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2.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 75, 2021 03 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789663

RESUMEN

The 6th Cardiovascular Outcome Trial (CVOT) Summit "Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes 2020" was the first to be held virtually on October 29-30, 2020. As in previous years, this summit served as reference meeting for in-depth discussions on the topic of recently completed and presented major outcome trials. This year, focus was placed on the outcomes of VERTIS-CV, EMPEROR-Reduced, DAPA-CKD, and FIDELIO-DKD. Trial implications for diabetes management and the impact on new treatment algorithms were highlighted for diabetologists, cardiologists, endocrinologists, nephrologists, and general practitioners. Discussion evolved from major outcome trials using SGLT-2 inhibitors for treatment and prevention of heart failure and chronic kidney disease in people with and without diabetes, to additional therapy options for chronic kidney disease with a novel mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. Furthermore, challenges in diabetes management like COVID-19 and obesity, as well as novel treatment strategies and guidelines, were discussed.The 7th Cardiovascular Outcome Trial Summit will be held virtually on November, 18-19, 2021 ( http://www.cvot.org ).


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto/métodos , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/epidemiología , Informe de Investigación/tendencias , /terapia , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Humanos , Riñón/efectos de los fármacos , Riñón/fisiología , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/administración & dosificación , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/terapia , Inhibidores del Cotransportador de Sodio-Glucosa 2/administración & dosificación , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 22(3): 681-690, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773529

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically affected healthcare services around Asia. The Asian National Cancer Centres Alliance and the Asia-Pacific Organisation for Cancer Prevention collaborated to assess the mid- and long- term impact of COVID-19 to cancer care in Asia. METHODS: The two entities organised a combined symposium and post-meeting interactions among representatives of major cancer centres from seventeen Asian countries to outlining major challenges and countermeasures. RESULTS: Participating stakeholders distilled five big questions. 1) "Will there be an explosion of late-stage cancers after the pandemic?" To address and recover from perceived delayed prevention, screening, treatment and care challenges, collaboration of key stakeholders in the region and alignment in cancer care management, policy intervention and cancer registry initiatives would be of essential value. 2) "Operations and Finance" The pandemic has resulted in significant material and financial casualties. Flagged acute challenges (shortages of supplies, imposition of lockdown) as well as longer-standing reduction of financial revenue, manpower, international collaboration, and training should also be addressed. 3) "Will telemedicine and technological innovations revolutionize cancer care?" Deploying and implementing telemedicine such as teleconsultation and virtual tumour boards were considered invaluable. These innovations could become a new regular practice, leading to expansion of tele-collaboration through collaboration of institutions in the region. 4) "Will virtual conferences continue after the pandemic?" Virtual conferences during the pandemic have opened new doors for knowledge sharing, especially for representatives of low- and middle-income countries in the region, while saving time and costs of travel. 5) "How do we prepare for the next pandemic or international emergency?" Roadmaps for action to improve access to appropriate patient care and research were identified and scrutinised. CONCLUSION: Through addressing these five big questions, focused collaboration among members and with international organisations such as City Cancer Challenge will allow enhanced preparedness for future international emergencies.
.


Asunto(s)
Instituciones Oncológicas/organización & administración , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Telemedicina , Asia/epidemiología , Instituciones Oncológicas/economía , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Congresos como Asunto , Diagnóstico Tardío , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/patología , Neoplasias/terapia , Comunicación por Videocoferencia
9.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8098, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617520

RESUMEN

Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, has become a global pandemic. Given that the highest viral load of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is found in the airway, otolaryngologists are at high risk of infection. As a result, multiple recommendations have emerged regarding protective measures for surgical teams, including suspending non-urgent procedures and surgeries. Objectives: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on otolaryngology residency training programs nationwide. Methods: A cross-sectional survey-based study was completed in April 2020. The participants were recruited through an online survey, sent by email to all Chilean otolaryngology residents. Demographics, clinical activities, on-call shifts, COVID-19 infection status, exposure to COVID-19 patients, deployment to other specialties, diagnostic/therapeutic procedures, and surgeries performed were analyzed. Self-reported surgical data logs from previous years were used to compare results. Results: Forty-seven residents completed the survey (84% response rate); 64% of residents refer seeing patients ten days or less during April 2020. Commonly performed procedures such as flexible nasolaryngoscopy, rigid nasal endoscopy, and peritonsillar abscess drainage were not performed by over 40% of the residents in that month. Only 38% participated in surgeries, with an average of 0.6 surgeries as a first surgeon, a dramatic decrease in surgical exposure when comparing the data logs from previous years. Most residents refer the following measures taken by their residency program to improve residency training: bibliographic videoconferences (87%), online clinical case seminars (60%), weekly journal clubs (38%), among others. Conclusions: Clinical and surgical opportunities decreased dramatically during April 2020. Adjustments to the regular academic curricula should be considered to decrease the negative impact of this pandemic on residency training.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Otolaringología/educación , Adulto , Chile , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Microbiology (Reading) ; 167(3)2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529149

RESUMEN

The sixth Young Microbiologists Symposium on 'Microbe Signalling, Organisation and Pathogenesis' was scheduled to be held at the University of Southampton, UK, in late August 2020. However, due to the health and safety guidelines and travel restrictions as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the symposium was transitioned to a virtual format, a change embraced enthusiastically as the meeting attracted over 200 microbiologists from 40 countries. The event allowed junior scientists to present their work to a broad audience and was supported by the European Molecular Biology Organization, the Federation of European Microbiological Societies, the Society of Applied Microbiology, the Biochemical Society, the Microbiology Society and the National Biofilms Innovation Centre. Sessions covered recent advances in all areas of microbiology including: Secretion and transport across membranes, Gene regulation and signalling, Host-microbe interactions, and Microbial communities and biofilm formation. This report focuses on several of the highlights and exciting developments communicated during the talks and poster presentations.


Asunto(s)
Interacciones Huésped-Patógeno , Interacciones Microbianas , Microbiología/tendencias , Biopelículas , Congresos como Asunto , Humanos , Reino Unido , Comunicación por Videocoferencia
13.
Artículo en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53290

RESUMEN

[RESUMEN]. El Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social de Colombia, en colaboración con el Instituto Nacional de Salud y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, convocaron en 2018 a todos los actores asociados al Programa Nacional de Prevención y Control de la Tuberculosis (PNPCT) y el Sistema Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación a la conformación de una red nacional que coordinara la investigación operativa (IO) relacionada con la tuberculosis (TB) en el país. Se realizaron siete talleres en los que se llegó al consenso de establecer la Red Nacional de Gestión de Conocimiento, Investigación e Innovación en Tuberculosis en Colombia (Red TB Colombia). Con más de 180 participantes, organizados en un nodo central y cinco nodos regionales que agrupan a las 37 entidades territoriales, en 2019 la Red TB Colombia realizó cuatro jornadas de capacitación en IO y definió 65 temas priorizados de investigación, ajustados a las líneas estratégicas establecidas por el PNPCT: prevención y atención integral, con foco en los afectados por la TB (41 temas en tres módulos) y compromiso político, protección social y sistemas de apoyo (24 temas en cuatro módulos). La priorización se realizó por el método de comparación por pares. La Red TB Colombia sigue activa y contribuye a la gestión del conocimiento dirigido a eliminar la TB en el país y ha permitido avanzar en la construcción de planes y la ejecución de proyectos locales de IO que generan resultados científicamente validados para fortalecer el PNPCT y mejorar la atención de los pacientes con TB.


[ABSTRACT]. In 2018, the Colombian Ministry of Health and Social Protection, in collaboration with the National Health Institute and the Pan American Health Organization, convened all actors associated with the National Tuberculosis Prevention and Control Program (PNPCT) and the National Science, Technology, and Innovation System to form a national network to coordinate operations research on tuberculosis (TB) in the country. Seven workshops were held and a consensus was reached to establish the National Network for Knowledge Management, Research, and Innovation in Tuberculosis in Colombia (TB Colombia Network). With more than 180 participants, a central node, and five regional nodes that bring together the country's 37 territorial entities, the TB Colombia Network conducted four days of training in operations research in 2019, defining 65 priority research topics aligned with the strategic lines in the PNPCT: prevention and comprehensive care, with a focus on people affected by TB (41 topics in three modules); and political commitment, social protection, and support systems (24 topics in four modules). The peer comparison method was used for prioritization. The TB Colombia Network remains active and contributes to knowledge management aimed at eliminating TB in Colombia. It has helped make progress in building plans and implementing local operations research projects that generate scientifically validated results to strengthen the PNPCT and improve the care of TB patients.


[RESUMO]. O Ministério da Saúde e Previdência Social da Colômbia, em cooperação com o Instituto Nacional de Saúde e a Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS), convocou em 2018 todas as partes interessadas vinculadas ao Programa Nacional de Prevenção e Controle da Tuberculose (PNPCT) e ao Sistema Nacional de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação para formar uma rede nacional com o objetivo de coordenar a pesquisa operacional em tuberculose no país. Foram promovidos sete seminários e, deste processo, se chegou a um consenso para criar a Rede Nacional de Gestão do Conhecimento, Pesquisa e Inovação em Tuberculose na Colômbia (Rede TB Colômbia). A rede conta com mais de 180 participantes, organizados em um núcleo central e cinco núcleos regionais que congregam 37 entidades territoriais. Em 2019, a Rede TB Colômbia realizou quatro jornadas de capacitação em pesquisa operacional e definiu 65 áreas temáticas prioritárias de pesquisa harmonizadas com as linhas estratégicas estabelecidas pelo PNPCT: prevenção e atenção integral com enfoque nas pessoas com TB (41 áreas temáticas divididas em três módulos) e compromisso político, proteção social e sistemas de apoio (24 áreas temáticas divididas em quatro módulos). A priorização foi definida pelo método de comparação pareada. A Rede TB Colômbia continua ativa contribuindo para a gestão do conhecimento voltado à eliminação da tuberculose no país e possibilitando avançar na formulação de planos e execução de projetos locais de pesquisa operacional com a produção de resultados científicos validados para fortalecer o PNPCT e melhorar a atenção das pessoas com TB.


Asunto(s)
Tuberculosis , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Desarrollo Sostenible , Colombia , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Desarrollo Sostenible , Tuberculosis , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Desarrollo Sostenible , Colombia
14.
Actas urol. esp ; 45(1): 0-0, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, mapas, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-194903

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha alterado sustancialmente las actividades de formación de los residentes. Si bien recientemente se han implementado nuevos programas de aprendizaje virtual, aún debe investigarse su utilidad desde la perspectiva de los aprendices de urología. MÉTODOS: Encuesta online transversal de 30 ítems, distribuida a través de Twitter, entre el 4 y el 18 de abril de 2020, con el objetivo de evaluar la perspectiva de los residentes de urología sobre las modalidades (videos pregrabados, seminarios web, podcasts y redes sociales [RRSS]) y contenidos (lecciones frontales, discusiones de casos clínicos, actualizaciones sobre guías y ensayos clínicos, videos quirúrgicos, clubes de revistas y seminarios sobre liderazgo y habilidades no técnicas) del aprendizaje inteligente (Smart learning). RESULTADOS: En total, 501 residentes de urología de 58 países completaron la encuesta. De estos, 78,4, 78,2, 56,9 y 51,9% consideraron los videos pregrabados, seminarios web interactivos, podcasts y RRSS, respectivamente, como modalidades de aprendizaje inteligente muy útiles. Los contenidos considerados como muy útiles por la mayor proporción de residentes fueron las actualizaciones de guías clínicas (84,8%) y videos quirúrgicos (81,0%). Además, más de la mitad de los residentes consideraron los seminarios de liderazgo y los de habilidades no técnicas (58,9 y 56,5%, respectivamente) como contenidos útiles para el aprendizaje inteligente. Las tres combinaciones preferidas de modalidad y contenido de aprendizaje inteligente fueron: videos quirúrgicos pregrabados, seminarios web interactivos sobre casos clínicos y videos pregrabados sobre guías. CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestro estudio proporciona la primera «visión global» de las modalidades y contenidos de aprendizaje inteligente que deben priorizarse con el objetivo de optimizar la educación virtual en urología. Aunque este estudio se llevó a cabo durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, nuestros hallazgos podrían tener un impacto aún mayor en el futuro


PURPOSE: The COVID-19 outbreak has substantially altered residents' training activities. While several new virtual learning programs have been recently implemented, the perspective of urology trainees regarding their usefulness still needs to be investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 30-item, web-based Survey was conducted through Twitter from April 4th, 2020 to April 18th, 2020, aiming to evaluate the urology residents' perspective on smart learning (SL) modalities (pre-recorded videos, webinars, podcasts, and social media [SoMe]), and contents (frontal lessons, clinical case discussions, updates on Guidelines and on clinical trials, surgical videos, Journal Clubs, and seminars on leadership and non-technical skills). RESULTS: Overall, 501 urology residents from 58 countries completed the survey. Of these, 78.4, 78.2, 56.9 and 51.9% of them considered pre-recorded videos, interactive webinars, podcasts and SoMe highly useful modalities of smart learning, respectively. The contents considered as highly useful by the greatest proportion of residents were updates on guidelines (84.8%) and surgical videos (81.0%). In addition, 58.9 and 56.5% of responders deemed seminars on leadership and on non-technical skills highly useful smart learning contents. The three preferred combinations of smart learning modality and content were: pre-recorded surgical videos, interactive webinars on clinical cases, and pre-recorded videos on guidelines. CONCLUSION: Our study provides the first global «big picture» of the smart learning modalities and contents that should be prioritized to optimize virtual Urology education. While this survey was conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak, our findings might have even more impact in the future


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Educación en Salud/métodos , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Urología/educación , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Educación a Distancia , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Internado y Residencia/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Telemedicina , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Urológicos/educación
16.
J Frailty Aging ; 10(2): 168-175, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575707

RESUMEN

Interactions among physiological pathways associated with osteoporosis and sarcopenia are thought to contribute to the onset of frailty. The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research Task Force thus met in March 2020 to explore how emerging interventions to manage fracture and osteoporosis in older adults may reduce frailty, disability, morbidity, and mortality in the older population. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions (including nutritional intervention, exercise, and other lifestyle changes) were discussed, including nutritional intervention, exercise, and other lifestyle changes. Pharmacological treatments for osteoporosis include bone-forming and antiresorptive agents, which may optimally be used in sequential or combination regimens. Since similar mechanisms related to resorption underlie physiological changes in muscle and bone, these interventions may provide benefits beyond treating osteoporosis. Clinical trials to test these interventions, however, often exclude frail older persons because of comorbidities (such as mobility disability and cognitive impairment) or polypharmacy. The Task Force recommended that future clinical trials use harmonized protocols, including harmonized inclusion criteria and similar outcome measures; and that they test a range of multidomain therapies. They further advocated more high-quality research to develop interventions specifically for people who are frail and old. The ICOPE program recommended by WHO appears to be highly recommended to frail older adults with osteoporosis.


Asunto(s)
Comités Consultivos , Investigación Biomédica , Anciano Frágil , Osteoporosis , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Congresos como Asunto , Humanos , Osteoporosis/terapia
17.
Circ J ; 85(3): 323-329, 2021 02 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518695

RESUMEN

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 84thAnnual Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society (JCS) was held in a web-based format for the first time in its history as "The Week for JCS 2020" from Monday, July 27 to Sunday, August 2, 2020. All sessions, including general abstracts, were streamed live or on-demand. The main theme of the meeting was "Change Practice!" and the aim was to organize the latest findings in the field of cardiovascular medicine and discuss how to change practice. The total number of registered attendees was over 16,800, far exceeding our expectations, and many of the sessions were viewed by far more people than at conventional face-to-face scientific meetings. At this conference, the power of online information dissemination was fully demonstrated, and the evolution of online academic meetings will be a direction that cannot be reversed in the future. The meeting was completed with great success, and we express our heartfelt gratitude to all affiliates for their enormous amount of work, cooperation, and support.


Asunto(s)
Cardiología/organización & administración , Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Sociedades Científicas/organización & administración , Telecomunicaciones/organización & administración , Cardiología/tendencias , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/terapia , Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Humanos , Japón , Investigación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Telecomunicaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
19.
FEBS J ; 288(1): 4-9, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393713

RESUMEN

The FEBS Journal, a leading multidisciplinary journal in the life sciences, continues to grow in visibility and impact. Here, the Editor-in-Chief Seamus Martin discusses developments at the journal over the past year and the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on research activities.


Asunto(s)
Investigación , Publicaciones Seriadas , Distinciones y Premios , Congresos como Asunto , Humanos
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(3): 733-744, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431207

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Increased attention has been dedicated to gender inequity at scientific meetings. This study evaluated the gender distribution of session leaders at cardiothoracic surgery national and regional meetings. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of the gender of peer-selected session leaders at 4 cardiothoracic surgery organizations' annual meetings from 2015 to 2019. Session leaders included moderators, panelists, and invited discussants. Data from publicly available programs were used to generate a list of session leaders and organization leaders. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of female session leaders at annual meetings. Descriptive analyses were performed, including the Cochran-Armitage trend test for linear trends of proportions. RESULTS: A total of 679 sessions over 20 meetings were examined. Of the 3662 session leaders, 480 (13.1%) were women. The proportion of total female session leaders trended positively over time from 9.6% (56 of 581) in 2015 to 15.9% (169 of 1060) in 2019 (P = .001). Among specialty topic sessions, female session leaders were distributed as follows: adult cardiac, 6.9% (81 of 1172); congenital cardiac, 10.8% (47 of 437); and thoracic, 23.2% (155 of 668). The proportion of female session leaders trended significantly only for thoracic sessions (20.6% [21 of 102] in 2015 to 29.2% [58 of 199] in 2019; P = .02). More than one-half of the sessions (57.4%; 390 of 679) featured all-male session leadership. CONCLUSIONS: Women remain underrepresented in leadership roles at cardiothoracic surgery organizational meetings. This may deter female applicants and has implications for female surgeons' career trajectories; therefore, attention must be given to the potential for unconscious bias in leadership in cardiothoracic surgery.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Equidad de Género , Liderazgo , Médicos Mujeres/tendencias , Cirujanos/tendencias , Cirugía Torácica/tendencias , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Torácicos/tendencias , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendencias , Diversidad Cultural , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Sexismo , Factores de Tiempo
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