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1.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 103(3): 400-404, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352602

RESUMEN

This study aimed to investigate the impact of estrogenic endocrine disruptors in adult male Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) from the Seven Lakes (Bunot, Calibato, Mohicap, Palakpakin, Pandin, Sampaloc and Yambo) of San Pablo City in Laguna, Philippines. Fish were collected from aquaculture operations in each lake from July to September 2017 and examined for plasma vitellogenin (VTG) levels, hepatosomatic index (HSI) and gonadosomatic index (GSI). In comparison to the reference group (Pandin Lake), fish from Mohicap, Sampaloc and Yambo had higher levels of plasma VTG. HSI was increased in fish from Bunot Lake while it was markedly reduced in fish from Sampaloc Lake. Comparable GSI were obtained in all samples. While most examined fish are in active spermatogenesis, fish from Sampaloc Lake had immature gonads with no spermatozoa, and with minimal to moderate Leydig cell vacuolation and hyperplasia. The results suggest that cultured Nile tilapia from Sampaloc Lake is most adversely affected by endocrine-active compounds. The identification and quantification of these chemicals are recommended in future studies.


Asunto(s)
Cíclidos/fisiología , Estrógenos/toxicidad , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad , Animales , Acuicultura , Disruptores Endocrinos/análisis , Disruptores Endocrinos/toxicidad , Estrógenos/análisis , Gónadas/efectos de los fármacos , Lagos/química , Masculino , Filipinas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vitelogeninas/sangre , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 639: 588-595, 2018 Oct 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29800852

RESUMEN

More than half of the freshwater lakes in the Philippines are small with surface areas of <2 km2. The dynamics in these lakes are different from those in the bigger lakes. This study was conducted to determine the organic pollutants and their sources in three of the seven lakes of San Pablo City in Laguna, Philippines: lakes Palakpakin, Sampaloc, and Pandin. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Liquid Chromatography - Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were used in the targeted and non-targeted analysis of the lake water samples. The three lakes are all volcanic crater lakes but are exposed to different anthropogenic activities, which includes domestic activities, livelihood (farming and aquaculture) and eco-tourism. Due to the presence of rice fields and fruit plantations, chlorpyrifos was detected in the three lakes while other pesticides like cypermethrin, picolinafen and quinoxyfen were additionally found in Lake Sampaloc, which is the biggest of the three lakes and located within the urbanized section of the city. Traces of different surfactants (linear alkylbenzene sulfonates, secondary alkyl sulfonates, alkyl sulfates, alkyl ether sulfates), biocide benzalkonium chloride, insect repellent diethyltoluamide, antibiotics (sulfadiazine and sulfamethoxazole), hypertension drug telmisartan, phosphate-based fire retardants, and artificial sweeteners (acesulfame, cyclamate, saccharin and sucralose) were detected in lakes Sampaloc and Palakpakin. The same surfactants, artificial sweeteners, insect repellant and phosphate-based fire retardants were also found in Lake Pandin, which is mainly used for eco-tourism activities like swimming and boating. The results of this study suggest that the organic pollutants present in the small lakes can be linked to the various human activities in the immediate lake environment. Because small lakes are more prone to environmental stresses, human activities in the said lakes must be regulated to ensure sustainable development.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Compuestos Orgánicos/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Humanos , Lagos/química , Filipinas
3.
Rev. biol. trop ; 52(4): 829-837, dic. 2004. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: lil-450775

RESUMEN

Se estudió la presencia de macrófitas en tres lagos de altoandinos en Ecuador,Lago San Pablo,Laguna La Mica y Lago Cuicocha.Los primeros dos son eutróficos, mientras que el último es un lago de caldera extremadamente oligotrófico.Las especies dominantes en los lagos eutróficos son:Ceratophyllum demersum , Myriophyllum quitense ,Potamogeton illinoensis ,P. striatus y Elodea matthewsii .En el lago oligotrófico están presentes P.pectinatus,P.illinoensi s,y las Characeae Chara rusbyabana ,Ch.globularis y Nitella acuminata .La máxima profundidad para la presencia de macrófitas puede ser usada como un indicador del estado de eutroficación,la cual va desde 5 m en la Laguna Mica a 35 m en el Lago Cuicocha.El valor de la bioindicación de las especies de macrófitas en estos lagos altoandinos es bajo,debido a que solo unas pocas especies están presentes,y algunas de ellas no son específicas para las condiciones ambientales


The occurrence of macrophyte in three high Andean lakes of Ecuador,Lago San Pablo, Laguna La Mica and Lago Cuicocha was recorded in 5-9 transects per lake.The first two lakes are eutrophic, the third is an extremely oligotrophic caldera lake.The dominant species in eutrophic lakes are Ceratophyllum demersum ,Myriophyllum quitense ,Potamogeton illinoensis ,P.striatus and Elodea matthewsii .In the oligotrophic lake P.pectinatus,P.illinoensi s,and the Characeae Chara rusbyana ,Ch.globularis and Nitella acuminata occur.The maximum depth of the macrophyte ’s presence can be used as an indicator of the trophic state,ranging from about 5 m in Mica to 35 m in Cuicocha.The bioindication value of the macrophyte species in these high Andean lakes is low,because few species occur and because some of them are not specific to environmental conditions


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Eutrofización/fisiología , Agua Dulce/química , Fósforo/análisis , Plantas/química , Química Física , Ecuador , Sedimentos Geológicos , Contaminantes del Agua/análisis
4.
Rev Biol Trop ; 52(4): 829-37, 2004 Dec.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17354391

RESUMEN

The occurrence of macrophyte in three high Andean lakes of Ecuador, Lago San Pablo, Laguna La Mica and Lago Cuicocha was recorded in 5-9 transects per lake. The first two lakes are eutrophic, the third is an extremely oligotrophic caldera lake. The dominant species in eutrophic lakes are Ceratophyllum demersum, Myriophyllum quitense, Polamogeton illinoensis, P. striatus and Elodea matthewsii. In the oligotrophic lake P. pectinatus, P. illinoensis, and the Characeae Chara rusbyana, Ch. globularis and Nitella acuminata occur. The maximum depth of the macrophyte's presence can be used as an indicator of the trophic state, ranging from about 5 m in Mica to 35 m in Cuicocha. The bioindication value of the macrophyte species in these high Andean lakes is low, because few species occur and because some of them are not specific to environmental conditions.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Eutrofización/fisiología , Agua Dulce/química , Fósforo/análisis , Desarrollo de la Planta , Fenómenos Químicos , Química Física , Ecuador , Sedimentos Geológicos , Plantas/química , Contaminantes del Agua/análisis
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