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Infrared spectroscopic observation of the radical *XeF3 generated in solid argon.
Inorg Chem ; 48(18): 8723-8, 2009 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19694454
ABSTRACT
Xenon trifluoride radicals were generated by the solid-state chemical reaction of mobile fluorine atoms with XeF(2) molecules isolated in a solid argon matrix. On the basis of spectroscopic and kinetic FTIR measurements and performed quantum chemical calculations, two infrared absorption bands at 568 (strong) and 523 (very weak) cm(-1) have been assigned to asymmetric and symmetric Xe-F stretching vibrational modes of radical (*)XeF(3), respectively. Chemical reaction of fluorine atom with XeF(2) in a solid argon cage obeys specific kinetic behavior indicating the formation of a long-lived intermediate complex under the condition that the diffusing fluorine atom is attached to isolated XeF(2) at temperatures 20 K < T < 27 K. Subsequent thermally activated conversion in the complex is the main source of novel xenon-containing radical species (*)XeF(3). The rate constant and energy barrier are estimated for the reaction in an argon cage, [XeF(2)-F] --> (K(r)) [XeF(3)], as K(r) approximately 7 x 10(-5) c(-1) at 27 K and E approximately 1.2 kcal/mol, respectively. Quantum chemistry calculations reveal that radical (*)XeF(3) has a planar C(2v) structure. DFT calculations show that formation of the third Xe-F bond in the (*)XeF(3) radical is exothermic, and the binding energy of the third Xe-F bond is 8-20 kcal/mol.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Inorg Chem Ano de publicação: 2009 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Federação Russa