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Occlusion time, occlusal balance and lateral occlusal scheme in subjects with various dental and skeletal characteristics: A prospective clinical study.
Alkayyal, Moayyad A; Turkistani, Khadijah A; Al-Dharrab, Ayman A; Abbassy, Mona A; Melis, Marcello; Zawawi, Khalid H.
Afiliación
  • Alkayyal MA; Private Practice, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Turkistani KA; Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Al-Dharrab AA; Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Abbassy MA; Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Melis M; Private practice, Cagliari, Italy.
  • Zawawi KH; Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(12): 1503-1510, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966657
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse occlusion time, occlusal balance and lateral occlusal scheme in subjects with various dental and skeletal characteristics.

METHODS:

A total of 132 subjects (50 males and 82 females) seeking orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. Using the T-Scan III version 7.0 (Tekscan Inc, South Boston, MA, USA), the occlusion time, occlusal balance and lateral occlusal schemes were recorded and compared with gender, Angle's occlusal classification, overjet, overbite, space analysis, skeletal and transverse relations. ANOVA, t test and contingency tables analyses were performed. Statistical significance was set at P < .05.

RESULTS:

Occlusion time was significantly shorter in subjects with balanced occlusion (0.18 seconds, P < .001), Class I normal occlusion (0.35 seconds, P = .028) and Class I skeletal profile (0.37 seconds, P = .002). Occlusion time was significantly longer in subjects with decreased overjet (0.60 seconds, P = .003). There were significant associations between the distribution of occlusal balance and Angles' classes of occlusion, skeletal relationship, overjet, overbite and space analysis (P < .05). Lateral occlusal schemes were only associated with Angle's classes of occlusion and skeletal relationship (P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with Class I occlusion showed the least occlusion time, the most balanced occlusion and a higher frequency of canine guidance. Nonetheless, potentially balanced occlusion and group function were highly prevalent in all groups; therefore, ideal occlusion must be considered an ideal to inspire and aim for, but cannot be considered an essential requirement of every dental treatment.
Asunto(s)
Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Sobremordida / Maloclusión / Maloclusión de Angle Clase II Tipo de estudio: Estudio observacional / Factores de riesgo Límite: Femenino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglés Revista: J Oral Rehabil Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Arabia Saudita

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Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Asunto principal: Sobremordida / Maloclusión / Maloclusión de Angle Clase II Tipo de estudio: Estudio observacional / Factores de riesgo Límite: Femenino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglés Revista: J Oral Rehabil Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Arabia Saudita