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Associations between the practice of bullying and individual and contextual variables from the aggressors' perspective.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 92(1): 32-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26126699
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate the prevalence of bullying among Brazilian students from the aggressor's perspective and to analyze its association with individual and contextual variables.

METHODS:

This was a cross-sectional population-based study carried out with data from the National Survey on Student Health. A total of 109,104 students attending eight grade in public and private schools were included. Data were collected through a self-applied questionnaire. A model of association between bullying and variables in the following domains was tested sociodemographics, risk behaviors, mental health, and family context. Univariate and multivariate analyses were also performed.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of aggressors in bullying situations was 20.8%. The following variables remained associated in the final multivariate model male gender (OR 1.87; 95% CI 1.79-1.94), lower participation of 16-year-old students (OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.53-0.82), and students from private schools (OR 1.33; 95% CI 1.27-1.39). Most aggressors reported feeling lonely (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.16-1.28), insomnia episodes (OR 1.21; 95% CI 1.14-1.29), and a high prevalence of physical violence in the family (OR 1.97 95% CI 1.87-2.08). Aggressors missed classes more frequently (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.40-1.51), and they regularly consumed more tobacco (OR 1.21; 95% CI 1.12-1.31), alcohol (OR 1.85; 95% CI 1.77-1.92), and illegal drugs (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.79-2.04); they also demonstrated increased sexual intercourse (OR 1.49 95% CI 1.43-1.55) and regular exercise (OR 1.20; 95% CI 1.16-1.25).

CONCLUSIONS:

The data indicate that bullying is an important aspect that affects the learning-teaching process and the students' health.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Instituições Acadêmicas / Inquéritos Epidemiológicos / Comportamento do Adolescente / Bullying Tipo de estudo: Avaliação econômica em saúde Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Adolescente / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Pediatr (Rio J) Ano de publicação: 2016 Tipo de documento: Artigo