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An increase in medical student knowledge of radiation oncology: a pre-post examination analysis of the oncology education initiative.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 73(4): 1003-8; quiz 1008.e1-1008.e2, 2009 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19251088
ABSTRACT

PURPOSE:

The Oncology Education Initiative was created to advance oncology and radiation oncology education by integrating structured didactics into the existing core radiology clerkship. We set out to determine whether the addition of structured didactics could lead to a significant increase in overall medical student knowledge about radiation oncology. METHODS AND MATERIALS We conducted a pre- and posttest examining concepts in general radiation oncology, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. The 15-question, multiple-choice exam was administered before and after a 1.5-hour didactic lecture by an attending physician in radiation oncology. Individual question changes, overall student changes, and overall categorical changes were analyzed. All hypothesis tests were two-tailed (significance level 0.05).

RESULTS:

Of the 153 fourth-year students, 137 (90%) took the pre- and posttest and were present for the didactic lecture. The average test grade improved from 59% to 70% (p = 0.011). Improvement was seen in all questions except clinical vignettes involving correct identification of TNM staging. Statistically significant improvement (p radiation, brachytherapy for prostate cancer, delivery of radiation treatment, and management of early-stage breast cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

Addition of didactics in radiation oncology significantly improves medical students' knowledge of the topic. Despite perceived difficulty in teaching radiation oncology and the assumption that it is beyond the scope of reasonable knowledge for medical students, we have shown that even with one dedicated lecture, students can learn and absorb general principles regarding radiation oncology.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Estudantes de Medicina / Competência Clínica / Radioterapia (Especialidade) Limite: Feminino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Ano de publicação: 2009 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos