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Prone breast forward intensity-modulated radiotherapy for Asian women with early left breast cancer: factors for cardiac sparing and clinical outcomes.
J Radiat Res ; 54(5): 899-908, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23504450
ABSTRACT
Since December 2009, after breast-conserving surgery for Stage 0-I cancer of the left breast, 21 women with relatively pendulous breasts underwent computed tomography prone and supine simulations. The adjuvant radiotherapy was 50 Gy in 25 fractions to the left breast alone. Four plans--conventional wedged tangents and forward intensity-modulated radiotherapy (fIMRT) in supine and prone positions--were generated. fIMRT generated better homogeneity in both positions. Prone position centralized the breast tissue by gravity and also shortened the breast width which led to better conformity in both planning techniques. Prone fIMRT significantly reduced doses to left lung, Level I and Level II axilla. The mean cardiac doses did not differ between positions. Among the four plans, prone fIMRT produced the best target dosimetry and normal organ sparing. In subgroup analysis, patients with absolute breast depth > 7 cm in the prone position or breast depth difference > 3 cm between positions had significant cardiac sparing with prone fIMRT. Sixteen patients with significant cardiac sparing in prone position were treated using prone fIMRT and the others using supine fIMRT. All patients received a supine electron tumor bed boost of 10 Gy in 5 fractions. No patients developed Grade 2 or worse acute or late toxicities. There was no difference in the number of segments or beams, monitor units, treatment time, or positioning reproducibility between prone and supine positions. At a median follow-up time of 26.8 months, no locoregional or distant recurrence or death was noted.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Lesões por Radiação / Neoplasias da Mama / Mastectomia Segmentar / Radioterapia Conformacional / Posicionamento do Paciente / Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão / Traumatismos Cardíacos Tipo de estudo: Guia de prática clínica Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Meia-Idade / Jovem adulto Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Radiat Res Ano de publicação: 2013 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Taiwan