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ß-catenin stabilization enhances SS18-SSX2-driven synovial sarcomagenesis and blocks the mesenchymal to epithelial transition.
Oncotarget; 6(26): 22758-66, 2015 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26259251
ABSTRACT
ß-catenin is a master regulator in the cellular biology of development and neoplasia. Its dysregulation is implicated as a driver of colorectal carcinogenesis and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition in other cancers. Nuclear ß-catenin staining is a poor prognostic sign in synovial sarcoma, the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adolescents and young adults. We show through genetic experiments in a mouse model that expression of a stabilized form of ß-catenin greatly enhances synovial sarcomagenesis. Stabilization of ß-catenin enables a stem-cell phenotype in synovial sarcoma cells, specifically blocking epithelial differentiation and driving invasion. ß-catenin achieves its reprogramming in part by upregulating transcription of TCF/LEF target genes. Even though synovial sarcoma is primarily a mesenchymal neoplasm, its progression towards a more aggressive and invasive phenotype parallels the epithelial-mesenchymal transition observed in epithelial cancers, where ß-catenin's transcriptional contribution includes blocking epithelial differentiation.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica / Sarcoma Sinovial / Beta Catenina Aspecto clínico: Prognóstico Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Oncotarget Ano de publicação: 2015 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos