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Cognitive decline is mediated by gray matter changes during middle age.
Neurobiol Aging; 35(5): 1086-94, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24239436
ABSTRACT
The present theoretical framework of Alzheimer's disease proposes that pathophysiological changes occur 10-20 years before the diagnosis of dementia. We addressed the question of how age-related changes in gray matter mediate the cognitive performance during middle age. Eighty-two participants (40-50 years, ±2) were assessed with a comprehensive neuropsychological battery covering a broad spectrum of cognitive domains and components. Mediation effects were studied with hierarchical regression and bootstrapping analysis. Results showed that more vulnerable cognitive components were related to executive functioning and in a lesser degree to processing speed. Age-related differences in gray matter mainly involved the frontal lobes. Moreover, age-related differences in visuoconstructive, visuospatial functions, reaction time, and mental flexibility and executive control were mediated by several gray matter regions. It is important to increase the knowledge of the impact of brain changes on cognitive function during middle age. To define the early stages of the aging process may allow early detection of pathologic changes and therapeutic interventions.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Envelhecimento / Cognição / Transtornos Cognitivos / Lobo Frontal Limite: Adulto / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Inglês Revista: Neurobiol Aging Ano de publicação: 2014 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suécia