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A convenient phase transfer protocol to functionalize gold nanoparticles with short alkylamine ligands.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 460: 164-72, 2015 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26319333
ABSTRACT

HYPOTHESIS:

Aqueous citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) cannot be directly transferred from water to an immiscible organic solution using short alkyl ligands. However, Au NPs can be transferred from water to a water-organic interface if chemical and mechanical inputs are used to modify the interfacial energy and interfacial area. Ligand exchange can then take place at this interface. After separating the particles from the liquids, they can be transferred to a different organic phase. EXPERIMENTS Hexane, alkylamine, and acetone were added to aqueous citrate-stabilized Au NPs to form a film at the system interfaces. After removing the liquid phases, Au NPs were readily redispersed into tetrahydrofuran (THF). The size and shape of the transferred Au NPs were evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS).

FINDINGS:

Au NPs with 13nm diameter are readily segregated from water with the aid of short alkylamine ligands. They form a thin film at the water/organic solvent interface, rendering them easy to separate from the liquid phases and possible to redisperse into another organic solvent. After the phase transfer process, Au NPs were functionalized with short amine ligands. In addition, the shape and size of Au NPs were preserved. The short amine-protected Au NPs in THF can stay stable for up to 27days or longer.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Colloid Interface Sci Ano de publicação: 2015 Tipo de documento: Artigo