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Opioid exit plan: A pharmacist's role in managing acute postoperative pain.
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) ; 57(2S): S92-S98, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28292507


The benefits of a pharmacist's involvement in medication reconciliation and discharge counseling are well documented in the literature as improving patient outcomes. In contrast, no studies have focused on the initiation of a pharmacist-led opioid exit plan (OEP) for acute postoperative pain management. This paper summarizes a pharmacist-led OEP practice model and the potential role that pharmacists and student pharmacists can have at the point of admission, during postoperative recovery, and on discharge in acute pain management patients.SETTING: The pain management team at St. Joseph Mercy Hospital in Ann Arbor, MI, has developed and implemented a pharmacist-led OEP to better manage acute postoperative pain in neurosurgery and orthopedic and colorectal surgery in an effort to ensure appropriate patient and provider education and understanding of pain management.PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: OEP is a tool with the potential to expand the role of pharmacists in managing acute pain in postoperative patients at the point of admission, during the postoperative inpatient stay, and on discharge. Its benefits include medication reconciliation review and prescription drug-monitoring program search before admission, interdisciplinary rounds with the medical team to provide optimal inpatient postoperative pain management, clinical assessment of outpatient prescriptions with opioid discharge counseling, and medication evaluation of prescribed pain regimen and opioid discontinuation status at the post-discharge follow-up appointment.


A hospital pain management team operating a pharmacist-led OEP can be key to guiding the appropriate prescribing practice of opioids and assisting with transitions of care on discharge. Further outcomes-based evaluations of the practice model are planned and encouraged to validate and improve the pharmacist-led OEP practice.





Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Dolor Postoperatorio / Farmacéuticos / Dolor Agudo / Analgésicos Opioides Aspecto clínico: Pronóstico Límite: Humanos Idioma: Inglés Revista: J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) Asunto de la revista: Farmacia Año: 2017 Tipo del documento: Artículo