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Direct measurements of HOx radicals in the marine boundary layer: testing the current tropospheric chemistry mechanism.
Chem Rec ; 2(3): 199-211, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12112871
OH and HO(2) radicals, atmospheric detergents, and the reservoir thereof, play central roles in tropospheric chemistry. In spite of their importance, we had no choice but to trust their concentrations predicted by modeling studies based on known chemical processes. However, recent direct measurements of these radicals have enabled us to test and revise our knowledge of the processes by comparing the predicted and observed values of the radical concentrations. We developed a laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) instrument and successfully observed OH and HO(2) at three remote islands of Japan (Oki Island, Okinawa Island, and Rishiri Island). At Okinawa Island, the observed daytime level of HO(2) agreed closely with the model estimates, suggesting that the photochemistry at Okinawa is well described by the current chemistry mechanism. At Rishiri Island, in contrast, the observed daytime level of HO(2) was consistently much lower than the calculated values. We proposed that iodine chemistry, usually not incorporated into the mechanism, is at least partly responsible for the discrepancy in the results. At night, HO(2) was detected at levels greater than 1 pptv at all three islands, suggesting the presence of processes in the dark that produce radicals. We showed that ozone reactions with unsaturated hydrocarbons, including monoterpenes, could significantly contribute to radical production.





Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Atmosfera / Radical Hidroxila Aspecto clínico: Predição / Prognóstico País/Região como assunto: Ásia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Chem Rec Assunto da revista: Química Ano de publicação: 2002 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Japão