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1.
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol ; 30(6): 425-431, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30247165

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight recent evidence that family planning, readily accessible to all who seek it and exercised as a human right, can contribute to environmental sustainability. As global concern increases about the health of our planet, better understanding of the role family planning programs play in maintaining a sustainable environment could bolster public and policymaker support for access to family planning. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent Worldwatch Institute review of scientific literature (FPESA) exploring this relationship covered two potential cause-effect pathways: one demographic, one personal. Although nonconfirmatory, a decade of reviewed studies overwhelmingly supported the hypothesis that family planning benefits environmental sustainability. A complementary review by the Evidence Project of population, health and environment projects over a similar time period strongly suggests that transdisciplinary efforts including family planning can yield multiple benefits - health, empowerment, economic and environmental. SUMMARY: Cumulative research generally supports but cannot confirm the thesis that family planning contributes to efforts to achieve environmental sustainability. This does not equate to no relationship but rather a lack of adequate methodologies. For research on complex relationships like this, novel research designs may prove more effective.


Asunto(s)
Anticoncepción , Política de Planificación Familiar , Servicios de Planificación Familiar , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/organización & administración , Dinámica Poblacional/tendencias , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Servicios de Planificación Familiar/organización & administración , Servicios de Planificación Familiar/tendencias , Femenino , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/tendencias , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Crecimiento Demográfico , Embarazo
2.
Chemosphere ; 90(7): 2115-22, 2013 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23211320

RESUMEN

Studies by researchers worldwide have revealed that, even in industrialised nations, people, infants and the aged in particular, are even more exposed to neurotoxic drugs as a consequence of the increased quantity of pesticide residues in food. This phenomenon, as underlined by The Worldwatch Institute (2006), is linked to the exponential increase in the use of these toxic compounds over the last 40 years, up from 0.49 kg per hectare in 1961 to 2 kg in 2004, with the result that these substances are found in the daily diet. Many studies have demonstrated how the assumption of pesticides in the neonatal period and early infancy can alter the development and function of the nervous, immune, endocrine and reproductive apparatuses. Moreover, the unequivocal relationship between brain tumours, infant leukemia and pesticides are well recognised. On the basis of the above information, the effects of the neurotoxic thionophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) have been tested, considering biomarkers of toxicity and toxicity endpoint, on the biological models Dictyostelium discoideum, Paracentrotus lividus, and NTera2 Cells, as they are compatible with the 3Rs strategy (Reduction, Replacement, and Refinement in animal experiments). Our results have revealed that developing organisms are particularly sensitive to the toxic effects of CPF.


Asunto(s)
Cloropirifos/toxicidad , Insecticidas/toxicidad , Modelos Biológicos , Sistema Nervioso/efectos de los fármacos , Pruebas de Toxicidad/métodos , Animales , Línea Celular , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Paracentrotus
3.
Recurso de Internet en Inglés | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-19596

RESUMEN

Organização não-governamental americana que realiza pesquisas interdisciplinares de enfoque global, preocupando-se em divulgar os resultados de forma acessível a não-especialistas. Tem como objetivo trabalhar para uma sociedade ambientalmente sustentável e socialmente justa. Disponibiliza informações sobre mudanças climáticas, meio ambiente, alimentação, demografia entre outros. Fornece notícias e permite download de relatórios anuais produzidos pela instituição.


Asunto(s)
Salud Pública , Ambiente , Desequilibrio Ecológico , Ecodesarrollo , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , 32479 , Cambio Climático , 24439 , 16124 , Calidad de Vida , Bienestar Social
4.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-17572

RESUMEN

Notícia disponibilizada online pela parceria entre a Universidade Livre da Mata Atlântica - UMA e o Worldwatch Institute - WWI. Informa sobre Relatório Nacional sobre a Exposição Humana aos Produtos Químicos Ambientais, produzido pelos Centros de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças dos Estados Unidos - CDC. Destaca os efeitos dos produtos tóxicos sobre a saúde, entre eles, o mercúrio, chumbo, urânio, metabolitos de pesticidas contendo organofosfatos, ftalatos e cotinina. Fornece acesso à versão integral em inglês.


Asunto(s)
Salud Pública , Contaminación Química , 28484 , Contaminación Ambiental , Mercurio , Plomo , Insecticidas Organoclorados , Contaminantes Ambientales , Cotinina , Plaguicidas , Organofosfatos , Riesgo a la Salud , Exposición a Compuestos Químicos , Exposición a Plaguicidas , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales
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