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Associations Among School Absenteeism, Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Illness, and Income - United States, 2010-2016.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(53): 1201-1205, 2020 Jan 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945036
ABSTRACT
Control of communicable diseases in children, including respiratory and diarrheal illnesses that affect U.S. school-aged children, might require public health preventive efforts both in the home and at school, a primary setting for transmission. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data on school absenteeism and gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses in the United States during 2010-2016 were analyzed to examine their associations with income. Prevalence of gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses (queried for the 2 weeks preceding the survey) increased as income decreased. The likelihood of missing any school days during the past year decreased with reduced income. However, among children who missed school, those from low-income households missed more days of school than did children from higher income households. Although the reason for absenteeism cannot be ascertained from this analysis, these data underscore the importance of preventive measures (e.g. hand hygiene promotion and education) and the opportunity for both homes and schools to serve as important points for implementation of public health preventive measures, including improved hand hygiene practices.
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Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio / Instituciones Académicas / Absentismo / Enfermedades Gastrointestinales / Renta Límite: Adolescente / Niño / Niño, preescolar / Femenino / Humanos / Masculino País/Región como asunto: America del Norte Idioma: Inglés Revista: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo