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Change in consumption patterns for treatment-seeking patients with alcohol use disorder post-bariatric surgery.
J Psychosom Res ; 78(3): 199-204, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25258356


The aim of this study is to describe the clinical phenotype of alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment-seeking patients with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery (RYGB) history; and to compare it to AUD obese non-RYGB controls.


Retrospective study of electronic medical records for all patients 30-60years treated at the Mayo Clinic Addiction Treatment Program, between June, 2004 and July, 2012. Comparisons were performed with consumption patterns pre-RYGB and at time of treatment; excluding patients with AUD treatments pre-RYGB.


Forty-one out of 823 patients had a RYGB history (4.9%); 122 controls were selected. Compared to controls, the RYGB group had significantly more females [n=29 (70.7%) vs. n=35 (28.7%) p<0.0001]; and met AUD criteria at a significantly earlier age (19.1±0.4 vs. 25.0±1years old, p=0.002). On average, RYGB patients reported resuming alcohol consumption 1.4±0.2years post-surgery, meeting criteria for AUD at 3.1±0.5years and seeking treatment at 5.4±0.3years postoperatively. Pre-surgical drinks per day were significantly fewer compared to post-surgical consumption [2.5±0.4 vs. 8.1±1.3, p=0.009]. Prior to admission, RYGB patients reported fewer drinking days per week vs. controls (4.7±0.3 vs. 5.5±1.8days, p=0.02). Neither RYGB, gender, age nor BMI was associated with differential drinking patterns.


The results of this study suggest that some patients develop progressive AUD several years following RYGB. This observation has important clinical implications, calling for AUD-preventive measures following RYGB. Further large-scale longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the association between RYGB and AUD onset.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas / Derivação Gástrica / Alcoolismo / Obesidade Limite: Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Psychosom Res Ano de publicação: 2015 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: México