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The role the type of vascular access plays in the transmission of hepatitis C virus in a high prevalence hemodialysis unit.
J Vasc Access ; 3(4): 158-63, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17639479
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

The necessity of having a vascular access site as well as extracorporeal blood circulation, may add to the risk for patients being dialyzed in units with high HCV prevalence of acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study endeavors to determine the role the type of vascular access plays in the transmission of HCV infection in the hemodialysis (HD) unit of a Middle Eastern country.

METHODS:

The records of 198 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) enrolled on maintenance HD from November 1995 to November 2000 at this tertiary care center, were retrospectively reviewed to match the HCV prevalence and seroconversion rates among patients groups being dialyzed through various types of vascular accesses. Factors such as, number of units of blood transfused and dialytic age (time-span since the initiation of the HD treatment), implicated in transmission of HCV infection in HD units, were also recorded, and compared among these cohorts.

RESULTS:

The overall, high HCV seroprevalence of 43.4% (86/198) and annual seroconversion rate of 8.6% per year were recorded. Patients with arteriovenous fistula (AVF) documented peak anti-HCV prevalence [61.7% (63/102)] and annual seroconversion rates (12.3%) as compared to lowest prevalence of 12.9% (4/34) and seroconversion rate of 2.5%, observed among patients with permanent Catheters (PC). Patients dialyzed through polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts recorded the next highest HCV prevalence of 47.8% (11/23) with seroconversion rate of 9.5% but temporary catheter (TC) group had HCV prevalence of 19% (8/42) and seroconversion rate of 3.8% [Odd Ratio (OR)-1.58, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) (0.37-7.12), p-NS].

CONCLUSIONS:

Considerably higher annual seroconversion rates in AVF [OR-10.90, 95% CI (3.2-40.0), p<0.0001] and PTFE [OR-5.71, 95% CI (1.31-26.79), p<0.016)] groups, appear to suggest that the patients being dialyzed through AVF and PTFE, carried significantly higher risk of acquisition of HCV infection compared to those dialyzed through TC and PC (reference group). This could possibly be attributed to likely accessibility of HCV to blood circulation due to possible breakdown of standard infection control precautions during repeated punctures and cannulations of AVF and PTFE to perform a HD, in a unit with high baseline HCV prevalence.

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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Prevalence_studies Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Vasc Access Assunto da revista: Angiologia Ano de publicação: 2002 Tipo de documento: Artigo