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Long-term urological outcomes in paediatric spinal cord injury.
Spinal Cord ; 44(12): 729-33, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16446753
ABSTRACT
STUDY

DESIGN:

Retrospective review.

OBJECTIVE:

This retrospective review observes the evolution of bladder management by time and reports adult urological outcomes and complications in paediatric onset spinal cord injury (SCI).

SETTING:

Spinal Injuries Unit RNOH Stanmore.

METHOD:

In total, 10 traumatic SCI patients with mean age at injury of 13.6 years underwent treatment, for a mean period of 13.1 years. Characteristics of injury were noted. Two diagnostic subgroups, neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), and acontractile detrusor were made. Complications, treatment changes, operative procedures with follow-up were noted.

RESULTS:

In group 1 (6/10 patients) with NDO, five had DSD. Initial bladder management was reflex/urge voiding (n=4), suprapubic catheterisation (SPC), (n=1) and self-intermittent catheterisation (SIC), (n=1). Two patients had multiple upper tract complications with decreased renal function, two recurrent symptomatic urinary infections and one; bladder calculus. In total, 12 operative procedures were performed to treat complications and change bladder management to, SIC+oxybutynin (n=3), ileal conduit (n=1), sacral anterior root stimulator implant (SARSI), (n=1), voiding on urge (n=1). In group 2 (4/10 patients) with a-contractile detrusor two had low compliance. Initial bladder management was SIC (n=3) and voiding on urge/straining (n=1). Two patients converted from SIC to permanent catheter drainage and reported complications. Incidental kidney stone was diagnosed in one. A total of four interventions were carried out with final management of SIC (n=2), voiding on urge/straining (n=1) and Mitrofanoff+ileocystoplasty (n=1).

CONCLUSION:

Bladder management in paediatric SCI is dependent on neurological level and type of injury; it changes with growth and is affected by changes in bladder management.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Traumatismos da Medula Espinal / Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica Aspecto clínico: Prognóstico Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Spinal Cord Assunto da revista: Neurologia Ano de publicação: 2006 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Reino Unido