , Internacionalidad
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(11): 1267-70, 2021 Nov 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762382

RESUMEN

The differences in the objective, starting point, disease spectrum and interventions of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials at home and abroad are collected. By taking two articles of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials in foreign countries accepted by JAMA as example, the reasons are analyzed on the dual character of negative and positive results obtained in acupuncture-moxibustion trials of foreign countries. The therapeutic regimens in acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials in foreign countries are lack of TCM thinking, the manipulation of interventions have not displayed the basic principle of TCM in treatment of diseases, which is separated the theory from the practice in treatment with Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture-moxibustion. Besides, the advantages in therapeutic effect of acupuncture-moxibustion have not been truly reflected. Regarding the dual character of negative and positive results in acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials of foreign countries, it is suggested that acupuncture-moxibustion has not been thoroughly understood in foreign countries and its research content have not been in compliance with the theory of traditional acupuncture-moxibustion.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustión , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Internacionalidad , Medicina China Tradicional
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770208

RESUMEN

International trade has become more complicated and is now related to more aspects of health and the health system. As Thailand is active in international trade and health, understanding what knowledge exists and determining the knowledge gap is essential for generating the necessary evidence in order to promote better understanding and allow evidence-based policy decisions to be made. This study reviewed the existence of knowledge on international trade and health issues in a scoping review, focusing on Thailand during the period 1991-2020. In total, 156 studies from seven databases and manual searching were included. Of these, 46% were related to trade in health services and 39% were linked to intellectual property, particularly access to medicines. This review found only a very small amount of research on other issues and did not identify any study on trade policies or products related to health and international trade and the environment. We therefore recommend that further studies should be carried out to provide more critical evidence-in particular, more research focusing on the impacts of trade on health-related goods and the analysis of the positive and negative impacts of international trade on industry is needed. Furthermore, better knowledge management through the publication of research findings and making them searchable on international databases will increase the visibility of international trade, increase our knowledge of health issues, and provide supporting evidence.


Asunto(s)
Comercio , Internacionalidad , Propiedad Intelectual , Políticas , Tailandia
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 279, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754356

RESUMEN

Introduction: cross-border mobility of persons with Tuberculosis (TB) is a global public health concern. We aimed at documenting health systems´ potential bottlenecks and opportunities in pulmonary TB continuum of care in cross-border expanses of East and Horn of Africa. Methods: a cross-sectional program assessment with descriptive analysis of TB services, health staff capacities, diagnostic capacities, data management and reporting, and treatment outcomes. Data were extracted from health facility TB registers and semi-structured key informant interviews conducted in selected 26 cross-border sites within the 7 member states of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region. Results: the overall cross-border TB cure rate in the year preceding the study (37%) was way beneath the global target with considerable variations amongst the study countries. The restricted support to the cross-border health facilities was mediated and even exacerbated by expansive distances from the respective capital cities. Restricted geographical access to the facilities by cross-border populations was a longstanding challenge. Substantial staffing gaps, TB service delivery capacity needs and inadequate diagnostics were noticeable. The TB control guidelines were not harmonized between the countries and the inter-country referral systems were either absent or inappreciable, contributing to ineffective cross-border referrals and transfers. The frail linkages between stakeholders were contemptible, but increasing governments´ commitments in tackling infectious diseases were encouraging. Conclusion: cross-border TB interventions should drive regional TB policies, strategies and programs that sustain countries´ coordination, harmonization of management guidelines, advocacy for increased human resources support, enhanced capacity building of cross-border TB staff, adequate diagnostics equipping of the cross-border health facilities and seamless transfer and referral of patients traversing boundaries.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud/organización & administración , Emigración e Inmigración , Salud Pública , Tuberculosis/terapia , África , Creación de Capacidad , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente/organización & administración , Estudios Transversales , Guías como Asunto , Política de Salud , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Tuberculosis/diagnóstico , Tuberculosis/prevención & control
11.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 619823, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744581

RESUMEN

Objectives: As advancing evidence on modifiable resources to support mental health in persons experiencing physical disabilities is of particular importance, we investigate whether structural and functional social relationships relate to mental health in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Data from 12,330 participants of the International SCI community survey (InSCI) from 22 countries were analyzed. Structural (partnership status, living situation) and functional aspects of social relationships (belongingness, relationship satisfaction, problems with social interactions) were regressed on the SF-36 mental health index (MHI-5), stratified by countries and for the total sample using multilevel models. Results: Functional aspects of social relationships were consistently related to clinically relevant higher MHI-5 scores and lower risk of mental health disorders (MHI-5 >56). Structural social relationships were inconsistently associated with mental health in our sample. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that functional aspects of social relationships are important resources for mental health. Interventions to establish and maintain high quality relationships should be considered in public health interventions and rehabilitation programs to reduce long-term mental health problems in persons experiencing physical disabilities.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad , Relaciones Interpersonales , Salud Mental , Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Personas con Discapacidad/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Global/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Observación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259362, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739509

RESUMEN

We analyze whether and to what extent strategies employed by governments to fight the COVID-19 pandemic made a difference for GDP growth developments in 2020. Based on the strength and speed with which governments imposed non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) when confronted with waves of infections we distinguish between countries pursuing an elimination strategy and countries following a suppression / mitigation strategy. For a sample of 44 countries fixed effect panel regression results show that NPI changes conducted by elimination strategy countries had a less severe effect on GDP growth than NPI changes in suppression / mitigation strategy countries: strategy matters. However, this result is sensitive to the countries identified as "elimination countries" and to the sample composition. Moreover, we find that exogenous country characteristics drive the choice of strategy. At the same time our results show that countries successfully applying the elimination strategy achieved better health outcomes than their peers without having to accept lower growth.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Gobierno Federal , Gobierno , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Modelos Económicos , Pandemias , Distanciamiento Físico , Política Pública , Cuarentena , Análisis de Regresión , Riesgo , SARS-CoV-2
13.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259594, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739502

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the lives of many people, including medical students. The present study explored internet addiction and changes in sleep patterns among medical students during the pandemic and assessed the relationship between them. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in seven countries, the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Guyana, India, Mexico, Pakistan, and Sudan, using a convenience sampling technique, an online survey comprising demographic details, information regarding COVID-19, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). RESULTS: In total, 2749 participants completed the questionnaire. Of the total, 67.6% scored above 30 in the IAT, suggesting the presence of an Internet addiction, and 73.5% scored equal and above 5 in the PSQI, suggesting poor sleep quality. Internet addiction was found to be significant predictors of poor sleep quality, causing 13.2% of the variance in poor sleep quality. Participants who reported COVID-19 related symptoms had disturbed sleep and higher internet addiction levels when compared with those who did not. Participants who reported a diagnosis of COVID-19 reported poor sleep quality. Those living with a COVID-19 diagnosed patient reported higher internet addiction and worse sleep quality compared with those who did not have any COVID-19 patients in their surroundings. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that internet addiction and poor sleep quality are two issues that require addressing amongst medical students. Medical training institutions should do their best to minimize their negative impact, particularly during the current COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno de Adicción a Internet/complicaciones , Trastorno de Adicción a Internet/epidemiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/complicaciones , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Sueño , Estudiantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Lenguaje , Masculino , Pandemias , Proyectos de Investigación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
14.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 7348599, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630551

RESUMEN

Based on the theoretical mechanism analysis of FDI, regional innovation, and green economic efficiency, this article uses China's provincial panel data to calculate the provincial green economic efficiency level based on the three-stage DEA method and uses the system GMM model, intermediary effect model, and threshold model to empirically test the specific effects and transmission paths of FDI on the efficiency of the green economy. Research shows that FDI is one of the important factors that promote the improvement of green economic efficiency. Subregional tests have found that FDI has a significant regional heterogeneity in promoting the efficiency of the green economy. The mediation effect test found that the mediation effect of regional innovation is significant, and FDI can significantly promote the growth of green economic efficiency through regional innovation. The threshold effect analysis found that there are significant and effective double thresholds for regional economic levels, and the impact of FDI on green economic efficiency is heterogeneous within different threshold intervals. The research conclusions provide new inspiration for China to allocate FDI more rationally and efficiently under the new development pattern.


Asunto(s)
Internacionalidad , Inversiones en Salud , China
15.
J Environ Manage ; 300: 113836, 2021 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649322

RESUMEN

Trade has been substantially influencing regional economic development, environmental sustainability, and human well-being. Enabled by the decomposition analysis, pollution haven hypothesis or "no-trade" scenarios (NTSs), the effects of trade on global/national social-economic-environmental development have been revealed. However, major limitations (e.g., using with-trade economic structures or neglecting price differences) existed in previous studies, and thus made the previous assessments of trade's effects unsatisfactorily. This study develops a novel NTS that addresses the existing limitations, and further applies it to estimate the effect of trade on global economic development and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We show that current international trade benefits the global economic growth but with a consequence of more GHG emissions compared with the NTS. The hypothetical production in small countries (e.g., Luxembourg or Japan) would be more constrained by the production factors (e.g., land) under the NTS, compared with those factor-endowment countries (e.g., the United States or India). For country-specific analysis, we find that today's developed countries would have a substantial increase in their GHG emissions of clothing- and service-related products under the NTS, whereas countries with net-export (e.g., China or Brazil) would have less GHG emissions under the NTS. Enhancing future global collaborations is vital, especially for small or resource-deficient economies, if they are to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.


Asunto(s)
Gases de Efecto Invernadero , Dióxido de Carbono/análisis , Comercio , Desarrollo Económico , Efecto Invernadero , Humanos , Internacionalidad
16.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257840, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614016

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has initiated an upheaval in society and has been the cause of considerable stress during this period. Healthcare professionals have been on the front line during this health crisis, particularly paramedical staff. The aim of this study was to assess the high level of stress of healthcare workers during the first wave of the pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The COVISTRESS international study is a questionnaire disseminated online collecting demographic and stress-related data over the globe, during the pandemic. Stress levels were evaluated using non-calibrated visual analog scale, from 0 (no stress) to 100 (maximal stress). RESULTS: Among the 13,537 individuals from 44 countries who completed the survey from January to June 2020, we included 10,051 workers (including 1379 healthcare workers, 631 medical doctors and 748 paramedical staff). The stress levels during the first wave of the pandemic were 57.8 ± 33 in the whole cohort, 65.3 ± 29.1 in medical doctors, and 73.6 ± 27.7 in paramedical staff. Healthcare professionals and especially paramedical staff had the highest levels of stress (p < 0.001 vs non-healthcare workers). Across all occupational categories, women had systematically significantly higher levels of work-related stress than men (p < 0.001). There was a negative correlation between age and stress level (r = -0.098, p < 0.001). Healthcare professionals demonstrated an increased risk of very-high stress levels (>80) compared to other workers (OR = 2.13, 95% CI 1.87-2.41). Paramedical staff risk for very-high levels of stress was higher than doctors' (1.88, 1.50-2.34). The risk of high levels of stress also increased in women (1.83, 1.61-2.09; p < 0.001 vs. men) and in people aged <50 (1.45, 1.26-1.66; p < 0.001 vs. aged >50). CONCLUSIONS: The first wave of the pandemic was a major stressful event for healthcare workers, especially paramedical staff. Among individuals, women were the most at risk while age was a protective factor.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Internacionalidad , Pandemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
17.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 1370180, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691167

RESUMEN

At present, the development speed of international trade cannot catch up with the economic development speed, and the insufficient development speed of international trade will directly affect the rapid development of national economy. In order to solve the problem of international trade, the overall optimal scheduling of trade vehicles and the optimal planning of trade transportation path are very important to improve enterprise services, reduce enterprise costs, increase enterprise benefits, and enhance enterprise competitiveness. The second development of the program is based on the programming interface provided by Baidu map. This paper proposes a neural network algorithm for genetic optimization of multiple mutations, which overcomes the shortcoming of traditional genetic algorithm population "ten" character distribution by mixing multiple coding methods, and enhances the local search ability of genetic algorithm by introducing a new large-mutation small-range search population. The example application shows that the optimization method can realize the optimization of international trade path under real road conditions and greatly improve the work efficiency of actual trade.


Asunto(s)
Comercio , Internacionalidad , Algoritmos , Mutación , Redes Neurales de la Computación
18.
Glob Health Sci Pract ; 9(3): 682-689, 2021 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593590

RESUMEN

Lessons learned from one global health program can inform responses to challenges faced by other programs. One way to disseminate these lessons is through courses. However, such courses are often delivered by and taught to people based in high-income countries and thus may not present a truly global perspective. The Synthesis and Translation of Research and Innovations from Polio Eradication (STRIPE) is a consortium of 8 institutions in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, and the United States that seeks to carry out such a transfer of the lessons learned in polio eradication. This short report describes the collaborative process of developing content and curriculum for an international course, the learnings that emerged, the barriers we faced, and recommendations for future similar efforts. Various parts of our course were developed by teams of researchers from countries across South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. We held a series of regional in-person team meetings hosted in different countries to improve rapport and provide a chance to work together in person. The course content reflects the diversity of team members' knowledge in a variety of contexts. Challenges to this effort included team coordination (e.g., scheduling across time zones); hierarchies across and between countries; and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. We recommend planning for these hierarchies ahead of time and ensuring significant in-person meeting time to make the most of international collaboration.


Asunto(s)
Curriculum , Erradicación de la Enfermedad/métodos , Salud Global/educación , Programas de Inmunización/métodos , Internacionalidad , Poliomielitis/prevención & control , Afganistán , Bangladesh , República Democrática del Congo , Etiopía , Humanos , India , Indonesia , Nigeria , Poliomielitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Estados Unidos
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639399

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between foreign investors and voluntary disclosure. Focusing on voluntary disclosure of carbon emissions information and using South Korean firms from 2014 to 2019, we found that foreign investors are likely to voluntarily release information on carbon emissions. Thus, foreign investors play a role in controlling the information gap in a capital market. We also discuss the effect of environmental, social, and governance activities on the relationship between foreign investors and voluntary disclosure. We infer that the analysis result shows that foreign investors motivate firms to improve the environment to prepare for future environmental risks. Our study also suggests solving environmental problems actively, such as responding to climate change, by presenting a direction for policymaking on sustainable management.


Asunto(s)
Carbono , Revelación , Cambio Climático , Internacionalidad , República de Corea
20.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Oct 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684615

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has led to an excess in community mortality across the globe. We review recent evidence on the clinical pathology of COVID-19, comorbidity factors, immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection, and factors influencing infection outcomes. The latter specifically includes diet and lifestyle factors during pandemic restrictions. We also cover the possibility of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through food products and the food chain, as well as virus persistence on different surfaces and in different environmental conditions, which were major public concerns during the initial days of the pandemic, but have since waned in public attention. We discuss useful measures to avoid the risk of SARS-CoV-2 spread through food, and approaches that may reduce the risk of contamination with the highly contagious virus. While hygienic protocols are required in food supply sectors, cleaning, disinfection, avoidance of cross-contamination across food categories, and foodstuffs at different stages of the manufacturing process are still particularly relevant because the virus persists at length on inert materials such as food packaging. Moreover, personal hygiene (frequent washing and disinfection), wearing gloves, and proper use of masks, clothes, and footwear dedicated to maintaining hygiene, provide on-site protections for food sector employees as well as supply chain intermediates and consumers. Finally, we emphasize the importance of following a healthy diet and maintaining a lifestyle that promotes physical well-being and supports healthy immune system function, especially when government movement restrictions ("lockdowns") are implemented.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/inmunología , COVID-19/patología , Dieta/métodos , Internacionalidad , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud/métodos , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19/prevención & control , China , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...