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Listen to the outpatient: qualitative explanatory study on medical students' recognition of outpatients' narratives in combined ambulatory clerkship and peer role-play.
BMC Med Educ ; 18(1): 229, 2018 Oct 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285712
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Understanding patients' narratives has been associated with methods of improving care that go beyond what may be regarded as a "narrow" view of scientific medicine. Medical interview training in which medical students develop understanding of the importance of patients' narratives is receiving increased attention. However, students generally receive education on patients' narratives that does not distinguish inpatients and outpatients. No studies exploring the characteristics of outpatients' narratives have been reported. We developed an educational program combining ambulatory clerkship and peer role-play using actual narratives from outpatients that students had encountered during their clerkship. These narratives were used as peer role-play scenarios in which the students acted as outpatients. This study explored what and how medical students learned about the characteristics of outpatients' narratives through this original educational program.

METHODS:

Participants were 70 fifth-year medical students from Nagoya University, Japan. We conducted 13 focus groups, based on a convenience sample of 11 groups in 2012, one group in 2013, and one group in 2017 (from 17 clinical groups in each year). Focus group transcripts were analyzed using the "Steps for Coding and Theorization" qualitative data analysis method. We assessed medical anthropological findings regarding narratives in a conceptual framework.

RESULTS:

Patients' narratives as perceived by medical students were divided into four quadrants by two axes: medical versus lived content, and objective versus subjective structure. Students recognized that outpatients' narratives mainly used a subjective structure, but were mixed and crossed each quadrant. This was described as "irreproducibility." Students also recognized that narratives of simulated patients and inpatients were mainly limited to a medical-lived content with an objective structure. These differences in narrative characteristics were recognized through students' previous interactions with simulated patients and inpatients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite some limitations, medical students learn about patients' narratives in our original educational program in a way that would be difficult to achieve through training using simulated patients or inpatients.
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Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Relaciones Profesional-Paciente / Estudiantes de Medicina / Prácticas Clínicas / Competencia Clínica / Educación de Pregrado en Medicina / Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria Aspecto clínico: Pronóstico Límite: Femenino / Humanos / Masculino País/Región como asunto: Asia Idioma: Inglés Revista: BMC Med Educ Asunto de la revista: Educación Año: 2018 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Japón