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Immunological function in marine invertebrates: responses to environmental perturbation.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 30(6): 1209-22, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21463691
ABSTRACT
The inception of ecological immunology has led to an increase in the number of studies investigating the impact of environmental stressors on host immune defence mechanisms. This in turn has led to an increased understanding of the importance of invertebrate groups for immunological research. This review discusses the advances made within marine invertebrate ecological immunology over the past decade. By demonstrating the environmental stressors tested, the immune parameters typically investigated, and the species that have received the greatest level of investigation, this review provides a critical assessment of the field of marine invertebrate ecological immunology. In highlighting the methodologies employed within this field, our current inability to understand the true ecological significance of any immune dysfunction caused by environmental stressors is outlined. Additionally, a number of examples are provided in which studies successfully demonstrate a measure of immunocompetence through alterations in disease resistance and organism survival to a realized pathogenic threat. Consequently, this review highlights the potential to advance our current understanding of the ecological and evolutionary significance of environmental stressor related immune dysfunction. Furthermore, the potential for the advancement of our understanding of the immune system of marine invertebrates, through the incorporation of newly emerging and novel molecular techniques, is emphasized.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Estresse Fisiológico / Ecossistema / Imunidade Humoral / Imunidade Celular / Imunidade Inata / Invertebrados Limite: Animais Idioma: Inglês Revista: Fish Shellfish Immunol Assunto da revista: Biologia / Medicina Veterinária Ano de publicação: 2011 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Reino Unido