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Microanatomy and surgical relevance of the olfactory cistern.
Microsurgery ; 28(1): 65-70, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18074374
All surgical approaches to the anterior skull base involve the olfactory cistern and have the risk of damaging the olfactory nerve. The purpose of this study was to describe the microanatomical features of the olfactory cistern and discuss its surgical relevance. In this study, the olfactory cisterns of 15 formalin-fixed adult cadaveric heads were dissected using a surgical microscope. The results showed that the olfactory cistern was situated in the superficial part of the olfactory sulcus, which separated the gyrus retus from the orbital gyrus. In coronal section, the cistern was triangular in shape; its anterior part enveloped the olfactory bulbs and was high and broad; its posterior part was medial-superior to internal carotid artery and was also much broader. There were one or several openings in the inferior wall of the posterior part in 53.4% of the cisterns. The olfactory cistern communicated with the surrounding subarachnoind cisterns through these openings. The middle part of the olfactory cistern gradually narrowed down posteriorly. Most cisterns were spacious with a few fibrous trabeculas and bands between the olfactory nerves and cistern walls. However 23% of the cisterns were narrow with the cistern walls tightly encasing the olfactory nerve. There were two or three of arterial loops in each olfactory sulcus, from which long, fine olfactory arteries originated. The olfactory arteries coursed along the olfactory nerve and gave off many terminal branches to provide the main blood supply to the olfactory nerve in most cisterns, but the blood supply was in segmental style in a few cisterns. Moreover, the veins of the cistern appeared to be more segmental than the olfactory arteries in most cisterns. These results suggested that most olfactory cisterns are spacious with relatively independent blood supply, and it is reasonable to separate the olfactory tract with its independent blood supply from the frontal lobe by 1-2 cm in the subfrontal approach, the pterional approach, or anterior interhemispheric approach. However, in the minority of cases, separation of the olfactory tract is not safe because of the anterior origin of the olfactory arteries or segmental blood supply. It is difficult to separate the olfactory nerve without any damage to the olfactory nerve, even with very skilled hands.





Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Nervo Olfatório / Traumatismos dos Nervos Cranianos / Neurocirurgia Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Prognóstico Limite: Adulto / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Microsurgery Ano de publicação: 2008 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China