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Characterizing compatibility and agreement of unrooted trees via cuts in graphs.
Algorithms Mol Biol ; 9: 13, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24742332


Deciding whether there is a single tree -a supertree- that summarizes the evolutionary information in a collection of unrooted trees is a fundamental problem in phylogenetics. We consider two versions of this question agreement and compatibility. In the first, the supertree is required to reflect precisely the relationships among the species exhibited by the input trees. In the second, the supertree can be more refined than the input trees. Testing for compatibility is an NP-complete problem; however, the problem is solvable in polynomial time when the number of input trees is fixed. Testing for agreement is also NP-complete, but it is not known whether it is fixed-parameter tractable. Compatibility can be characterized in terms of the existence of a specific kind of triangulation in a structure known as the display graph. Alternatively, it can be characterized as a chordal graph sandwich problem in a structure known as the edge label intersection graph. No characterization of agreement was known.


We present a simple and natural characterization of compatibility in terms of minimal cuts in the display graph, which is closely related to compatibility of splits. We then derive a characterization for agreement.


Explicit characterizations of tree compatibility and agreement are essential to finding practical algorithms for these problems. The simplicity of the characterizations presented here could help to achieve this goal.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Algorithms Mol Biol Ano de publicação: 2014 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos