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Lung disease in a global context. A call for public health action.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 11(3): 407-16, 2014 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24673697
As described in a recently released report of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies, four of the leading causes of death in the world are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute respiratory tract infections, lung cancer, and tuberculosis. A fifth, asthma, causes enormous global morbidity. Not enough progress has been made in introducing new therapies and reducing disease burden for these illnesses in the last few decades, despite generous investments and some notable progress in biomedical research. Four external and modifiable drivers are responsible for a substantial percentage of the disease burden represented by the major lung diseases: tobacco, outdoor air pollution, household air pollution, and occupational exposures to lung toxins. Especially in low- and middle-income countries, but in highly developed economies as well, pressures for economic development and lax regulation are contributing to the continued proliferation of these drivers. Public health approaches to the most common lung diseases could have enormous effects on reducing morbidity and mortality. There must be increased advocacy from and mobilization of civil society to bring attention to the drivers of lung diseases in the world. The World Health Organization should negotiate accords similar to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control to address air pollution and occupational exposures. Large increases in funding by government agencies and nongovernmental organizations around the world are needed to identify technologies that will reduce health risks while allowing populations to enjoy the benefits of economic development. This paradigm, focused more on public health than on individual medical treatment, has the best chance of substantial reduction in the burden of lung disease around the world in the next several years.





Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Salud Pública / Costo de Enfermedad / Contaminación del Aire / Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales / Enfermedades Pulmonares Tipo de estudio: Evaluación económica en salud Aspecto clínico: Etiología Límite: Humanos Idioma: Inglés Revista: Ann Am Thorac Soc Año: 2014 Tipo del documento: Artículo