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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770126

RESUMEN

To facilitate systematic work environment management, which should be a natural part of business development, a structured support model was developed. The Stamina model has previously been used in Swedish municipalities, showing positive results. The aim was to study how the Human Resources Index (HRI), relational justice, short-term recovery and perceived productivity changed in a recently reorganised perioperative setting in a hospital in Sweden that uses a structured support model for systematic work environment management. A longitudinal design that took measurements at four time points was used in a sample of 500 employees in a perioperative hospital department. The results for the overall sample indicated a positive trend in the HRI (Mt1 = 48.5, SDt1 = 22.5; Mt3 = 56.7, SDt1 = 21.2; p < 0.001). Perceived health-related production loss (Mdt1 = 2, IQR = 3; Mdt3 = 0, IQR = 3; p < 0.001) and perceived work environment-related production loss (Mdt1 = 2, IQR = 3; Mdt3 = 0, IQR = 4; p < 0.001) showed major improvements. Short-term recovery showed a minor improvement (Mt1 = 2.61, SDt1 = 1.33; Mt3 = 2.65, SDt3 = 1.22; p = 0.872). In conclusion, the implementation of the Stamina model, of which the HRI constitutes an important part, seems to be a helpful tool to follow-up on work environment processes, and minimise production losses due to health and work environment-related issues.


Asunto(s)
Justicia Social , Lugar de Trabajo , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Hospitales , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Suecia , Recursos Humanos
2.
Pediatrics ; 148(5)2021 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706902

RESUMEN

American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) land rights, sovereignty conflicts, and health outcomes have been significantly influenced by settler colonialism. This principle has driven the numerous relocations and forced assimilation of AI/AN children as well as the claiming of AI/AN lands across the United States. As tribes across the country begin to reclaim these lands and others continue to struggle for sovereignty, it is imperative to recognize that land rights are a determinant of health in AI/AN children. Aside from the demonstrated biological risks of environmental health injustices including exposure to air pollution, heavy metals, and lack of running water, AI/AN children must also face the challenges of historical trauma, the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Peoples crisis, and health care inequity based on land allocation. Although there is an undeniable relationship between land rights and the health of AI/AN children, there is a need for extensive research into the impacts of land rights and recognition of sovereignty on the health of AI/AN children. In this article we aim to summarize existing evidence describing the impact of these factors on the health of AI/AN children and provide strateg ies that can help pediatricians care and advocate for this population.


Asunto(s)
Nativos Alasqueños , Nativos Estadounidenses , Colonialismo , Trauma Histórico , Factores Socioeconómicos , Aculturación , Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia/psicología , Nativos Alasqueños/psicología , Nativos Estadounidenses/psicología , Niño , Cambio Climático , Salud Ambiental , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Trauma Histórico/historia , Trauma Histórico/psicología , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Homicidio/psicología , Trata de Personas/psicología , Humanos , Indios Norteamericanos , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Justicia Social
3.
J Law Med Ethics ; 49(3): 500-502, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665093

RESUMEN

On January 3, 2019, U.S. District Judge Theodore D. Chuang of the U.S. District Court of the District of Maryland took a crucial first step in redressing one of the worst human subjects research ethics violations in U.S. history.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Derechos Civiles , Femenino , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Jurisprudencia , Responsabilidad Legal , Maryland , Embarazo , Gobierno Estatal
4.
J Water Health ; 19(5): 823-835, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665774

RESUMEN

Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation is considered as a basic human right. Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin (Rural), launched by the Government of India in 2014, is hailed as an attempt towards that direction. On 2nd October 2019, India was declared free from open defecation, with rural households having full toilet coverage. However, despite Government claims, the existing literature indicates the presence of slippage: where households practice open defecation despite having access to toilets. Equating progress in sanitation interventions with mere toilet provision presents a partial assessment of sanitation. To address the gap, the 'Sanitation Well-being' framework, based on Amartya Sen's concept of justice, has been proposed. It identifies slippage as an outcome of various underlying factors across the sanitation life-cycle. The framework provides a lens to analyse existing frameworks and secondary data sets and finds that they do not capture the dynamism inherent in the sector. The efficacy of the framework has been tested in the rural district of Shravasti, Uttar Pradesh, India, through the rapid rural appraisal method. Through our investigation, we found that slippage exists in the field, and that the framework is a feasible instrument to assess sanitation as a comprehensive phenomenon.


Asunto(s)
Aparatos Sanitarios , Saneamiento , Composición Familiar , Humanos , India , Población Rural , Justicia Social , Cuartos de Baño
6.
Lima; Perú. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; 1 ed; 20210900. 89 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1290608

RESUMEN

El documento contiene una compilación ordenado y ­ a veces corregido ­ las notas que, habiendo sido presentadas a los responsables de dicho Blog, han sido publicadas en este año del bicentenario y de la pandemia. Notas en las que se presentan, para su debate crítico en aquel intercambio de ideas, algunas reflexiones y comentarios personales ­ no siempre ortodoxos ­ sobre tres temas: salud pública; política y justicia social en salud pública; y, memoria institucional.


Asunto(s)
Política , Justicia Social , Salud Pública , Coronavirus , Impactos en la Salud , Sistemas Nacionales de Salud , Pandemias , Política de Salud , Historia de la Medicina , Memoria
7.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 61-72, sept. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343315

RESUMEN

El Ecuador es un estado laico, pluricultural y multiétnico, la población indígena está representada por el 27% de la población ecuatoriana. Las mujeres indígenas, se enfrentan a diversos tipos de violencia en su vida cotidiana, la cual representa una violación de derechos humanos, civiles, políticos, justicia y vivir una vida libre de violencia. Objetivo: Analizar los factores que inciden en la violencia de género contra las mujeres indígenas del área rural del Cantón Tena. Metodología: Es un estudio con enfoque cuali-cuantitativo, en la parte cualitativa se utilizó un diseño bibliográfico documental- analítico y en la parte cualitativa se realizó a través de un enfoque fenomenológico analítico. Para la parte cuantitativa se aplicó un instrumento de recolección cuantitativa validado, mientras tanto, la parte cualitativa se aplicó un cuestionario semi estructurado bajo la técnica de la entrevista. Los datos obtenidos de la encuesta fueron codificados y procesados en el programa spss2.0. Resultados: Se evidenció que los factores sociodemográficos representaron una relación directa con la alta incidencia de violencia contra las mujeres indígenas del cantón Tena. Los datos de la prueba piloto a 30 encuestadas, período agosto- septiembre 2021, fueron: la edad 20-45 años (87,67%); estado civil unión libre (63.33%); grado de instrucción secundaria (76,67%); ocupación ama de casa (100%); procedencia rural (100%), el tipo de violencia recibida la violencia psicológica (86,67%), física (56,67%), sexual (33,33%). Conclusiones: Se identificó que la totalidad de mujeres indígenas del área rural del cantón Tena recibieron violencia por parte de sus familiares, amigos y parejas y tenían un nivel educativo bajo y pobres(AU)


Ecuador is a secular, multicultural and multi-ethnic state, the indigenous population is represented by 27% of the Ecuadorian population. Indigenous women face various types of violence in their daily life, which represents a violation of human, civil, and political rights, justice and to live a life free of violence. Objective: To analyze the factors that influence gender violence against indigenous women in the rural area of Cantón Tena. Methodology: It is a study with a qualitative-quantitative approach, in the qualitative part a documentary-analytical bibliographic design was used and in the qualitative part it was carried out through an analytical phenomenological approach. For the quantitative part, a validated quantitative collection instrument was applied, meanwhile, the qualitative part was applied a semi-structured questionnaire under the interview technique. The data obtained from the survey were coded and processed in the spss2.0 program. Results: It was evidenced that sociodemographic factors represented a direct relationship with the high incidence of violence against indigenous women in the Tena Canton. The data from the pilot test on 30 respondents, period August-September 2021, were: age 20-45 years (87.67%); free union marital status (63.33%); grade of secondary education (76.67%); housewife occupation (100%); rural origin (100%), the type of violence received: psychological (86.67%), physical (56.67%), sexual (33.33%) violence. Conclusions: It was identified that all indigenous women in the rural area of the Tena canton received violence from their relatives, friends and partners and had a low and poor educational level(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Grupos de Población , Violencia contra la Mujer , Violencia Étnica , COVID-19 , Cuarentena , Ecuador , Relaciones Familiares , Derechos Humanos
8.
Rev Sci Tech ; 40(2): 483-495, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542101

RESUMEN

Animal health services play an essential role in supporting livestock production, with the potential to address the challenges of hunger, poverty, health, social justice and environmental health as part of the path towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) defined in the United Nations, 2030 Agenda. However, the provision of animal health services remains chronically underfunded. Although the aspiration that â€Ëœno one will be left behind' is core to the SDG agenda, animal health service provision still fails to meet the basic needs of many of the poorest livestock owners. This review draws largely on experience from Tanzania and highlights the obstacles to equitable provision of animal health services, as well as identifying opportunities for improvement. Delivery models that rely on owners paying for services, whether through the private sector or public?private partnerships, can be effective for diseases that are of clear economic importance to animal keepers, particularly in more market-orientated production systems, but are currently constrained by issues of access, affordability, availability and quality. Substantial challenges remain when attempting to control diseases that exert a major burden on animal or human health but are less well recognised, as well as in the delivery of veterinary public health or other public good interventions. Here, the authors propose solutions that focus on: improving awareness of the potential for animal health services to address the SDGs, particularly those concerning public and environmental health; linking this more explicitly with advocacy for increased investment; ensuring that the voices of stakeholders are heard, particularly those of the rural poor; and embracing a cross-cutting and expanded vision for animal health services to support more adaptive development of livestock systems.


Asunto(s)
Sector Privado , Salud Pública , Animales , Ganado , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Desarrollo Sostenible
10.
Environ Health ; 20(1): 104, 2021 09 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535123

RESUMEN

Toxic chemicals - "toxicants" - have been studied and regulated as single entities, and, carcinogens aside, almost all toxicants, single or mixed and however altered, have been thought harmless in very low doses or very weak concentrations. Yet much work in recent decades has shown that toxicants can injure wildlife, laboratory animals, and humans following exposures previously expected to be harmless. Additional work has shown that toxicants can act not only individually and cumulatively but also collectively and even synergistically and that they affect disadvantaged communities inordinately - and therefore, as argued by reformers, unjustly. As late as December 2016, the last full month before the inauguration of a president promising to rescind major environmental regulations, the United States federal environmental-health establishment, as led by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), had not developed coherent strategies to mitigate such risks, to alert the public to their plausibility, or to advise leadership in government and industry about their implications. To understand why, we examined archival materials, reviewed online databases, read internal industry communications, and interviewed experts. We confirmed that external constraints, statutory and judicial, had been in place prior to EPA's earliest interest in mixture toxicity, but we found no overt effort, certainly no successful effort, to loosen those constraints. We also found internal constraints: concerns that fully committing to the study of complex mixtures involving numerous toxicants would lead to methodological drift within the toxicological community and that trying to act on insights from such study could lead only to regulatory futility. Interaction of these constraints, external and internal, shielded the EPA by circumscribing its responsibilities and by impeding movement toward paradigmatic adjustment, but it also perpetuated scientifically dubious policies, such as those limiting the evaluation of commercial chemical formulations, including pesticide formulations, to only those ingredients said by their manufacturers to be active. In this context, regulators' disregard of synergism contrasted irreconcilably with biocide manufacturers' understanding that synergism enhanced lethality and patentability. In the end, an effective national response to mixture toxicity, cumulative risk, and environmental injustice did not emerge. In parallel, though, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, which was less constrained, pursued with scientific investigation what the EPA had not pursued with regulatory action.


Asunto(s)
Política Ambiental/historia , Contaminantes Ambientales/toxicidad , Sustancias Peligrosas/toxicidad , National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.)/historia , Medición de Riesgo/historia , United States Environmental Protection Agency/historia , Salud Ambiental/historia , Regulación Gubernamental , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Justicia Social , Estados Unidos
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501503

RESUMEN

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has been identified as one of the most serious human rights violations women are exposed to in many countries, in spite of national and international efforts. The actual implementation of preventive strategies and support of victims faces a number of challenges that can only be addressed by an interdisciplinary approach integrating public health and legal considerations. FGM in the context of women as refugees who left their country to escape FGM has rarely been covered in this context. This article summarizes the most important international standards and initiatives against FGM, highlights the medical, legal, and psychological factors identified so far, and explores the interdisciplinary considerations in changing a country and society to permit safe return of those escaping FGM to third countries and support public health in the country.


Asunto(s)
Circuncisión Femenina , Refugiados , Países en Desarrollo , Femenino , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Justicia Social
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360341

RESUMEN

The question of how the income inequality of residents affects the level of environmental regulation in the context of official corruption was the core research issue of this study. We analyzed this problem using the panel threshold regression model from 26 provinces in China from 1995 to 2017. We found that when there is no official corruption, the widening of the residents' income inequality promotes stricter environmental regulations; when the corruption problem is serious, the expansion of the residents' income inequality leads to the decline in environmental standards; that is, the impact of residents' income inequality on environmental regulation has a threshold effect due to corruption. In addition, the threshold effect due to corruption of all residents' income inequality on environmental regulation is mainly generated by the urban residents' income inequality and the urban-rural income inequality. This paper contributes to the literature that concentrates on the relationship between income inequality and environmental regulation, and shows that corruption is a key factor that can deeply influence that relationship. The research conclusion shows that increasing anti-corruption efforts can not only maintain national political stability, social fairness, and justice, but also be a powerful measure for environmental pollution governance.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación Ambiental , Renta , China , Humanos , Población Rural , Justicia Social , Factores Socioeconómicos
13.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(10): 1027-1032, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389221

RESUMEN

This article explores the nature and extent of barriers to access to justice that older persons experience, including those with mental health conditions. It finds that access to justice-the right to fair, prompt and responsive decisions by administrative decision-makers and equal access to courts and tribunals to obtain timely and effective remedies-is not only an important right in itself but also enables the enjoyment of many other human rights. Yet older persons, particularly those with mental health conditions, face a significant "justice gap." Ageist attitudes, laws and practices interact with other forms of bias such as mentalism, sexism, ableism, racism, homophobia, and heterosexism exacerbating older persons' disadvantage and marginalization, particularly those with mental health conditions, and older indigenous persons. These discriminatory practices, together with the phenomena of elder abuse, all severely limit older persons' access to timely and responsive justice. International and national standards, both general and specific to older persons, have been shown to be inadequate to respond to this justice gap. An international standard in the form of a binding legal obligation that specifically addresses older persons' rights of access to justice is needed urgently as part of a new international treaty on the human rights of older persons.


Asunto(s)
Ageísmo , Trastornos Mentales , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Salud Mental , Justicia Social
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 799: 149407, 2021 Dec 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365264

RESUMEN

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have emerged as an environmental justice issue due to disproportionate siting in low-income and minority communities. However, CAFOs' impact on health is not fully understood. We examined risk of cause-specific mortality associated with CAFOs in North Carolina (NC) for 2000-2017 and health disparities. We obtained data on individual-level cause-specific mortality and on permitted animal facilities. We estimated associations between exposure to CAFOs and cause-specific mortality using logistic regression, controlling for demographics (e.g., age) and area-level covariates. To estimate exposure to CAFOs, we considered (1) a binary indicator (presence or absence) of CAFOs within a buffer around individual residence based on several buffer sizes, and (2) four levels of exposure (no, low, medium, and high) based on the number of CAFOs within 15 km around each residence. We considered individual-level (sex, race/ethnicity, age, education) and community-level (median household income, urbanicity, and region) factors. Under all buffer sizes used to estimate CAFOs exposure, people living near CAFOs had significantly higher risk of cardiovascular mortality than other persons. Comparing those living near CAFOs to the no exposure group, odds ratios (ORs) for cardiovascular mortality were 1.01 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00, 1.03), 1.04 (1.03, 1.06), and 1.06 (1.05, 1.07) for low, medium, and high CAFOs exposure, respectively, indicating a trend of higher risk with higher exposure. Those in the high CAFOs exposure group had significantly higher risk of anemia and kidney disease mortality than those with no exposure. Results suggest higher mortality risk from CAFOs for some subpopulations, however differences were not statistically significant. Findings provide evidence of excess mortality risk from CAFOs in NC. These results have implications for future studies of environmental justice and CAFOs.


Asunto(s)
Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales/efectos adversos , Vivienda , Anemia/mortalidad , Alimentación Animal , Animales , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/mortalidad , Ambiente , Contaminación Ambiental , Humanos , Enfermedades Renales/mortalidad , North Carolina/epidemiología , Pobreza , Justicia Social
15.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 376(1834): 20200184, 2021 09 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365825

RESUMEN

This paper reviews the literature on soil and nature's contributions to people (NCP) around learning and inspiration, physical and psychological experiences, and supporting identities, revealing a range of relationships to imagining, understanding and experiencing soil. Often labelled elsewhere as 'cultural ecosystem services', these NCP provide a range of benefits that are mostly non-material, non-consumptive and intangible. The review finds that NCP framings help to highlight how soils have contributed to inspiring learning and creative works, like art; to mental and physical health benefits, such as through recreation and gardening; and to cultural identities and practices, including religious practices and efforts for social justice. Overall, soils have played a large role in human creative endeavours, are the root of significant relationships to the environment and can be conceptualized through key metaphors, ideas and theory as a bridge linking culture and nature together. Yet despite the wide-ranging contributions of soils to these NCP, the literature remains uneven and much more remains to be understood, including how relational values of care and stewardship with soils can be fostered and how attention to the co-produced 'biosocial' nature of soil can help improve practices for soil health. This article is part of the theme issue 'The role of soils in delivering Nature's Contributions to People'.


Asunto(s)
Arte , Características Culturales , Ambiente , Recreación/psicología , Religión , Justicia Social , Suelo , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Jardinería , Humanos
16.
J Bioeth Inq ; 18(3): 429-439, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224100

RESUMEN

There is a global shortage of nurses that affects healthcare delivery, which will be exacerbated with the increasing demand for healthcare professionals by the aging population. The growing shortage requires an ethical exploration on the issue of nurse migration. In this article, we discuss how migration respects the autonomy of nurses, increases cultural diversity, and leads to improved patient satisfaction and health outcomes. We also discuss the potential for negative impacts on public health infrastructures, lack of respect for cultural diversity, and ethical concerns related to autonomy and justice, including coercion and discrimination. This analysis is written from a rights-based ethics approach by referring to rights held by nurses and patient populations. Nurse migration highlights conflicts between nurses and between nurses and healthcare systems. Increased awareness of ethical challenges surrounding nurse migration must be addressed to enhance the well-being of nurses and patient populations.


Asunto(s)
Ética en Enfermería , Derechos Humanos , Anciano , Coerción , Diversidad Cultural , Humanos , Principios Morales , Justicia Social
17.
Health Hum Rights ; 23(1): 91-103, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194204

RESUMEN

The pursuit and acknowledgment of the truth of past atrocities and human rights abuses are critical processes in transitional societies. While truth commissions have become a central part of achieving these goals, there has historically been minimal attention to the role of teachers and students in this work. Critical and thoughtful teaching about the past conflict, however, may help prevent the reoccurrence of atrocities, promote acknowledgment and accountability of the past (which, in turn, fosters psychosocial healing), and support the construction of a peaceful society. In this paper, I detail a research collaboration with Colombia's truth commission to aid its pedagogical efforts to develop effective resources and support Colombian educators' instruction about the truth of past atrocities. I first draw on the literature to demonstrate the potential for education-and, specifically, teachers-to support the goals of truth commissions. Then, I describe the Colombian context and this specific collaboration. Finally, I end by presenting preliminary findings from surveys of teachers across Colombia and detailing future directions.


Asunto(s)
Derechos Humanos , Justicia Social , Colombia , Humanos , Responsabilidad Social , Violencia
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299850

RESUMEN

Aircraft noise exposure is a health risk and there is evidence that noise annoyance partly mediates the association between noise exposure and stress-related health risks. Thus, approaches to reduce annoyance may be beneficial for health. Annoyance is influenced by manifold non-acoustic factors and perceiving a fair and trustful relationship between the airport and its residents may be one of them. The distribution of aircraft noise exposure can be regarded as a fairness dilemma: while residents living near an airport may seem to have some advantages, the majority of residents living under certain flight routes or in their immediate proximity suffer from the disadvantages of the airport, especially the noise. Moreover, a dilemma exists between the airport's beneficial economic impact for a region and the physical and psychological integrity of residents. Aircraft noise exposure through the lens of social justice research can help to improve our understanding of noise annoyance. Research indicates that the fairness perceptions of the parties involved can be enhanced by (a) improving individual cost-benefit ratios, (b) providing a fair procedure for deciding upon the noise distribution, and (c) implementing fair social interaction with residents. Based on the review of evidence from social justice research, we derive recommendations on how fairness aspects can be integrated into aircraft noise management with the purpose of improving the relationship between the airport and its residents, to reduce annoyance, and to enhance the acceptance of local aviation and the airport as a neighbor.


Asunto(s)
Ruido del Transporte , Aeronaves , Aeropuertos , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales , Humanos , Ruido del Transporte/efectos adversos , Justicia Social
20.
Ecol Appl ; 31(6): e02390, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142407

RESUMEN

Livability, resilience, and justice in cities are challenged by climate change and the historical legacies that together create disproportionate impacts on human communities. Urban green infrastructure has emerged as an important tool for climate change adaptation and resilience given their capacity to provide ecosystem services such as local temperature regulation, stormwater mitigation, and air purification. However, realizing the benefits of ecosystem services for climate adaptation depend on where they are locally supplied. Few studies have examined the potential spatial mismatches in supply and demand of urban ecosystem services, and even fewer have examined supply-demand mismatches as a potential environmental justice issue, such as when supply-demand mismatches disproportionately overlap with certain socio-demographic groups. We spatially analyzed demand for ecosystem services relevant for climate change adaptation and combined results with recent analysis of the supply of ecosystem services in New York City (NYC). By quantifying the relative mismatch between supply and demand of ecosystem services across the city we were able to identify spatial hot- and coldspots of supply-demand mismatch. Hotspots are spatial clusters of census blocks with a higher mismatch and coldspots are clusters with lower mismatch values than their surrounding blocks. The distribution of mismatch hot- and coldspots was then compared to the spatial distribution of socio-demographic groups. Results reveal distributional environmental injustice of access to the climate-regulating benefits of ecosystem services provided by urban green infrastructure in NYC. Analyses show that areas with lower supply-demand mismatch tend to be populated by a larger proportion of white residents with higher median incomes, and areas with high mismatch values have lower incomes and a higher proportion of people of color. We suggest that urban policy and planning should ensure that investments in "nature-based" solutions such as through urban green infrastructure for climate change adaptation do not reinforce or exacerbate potentially existing environmental injustices.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Ecosistema , Justicia Social , Ciudades , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Humanos , Ciudad de Nueva York
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