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Impacto clínico del tratamiento con omalizumab en niños con asma grave: Reporte de una experiencia local / Clinical impact of omalizumab treatment in children with severe asthma: Report of a local experience
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(2): 115-120, abr. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001167
Biblioteca responsável: AR1.1
RESUMEN
El anticuerpo monoclonal anti-IgE omalizumab está indicado para tratamiento del asma grave. Estudio longitudinal (pre-posintervención), observacional y analítico con el objetivo de evaluar la evolución clínica y funcional de pacientes con asma grave no controlada, 16 semanas antes y después del tratamiento. En los 17 casos, se controló el asma (p= 0,00001). Se redujeron en un 48,5 % las exacerbaciones (p= 0,009) y en un 100 % las crisis graves (p= 0,001). Dieciséis pacientes (el 94 %) tuvieron exacerbaciones pretratamiento y 10 (el 59 %), luego del omalizumab (p= 0,005). No hubo hospitalizaciones (p= 0,007). Se redujo en un 20 % la dosis de corticoides inhalados (0,002) y el número de casos con corticoides orales continuos (p= 0,01); disminuyó el uso de salbutamol (p= 0,001) y de corticoides orales (p= 0,003). No se modificó la función pulmonar. Dos casos presentaron reacciones adversas leves. El omalizumab permitió un adecuado control de la enfermedad en pacientes con asma grave.
ABSTRACT
Omalizumab, an anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, is indicated for the treatment of severe asthma. A longitudinal (pre-/post-intervention), observational, analytical study was conducted to assess the clinical and functional course of patients with uncontrolled severe asthma, 16 weeks before and after treatment. Asthma was controlled in 17 cases (p = 0.00001). Exacerbations were reduced by 48.5 % (p = 0.009) and severe crises, by 100 % (p = 0.001). Before omalizumab treatment, 16 patients (94 %) had exacerbations, whereas 10 (59 %) had them after treatment (p = 0.005). None of the patients was hospitalized (p = 0.007). The dose of inhaled corticosteroids was reduced by 20 % (0.002); the number of patients using continuous oral corticosteroids (p = 0.01), salbutamol (p = 0.001), and oral corticosteroids (p=0.003) also decreased. Pulmonary function was not affected. Two patients had mild adverse reactions. Omalizumab achieved an adequate asthma control in patients with severe asthma.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: LILACS Idioma: Espanhol Revista: Arch. argent. pediatr Assunto da revista: Pediatria Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Argentina