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[Identifying perceived needs among nurses in providing their patients with smoking cessation support in a Japanese hospital results from focus group interviews].
Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi ; 49(1): 41-51, 2002 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11868343

OBJECTIVE:

To identify perceived needs among nurses in providing their patients with smoking cessation support in a Japanese hospital.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty-three female nurses who were interested in providing their patients with smoking cessation support in the hospital setting participated in focus group interviews. They conducted six focus group interviews segmented by age, working conditions (e.g., outpatient or inpatient sections) and occupational class (e.g., administrative post or not).

DESIGN:

An experienced researcher moderated two focus groups and another researcher who received training moderated four focus groups. At least two observers hand-recorded participants' conversations in each group and all groups were also tape-recorded. Moderators and observers analyzed the focus group data together.

RESULTS:

We found that smoking cessation counseling or health education on effects of smoking to be rarely conducted in the hospital. The study participants ordinarily just told patients to stop smoking. They mentioned several barriers to conducting smoking cessation support and suggested a number of ideas to promote this aim in the hospital.

CONCLUSIONS:

The focus group interview is an effective means to determine the needs and interests of Japanese health professionals. Nurses have many opinions and insights for supporting smoking patients. To introduce a smoking cessation program into hospitals, there are various problems that should be solved. First, nurses and other health professionals should have accurate knowledge, positive attitudes and appropriate skills for smoking cessation support. Second, smoking cessation support should be programmed as part of treatment or nursing. Third, healthcare professionals, especially doctors, should collaborate in supporting patients to stop smoking. Fourth, the hospital environment should be modified to promote smoking cessation. Finally, hospitals should develop a consensus among all staff about the importance of smoking cessation support and smoking control activities. As the result, multidimensional strategies are needed to effectively promote smoking cessation support in the hospital setting.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Abandono do Hábito de Fumar / Grupos Focais / Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar / Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital Limite: Feminino / Humanos Idioma: Japonês Revista: Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi Ano de publicação: 2002 Tipo de documento: Artigo