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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension among Government Employees Serving in Rangpur City, Bangladesh.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 142-148, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915350
Hypertension (HTN) is an important cause of cardiovascular mortality and the prevalence of hypertension is increasing particularly in middle- and low-income countries including Bangladesh. No data are available for the prevalence of hypertension among the government employees in Bangladesh. In this cross-sectional study, conducted from 30 October to 31 December 2016, 1219 government employees aging ≥18 years working in Rangpur city were evaluated for the presence of HTN and its risk factors. Socio-demographic and anthropometric data, data on the presence of various known risk factors of hypertension were collected. Hypertension was defined with systolic BP ≥140mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥90mmHg or those getting treatment for hypertension. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 23.0; odds of hypertension among subjects with risk factors were calculated and p ≤0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The prevalence of hypertension was 38.3% among the study subjects. Significantly higher odds of having hypertension were observed in study subjects with the age groups of 35-49 (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.51-2.99, p<0.001) and ≥50 (OR 4.96, 95% CI 3.43-7.18, p<0.001) years than age group <35 years. Employees who were averagely satisfied and not satisfied for their jobs also had higher odds (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.00-1.91, p=0.049 and OR 1.48, 95% CI 3.43-7.18, p=0.337) of having hypertension than fully satisfied ones. Having diabetes mellitus was found to increase the odds (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.51-2.99, p<0.001) of hypertension. Male gender, urban/suburban residence, not doing physical exercise, sedentary/light working habit, overweight/obesity also increased the odds of having hypertension though these were not statistically significant. There is a high burden of hypertension among the government employees in Rangpur city. Age, job satisfaction and diabetes were independent risk factors of hypertension.





Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Diabetes Mellitus / Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 / Empleados de Gobierno / Hipertensión / Obesidad Tipo de estudio: Prevalence_studies Aspecto clínico: Etiología Límite: Adulto / Femenino / Humanos / Masculino País/Región como asunto: Asia Idioma: Inglés Revista: Mymensingh Med J Asunto de la revista: Medicina Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Bangladesh