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Gender-based incidence, recovery period, and mortality rate of COVID-19 among the population of district Attock, Pakistan / Incidência baseada em gênero, período de recuperação e taxa de mortalidade de COVID-19 entre a população do distrito de Attock, Paquistão
Ejaz, R; Ashraf, M T; Qadeer, S; Irfan, M; Azam, A; Butt, S; Bibi, S.
Affiliation
  • Ejaz, R; Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University. Department of Zoology. Peshawar. PK
  • Ashraf, M T; Health Services Academy. Islamabad. PK
  • Qadeer, S; University of Education. Division of Science and Technology. Department of Zoology. Lahore. PK
  • Irfan, M; Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University. Department of Zoology. Rawalpindi. PK
  • Azam, A; Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University. Department of Zoology. Peshawar. PK
  • Butt, S; Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University. Department of Microbiology. Peshawar. PK
  • Bibi, S; Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University. Department of Zoology. Rawalpindi. PK
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249125, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339338
Responsible library: BR1.1
ABSTRACT
Abstract COVID-19 is reported as an extremely contagious disease with common symptoms of fever, dry cough, sore throat, and tiredness. The published literature on incidence and gender-wise prevalence of COVID-19 is scarce in Pakistan. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the distribution, incubation period and mortality rate of COVID-19 among the male and female population of district Attock. The data were collected between 01 April 2020 and 07 December 2020 from the population of district Attock, Pakistan. A total of 22,962 individuals were screened and 843 were found positive for RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2. The confirmed positive cases were monitored carefully. Among the positive cases, the incidence of COVID-19 was 61.7% among males and 38.2% among females. The average recovery period of males was 18.89±7.75 days and females were 19±8.40 days from SARS-CoV-2. The overall mortality rate was 8.06%. The death rate of male patients was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to female patients. Also, the mortality rate was higher (P<0.05) in male patients of 40-60 years of age compared to female patients of the same age group. Moreover, the mortality rate significantly increased (P<0.05) with the increase of age irrespective of gender. In conclusion, the incidence and mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher in males compared to the female population. Moreover, irrespective of gender the mortality rate was significantly lower among patients aged <40 years.
RESUMO
Resumo Covid-19 é relatada como uma doença extremamente contagiosa com sintomas comuns de febre, tosse seca, dor de garganta e cansaço. A literatura publicada sobre incidência e prevalência de Covid-19 com base no gênero é escassa no Paquistão. Portanto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar a distribuição, o período de incubação e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 entre a população masculina e feminina do distrito de Attock. Os dados foram coletados entre 1 de abril de 2020 e 7 de dezembro de 2020 da população do distrito de Attock, Paquistão. Um total de 22.962 indivíduos foi selecionado, e 843 foram considerados positivos para RT-qPCR para SARS-CoV-2. Os casos positivos confirmados foram monitorados cuidadosamente. Entre os casos positivos, a incidência de Covid-19 foi de 61,7% no sexo masculino e 38,2% no feminino. O período médio de recuperação dos homens foi de 18,89 ± 7,75 dias e das mulheres 19 ± 8,40 dias do SARS-CoV-2. A mortalidade geral foi de 8,06%. A taxa de mortalidade de pacientes do sexo masculino foi significativamente maior (P < 0,05) em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade foi maior (P < 0,05) em pacientes do sexo masculino com 40-60 anos de idade em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino da mesma faixa etária. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade aumentou significativamente (P < 0,05) com o aumento da idade, independentemente do sexo. Em conclusão, a incidência e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 são maiores no sexo masculino em comparação com a população feminina. E também, independentemente do sexo, a taxa de mortalidade foi significativamente menor entre os pacientes com idade < 40 anos.
Subject(s)


Full text: Available Collection: Tematic databases Database: LILACS / MEDLINE / VETINDEX Main subject: COVID-19 Language: English Journal: Braz. j. biol Year: 2023 Document type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Health Services Academy/PK / Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University/PK / Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University/PK / University of Education/PK

Full text: Available Collection: Tematic databases Database: LILACS / MEDLINE / VETINDEX Main subject: COVID-19 Language: English Journal: Braz. j. biol Year: 2023 Document type: Article Institution/Affiliation country: Health Services Academy/PK / Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University/PK / Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University/PK / University of Education/PK
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