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New York Rev Books ; 54(11): 26-8, 2007 Jun 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17595729


A review of Michael Pollan's The omnivore's dilemma: a natural history of four meals and Bill McKibben's Deep economy: the wealth of communities and the durable future.

Agricultura , Culinaria , Ambiente , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Alimentos , Zea mays , Agricultura/clasificación , Agricultura/economía , Agricultura/ética , Agricultura/historia , Agricultura/métodos , Agricultura/normas , Agricultura/tendencias , Culinaria/economía , Culinaria/historia , Culinaria/métodos , Culinaria/normas , Dieta/clasificación , Dieta/economía , Dieta/etnología , Dieta/historia , Dieta/métodos , Dieta/normas , Dieta/estadística & datos numéricos , Dieta/tendencias , Alimentos/clasificación , Alimentos/economía , Alimentos/historia , Alimentos/normas , Alimentos/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis de los Alimentos/clasificación , Análisis de los Alimentos/economía , Análisis de los Alimentos/ética , Análisis de los Alimentos/historia , Análisis de los Alimentos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Análisis de los Alimentos/normas , Análisis de los Alimentos/estadística & datos numéricos , Abastecimiento de Alimentos/economía , Abastecimiento de Alimentos/ética , Abastecimiento de Alimentos/historia , Abastecimiento de Alimentos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos , Zea mays/economía , Zea mays/historia , Zea mays/provisión & distribución
Bioethics ; 19(3): 202-14, 2005 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16167401


Positions on the ethics of human enhancement technologies can be (crudely) characterized as ranging from transhumanism to bioconservatism. Transhumanists believe that human enhancement technologies should be made widely available, that individuals should have broad discretion over which of these technologies to apply to themselves, and that parents should normally have the right to choose enhancements for their children-to-be. Bioconservatives (whose ranks include such diverse writers as Leon Kass, Francis Fukuyama, George Annas, Wesley Smith, Jeremy Rifkin, and Bill McKibben) are generally opposed to the use of technology to modify human nature. A central idea in bioconservativism is that human enhancement technologies will undermine our human dignity. To forestall a slide down the slippery slope towards an ultimately debased 'posthuman' state, bioconservatives often argue for broad bans on otherwise promising human enhancements. This paper distinguishes two common fears about the posthuman and argues for the importance of a concept of dignity that is inclusive enough to also apply to many possible posthuman beings. Recognizing the possibility of posthuman dignity undercuts an important objection against human enhancement and removes a distortive double standard from our field of moral vision.

Refuerzo Biomédico/ética , Libertad , Medición de Riesgo , Cambio Social , Refuerzo Biomédico/métodos , Clonación de Organismos , Toma de Decisiones , Deshumanización , Predicción , Mejoramiento Genético/ética , Homicidio , Características Humanas , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Padres , Prejuicio , Derechos Sexuales y Reproductivos , Estereotipo
World Watch ; 11(5): 38-9, 1998.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12294885


PIP: This article reviews the book written by Bill McKibben entitled "Maybe One". In view of the fact that overpopulation is of paramount concern in developing countries, McKibben argues that curbing population growth in the US--where 270 million people consume 3 times the amount of resources consumed by India's 1 billion people--may be a global imperative. He further promotes a sort of environmental triage, declaring that those efficient technologies and simplified lifestyles "are not going to happen easily and speedily". Both reducing the size of our ecological footprint and increasing the efficiency with which resources are used will be essential to moving back from the brink of environmental catastrophe. The backbone and the bite of McKibben's writing are his insistence on animating the pages with the intimate struggles of his own life. The most intriguing sections of "Maybe One" are his efforts to connect the abstract and worrisome statistics of population growth to his own decision to have one child. He expressed, "all I want is to open a debate, to remove ¿population¿ from the category of abstraction and make it the very real consideration of how many children you and I may decide to bear."^ieng

Estudios de Evaluación como Asunto , Fertilidad , Estilo de Vida , Densidad de Población , Crecimiento Demográfico , Américas , Conducta , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Demografía , Países Desarrollados , Ambiente , América del Norte , Población , Dinámica Poblacional , Estados Unidos