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1.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2): 1-18, dez. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1349325

RESUMEN

RESUMOObjetivo: sintetizar o conhecimento científico sobre os métodos de trabalho dos enfermeiros no contexto hospitalar. Método: estudo de revisão do tipo scoping, baseada nos princípios do Joanna Briggs Institute, com recurso às bases de dados Medline (PubMed), CINAHL®e LILACS. Como critérios de inclusão, definiram­se os artigos publicados nos idiomas de português, inglês e espanhol, entre 2016 e 2021, que abordassem a temática em estudo. Excluíram-se os achados referentes à assistência de enfermagem na atenção primária e nos contextos específicos de prestação de cuidados de enfermagem. Resultados: entre os 986 estudos encontrados, foram considerados 15 artigos para análise e identificadas três áreas temáticas, métodos de trabalho adotados pelos enfermeiros, implicações da adoção dos métodos de trabalho dos enfermeiros e fatores facilitadores/dificultadores da adoção dos métodos de trabalho dos enfermeiros. Conclusão: o método de trabalho constitui uma das bases do exercício profissional, com diversas implicações e fatores que podem concorrer para a qualidade e segurança dos cuidados de enfermagem prestados


ABSTRACTObjective: to synthesize scientific knowledge about nurses' working methods in the hospital context.Method: scoping review study, based on the principles of the Joanna Briggs Institute, using the Medline (PubMed), CINAHL® and LILACS databases. As inclusion criteria, articles published in the languages of Portuguese, English and Spanish, between 2016 and 2021, that addressed the subject under study were defined. Findings related to nursing care in primary care and in specific contexts of nursing care were excluded.Results: of the 986 studies found, 15 articles were considered for analysis and three thematic areas were identified, working methods adopted by nurses, implications of adopting nurses' working methods, and facilitating/ hindering factors in adopting nurses' working methods.Conclusion: the work method is one of the bases of professional practice, with several implications and factors that can contribute to the quality and safety of the nursing care provided.Descriptors: Delivery of Health Care; Nursing care; Nursing; Hospitals; Models, Nursing; Organization and Administration.


RESUMENObjetivo: sintetizar el conocimiento científico sobre los métodos de trabajo del enfermero en el contexto hospitalario.Método: estudio de revisión scoping, basado en los principios del Instituto Joanna Briggs, utilizando las bases de datos Medline (PubMed), CINAHL® y LILACS. Como criterios de inclusión se definieron los artículos publicados en los idiomas portugués, inglés y español, entre 2016 y 2021, que abordaran el tema en estudio. Se excluyeron los hallazgos relacionados con la atención de enfermería en la atención primaria y en contextos específicos de la atención de enfermería.Resultados: de los 986 estudios encontrados, se consideraron 15 artículos para su análisis y se identificaron tres áreas temáticas, métodos de trabajo adoptados por enfermeras, las implicaciones de la adopción de los métodos de trabajo de las enfermeras y los factores facilitadores/ obstaculizadores en la adopción de los métodos de trabajo de las enfermeras.Conclusión: el método de trabajo es una de las bases de la práctica profesional, con diversas implicaciones y factores que pueden contribuir a la calidad y seguridad de la atención de enfermería brindada.


Asunto(s)
Organización y Administración , Enfermería , Atención a la Salud , Modelos de Enfermería , Hospitales , Atención de Enfermería
2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Prevención y Control de Tuberculosis; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 109 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1352568

RESUMEN

La presente publicación ha sido elaborado en función de la documentación técnica y administrativa disponible, conformada por informes de gestión, decretos supremos, resoluciones ministeriales, planes de intervención, portal de transparencia, recursos multimedia, entre otros, pero además, elementos intangibles que agregan un valor al desentrañar todo aquello que las cifras e indicadores ocultan. Así, se develan una serie de relaciones nacionales e internacionales, interdisciplinarias, multisectoriales, así como instancias administrativas, niveles de gestión y redes de servicios que trabajan colaborativamente bajo el liderazgo de la Dirección de Prevención y Control de Tuberculosis (DPCTB).


Asunto(s)
Organización y Administración , Tuberculosis , Desarrollo Institucional , Gestión en Salud , Memoria
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 13 p. ilus.(Boletín Informativo Edición, 1).
Monografía en Español | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1352622

RESUMEN

La presente publicación recopila los principales logros alcanzados de gestión institucional durante el período comprendido al año 2021. Ha sido un año de intenso trabajo, con compromiso social y responsabilidad institucional, habiéndose realizado importantes logros. La salud como un derecho fundamental de todas las personas aún está lejos de concretarse, como lo evidenció la pandemia a su llegada a nuestro país, y lograr su cumplimiento es responsabilidad del Estado, en especial del Ministerio de Salud, institución que este año cumplió 86 años de vida institucional enfrentando distintos desafíos en equipo con todos sus trabajadores. Son nuevos tiempos, tiempos de pandemia, por ello en estos cien primeros días de gobierno concentramos nuestros esfuerzos en una labor ineludible y urgente: Contener la amenaza de una tercera ola de la COVID-19. Nuestra prioridad fue asegurar el abastecimiento de vacunas, logrando que ese escudo protector llegue no solo a las grandes ciudades sino también a los distritos y comunidades más alejados. El reto no ha sido fácil. Convertimos los fines de semana de los vacunatorios en una celebración a la vida, en festivales donde grandes y chicos acudieron con alegría y esperanza y, a través de la estrategia "Vamos a tu encuentro", logramos acercar el Ministerio de Salud a más familias: nuestras brigadas se movilizaron hacia los centros de trabajo, estaciones de transporte, barrios, mercados, plazas y comunidades para garantizar la equidad en el acceso a la vacuna anticovid, logrando que en tres meses, el proceso de vacunación avance del 18 % a cerca del 60 %. Ampliamos los grupos etarios con responsabilidad, dándole prioridad al cierre de brechas entre nuestros adultos mayores, y en base a una planificación y una labor ordenada, más del 80 % de ellos cuentan ahora con las dos dosis y, a su vez, en todo el país, peruanas y peruanos a partir de los 12 años empiezan a vacunarse. Además, la dosis de refuerzo para mayores de 65 años y nuestros héroes en primera línea de lucha contra la COVID-19 es una realidad


Asunto(s)
Organización y Administración , Sistema Único de Salud , Programas de Inmunización , Impactos en la Salud , Desarrollo Institucional , Gestión en Salud , COVID-19 , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 496-503, dez. 2021. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1352678

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Analisar os resultados obtidos na aplicação de um Perfil de Competências a enfermeiros coordenadores de Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem utilizando recursos estatísticos de validação de constructo. Métodol: Estudo descritivo e metodológico realizado com 44 respondentes entre 2014 e 2015. O Perfil de Competências continha 62 itens distribuídos em três domínios. Resultados: A variância total dos dados nas competências nos domínios educacional, administrativa e individual foi de 74,8%, 76,3% e 75,2% respectivamente. O Coeficiente de Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin variou entre 0,583 e 0,675 e o teste de esfericidade de Bartlett foi de < 0,001. Os domínios do perfil de competências possuem boas correlações e significância a partir das interpretações estatísticas efetuadas garantindo a acreditação do instrumento. Conclusões: O instrumento analisado foi considerado adequado nos três domínios. O uso do perfil pode impactar em carreira dos coordenadores de cursos, favorecendo seu crescimento profissional e consequentemente a qualidade dos cursos que coordenam, bem como auxiliar outros enfermeiros a melhorarem sua performance. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the results obtained in the application of a Profile of competencies to nursing coordinators of graduate program in nursing course using the construct validation statistic resources. Methods: Descriptive and methodological study conducted with 44 respondents between 2014 and 2015. The skills profile contained 62 items distributed in 03 domains. Results: the total data variance in skills in educational, administrative and individual domains was 74,8%, 76,3% and 75,2% respectively. The coefficient of Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin ranged from 0,583 and 0,675 and Bartlett's sphericity test was <0,001. The fields of skills profile have good correlations and significance from the statistical interpretations carried out ensuring the accreditation of the instrument. Conclusion: The instrument was considered adequate in the three domains. The use of the profile can impact the quality of the courses that the nurses coordinators are responsibles and of their own career. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar los resultados obtenidos en uso de un perfil de competencias para las enfermeras coordinadoras del programa de pregrado en enfermería utilizando las capacidades estadísticas de validación de constructo. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y metodologico con 44 personas entre 2014 y 2015. El perfil de competencias figura 62 artículos distribuidos en 03 dominios. Resultados: La varianza total de datos de conocimientos en ámbitos educativos, administrativos e individuales era 74,8%, 76,3% y 75,2% respectivamente. El coeficiente de Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin osciló entre 0,583 y 0,675 y prueba de esfericidad de Bartlett fue <0,001. Los campos de perfil de competencias tienen buenas correlaciones y significación de las interpretaciones estadísticas llevadas a cabo asegurando la acreditación del instrumento. Conclusion: El instrumento se consideró adecuado en los tres dominios. El uso del perfil puede reflejar en la calidad de los cursos que los enfermeros coordinadores son responsables y en su carrera. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Enfermería , Organización y Administración , Competencia Profesional , Investigación Metodológica en Enfermería , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
5.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 07, 2021. 42 p. ilus, tab.
No convencional en Español | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1352949

RESUMEN

El presente documento contiene la metodología para la documentación e implementación de procesos y procedimientos en la gestión institucional, estableciéndose como una base fundamental para mejorar los resultados de la atención al usuario interno y externo, gestión administrativa y organizacional en el Ministerio de Salud


This document contains the methodology for the documentation and implementation of processes and procedures in institutional management, establishing itself as a fundamental basis to improve the results of internal and external user service, administrative management and organizational in the Ministry of Health


Asunto(s)
Organización y Administración , Salud , Gestión de la Calidad , Documentación , Atención
6.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Nov 17.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785634

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic is clearly showing the importance for the surveillance and protection of human health of acting in all settings of life: family, community, education, leisure or work, among others, as well as addressing the multiple determinants that influence the health and well-being of the population: demographic, healthcare, environmental, social, eco-nomic, cultural or occupational, among others. With respect to occupational health and the work-related determinants of health, the potential of occupational health services acting at the company level is clear, and could be generalized to almost any public health action setting. This article reflects on the opportunities for coordination between the occupational health system in Spain (including resources from mutual insurance companies, companies themselves and administrations) and the public health system, including both health care (primary care, hospital) and public health services. We examine this in the context of health crises, like the present one, but also with a broader vision, commensurate with the necessary comprehensive care for human health, guaranteeing health as a fundamental and universal right in all life circumstances. To advance along these lines, we propose the incorporation of the "occupational health perspective" in all actions and services of the public healthcare system, especially with respect to public health services under the purview of the health administration.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Laboral , Humanos , Pandemias , Salud Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , España
7.
Waste Manag ; 136: 337-347, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752973

RESUMEN

Research on recycling has advanced across different disciplines, although the current knowledge about recycling behaviors at the corporate level remains elusive. While most studies on recycling are focused on households, there is no indication that people who recycle at home engage in similar behavior when at work. To understand how to facilitate recycling at work, this study investigates recycling behavior at work and its antecedents. The study adopts a sequential exploratory mixed method (MM) approach as its methodological framework, using semi-structured interviews and statistical analysis through structural equation modelling (SEM). According to the findings, factors such as types and volumes of waste, responsibility/accountability, personal control, recycling schemes, institutional supports, and group harmony contribute to recycling behavior in organizational settings. The study demonstrates contextual attributes' contribution, particularly organizational support and social context of recycling to employees' recycling behavior. For recycling to be normative at the corporate level, this MM study argues for the need to harmonize schemes within and across contexts. There is a need to install similar recycling schemes and facilities within and across waste generation contexts to reduce the recycling complexity and maintain consistency in recycling behavior. This study's findings could assist waste planners and policymakers in designing effective waste management schemes that would contribute to the circular economy initiatives. We further discussed the implication of the study.


Asunto(s)
Reciclaje , Administración de Residuos , Humanos , Conocimiento , Organizaciones , Responsabilidad Social
8.
Waste Manag Res ; 39(11): 1365-1374, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617479

RESUMEN

This article presents field experience in developing local waste management plans called Kebijakan Strategi Daerah (Jakstrada) in the Lake Toba region, one of the popular tourist destinations in Indonesia. It examines the current waste management status and discusses key priorities and actions identified in the Jakstradas to improve the waste management based on resource management and 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) principles. In partnership with public, private, academic and citizen groups, the project activities supported the development of Jakstradas in all seven regencies and established a resource recovery centre (RRC) as a model to practice 3Rs in the region. The key lessons learned from these project activities are discussed and some practical recommendations are identified based on a literature review, interviews and workshops with local government officials and residents. Through those opportunities, it was found that remote regencies around Lake Toba do not have environmentally sound final disposal sites and do not have the financial or technical capacity to provide waste collection and handling services to residents, which often results in illegal dumping and open burning of waste. It was also revealed that lack of established markets for recycling value chains and citizens participation in waste separation at source had resulted in limited success for recycling and 3R activities in the region.


Asunto(s)
Lagos , Administración de Residuos , Indonesia , Organizaciones , Reciclaje
9.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258354, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695158

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Digital health has become a widely recognized approach to addressing a range of health needs, including advancing universal health coverage and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. At present there is limited evidence on the impact of digital interventions on health outcomes. A growing body of peer-reviewed evidence on digitalizing last-mile electronic logistics management information systems (LMIS) presents an opportunity to estimate health impact. METHODS: The impact of LMIS on reductions in stockouts was estimated from primary data and peer-reviewed literature, with three scenarios of impact: 5% stockout reduction (conservative), 10% stockout reduction (base), and 15% stockout reduction (optimistic). Stockout reduction data was inverted to stock availability and improved coverage for vaccines and essential medicines using a 1:1 conversion factor. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) model was used to estimate health impact from lives saved in newborns and children in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Ethiopia between 2022 and 2026 across the three scenarios. RESULTS: Improving coverage of vaccines with a digital LMIS intervention in the base scenario (conservative, optimistic) could prevent 4,924 (2,578-6,094), 3,998 (1,621-4,915), and 17,648 (12,656-22,776) deaths in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Ethiopia, respectively over the forecast timeframe. In addition, scaling up coverage of non-vaccine medications could prevent 17,044 (8,561-25,392), 21,772 (10,976-32,401), and 34,981 (17,543-52,194) deaths in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Ethiopia, respectively. In the base model scenario, the maximum percent reduction in deaths across all geographies was 1.6% for vaccines and 4.1% for non-vaccine medications. INTERPRETATION: This study projects that digitalization of last-mile LMIS would reduce child mortality by improving coverage of lifesaving health commodities. This analysis helps to build the evidence base around the benefits of deploying digital solutions to address health challenges. Findings should be interpreted carefully as stockout reduction estimates are derived from a small number of studies.


Asunto(s)
Sistemas de Información Administrativa , Modelos Teóricos , Mortalidad del Niño/tendencias , Preescolar , Etiopía , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Mozambique , Organización y Administración , Tanzanía
10.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0254582, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710085

RESUMEN

To build better theories of cities, companies, and other social institutions such as universities, requires that we understand the tradeoffs and complementarities that exist between their core functions, and that we understand bounds to their growth. Scaling theory has been a powerful tool for addressing such questions in diverse physical, biological and urban systems, revealing systematic quantitative regularities between size and function. Here we apply scaling theory to the social sciences, taking a synoptic view of an entire class of institutions. The United States higher education system serves as an ideal case study, since it includes over 5,800 institutions with shared broad objectives, but ranges in strategy from vocational training to the production of novel research, contains public, nonprofit and for-profit models, and spans sizes from 10 to roughly 100,000 enrolled students. We show that, like organisms, ecosystems and cities, universities and colleges scale in a surprisingly systematic fashion following simple power-law behavior. Comparing seven commonly accepted sectors of higher education organizations, we find distinct regimes of scaling between a school's total enrollment and its expenditures, revenues, graduation rates and economic added value. Our results quantify how each sector leverages specific economies of scale to address distinct priorities. Taken together, the scaling of features within a sector along with the shifts in scaling across sectors implies that there are generic mechanisms and constraints shared by all sectors, which lead to tradeoffs between their different societal functions and roles. We highlight the strong complementarity between public and private research universities, and community and state colleges, that all display superlinear returns to scale. In contrast to the scaling of biological systems, our results highlight that much of the observed scaling behavior is modulated by the particular strategies of organizations rather than an immutable set of constraints.


Asunto(s)
Universidades/economía , Ciudades/economía , Ecosistema , Humanos , Organizaciones/economía
11.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Oct 22.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675181

RESUMEN

Due to the sudden impact that the Covid-19 pandemic had on people´s lives in March 2020 after the declaration of the state of alarm and the limitations that were adopted regarding the mobility and confinement of the population, there were repercussions both in health as well as at work and the economy of the country. For this reason, Comisiones Obreras took on the challenge of informing, advising and training workers on the adoption of preventive measures and we took part in the social dialogue so that the regulatory protection would be the best guarantee for people who became ill, reduced their work activity or had to continue their essential activity with the best health and safety conditions; collaborating with the Administration and demanding its intervention in the areas that required it, as well as demanding the consideration of occupational disease for staff exposed in the health and social-health sector. This crisis has highlighted an aspect that has not yet been overcome: the necessary coordination that must exist between the Health and Labour authorities in order to attend to health in companies in its broadest sense, that is, Public Health. Whoever controls compliance with occupational health aspects must have the competences and power to act in the field of Public Health.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Sindicatos , Pandemias/prevención & control , SARS-CoV-2 , España
12.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Oct 22.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697286

RESUMEN

On 31 December 2019 China reported around 27 cases of pneumonia of unknown origin. Some days later a new type of virus which was named New Coronavirus 2019-nCoV was identified as the cause. On 11 March 2020 the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a COVID-19 pandemic and urged authorities to locate, isolate, test and treat each case and trace every contact. The monitoring of workers' health is subject to specific protocols, which in this case take the form of the Procedure for Action for Occupational Health and Safety against Exposure to SARS-CoV-19. From the outset, the drawing up of this protocol in the Basque Country entailed integrated action by Health and Surveillance services in the monitoring network for COVID-19 cases and contacts in the region. The figures show that since November 2020 a total of 19,471 cases of COVID-19 have been addressed at 17,260 firms, with 22,696 close contacts at work since September, 294 outbreaks and 7,178 temporary invalidity certificates due to close contact since December 2020. The effects of vaccination can be observed in health and socio-sanitary personnel since March 2021 and in other groups since June. Health and safety services need to be thorough in collective health monitoring. This service must be factored into public health activities, which need to be led by the public authorities as has been done during the current pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Laboral , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , España/epidemiología
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574628

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic created workplace challenges for employee safety and health, especially in small enterprises. We used linear mixed-effects regression to examine changes in health climate, safety climate, and worker well-being, prior to the pandemic and at two timepoints during it. We also examined whether employees at organizations that had received a TWH leadership development intervention prior to COVID-19 would better maintain pre-pandemic perceptions of climates and well-being. The final study cohort consisted of 261 employees from 31 organizations. No differences were observed in mean outcome scores between the leadership intervention groups at any of the survey timepoints. We combined intervention groups to examine the difference across timepoints. Perceptions of health and safety climates remained stable across all timepoints. However, employee well-being scores declined between the pre-pandemic period and subsequent COVID-19 timepoints. These findings suggest that while small organizations continued to be viewed as supporting employees' health and safety over the course of the pandemic, well-being scores declined, indicating that other factors contributed to decreased well-being. The findings from this study have implications for small business leaders as they navigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health, safety, and well-being on their organizations and employees.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pequeña Empresa , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Pandemias , Percepción , SARS-CoV-2 , Administración de la Seguridad , Lugar de Trabajo
14.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256880, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499679

RESUMEN

The beginning of the 21st century brought a change in the approach to public relations (PR). Both the literature and the practice saw a shift in focus from evaluating the efficiency of communication strategies to relationship management. On the other hand, the growing interest in the use of social media in the management of many types of organizations has prompted researchers to seek the theoretical causes of this trend. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to examine the scope of the Polish public benefit organizations' (PBO) use of the social network Facebook in managing relationships with stakeholders. The PBO is a specific form of non-profit organization, which enjoys the special privilege of collecting tax-deductible donations of 1% of personal income tax (PIT). The research covered 876 entities, which were divided into four clusters depending on their size. A database of posts was created that the organizations published in the period selected for the research. Then, the impact of the Facebook content on user engagement was analyzed. For this purpose, various statistical methods were used, i.e. descriptive statistics, statistical tests and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that, in spite of social media's unquestionable advantages, public benefit organizations only take advantage of a small proportion of this potential. The role of the most popular service, Facebook, in increasing organizational revenue from 1% of PIT deductions seems secondary at best. Apart from that, the results showed that the rates of posting by different Polish public benefit organizations vary widely. Although some organizations were very active in this aspect, the Facebook pages of many organizations remained completely inactive throughout the analysis or showed only minimal activity. Larger organizations exhibited a much greater posting activity than their smaller counterparts.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Red Social , Manejo de Datos , Humanos , Organizaciones
15.
J Environ Manage ; 299: 113658, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523536

RESUMEN

Spatial planning of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) should ideally be based on well-evaluated and context specific solutions. One important obstacle to reach this goal relates to adequate provisioning of data to ensure good governance of BGI, i.e., appropriate planning, design, construction, and maintenance. This study explores the gap between data availability and implementation of BGI in urban planning authorities in Sweden. A multi method approach including brainstorming, semi-structured interviews with urban planners and experts on BGI and Geographical Information System (GIS), and validating workshops were performed to develop a framework for structured and user-friendly data collection and use. Identified challenges concern data availability, data management, and GIS knowledge. There is a need to improve the organisation of data management and the skills of trans-disciplinary cooperation to better understand and interpret different types of data. Moreover, different strategic goals require different data to ensure efficient planning of BGI. This calls for closer interactions between development of strategic political goals and data collection. The data management framework consists of three parts: A) Ideal structure of data management in relation to planning process, data infrastructure and organisational structure, and B) A generic list of data needed, and C) The development of structures for data gathering and access. We conclude that it is essential to develop pan-municipal data management systems that bridge sectors and disciplines to ensure efficient management of the urban environment, and which is able to support the involvement of citizens to collect and access relevant data. The framework can assist in such development.


Asunto(s)
Planificación de Ciudades , Manejo de Datos , Organizaciones , Planificación Estratégica , Suecia
17.
J Bus Contin Emer Plan ; 15(1): 44-52, 2021 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465409

RESUMEN

With the world becoming increasingly complex and uncertain, the disruptions that businesses face are becoming increasingly unpredictable. Traditional approaches to business continuity planning must therefore evolve to enhance organisational resilience. As this paper will discuss, it is vital to ensure a balance between detailed planning and flexibility and adaptability. This can be achieved through: 1) creating closer links between business continuity and strategic management; 2) embedding a culture of resilience throughout the organisation; 3) decentralising business continuity planning and enabling teams and departments to design and own their own plans; 4) making planning principles- based; and 5) exercising more frequently. This paper argues that planning must be based on principles and outcomes rather than processes, and how it must, to be integrated within broader risk management and strategy functions to be inclusive of everyone, from the staff all the way up to the board. In short, preparedness and resilience must become part of their DNA.


Asunto(s)
Planificación en Desastres , Comercio , Humanos , Organizaciones , Gestión de Riesgos
18.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 91, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466193

RESUMEN

Introduction: Mozambique is one of the poorest nations in the world and its health budget is heavily dependent on external funding. Increasingly, donors prefer to direct their funds through international non-governmental organizations instead of direct donations to the State budget. In the current climate of increased emphasis on health system strengthening, a strong and stable partnership between government and international non-governmental organizations is pivotal for health system strengthening in Mozambique. Methods: the study evaluates the current partnership through a standardized survey to healthcare workers employed by international non-governmental organizations in health (INGO, private) and the ministry of health (MOH, public). Results of the survey have been analyzed only descriptively and no statistical evaluations have been performed. Results: out of the valid 109 responses obtained 55.1% were from MOH cadres and 45.0% from INGO cadres. Most have been in the health sector for more than 5 years. Most of the respondents recognize that INGOs assist the government in strengthening the health system (71.6%), see the internal brain drain to INGOs and salary scale difference as major problems (70.6% and 78.0%); 87.2% reported that the coordination between INGOs and government needs to be improved. MOH cadres perceived the migration of cadres to INGOs and the need for improving coordination as major issues more acutely than their INGO counterparts (80.0% vs. 59.2% and 88.3% vs. 85.7% respectively). INGOs were perceived to offer better quality health services by 51.4% of respondents (of these 69.4% were INGO respondents). The quality of health services was alike between INGOs and MOH for 33% of the respondents. Conclusion: through the various efforts outlined the MOH and INGOs are moving towards an environment of mutual accountability, joint planning and coordination as well as harmonization of activities; but there are still challenges to be addressed. Prioritization and increased funding of the planning unit and planning and cooperation directorate as well as strategies for workforce retention are urgently needed.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud/organización & administración , Personal de Salud/organización & administración , Organizaciones/organización & administración , Asociación entre el Sector Público-Privado/organización & administración , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Agencias Internacionales , Mozambique , Sector Privado , Sector Público , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256539, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473756

RESUMEN

This study has examined how small and medium enterprises (SMEs) may enhance their performance under different settings of information technology (IT) capabilities and corporate entrepreneurship (CE). Established on the dynamic capability view, the researchers have analyzed the connections between IT capabilities and CE, in addition to the performance results of SMEs. The research has explored these novel relationships by utilizing partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) with a data sample of 447 SMEs of the manufacturing sector in Pakistan. The findings present that IT capabilities positively influence the market and financial performance of SMEs through the mediating role of CE dimensions. The study uniquely determines the mediating role of dimensional effects of corporate entrepreneurship between IT capabilities and performance outcomes of firms. Thus, the study would enable the management of SMEs to realize the potential of IT-related CE dimensions and their use to improve firms' performance.


Asunto(s)
Comercio/economía , Emprendimiento/economía , Tecnología de la Información/estadística & datos numéricos , Modelos Econométricos , Humanos , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Organizaciones/economía , Pakistán
20.
S Afr Med J ; 111(6): 538-543, 2021 May 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382562

RESUMEN

In response to the Life Esidimeni tragedy, the Gauteng Department of Health established a task team to advise on the implementation of the Health Ombud's recommendations and to develop a mental health recovery plan. Consistent with international human rights and South African legislation and policy, the plan focused on making mental healthcare more accessible, incorporating a strategy to strengthen district mental health services to deliver community-based care for people with any type and severity of mental illness. The strategy included an organogram with three new human resource teams integrated into the district health system: a district specialist mental health team to develop a public mental health approach, a clinical community psychiatry team for service delivery, and a team to support non-governmental organisation governance. This article discusses the strategy in terms of guiding policies and legislation, the roles and responsibilities of the various teams in the proposed organogram, and its sustainability.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud/organización & administración , Política de Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Práctica de Salud Pública , Comités Consultivos , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Organizaciones , Sudáfrica
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