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Rev. enferm. herediana ; 6(2): 51-58, jul.-dic. 2013. graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-728014


Objetivo: conocer el funcionamiento familiar en familias que tienen un niño con retardo mental, segun la teoría de David Olson, a través de la dimensión de adaptabilidad y cohesión, el tipo de funcionamiento familiar, entre las cuales están el balanceado, medio y externo. Material y métodos: tipo descriptivo - transversal con una población total de 42 cuidadores de niños con diagnóstico médico de retardo mental, que estudian en la Institución educativa especial Divina Misericordia en el distrito de villa El Salvador, en el año escolar 2010. Para la recolección de datos se aplicó un cuestionario para obtener las características socioeconómicas familiares, compuesto por 7 preguntas, y la escala de evaluación familiar FACES III, diseñado y aplicado por David Olson, compuesto por 20 preguntas, 10 de las cuales pertenecen a la dimensión de cohesión y las 10 restantes pertenecen a la dimensión de adaptabilidad. Los cuestionarios fueron respondidos por las madres de los niños con retardo mental. El programa escogido para el procedimiento de datos del estudio fue Excel V.2007 de Windows Vista. Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos indican que casi la mitad de la población estudiada (48%), muestra un funcionamiento familiar de rango medio. Según cohesión se observó que el mayor porcentaje de las familias pertenecía a cohesión media, siendo familias semirrelacionada en un total de 38%. Según adaptabilidad se obtuvo que el 42.9% de las familias son altamente caóticas. Conclusiones: El funcionamiento familiar en familias que tienen un niño con retardo mental es de rango medio. Con respecto al funcionamiento familiar según la cohesión la población presentó un nivel medio A, la cual representa a familias tipo semirrelacionadas. Según adaptabilidad se observó que el mayor porcentaje de las familias resultaron caóticas.

Objetive: Meet family functioning in families with a child with mental retardation, according to the theory of David Olson, through the dimension of adaptability and cohesión, the type of family functioning, among which are the balanced, middle an outer. Material and Methods: Descriptive - cross with a total population of 42 caregivers of children with a medical diagnosis of mental retardation, studying in the special Divine Mercy Educational Institution in the district of Villa El Salvador, in the 2010 school year for data collection was applied a questionnaire for family socioeconomic characteristics, consisting of 7 questions, and family assessment scale FACE III, designed and implemented by David Olson, composed of 20 questions, 10 of which belong to the dimension of cohesion and the remaining 10 are the dimension of adaptability. The questionnaires were answered by mothers of children with mental retardation. The method chosen for the program of study data was Excel v.2007 for Windows Vista. Results: The results indicate that almost half of the study population (48%) shows a midrange family functioning. According cohesion was observed that the highest percentage of families belonged to average cohesion being semirrelacionada families in a total of 38%. According adaptability was obtained 42.9% of families are highly chaotic. Conclusions. Family functioning in families who have a child with mental retardation is midrange. With respect to family functioning as cohesion population had a mean level A, which represents families semirrelacionadas type. According adaptability was observed that the highest percentage of families were chaotic.

Humanos , Adaptación a Desastres , Familia , Niños con Discapacidad , Niños con Discapacidad/psicología , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Transversales
HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev ; 15(3): 64-8, 2011 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22165283


This article contains summaries of the four presentations made during this panel. David Eby provides a framework for questions every organization should consider before deciding to proceed with litigation. Derek Olson discusses the criminal law of aggravated sexual assault as related to the strategic litigation in R v. Mabior. Jonathan Shime stresses the need for players in the legal sector to educate themselves better on the science surrounding HIV. Finally, Elin Sigurdson outlines the legal arguments advanced in SWUAV, British Columbia's parallel litigation to Ontario's Bedford case, challenging the constitutional validity of provisions of the Criminal Code that endanger the lives of sex workers.

Jurisprudencia , Colombia Británica , Infecciones por VIH/transmisión , Hepatitis C/transmisión , Humanos , Trabajo Sexual
Theor Med Bioeth ; 31(4): 249-57, 2010 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20582730


In this introduction to the special issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics on the topic of personal identity and bioethics, I provide a background for the topic and then discuss the contributions in the special issue by Eric Olson, Marya Schechtman, Tim Campbell and Jeff McMahan, James Delaney and David Hershenov, and David DeGrazia.

Aborto Legal/ética , Directivas Anticipadas , Feto , Autonomía Personal , Personeidad , Recolección de Tejidos y Órganos/ética , Obtención de Tejidos y Órganos/ética , Directivas Anticipadas/ética , Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Discusiones Bioéticas , Análisis Ético , Femenino , Humanos , Competencia Mental , Metafisica , Embarazo
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 57(6): 586-94, 2003 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14629707


The problem of 'social withdrawal' among young adults is the focus of considerable attention in Japan today. Among the various manifestations of social withdrawal, a 'primary social withdrawal' group has been identified that cannot be diagnosed by the established classification of mental disorders. In an earlier report it was suggested that the onset mechanism for primary social withdrawal is not merely a problem of the withdrawn person themselves, but also includes problems of family relationships. The aim of the present study was to identify the characteristics and problems in family relationships associated with primary social withdrawal. For that purpose a survey was conducted using David H. Olson's Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale as well as a questionnaire that the present authors devised on family interactions and the personal situation of the withdrawn person. The results pointed to the following four characteristics of primary social withdrawal families: (i). there are definite rules within the family; (ii). the families share values and an unfounded pride; (iii). there is a lack of emotional exchange in the family, and it is difficult for members to sympathize with each other's negative feelings; and (iv). although concerned about each other, there is little verbal exchange. From these family characteristics, the onset mechanism for withdrawal is triggered by insignificant matters such as minor setbacks in the developmental issues of youth. Then, given the person's personality traits and aforementioned characteristics in family relationships, the person becomes mired in social withdrawal.

Familia/psicología , Trastornos Fóbicos/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Adulto , Empleo , Composición Familiar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personalidad , Trastornos Fóbicos/diagnóstico , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Instituciones Académicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol ; 25(1): 6-8, 1989 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2914816


On September 14 through 16, 1988, a meeting on the use of human fetal tissue in transplantation was held at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda Maryland, USA. The meeting sponsored by NIH for the Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Research Panel, a consultant group to the Advisory Committee to the Director. The consultant group was convened to deal with the scientific, judicial and moral questions associated with research involving transplantation of human fetal tissue obtained after induced abortions. The first day of the meeting was devoted to presentations addressing scientific issues. Included among the speakers was Dr. Lars Olson, Professor of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, who described the use of transplanted human fetal tissue in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease and Dr. Eugene Redmond, Professor of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, who showed results of work with transplantation of tissue to correct induced Parkinson-like disease in monkeys. Other speakers addressed the present, past or potential use of fetal tissue in the treatment of diabetes, immune disorders, and other diseases, as well as the use of fetal cells in the production of biologicals. At the conclusion of the meeting the panel did not recommend that research be halted on fetal tissue within the context discussed, although the recommendation of the committee is not binding, and an additional assembly of the panel will probably occur before the final recommendation to an NIH advisory committee is made in November. Other meetings on this subject include a meeting on the use of fetal tissue sponsored by the American Association of Tissue Banks, March 6-7, 1989, in Washington D. C. (Crystal City) and a meeting June 10, 1989, the day before the annual meeting of the Tissue Culture Association, USA, in Orlando, Florida, on fetal cells and ownership of cultured cells and products derived from clinical specimens. Following are statements to the Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Research Panel presented September 14, 1988, by Dr. David Barnes, Associate Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics in the Environmental Health Sciences Center at Oregon State University, USA, who was asked to address for the panel recent advances in cell culture related to fetal tissue, and Dr. Robert E. Stevenson, Director of the American Type Culture Collection, President of the Tissue Culture Association, USA, and Chairman of the Committee on Cells and Tumors of the American Association of Tissue Banks.

Células Cultivadas , Feto/citología , Trasplante Homólogo , Ética Médica , Humanos