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Factores psicológicos, sociales y culturales relacionados con la donación de órganos en un grupo de adultos peruanos. / [Psychological, social and cultural factors associated with organ donation in a in a group of Peruvian adults .]
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 76(4): 227-232, 2019 11 28.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833746
RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION:

In the present study were determined the psychological, social and cultural factors that are related to organ donation in a Peruvian sample from the districts of San Isidro, Lince and San Juan de Lurigancho (Lima-Peru).

METHODS:

Observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study controls that included adults between 18-60 years. Districts of Lima of different socioeconomic levels (A, B and C), A - San Isidro, B - Lince, and C - San Juan de Lurigancho were included. The questionnaire was administered to people who indicated they were donors and those who were not according to their district of domicile, with an equitable distribution of the surveyed population and the sectors of each district: San Isidro, Lince and San Juan de Lurigancho (5 sectors), 32 inhabitants for each sector of the district.

RESULTS:

psychological factor was significantly associated with organ donation (OR = 6.407; p <0.001), altruism and fear of disfiguring the body being the ones with the greatest strength of association to organ donation. Social factors (OR = 0.879; p> 0.05) and cultural factors (OR = 0.659; p> 0.05) were not significantly associated.

MAJOR CONCLUSION:

The statistically significant associated factor to organ donation in the three districts of Lima was the psychological factor; the social and cultural factor did not show association in the districts evaluated.
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Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Psicología / Obtención de Tejidos y Órganos / Características Culturales / Altruismo / Miedo Límite: Adolescente / Adulto / Femenino / Humanos / Masculino / Media edad / Joven adulto País/Región como asunto: America del Sur / Perú Idioma: Español Revista: Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba Año: 2019 Tipo del documento: Artículo