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Mental disorders in the context of trauma and violence in a population study. / Trastornos mentales desde la perspectiva del trauma y la violencia en un estudio poblacional.
Orrego, Sara; Hincapié, Gloria María Sierra; Restrepo, Diana.
Afiliación
  • Orrego S; Estudiante de Internado de Medicina, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia.
  • Hincapié GMS; Grupo de Investigación en Salud Mental, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia.
  • Restrepo D; Grupo de Investigación en Salud Mental, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Electronic address: dianarestrepobernal@gmail.com.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr ; 49(4): 262-270, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328019
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Traumatic events and violence are widespread public health problems. They do not have limits related to age, sex or socioeconomic level. The prevalence of mental disorders and sociodemographic characteristics were compared in the context of traumatic events and types of violence in the general population. MATERIALS AND

METHODS:

Observational prevalence study with a secondary information source, in the general population aged 13 to 65 years, selected at random. The interview was conducted using the Compositum International Diagnosis Interview which generates psychiatric diagnoses according to the DSM-IV. The variables included were traumatic events grouped into five categories related to armed conflict, sexual violence, interfamily violence, other types of violence, traumas and some mental disorders. The prevalence of mental disorders was compared in the five categories of traumatic events. Statistical significance was defined as a p value of <0.05.

RESULTS:

Sexual and interfamily violence were more prevalent in women (p <0.05). In those under age 13, major depression related to armed conflict had a prevalence of 48.3%, with a significant difference from the other trauma groups (p=0.015). All prevalences for childhood-onset disorders showed significantly different prevalences compared with the group for violence related to armed conflict (p <0.05) and suicidal ideation was higher in the sexual violence group (p=0.006).

DISCUSSION:

High prevalences of mental disorders were found in people who had been exposed to traumatic events and violence. In those who experienced traumatic events related to armed conflict and sexual violence, higher prevalences of certain mental disorders were detected.
Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Tipo de estudio: Determinantes_sociais_saude / Factores de riesgo Aspecto: Determinantes_sociais_saude Idioma: Inglés / Español Revista: Rev Colomb Psiquiatr Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Colombia

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Texto completo: Disponible Colección: Bases de datos internacionales Base de datos: MEDLINE Tipo de estudio: Determinantes_sociais_saude / Factores de riesgo Aspecto: Determinantes_sociais_saude Idioma: Inglés / Español Revista: Rev Colomb Psiquiatr Año: 2020 Tipo del documento: Artículo País de afiliación: Colombia
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