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[Clinical analysis of patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis complicated with inferior vena cava thrombus].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 93(21): 1611-4, 2013 Jun 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24125665

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the clinical profiles of patients with lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) complicated with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus and summarize their clinical diagnostic and therapeutic experiences.

METHODS:

The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of 20 hospitalized patients with DVT complicated with inferior vena cava thrombus were analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

All of them were of proximal DVT. There were phlegmasia cerulea dolens (n = 3), pulmonary embolism (n = 3) and completely occlusion of IVC (n = 5). Clinical manifestations were severe. Retrievable inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) was implanted for 17 cases. Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) through ipsilateral popliteal vein was applied for 7 cases and systemic thrombolysis therapy for 8 cases. The effective rate of thrombolysis for fresh IVC thrombus was 100%. Among 5 cases with Cockett Syndrome, 3 cases underwent balloon dilatation angioplasty and endovascular stenting of iliac vein. And 17 IVCFs were retrieved successfully within 3 weeks. IVC thrombus disappeared completely in 15 cases.

CONCLUSION:

Systemic or local thrombolysis with protective IVCF is a safe and effective therapy for nonocclusive IVC thrombus in DVT. And CDT is recommended for symptomatic occlusive IVC thrombus.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Terapia Trombolítica / Trombose Venosa Limite: Adulto / Idoso / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Chinês Revista: Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi Ano de publicação: 2013 Tipo de documento: Artigo